PHP 5.4.31 Released

Understanding how the WSDL is generated

SCA for PHP generates WSDL for components which contain an @binding.soap annotation after the @service annotation. To generate WSDL, the SCA runtime reflects on the component and examines the @param and @return annotations for each public method, as well as any @types annotations within the component. The information from the @param and @return annotations is used to build the <types> section of the WSDL. Any @types annotations which specify a separate schema file will result in an <import> element for that schema within the WSDL.

Location attribute of the <service> element

At the bottom of the WSDL is the <service> element which uses the location attribute to identify the URL of the service. For example this might look as follows:

Example #1 location attribute

<service name="ConvertedStockQuote"
...
location="http://localhost/ConvertedStockQuote/ConvertedStockQuote.php"/>

Note that this location is relative to the document root of the web server, and cannot be worked out in advance. It can only be worked out once the component is in its proper place under a running web server, when the hostname and port can be known and placed in the WSDL. Detail from the URL that requests the WSDL is used, so for example if the WSDL is generated in response to a request to http://www.example.com:1111/ConvertedStockQuote/ConvertedStockQuote.php?wsdl, a location of http://www.example.com:1111/ConvertedStockQuote/ConvertedStockQuote.php is what will be inserted into the location attribute in the WSDL.

Document/literal wrapped WSDL and positional parameters

SCA for PHP generates WSDL in the document/literal wrapped style. This style encloses the parameters and return types of a method in 'wrappers' which are named after the corresponding method. The <types> element at the top of the WSDL defines each of these wrappers. If we consider the getQuote() method of the ConvertedStockQuote example:

Example #2 method with two arguments

<?php
   
/**
     * Get a stock quote for a given ticker symbol in a given currency.
     *
     * @param string $ticker The ticker symbol.
     * @param string $currency What currency to convert the value to.
     * @return float The stock value is the target currency.
     */
    
function getQuote($ticker$currency)
    {
        
$quote  $this->stock_quote->getQuote($ticker);
        
$rate   $this->exchange_rate->getRate($currency);
        return  
$rate $quote;
    }
?>

The WSDL generated to define this method will name both the method and the parameters, and give an XML schema type for the parameters. The types section of the WSDL looks like this:

Example #3 types section illustrating named parameters

<types>
    <xs:schema xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"
      targetNamespace="http://ConvertedStockQuote">
      <xs:element name="getQuote">
        <xs:complexType>
          <xs:sequence>
            <xs:element name="ticker" type="xs:string"/>
            <xs:element name="currency" type="xs:string"/>
          </xs:sequence>
        </xs:complexType>
      </xs:element>
      <xs:element name="getQuoteResponse">
        <xs:complexType>
          <xs:sequence>
            <xs:element name="getQuoteReturn" type="xs:float"/>
          </xs:sequence>
        </xs:complexType>
      </xs:element>
    </xs:schema>
  </types>

The SCA run-time has special processing to handle how positional parameter lists in the interface are converted to XML containing named parameters in the soap request, and then back to positional parameter lists again. To see why this matters, consider how a PHP script which used a different interface to make a SOAP call would need to construct the parameter list. A PHP script using the PHP SoapClient, for example, would need to pass the SoapClient a single parameter giving the values for "ticker" and "currency", perhaps as an associative array. To insist that SCA components construct parameter lists to make Web service calls in this way would be to make local and remote calls look different, so a different approach is needed.

When SCA generates WSDL for an SCA component it includes a comment in the WSDL which marks that WSDL as being the interface for an SCA component. In this case, when one SCA component calls another through a Web service, the SCA runtime on the calling end takes the positional parameter list from the call and assigns the values one by one to the named elements in the soap message. For example a call to the getQuote() method defined above that passes the values 'IBM' and 'USD' and looks like this:

<?php
  $quote 
$remote_service->getQuote('IBM','USD');
?>

will result in a soap message containing the following:

<getQuote>
  <ticker>IBM</ticker>
  <currency>USD</currency>
</getQuote>

On the service-providing end, the SCA run-time takes the parameters one by one from the soap message and forms a positional parameter list from them, re-forming the argument list ('IBM','USD').

Caution

At both ends the SCA runtime relies on the order in which the parameters appear in the soap message being the same as that in the target method's parameter list. This is ultimately determined by the order of the @param annotations: this determines the order in which the parameters appear in the WSDL and thereby the order in which they appear in the soap message. Therefore it is essential that the order of the @param annotations matches that of the parameters in the method's parameter list.

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