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Finding cache candidates

A statement should be considered for caching if it is executed often and has a long run time. Cache candidates are found by creating a list of statements sorted by the product of the number of executions multiplied by the statements run time. The function mysqlnd_qc_get_query_trace_log() returns a query log which help with the task.

Collecting a query trace is a slow operation. Thus, it is disabled by default. The PHP configuration directive mysqlnd_qc.collect_query_trace is used to enable it. The functions trace contains one entry for every query issued before the function is called.

Example #1 Collecting a query trace

mysqlnd_qc.enable_qc=1
mysqlnd_qc.collect_query_trace=1
<?php
/* connect to MySQL */
$mysqli = new mysqli("host""user""password""schema""port""socket");

/* dummy queries to fill the query trace */
for ($i 0$i 2$i++) {
    
$res $mysqli->query("SELECT 1 AS _one FROM DUAL");
    
$res->free();
}

/* dump trace */
var_dump(mysqlnd_qc_get_query_trace_log());
?>

The above examples will output:

array(2) {
  [0]=>
  array(8) {
    ["query"]=>
    string(26) "SELECT 1 AS _one FROM DUAL"
    ["origin"]=>
    string(102) "#0 qc.php(7): mysqli->query('SELECT 1 AS _on...')
#1 {main}"
    ["run_time"]=>
    int(0)
    ["store_time"]=>
    int(25)
    ["eligible_for_caching"]=>
    bool(false)
    ["no_table"]=>
    bool(false)
    ["was_added"]=>
    bool(false)
    ["was_already_in_cache"]=>
    bool(false)
  }
  [1]=>
  array(8) {
    ["query"]=>
    string(26) "SELECT 1 AS _one FROM DUAL"
    ["origin"]=>
    string(102) "#0 qc.php(7): mysqli->query('SELECT 1 AS _on...')
#1 {main}"
    ["run_time"]=>
    int(0)
    ["store_time"]=>
    int(8)
    ["eligible_for_caching"]=>
    bool(false)
    ["no_table"]=>
    bool(false)
    ["was_added"]=>
    bool(false)
    ["was_already_in_cache"]=>
    bool(false)
  }
}

Assorted information is given in the trace. Among them timings and the origin of the query call. The origin property holds a code backtrace to identify the source of the query. The depth of the backtrace can be limited with the PHP configuration directive mysqlnd_qc.query_trace_bt_depth. The default depth is 3.

Example #2 Setting the backtrace depth with the mysqlnd_qc.query_trace_bt_depth ini setting

mysqlnd_qc.enable_qc=1
mysqlnd_qc.collect_query_trace=1
<?php
/* connect to MySQL */
$mysqli = new mysqli("host""user""password""schema""port""socket");
$mysqli->query("DROP TABLE IF EXISTS test");
$mysqli->query("CREATE TABLE test(id INT)");
$mysqli->query("INSERT INTO test(id) VALUES (1), (2), (3)");

/* dummy queries to fill the query trace */
for ($i 0$i 3$i++) {
    
$res $mysqli->query("SELECT id FROM test WHERE id = " $mysqli->real_escape_string($i));
    
$res->free();
}

$trace mysqlnd_qc_get_query_trace_log();
$summary = array();
foreach (
$trace as $entry) {
    if (!isset(
$summary[$entry['query']])) {
        
$summary[$entry['query']] = array(
            
"executions" => 1,
            
"time"       => $entry['run_time'] + $entry['store_time'],
        );
    } else {
        
$summary[$entry['query']]['executions']++;
        
$summary[$entry['query']]['time'] += $entry['run_time'] + $entry['store_time'];
    }
}

foreach (
$summary as $query => $details) {
    
printf("%45s: %5dms (%dx)\n",
    
$query$details['time'], $details['executions']);
}
?>

The above examples will output something similar to:

                    DROP TABLE IF EXISTS test:     0ms (1x)
                    CREATE TABLE test(id INT):     0ms (1x)
    INSERT INTO test(id) VALUES (1), (2), (3):     0ms (1x)
             SELECT id FROM test WHERE id = 0:    25ms (1x)
             SELECT id FROM test WHERE id = 1:    10ms (1x)
             SELECT id FROM test WHERE id = 2:     9ms (1x)

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