SunshinePHP Developer Conference 2015

posix_access

(PHP 5 >= 5.1.0)

posix_access Determine accessibility of a file

설명

bool posix_access ( string $file [, int $mode = POSIX_F_OK ] )

posix_access() checks the user's permission of a file.

인수

file

The name of the file to be tested.

mode

A mask consisting of one or more of POSIX_F_OK, POSIX_R_OK, POSIX_W_OK and POSIX_X_OK.

POSIX_R_OK, POSIX_W_OK and POSIX_X_OK request checking whether the file exists and has read, write and execute permissions, respectively. POSIX_F_OK just requests checking for the existence of the file.

반환값

성공할 경우 TRUE를, 실패할 경우 FALSE를 반환합니다.

예제

Example #1 posix_access() example

This example will check if the $file is readable and writable, otherwise will print an error message.

<?php

$file 
'some_file';

if (
posix_access($filePOSIX_R_OK POSIX_W_OK)) {
    echo 
'The file is readable and writable!';

} else {
    
$error posix_get_last_error();

    echo 
"Error $error: " posix_strerror($error);
}

?>

주의

Note: 안전 모드일 때, PHP는 조작하려는 파일이나 디렉토리가 실행중인 스크립트와 같은 UID(owner)인지 확인합니다.

참고

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User Contributed Notes 1 note

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unixguy at earth dot com
4 months ago
It should be noted that this function performs access checks based on the real UID and real GID of the process running PHP.  These aren't necessarily the same as the effective UID and GID.

In other words, it may well be that access() returns “true” for a particular permission, but an fopen() operation which requires the same permission will fail, and vice versa.

Keep that in mind if you use access() for such checks.
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