PHP 5.4.36 Released

$_ENV

$HTTP_ENV_VARS [deprecated]

(PHP 4 >= 4.1.0, PHP 5)

$_ENV -- $HTTP_ENV_VARS [deprecated]Environment variables

설명

An associative array of variables passed to the current script via the environment method.

These variables are imported into PHP's global namespace from the environment under which the PHP parser is running. Many are provided by the shell under which PHP is running and different systems are likely running different kinds of shells, a definitive list is impossible. Please see your shell's documentation for a list of defined environment variables.

Other environment variables include the CGI variables, placed there regardless of whether PHP is running as a server module or CGI processor.

$HTTP_ENV_VARS contains the same initial information, but is not a superglobal. (Note that $HTTP_ENV_VARS and $_ENV are different variables and that PHP handles them as such)

변경점

버전 설명
4.1.0 Introduced $_ENV that deprecated $HTTP_ENV_VARS.

예제

Example #1 $_ENV example

<?php
echo 'My username is ' .$_ENV["USER"] . '!';
?>

Assuming "bjori" executes this script

위 예제의 출력 예시:

My username is bjori!

주의

Note:

이는 '자동전역' 변수입니다. 스크립트의 모든 영역에서 사용할 수 있습니다. 함수나 메쏘드 안에서 접근하기 위해서 global $variable;를 할 필요가 없습니다.

참고

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User Contributed Notes 6 notes

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17
gabe-php at mudbugmedia dot com
4 years ago
If your $_ENV array is mysteriously empty, but you still see the variables when calling getenv() or in your phpinfo(), check your http://us.php.net/manual/en/ini.core.php#ini.variables-order ini setting to ensure it includes "E" in the string.
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4
aasasdasdf at yandex dot ru
8 months ago
Please note that writing to $_ENV does not actually set an environment variable, i.e. the variable will not propagate to any child processes you launch (except forked script processes, in which case it's just a variable in the script's memory). To set real environment variables, you must use putenv().

Basically, setting a variable in $_ENV does not have any meaning besides setting or overriding a script-wide global variable. Thus, one should never modify $_ENV except for testing purposes (and then be careful to use putenv() too, if appropriate).

PHP  will not trigger any kind of error or notice when writing to $_ENV.
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6
anonymous
4 years ago
If $_ENV is empty because variables_order does not include it, it will be filled with values fetched by getenv().

For example, when calling getenv("REMOTE_ADDR"), $_ENV['REMOTE_ADDR'] will be defined as well (if such an environment variable exists).
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6
php at isnoop dot net
4 years ago
If you wish to define an environment variable in your Apache vhost file, use the directive SetEnv.

SetEnv varname "variable value"

It is important to note that this new variable will appear in $_SERVER, not $_ENV.
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6
ewilde aht bsmdevelopment dawt com
5 years ago
When running a PHP program under the command line, the $_SERVER["SERVER_NAME"] variable does not contain the hostname. However, the following works for me under Unix/Linux and Windows:

<?php
if (isset($_ENV["HOSTNAME"]))
   
$MachineName = $_ENV["HOSTNAME"];
else if  (isset(
$_ENV["COMPUTERNAME"]))
   
$MachineName = $_ENV["COMPUTERNAME"];
else
$MachineName = "";
?>
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6
david at davidfavor dot com
2 years ago
Comments for this page seem to indicate getenv() returns environment variables in all cases.

For getenv() to work, php.ini variables_order must contain 'E'.
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