array_diff_key

(PHP 5 >= 5.1.0)

array_diff_keyOblicza różnicę tablic używając kluczy do porównań

Opis

array array_diff_key ( array $tablica1 , array $tablica2 [, array $ ... ] )

array_diff_key() zwraca wszystkie wartości z tablica1, które nie są obecne w żadnym z pozostałych argumentów. Asocjacje są zachowywane. Ta funkcja jest podobna do array_diff(), z tym, że do porównania używane są klucze tablicy zamiast ich wartości.

Przykład #1 Przykład użycia array_diff_key()

<?php
$tablica1 
= array('niebieski'  => 1'czerwony'  => 2'zielony'  => 3'purpurowy' => 4);
$tablica2 = array('zielony' => 5'niebieski' => 6'żółty' => 7'cyan'   => 8);

var_dump(array_diff_key($tablica1$tablica2));
?>

Powyższy przykład wyświetli:

array(2) {
  ["czerwony"]=>
  int(2)
  ["purpurowy"]=>
  int(4)
}

Dwa klucze z par klucz => wartość są uznawane za równe tylko jeśli (string) $klucz1 === (string) $klucz2 . Inaczej mówiąc, zachodzi ścisłe sprawdzanie, a więc reprezentacje tekstowe muszą być takie same.

Informacja: Funkcja ta sprawdza tylko jeden wymiar n-wymiarowej tablicy. Można sprawdzać głębsze wymiary przez użycie, na przykład array_diff_assoc($tablica1[0], $tablica2[0]);.

Patrz także: array_diff(), array_udiff() array_diff_assoc(), array_diff_uassoc(), array_udiff_assoc(), array_udiff_uassoc(), array_diff_ukey(), array_intersect(), array_intersect_assoc(), array_intersect_uassoc(), array_intersect_key() i array_intersect_ukey().

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User Contributed Notes 11 notes

up
4
Ashton
6 years ago
To return the unique elements (those with a key that exists only once in either array but not in both) try:
function array_unique_diff ($array1, $array2)
{
  array_merge(array_diff_key($array1, $array2), array_diff_key($array2, $array1));
}

Example:
$array1 = array('blue'  => 1, 'red'  => 2, 'green'  => 3, 'purple' => 4);
$array2 = array('green' => 5, 'blue' => 6, 'yellow' => 7, 'cyan'   => 8);

  array_diff_key($array1, $array2)

returns

  array ( 'red' => 2, 'purple' => 4 )

  array_diff_key($array2, $array1)

returns

  array ( 'yellow' => 7, 'cyan' => 8, )

  array_unique_diff($array1, $array2);
 
returns

  array ( 'red' => 2, 'purple' => 4, 'yellow' => 7, 'cyan' => 8, )
up
4
coder at gs dot com
6 years ago
The PHP4 version below works only unidirectionally. If you switch the arrays around i.e. (ar2, ar1) you get different results than (ar1, ar2).
up
5
maxence at pontapreta dot net
9 years ago
Seems to be a great function, especially for n-dimensions arrays. The only problem is that I cannot find it in php 5.0.3 and 5.0.4. Does it really exist ?! :(

[20:27:05][maxence@conurb] ~/test2/php-5.0.4$ grep PHP_FUNCTION * -r | grep -i array_diff_key
[20:27:09][maxence@conurb] ~/test2/php-5.0.4$
up
3
AiFiLTr0 [at host] invyl [dot] ath.cx
6 years ago
The recursive function suggested by '2ge at 2ge dot us' will provide you with empty arrays if there's no diff.
This variant of the function cleans up empty arrays and fixes a bug in the first suggested version. It works 100%
.
<?php
function array_diff_key_recursive ($a1, $a2) {
        foreach(
$a1 as $k => $v) {
           
//$r[$k] = is_array($v) ? $this->array_diff_key_recursive($a1[$k], $a2[$k]) : array_diff_key($a1, $a2);
       
if (is_array($v))
            {
           
$r[$k]=$this->array_diff_key_recursive($a1[$k], $a2[$k]);
            }else
            {
           
