PHP 5.5.16 is released

Examples

See also the examples under rar:// wrapper.

Example #1 On-the-fly decompression

<?php

if (!array_key_exists("i"$_GET) || !is_numeric($_GET["i"]))
    die(
"Index unspecified or non-numeric");
$index = (int) $_GET["i"];
    
$arch RarArchive::open("example.rar");
if (
$arch === FALSE)
    die(
"Cannot open example.rar");

$entries $arch->getEntries();
if (
$entries === FALSE)
    die(
"Cannot retrieve entries");

if (!
array_key_exists($index$entries))
    die(
"No such index: $index");

$orfilename $entries[$index]->getName(); //UTF-8 encoded

$filesize $entries[$index]->getUnpackedSize();

/* you could check HTTP_IF_MODIFIED_SINCE here and compare with
 * $entries[$index]->getFileTime(). You could also send a
 * "Last modified" header */

$fp $entries[$index]->getStream();
if (
$fp === FALSE)
    die(
"Cannot open file with index $index insided the archive.");

$arch->close(); //no longer needed; stream is independent

function detectUserAgent() {
    if (!
array_key_exists('HTTP_USER_AGENT'$_SERVER))
        return 
"Other";
    
    
$uas $_SERVER['HTTP_USER_AGENT'];
    if (
preg_match("@Opera/@"$uas))
        return 
"Opera";
    if (
preg_match("@Firefox/@"$uas))
        return 
"Firefox";
    if (
preg_match("@Chrome/@"$uas))
        return 
"Chrome";
    if (
preg_match("@MSIE ([0-9.]+);@"$uas$matches)) {
        if (((float)
$matches[1]) >= 7.0)
            return 
"IE";
    }
    
    return 
"Other";
}

/*
 * We have 3 options:
 * - For FF and Opera, which support RFC 2231, use that format.
 * - For IE and Chrome, use attwithfnrawpctenclong
 *   (http://greenbytes.de/tech/tc2231/#attwithfnrawpctenclong)
 * - For the others, convert to ISO-8859-1, if possible
 */
$formatRFC2231 'Content-Disposition: attachment; filename*=UTF-8\'\'%s';
$formatDef 'Content-Disposition: attachment; filename="%s"';

switch (
detectUserAgent()) {
    case 
"Opera":
    case 
"Firefox":
        
$orfilename rawurlencode($orfilename);
        
$format $formatRFC2231;
        break;

    case 
"IE":
    case 
"Chrome":
        
$orfilename rawurlencode($orfilename);
        
$format $formatDef;
        break;
    default:
        if (
function_exists('iconv'))
            
$orfilename =
                @
iconv("UTF-8""ISO-8859-1//TRANSLIT"$orfilename);
        
$format $formatDef;
}

header(sprintf($format$orfilename));
//cannot send error messages from now on (headers already sent)

//replace by real content type, perhaps infering from the file extension
$contentType "application/octet-stream";
header("Content-Type: $contentType");

header("Content-Transfer-Encoding: binary");

header("Content-Length: $filesize");

if (
$_SERVER['REQUEST_METHOD'] == "HEAD")
    die();
    
while (!
feof($fp)) {
    
$s = @fread($fp8192);
    if (
$s === false)
        break; 
//useless to send error messages
  
    
echo $s;
}
?>

This example opens a RAR file and presents the requested file inside the RAR archive for download to the client.

Example #2 RAR extension filesystem extraction example

<?php

$rar_file 
rar_open('example.rar') or die("Can't open Rar archive");

$entries rar_list($rar_file);

foreach (
$entries as $entry) {
    echo 
'Filename: ' $entry->getName() . "\n";
    echo 
'Packed size: ' $entry->getPackedSize() . "\n";
    echo 
'Unpacked size: ' $entry->getUnpackedSize() . "\n";

    
$entry->extract('/dir/extract/to/');
}

rar_close($rar_file);

?>

This example opens a RAR file archive and extracts each entry to the specified directory.

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User Contributed Notes 1 note

up
1
Nitrogen
3 years ago
A veeery simple function to RAR files, I'm not proud of it.
Since there's no way to create RAR files in PHP (due to licensing, patents or whatever), I'm taking some advantage from the command-line RARing tool that comes with WinRAR (in the WinRAR program files named "rar.exe").

<?php
function RARFiles($Output='output.rar',$Files=array()) {
 
$Data='';
  for(
$i=0;$i<count($Files);$i++)
   
$Data.="\"{$Files[$i]}\" ";
 
exec("rar.exe a \"{$Output}\" {$Data}");
}

$Files=array('file1.ext','file2.ext','file3.ext');
RARFiles('asdf.rar',$Files);
// asdf.rar created.
?>

There's no error checking, so make sure you check that your expected RAR file exists before doing anything with it.
Hopefully one day, PHP will be able to be allowed to create RAR files.
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