php[world] 2015 Call for Speakers

Validate filters

Listing of filters for validation
ID Name Options Flags Description
FILTER_VALIDATE_BOOLEAN "boolean" default FILTER_NULL_ON_FAILURE

Returns TRUE for "1", "true", "on" and "yes". Returns FALSE otherwise.

If FILTER_NULL_ON_FAILURE is set, FALSE is returned only for "0", "false", "off", "no", and "", and NULL is returned for all non-boolean values.

FILTER_VALIDATE_EMAIL "validate_email" default  

Validates whether the value is a valid e-mail address.

In general, this validates e-mail addresses against the syntax in RFC 822, with the exceptions that comments and whitespace folding are not supported.

FILTER_VALIDATE_FLOAT "float" default, decimal FILTER_FLAG_ALLOW_THOUSAND Validates value as float.
FILTER_VALIDATE_INT "int" default, min_range, max_range FILTER_FLAG_ALLOW_OCTAL, FILTER_FLAG_ALLOW_HEX Validates value as integer, optionally from the specified range.
FILTER_VALIDATE_IP "validate_ip" default FILTER_FLAG_IPV4, FILTER_FLAG_IPV6, FILTER_FLAG_NO_PRIV_RANGE, FILTER_FLAG_NO_RES_RANGE Validates value as IP address, optionally only IPv4 or IPv6 or not from private or reserved ranges.
FILTER_VALIDATE_MAC "validate_mac_address" default   Validates value as MAC address.
FILTER_VALIDATE_REGEXP "validate_regexp" default, regexp   Validates value against regexp, a Perl-compatible regular expression.
FILTER_VALIDATE_URL "validate_url" default FILTER_FLAG_PATH_REQUIRED, FILTER_FLAG_QUERY_REQUIRED Validates value as URL (according to » http://www.faqs.org/rfcs/rfc2396), optionally with required components. Beware a valid URL may not specify the HTTP protocol http:// so further validation may be required to determine the URL uses an expected protocol, e.g. ssh:// or mailto:. Note that the function will only find ASCII URLs to be valid; internationalized domain names (containing non-ASCII characters) will fail.

Note:

As of PHP 5.4.11, the numbers +0 and -0 validate as both integers as well as floats (using FILTER_VALIDATE_FLOAT and FILTER_VALIDATE_INT). Before PHP 5.4.11 they only validated as floats (using FILTER_VALIDATE_FLOAT).

When default is set to option, default's value is used if value is not validated.

Changelog

Version Description
5.5.0 Added FILTER_VALIDATE_MAC

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User Contributed Notes 14 notes

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21
boy at relaxnow dot nl
2 years ago
FILTER_VALIDATE_URL does not work with URNs, examples of valid URIs according to RFC3986 and if they are accepted by FILTER_VALIDATE_URL:

[PASS] ftp://ftp.is.co.za.example.org/rfc/rfc1808.txt
[PASS] gopher://spinaltap.micro.umn.example.edu/00/Weather/California/Los%20Angeles
[PASS] http://www.math.uio.no.example.net/faq/compression-faq/part1.html
[PASS] mailto:mduerst@ifi.unizh.example.gov
[PASS] news:comp.infosystems.www.servers.unix
[PASS] telnet://melvyl.ucop.example.edu/
[PASS] http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2396.txt
[PASS] ldap://[2001:db8::7]/c=GB?objectClass?one
[PASS] mailto:John.Doe@example.com
[PASS] news:comp.infosystems.www.servers.unix
[FAIL] tel:+1-816-555-1212
[PASS] telnet://192.0.2.16:80/
[FAIL] urn:oasis:names:specification:docbook:dtd:xml:4.1.2
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8
Bastien
1 year ago
Rejection of so-called partial domains because of "missing" dot is not following section 2.3.5 of RFC 5321.

It says FQDNs are permitted, and com, org, or va are (well, may be) valids FQDNs. It depends on DNS, not on syntax.

Some TDLs (although few of them) have MX RRs, the for example "abuse@va" is correct.
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14
bee kay two at em ee dot com
3 years ago
Notably missing is a way to validate text entry as printable,
printable multiline,
or printable and safe (tag free)

FILTER_VALIDATE_TEXT, which validates no special characters
perhaps with FILTER_FLAG_ALLOW_NEWLINE
and FILTER_FLAG_NOTAG to disallow tag starters
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6
rowan dot collins at gmail dot com
2 years ago
Regarding "partial" addresses with no . in the domain part, a comment in the source code (in ext/filter/logical_filters.c) justifies this rejection thus:

     * The regex below is based on a regex by Michael Rushton.
     * However, it is not identical.  I changed it to only consider routeable
     * addresses as valid.  Michael's regex considers a@b a valid address
     * which conflicts with section 2.3.5 of RFC 5321 which states that:
     *
     *   Only resolvable, fully-qualified domain names (FQDNs) are permitted
     *   when domain names are used in SMTP.  In other words, names that can
     *   be resolved to MX RRs or address (i.e., A or AAAA) RRs (as discussed
     *   in Section 5) are permitted, as are CNAME RRs whose targets can be
     *   resolved, in turn, to MX or address RRs.  Local nicknames or
     *   unqualified names MUST NOT be used.
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7
Clifton
4 years ago
FILTER_VALIDATE_EMAIL does NOT allow incomplete e-mail addresses to be validated as mentioned by Tomas.

