Last 5.3 release ever available: PHP 5.3.29 - 5.3 now EOL

DOMXPath::registerPhpFunctions

(PHP 5 >= 5.3.0)

DOMXPath::registerPhpFunctionsRegister PHP functions as XPath functions

Description

public void DOMXPath::registerPhpFunctions ([ mixed $restrict ] )

This method enables the ability to use PHP functions within XPath expressions.

Parameters

restrict

Use this parameter to only allow certain functions to be called from XPath.

This parameter can be either a string (a function name) or an array of function names.

Return Values

No value is returned.

Examples

The following examples use book.xml which contains the following:

Example #1 book.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<books>
 <book>
  <title>PHP Basics</title>
  <author>Jim Smith</author>
  <author>Jane Smith</author>
 </book>
 <book>
  <title>PHP Secrets</title>
  <author>Jenny Smythe</author>
 </book>
 <book>
  <title>XML basics</title>
  <author>Joe Black</author>
 </book>
</books>

Example #2 DOMXPath::registerPHPFunctions() with php:functionString

<?php
$doc 
= new DOMDocument;
$doc->load('book.xml');

$xpath = new DOMXPath($doc);

// Register the php: namespace (required)
$xpath->registerNamespace("php""http://php.net/xpath");

// Register PHP functions (no restrictions)
$xpath->registerPHPFunctions();

// Call substr function on the book title
$nodes $xpath->query('//book[php:functionString("substr", title, 0, 3) = "PHP"]');

echo 
"Found {$nodes->length} books starting with 'PHP':\n";
foreach (
$nodes as $node) {
    
$title  $node->getElementsByTagName("title")->item(0)->nodeValue;
    
$author $node->getElementsByTagName("author")->item(0)->nodeValue;
    echo 
"$title by $author\n";
}

?>

The above example will output something similar to:

Found 2 books starting with 'PHP':
PHP Basics by Jim Smith
PHP Secrets by Jenny Smythe

Example #3 DOMXPath::registerPHPFunctions() with php:function

<?php
$doc 
= new DOMDocument;
$doc->load('book.xml');

$xpath = new DOMXPath($doc);

// Register the php: namespace (required)
$xpath->registerNamespace("php""http://php.net/xpath");

// Register PHP functions (has_multiple only)
$xpath->registerPHPFunctions("has_multiple");
 
function 
has_multiple($nodes) {
    
// Return true if more than one author
    
return count($nodes) > 1;
}
// Filter books with multiple authors
$books $xpath->query('//book[php:function("has_multiple", author)]');

echo 
"Books with multiple authors:\n";
foreach (
$books as $book) {
    echo 
$book->getElementsByTagName("title")->item(0)->nodeValue "\n";
}

?>

The above example will output something similar to:

Books with multiple authors:
PHP Basics

See Also

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