(PHP 4, PHP 5, PHP 7)

print문자열을 출력


int print ( string $arg )

arg를 출력합니다.

print는 실제 함수가 아닙니다. (언어 구조입니다) 그러므로, 인수 목록에 괄호를 사용할 필요가 없습니다.

printecho의 차이에 관한 간단한 설명은 FAQT의 Knowledge Base Article에서 볼 수 있습니다:



입력 데이터.


항상 1을 반환합니다.


Example #1 print 예제

print("Hello World");

"print()는 괄호 없이도 작동합니다.";

"여러 줄로
사용할 수 있습니다. 줄바꿈 문자도
제대로 출력합니다"

"여러 줄로\n사용할 수 있습니다. 줄바꿈 문자도\n제대로 출력합니다.";

"이스케이핑 문자는 \"이렇게\" 합니다.";

// print 구문 안에서 변수를 사용할 수 있습니다.
$foo "foobar";
$bar "barbaz";

"foo는 $foo"// foo는 foobar

// 배열을 사용할 수 있습니다.
$bar = array("value" => "foo");

"이것은 {$bar['value']} !"// 이것은 foo !

// 변수값이 아닌, 변수명을 출력하려면 작은 따옴표를 사용하십시오.
print 'foo는 $foo'// foo는 $foo

// 다른 문자을 사용하지 않는다면, 변수만 출력할 수 있습니다.
print $foo;          // foobar

print <<<END
이는 $varialbe을 써넣으면서 여러 줄을 출력하는
"here document"(여기는 문서) 구문의 사용입니다.
문서 종료어는 아무런 공백도 없이 단지 세미콜론
만을 가지는 점에 주의하십시오.


Note: 이것은 함수가 아닌 언어 구조이기 때문에, 가변 함수 방식으로 호출할 수 없습니다.


  • echo - 하나 이상의 문자열을 출력
  • print_r() - 변수에 관한 정보를 사람이 읽기 편하게 출력
  • flush() - 출력 버퍼를 비웁니다

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User Contributed Notes 8 notes

user at example dot net
9 years ago
Be careful when using print. Since print is a language construct and not a function, the parentheses around the argument is not required.
In fact, using parentheses can cause confusion with the syntax of a function and SHOULD be omited.

Most would expect the following behavior:
if (print("foo") && print("bar")) {
// "foo" and "bar" had been printed

But since the parenthesis around the argument are not required, they are interpretet as part of the argument.
This means that the argument of the first print is

    ("foo") && print("bar")

and the argument of the second print is just


For the expected behavior of the first example, you need to write:
if ((print "foo") && (print "bar")) {
// "foo" and "bar" had been printed
danielxmorris @ gmail dotcom
9 years ago
I wrote a println function that determines whether a \n or a <br /> should be appended to the line depending on whether it's being executed in a shell or a browser window.  People have probably thought of this before but I thought I'd post it anyway - it may help a couple of people.

function println ($string_message) {
$_SERVER['SERVER_PROTOCOL'] ? print "$string_message<br />" : print "$string_message\n";


Running in a browser:

<?php println ("Hello, world!"); ?>
Output: Hello, world!<br />

Running in a shell:

<?php println ("Hello, world!"); ?>
Output: Hello, world!\n
10 years ago
the FAQTs article can be found archived at

(url split to get past the line-length limitation)
jon at tap dot net
11 years ago
I have a small utility run from the command line that processes a potentially huge list of files. As it can take hours to complete, I stuck a 

print '.';

statement in the body of the main loop to prove that something was  happening.

For reasons unknown to me, the utiliity suddenly started buffering the output such that it printed nothing until completion, defeating the purpose of the running monitor. Adding flush() statements did nothing. The problem was solved by using

fputs(STDOUT, '.');

but I have no idea why.
phpnet at i3x171um dot com
11 years ago
I have written a script to benchmark the several methods of outputting data in PHP: via single quotes, double quotes, heredoc, and printf. The script constructs a paragraph of text with each method. It performs this construction 10,000 times, then records how long it took. In total, it prints 160,000 times and records 16 timings. Here are the raw results.

Outputted straight to browser--

Single quotes: 2,813 ms
...with concatenation: 1,179 ms
Double quotes: 5,180 ms
...with concatenation: 3,937 ms
heredoc: 7,300 ms
...with concatenation: 6,288 ms
printf: 9,527 ms
...with concatenation: 8,564 ms

Outputted to the output buffer--

Single quotes: 8 ms
...with concatenation: 38 ms
Double quotes: 8 ms
...with concatenation: 47 ms
heredoc: 17 ms
...with concatenation: 49 ms
printf: 54 ms
...with concatenation: 52 ms

A nice graph of the script's output can be found here:

So what should you choose to print your text? I found several things out writing this.

First, it should be noted that the print and echo keywords are interchangeable, performance-wise. The timings show that one is probably an alias for the other. So use whichever you feel most comfortable with.

Second, if you've ever wondered which was better, the definitive answer is single quotes. Single quotes are at least four times faster in any situation. Double quotes, while more convenient, do pose a debatably significant performance issue when outputting massive amounts of data.

Third, stay away from heredoc, and absolutely stay away from [s]printf. They're slow, and the alternatives are there.

The source of my script can be found here:

DO NOT RUN THE SCRIPT ON THE INTERNET! Run it instead from localhost. The script outputs ~45 megabytes of text in an html comment at the top of the page by default. Expect the benchmark to take ~45 seconds. If this is too long, you can change the amount of iterations to a lower number (the results scale accurately down to about 1,000 iterations).
Chris Watson
7 years ago
mvpetrovich of 2007 could just use single quotes as his string delimiters (see the example in the current documentation).
It's not ALWAYS appropriate, but generally it is best (the Zend Framework coding standards have a good take on this). It yields a number of interesting benefits:
1: Nobody will be tempted to write functions to replace backticks or other characters with double quotes. Such functions may cause a (negligible) loss of efficiency, and maybe other undesired effects.
2: You will be able to use double quotes without escaping. This is recommended (although not required) for HTML and XML attributes, as well as quoted text.
3: The script will hit the browser very slightly slightly faster since PHP doesn't have to scan through the string looking for variables, escaped characters, curly braces or other things.
4: Your code gets ten times easier to read. (as mvpetrovich pointed out)

If, in spite of these four excellent benefits, you really MUST still use double quotes to delimit boring old string constants (and seriously, why would you?), you could use the slightly less favourable single quotes as delimiters for most markup languages.
HTML served as HTML will even let you lay out unquoted attributes (yuck).

It should also be noted though that if you are just printing bare strings, you may as well shut off the php parser. The quickest way to send a string is to write it as plain text, OUTSIDE of the php tags. This will also make your code look excellent in a lot of syntax highlighters.

There are few disadvantages to doing this, if any. Output buffering still works. All your classes and objects and includes remain in place. Your script runs faster. World peace is obtained.
ejallison at gmail dot com
12 years ago
This is a simple function for printing debug comments that I didn't think of for a long time. Maybe it'll serve you good too.


function printd($str) {
  if (
$debug) { echo $str; }

// ...

if ($valueCalculatedEarlierInTheScript == 3) {
printd("doSomethingWithNoOutput() has executed.");


It's mostly just to make sure everything is running without having to go through everything and put in echo "Step #whatever has executed" whenever something mysterious isn't working.
9 years ago
An update to the println function I wrote below, this is a more efficient, correct and returns a value (1, always; (print)).


function println($string_message = '') {
        return isset(
$_SERVER['SERVER_PROTOCOL']) ? print "$string_message<br />" . PHP_EOL:
$string_message . PHP_EOL;

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