$r=array_diff_key($a1, $a2);
            }

        if (
is_array($r[$k]) && count($r[$k])==0)
            {
            unset(
$r[$k]);
            }
        }
        return
$r;
    }
?>
up
2
sjungwirth at matrix-consultants dot com
6 years ago
I needed something a little different where maybe even the keys in multidimensional arrays don't match up. Setting $assoc to false will cause only to check for missing keys, otherwise it compares values as well. This was also based on '2ge at 2ge dot us' function

<?php

function n_array_diff_assoc ($a1, $a2, $assoc=true) {
   
$r = array();
    if(
is_array(current($a1))):
        foreach(
$a1 as $k => $v):
            if(isset(
$a2[$k])):
               
$diff = n_array_diff($a1[$k], $a2[$k], $assoc);
                if (!empty(
$diff)):
                   
$r[$k] = $diff;
                endif;
            else:
               
$r[$k] = $v;
            endif;
        endforeach;
    else:
       
$r = $assoc ? array_diff_assoc($a1, $a2) : array_diff_key($a1, $a2);
    endif;
    return
$r;
}
?>
up
1
division-par-zero at zilon dot net
6 years ago
you can use this function for return the difference of two array !

<?php
function array_unique_diff_key ($array1, $array2)
{
  if (
is_array($array1) && is_array($array2))
    return
array_diff_key($array1, $array2) + array_diff_key($array2, $array1);
  else if (
is_array($array1)) return $array1;
  else if (
is_array($array2)) return $array2;
  else return array();
}
?>
up
2
vlad_mustafin at ukr dot net
8 years ago
One more alternative variant :)
<?
if (!function_exists('array_diff_key')) {
    function array_diff_key() {
        $argCount   = func_num_args();
        $diff_arg_prefix = 'diffArg';
        $diff_arg_names = array();
        for ($i=0; $i < $argCount; $i++) {
            $diff_arg_names[$i] = 'diffArg'.$i;
            $$diff_arg_names[$i] = array_keys((array)func_get_arg($i));
        }
        $diffArrString = '';
        if (!empty($diff_arg_names)) $diffArrString =  '$'.implode(', $', $diff_arg_names);
        eval("\$result = array_diff(".$diffArrString.");");
        return $result;
    }
}
?>
up
1
2ge at 2ge dot us
8 years ago
Hello, if you need diff key of n-dimensional arrays here is nice solution:
<?php
function n_array_diff ($a1, $a2) {
        foreach(
$a1 as $k => $v) {
           
$r[$k] = is_array($v) ? n_array_diff($a1[$k], $a2[$k]) : array_diff_key($a1, $a2);
        }
        return
$r;
}
?>
it will print everything, what is missing in $a2.
up
1
ampf at egp dot up dot pt
8 years ago
Well, you could implement in the code something more powerfull:

http://www.php.net/manual/en/function.array-diff.php#31364
up
0
rhallsey at yahoo dot com
1 month ago
Here's a simple function that returns true if all keys in the first array are found in the second array, and false if they aren't.

function same_keys ($a1, $a2) {
    $same = false;
    if (!array_diff_key($a1, $a2)) {
        $same = true;
        foreach ($a1 as $k => $v) {
            if (is_array($v) && !same_keys($v, $a2[$k])) {
                $same = false;
                break;
            }
        }
    }
    return $same;
}

To check if two arrays have the same structure, ignoring values, execute the function twice, the second time with the arguments reversed.
up
0
gk at anuary dot com
1 year ago
Improved recursive version.

<?php
/**
* @author Gajus Kuizinas <gk@anuary.com>
* @version 1.0.0 (2013 03 19)
*/
function array_diff_key_recursive (array $arr1, array $arr2) {
   
$diff = array_diff_key($arr1, $arr2);
   
$intersect = array_intersect_key($arr1, $arr2);
   
    foreach (
$intersect as $k => $v) {
        if (
is_array($arr1[$k]) && is_array($arr2[$k])) {
           
$d = array_diff_key_recursive($arr1[$k], $arr2[$k]);
           
            if (
$d) {
               
$diff[$k] = $d;
            }
        }
    }
   
    return
$diff;
}
?>

An up to date version is maintained at https://github.com/gajus/flow/blob/master/flow.inc.php#L337.
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