Using the following code:

<?php
$email
= "clifton@example"; //Note the .com missing
echo "PHP Version: ".phpversion().'<br>';
if(
filter_var($email, FILTER_VALIDATE_EMAIL)){
    echo
$email.'<br>';
   
var_dump(filter_var($email, FILTER_VALIDATE_EMAIL));
}else{
   
var_dump(filter_var($email, FILTER_VALIDATE_EMAIL));   
}
?>

Returns:
PHP Version: 5.2.14 //On MY server, may be different depending on which version you have installed.
bool(false)

While the following code:

<?php
$email
= "clifton@example.com"; //Note the .com added
echo "PHP Version: ".phpversion().'<br>';
if(
filter_var($email, FILTER_VALIDATE_EMAIL)){
    echo
$email.'<br>';
   
var_dump(filter_var($email, FILTER_VALIDATE_EMAIL));
}else{
   
var_dump(filter_var($email, FILTER_VALIDATE_EMAIL));   
}
?>

Returns:
PHP Version: 5.2.14 //On MY server, may be different depending on which version you have installed.
clifton@example.com
string(16) "clifton@example.com"

This feature is only available for PHP Versions (PHP 5 >= 5.2.0) according to documentation. So make sure your version is correct.

Cheers,
Clifton
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2
bryanwayb at gmail dot com
2 months ago
It's good to remember that using filter_var is primarily for filtering input values when doing boolean logic comparisons. Take the following:

$value = "12";
if(filter_var($value, FILTER_VALIDATE_INT))
{
    // validated as an int
}

The above works as intended, except when $value = "0". In which case filter_var returns a 0, aka false when used as a boolean.

For the correct behavior, do a zero check.

$value = " 0 ";
$filtered = filter_var($value, FILTER_VALIDATE_INT);
if($filtered || $filtered === 0)
{
    // validated as an int
}
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3
php dot net at piskvor dot org
4 years ago
FILTER_VALIDATE_EMAIL is discarding valid e-mail addresses containing IDN. Since there are real, live IDNs on the Internet, that means the filtered output is too strict, leading to false negatives.

Punycode-encoded IDN addresses pass the filter correctly; so before checking for validity, it is necessary to convert the e-mail address to punycode.
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0
Luuk
4 days ago
@2:
$value = " 0 ";
$filtered = filter_var($value, FILTER_VALIDATE_INT);
if($filtered || $filtered === 0)
{
    // validated as an int
}

I think next code is better:

$value = "0";
if(filter_var($value, FILTER_VALIDATE_INT) !== false)
{
  .....
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0
Anonymous
8 days ago
FILTER_VALIDATE_FLOAT, decimal option mean decimal notation['.', ','].
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0
maruerru at gmail dot com
2 months ago
Often I see some code like the following:
$value = "12";
if( filter_var($value, FILTER_VALIDATE_INT) )
{
    // validated as an int
}

The above works as intended, except when $value is "0". In the above case it will be interpreted as FALSE.

For the correct behavior,  you have not only to check if it is equal (==) to false, but also identic (===) to FALSE:
$value = " 0 ";
if( filter_var($value, FILTER_VALIDATE_INT)  === FALSE )
{
    // validated as an int
}

I hope, I could help.
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-1
php at sethsyberg dot com
4 years ago
When validating floats, you must use the Identical/Not identical operators for proper validation of zeros:

This will not work as expected:
<?php
$x
= 0;
if (!
filter_var($x, FILTER_VALIDATE_FLOAT)) {
    echo
"$x is a valid float";
} else {
    echo
"$x is NOT a valid float";
}
?>

This will work as expected:
<?php
$x
= 0;
if (
filter_var($x, FILTER_VALIDATE_FLOAT)!== false) {
    echo
"$x is a valid float";
} else {
    echo
"$x is NOT a valid float";
}
?>
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-4
chastell at chastell dot net
4 years ago
example@example is a perfectly valid email address – I use chastell@localhost and chastell@devielle (my computer’s name) email addresses all the time and they get delivered just fine.
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-14
Tom
3 years ago
Be aware!

In contrary to what the docs say (at least in PHP 5.3.1), this line:

$value = filter_var(FALSE, FILTER_VALIDATE_BOOLEAN, FILTER_NULL_ON_FAILURE);

Will return NULL - not false. In other words: a boolean FALSE is not considered a valid boolean value by this function.

Also:

$value = filter_var("", FILTER_VALIDATE_BOOLEAN, FILTER_NULL_ON_FAILURE);

Will also return NULL - no matter what the docs say. So (string) FALSE is not considered a valid boolean input either.

Thus be aware the that correct usage/workaround for this filter is:

if (!is_bool($value)) {
    $value= filter_var($value, FILTER_VALIDATE_BOOLEAN, FILTER_NULL_ON_FAILURE);
}

For those of you who feel this is counterintuitive, note that there is an issue filed for this in the bug-tracker.
So you might want to follow the discussion there or vote for issue #49510.
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-16
Griff
3 years ago
<< FILTER_VALIDATE_EMAIL allows incomplete e-mail addresses to be validated, for examle john@gmail will validate as a proper e-mail address >>

"Plain" hostnames with no dots are valid in email addresses -
for example, "me@localhost".
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