List of Keywords

These words have special meaning in PHP. Some of them represent things which look like functions, some look like constants, and so on--but they're not, really: they are language constructs. You cannot use any of the following words as constants, class names, function or method names. Using them as variable names is generally OK, but could lead to confusion.

PHP Keywords
abstract (as of PHP 5) and array() as break
case catch (as of PHP 5) cfunction (PHP 4 only) class clone (as of PHP 5)
const continue declare default do
else elseif enddeclare endfor endforeach
endif endswitch endwhile extends final (as of PHP 5)
for foreach function global goto (as of PHP 5.3)
if implements (as of PHP 5) interface (as of PHP 5) instanceof (as of PHP 5)
namespace (as of PHP 5.3) new old_function (PHP 4 only) or private (as of PHP 5)
protected (as of PHP 5) public (as of PHP 5) static switch throw (as of PHP 5)
try (as of PHP 5) use var while xor
Compile-time constants
__CLASS__ __DIR__ (as of PHP 5.3) __FILE__ __LINE__ __FUNCTION__ __METHOD__
__NAMESPACE__ (as of PHP 5.3)
Language constructs
die() echo() empty() exit() eval()
include() include_once() isset() list() require()
require_once() return() print() unset()
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User Contributed Notes 3 notes

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48
martindilling at gmail dot com
5 years ago
RegEx to find all the keywords:

\b(
(a(bstract|nd|rray|s))|
(c(a(llable|se|tch)|l(ass|one)|on(st|tinue)))|
(d(e(clare|fault)|ie|o))|
(e(cho|lse(if)?|mpty|nd(declare|for(each)?|if|switch|while)|val|x(it|tends)))|
(f(inal|or(each)?|unction))|
(g(lobal|oto))|
(i(f|mplements|n(clude(_once)?|st(anceof|eadof)|terface)|sset))|
(n(amespace|ew))|
(p(r(i(nt|vate)|otected)|ublic))|
(re(quire(_once)?|turn))|
(s(tatic|witch))|
(t(hrow|r(ait|y)))|
(u(nset|se))|
(__halt_compiler|break|list|(x)?or|var|while)
)\b
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24
Chris
5 years ago
Here they are as arrays:

<?php
$keywords
= array('__halt_compiler', 'abstract', 'and', 'array', 'as', 'break', 'callable', 'case', 'catch', 'class', 'clone', 'const', 'continue', 'declare', 'default', 'die', 'do', 'echo', 'else', 'elseif', 'empty', 'enddeclare', 'endfor', 'endforeach', 'endif', 'endswitch', 'endwhile', 'eval', 'exit', 'extends', 'final', 'for', 'foreach', 'function', 'global', 'goto', 'if', 'implements', 'include', 'include_once', 'instanceof', 'insteadof', 'interface', 'isset', 'list', 'namespace', 'new', 'or', 'print', 'private', 'protected', 'public', 'require', 'require_once', 'return', 'static', 'switch', 'throw', 'trait', 'try', 'unset', 'use', 'var', 'while', 'xor');

$predefined_constants = array('__CLASS__', '__DIR__', '__FILE__', '__FUNCTION__', '__LINE__', '__METHOD__', '__NAMESPACE__', '__TRAIT__');
?>

Along with get_defined_functions() and get_defined_constants(), this can be useful for checking eval() statements.
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9
Thomas Hansen
1 year ago
Please note that reserved words are still not allowed to be used as namespace or as part of it:

<?php
namespace MyNameSpace\List;

class
Test
{
}
?>

This will fail with a Parse error:  syntax error, unexpected 'List' (T_LIST), expecting identifier (T_STRING)
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