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mysqli_result::fetch_assoc

mysqli_fetch_assoc

(PHP 5)

mysqli_result::fetch_assoc -- mysqli_fetch_assocFetch a result row as an associative array

Beschreibung

Objektorientierter Stil

array mysqli_result::fetch_assoc ( void )

Prozeduraler Stil

array mysqli_fetch_assoc ( mysqli_result $result )

Returns an associative array that corresponds to the fetched row or NULL if there are no more rows.

Hinweis: Feldnamen, die von dieser Funktion zurückgegeben werden, unterscheiden sich in der Groß-/Kleinschreibung.

Hinweis: Diese Funktion setzt NULL-Felder auf den PHP Wert-NULL.

Parameter-Liste

result

Nur bei prozeduralem Aufruf: Ein von mysqli_query(), mysqli_store_result() oder mysqli_use_result() zurückgegebenes Ergebnisobjekt.

Rückgabewerte

Returns an associative array of strings representing the fetched row in the result set, where each key in the array represents the name of one of the result set's columns or NULL if there are no more rows in resultset.

If two or more columns of the result have the same field names, the last column will take precedence. To access the other column(s) of the same name, you either need to access the result with numeric indices by using mysqli_fetch_row() or add alias names.

Beispiele

Beispiel #1 Objektorientierter Stil

<?php
$mysqli 
= new mysqli("localhost""my_user""my_password""world");

/* check connection */
if ($mysqli->connect_errno) {
    
printf("Connect failed: %s\n"$mysqli->connect_error);
    exit();
}

$query "SELECT Name, CountryCode FROM City ORDER by ID DESC LIMIT 50,5";

if (
$result $mysqli->query($query)) {

    
/* fetch associative array */
    
while ($row $result->fetch_assoc()) {
        
printf ("%s (%s)\n"$row["Name"], $row["CountryCode"]);
    }

    
/* free result set */
    
$result->free();
}

/* close connection */
$mysqli->close();
?>

Beispiel #2 Prozeduraler Stil

<?php
$link 
mysqli_connect("localhost""my_user""my_password""world");

/* check connection */
if (mysqli_connect_errno()) {
    
printf("Connect failed: %s\n"mysqli_connect_error());
    exit();
}

$query "SELECT Name, CountryCode FROM City ORDER by ID DESC LIMIT 50,5";

if (
$result mysqli_query($link$query)) {

    
/* fetch associative array */
    
while ($row mysqli_fetch_assoc($result)) {
        
printf ("%s (%s)\n"$row["Name"], $row["CountryCode"]);
    }

    
/* free result set */
    
mysqli_free_result($result);
}

/* close connection */
mysqli_close($link);
?>

Die obigen Bespiele erzeugen folgende Ausgabe:

Pueblo (USA)
Arvada (USA)
Cape Coral (USA)
Green Bay (USA)
Santa Clara (USA)

Beispiel #3 A mysqli_result example comparing iterator usage

<?php
$c 
mysqli_connect('127.0.0.1','user''pass');

// Using iterators (support was added with PHP 5.4)
foreach ( $c->query('SELECT user,host FROM mysql.user') as $row ) {
    
printf("'%s'@'%s'\n"$row['user'], $row['host']);
}

echo 
"\n==================\n";

// Not using iterators
$result $c->query('SELECT user,host FROM mysql.user');
while (
$row $result->fetch_assoc()) {
    
printf("'%s'@'%s'\n"$row['user'], $row['host']);
}

?>

Das oben gezeigte Beispiel erzeugt eine ähnliche Ausgabe wie:

'root'@'192.168.1.1'
'root'@'127.0.0.1'
'dude'@'localhost'
'lebowski'@'localhost'

==================

'root'@'192.168.1.1'
'root'@'127.0.0.1'
'dude'@'localhost'
'lebowski'@'localhost'

Siehe auch

add a note add a note

User Contributed Notes 2 notes

up
13
Miller
11 months ago
I often like to have my results sent elsewhere in the format of an array (although keep in mind that if you just plan on traversing through the array in another part of the script, this extra step is just a waste of time).

This is my one-liner for transforming a mysqli_result set into an array.
<?php
$sql
= new MySQLi($host, $username, $password, $database);

$result = $sql->query("SELECT * FROM `$table`;");
for (
$set = array (); $row = $result->fetch_assoc(); $set[] = $row);
print_r($set);
?>

Outputs:
Array
(
    [0] => Array
        (
            [id] => 1
            [field2] => a
            [field3] => b
        ),
    [1] => Array
        (
            [id] => 2
            [field2] => c
            [field3] => d
        )
)

I use other variations to adapt to the situation, i.e. if I am selecting only one field:
<?php
$sql
= new MySQLi($host, $username, $password, $database);
$result = $sql->query("SELECT `field2` FROM `$table`;");
for (
$set = array (); $row = $result->fetch_assoc(); $set[] = $row['field2']);
print_r($set);
?>
Outputs:
Array
(
    [0] => a
    [1] => c
)

Or, to make the array associative with the primary index (code assumes primary index is the first field in the table):
<?php
$sql
= new MySQLi($host, $username, $password, $database);
$result = $sql->query("SELECT * FROM `$table`;");
for (
$set = array (); $row = $result->fetch_assoc(); $set[array_shift($row)] = $row);
print_r($set);
?>
Outputs:
Array
(
    [1] => Array
        (
            [field2] => a
            [field3] => b
        ),
    [2] => Array
        (
            [field2] => c
            [field3] => d
        )
)
up
6
james dot phx at gmail dot com
2 years ago
IMPORTANT NOTE:

If you were used to using code like this:

<?php
while(false !== ($row = mysql_fetch_assoc($result)))
{
   
//...
}
?>

You must change it to this for mysqli:

<?php
while(null !== ($row = mysqli_fetch_assoc($result)))
{
   
//...
}
?>

The former will cause your script to run until max_execution_time is reached.
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