PHP 5.4.36 Released

natcasesort

(PHP 4, PHP 5)

natcasesortSortuj tablicę używając algorytmu "porządek naturalny" ignorującego wielkość znaków

Opis

bool natcasesort ( array &$tablica )

Ta funkcja implementuje algorytm sortowania który porządkuje stringi alfanumeryczne tak, jak zrobiłby to człowiek, zachowując przypisanie kluczy do wartości. Jest on określany jako "porządkowanie naturalne".

Zwraca TRUE w przypadku powodzenia, FALSE w przypadku błędu.

natcasesort() jest wersją funkcji natsort() ignorującą wielkość znaków. Zobacz natsort() aby zobaczyć różnicę między tym algorytmem a zwykłymi komputerowymi algorytmami sortowania stringów.

Przykład #1 natcasesort() example

<?php
$array1 
$array2 = array('IMG0.png''img12.png''img10.png''img2.png''img1.png''IMG3.png');

sort($array1);
echo 
"Standardowe sortowanie\n";
print_r($array1);

natcasesort($array2);
echo 
"\nPorządkowanie naturalne (ignorowana wielkośc znaków)\n";
print_r($array2);
?>

Powyższy przykład wyświetli:

Standarowe sortowanie
Array
(
    [0] => IMG0.png
    [1] => IMG3.png
    [2] => img1.png
    [3] => img10.png
    [4] => img12.png
    [5] => img2.png
)

Porządkowanie naturalne (ignorowana wielkośc znaków)
Array
(
    [0] => IMG0.png
    [4] => img1.png
    [3] => img2.png
    [5] => IMG3.png
    [2] => img10.png
    [1] => img12.png
)

Aby uzyskać więcej informacji zobacz stronę Martina Poola » Natural Order String Comparison.

Patrz także: sort(), natsort(), strnatcmp() i strnatcasecmp().

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User Contributed Notes 6 notes

up
10
dslicer at maine dot rr dot com
11 years ago
Something that should probably be documented is the fact that both natsort and natcasesort maintain the key-value associations of the array. If you natsort a numerically indexed array, a for loop will not produce the sorted order; a foreach loop, however, will produce the sorted order, but the indices won't be in numeric order. If you want natsort and natcasesort to break the key-value associations, just use array_values on the sorted array, like so:

natcasesort($arr);
$arr = array_values($arr);
up
5
w-dot-rosenbach-at-netskill-de
4 years ago
Sorting UTF-8 by arbitrary order:

<?php
mb_internal_encoding
("UTF-8");

class
utf_8_german
{
 
// everything else is sorted at the end
 
static $order = '0123456789AaÄäBbCcDdEeFfGgHhIiJjKkLlMm
NnOoÖöPpQqRrSsßTtUuÜüVvWwXxYyZz'
;
  static
$char2order;
 
  static function
cmp($a, $b) {
    if (
$a == $b) {
        return
0;
    }
   
   
// lazy init mapping
   
if (empty(self::$char2order))
    {
     
$order = 1;
     
$len = mb_strlen(self::$order);
      for (
$order=0; $order<$len; ++$order)
      {
       
self::$char2order[mb_substr(self::$order, $order, 1)] = $order;
      }
    }
   
   
$len_a = mb_strlen($a);
   
$len_b = mb_strlen($b);
   
$max=min($len_a, $len_b);
    for(
$i=0; $i<$max; ++$i)
    {
     
$char_a= mb_substr($a, $i, 1);
     
$char_b= mb_substr($b, $i, 1);
     
      if (
$char_a == $char_b) continue;
     
$order_a = (isset(self::$char2order[$char_a])) ? self::$char2order[$char_a] : 9999;
     
$order_b = (isset(self::$char2order[$char_b])) ? self::$char2order[$char_b] : 9999;
     
      return (
$order_a < $order_b) ? -1 : 1;
    }
    return (
$len_a < $len_b) ? -1 : 1;
  }
}

// usage example:

$t = array(
 
'Birnen', 'Birne', 'Äpfel', 'Apfel',
);

uasort($t, 'utf_8_german::cmp');
echo
'$t: <pre>'.htmlspecialchars(print_r($t,true),null,'UTF-8').'</pre>';
?>
up
1
tmiller25 at hotmail dot com
12 years ago
add this loop to the function above if you want items which have the same first characters to be listed in a way that the shorter string comes first.
--------------------
  /* short before longer (e.g. 'abc' should come before 'abcd') */
  for($i=count($array)-1;$i>0;$i--) {
    $str_a = $array[$i  ];
    $str_b = $array[$i-1];
    $cmp_a = strtolower(substr($str_a,0,strlen($str_a)));
    $cmp_b = strtolower(substr($str_b,0,strlen($str_a)));
    if ($cmp_a==$cmp_b && strlen($str_a)<strlen($str_b)) {
      $array[$i]=$str_b; $array[$i-1]=$str_a; $i+=2;
    }
  }
--------------------
up
0
claude at schlesser dot lu
5 years ago
Here a function that will natural sort an array by keys with keys that contain special characters.

<?php
function natksort($array)
{
   
$original_keys_arr = array();
   
$original_values_arr = array();
   
$clean_keys_arr = array();

   
$i = 0;
    foreach (
$array AS $key => $value)
    {
       
$original_keys_arr[$i] = $key;
       
$original_values_arr[$i] = $value;
       
$clean_keys_arr[$i] = strtr($key, "ÄÖÜäöüÉÈÀËëéèàç", "AOUaouEEAEeeeac");
       
$i++;
    }

   
natcasesort($clean_keys_arr);

   
$result_arr = array();

    foreach (
$clean_keys_arr AS $key => $value)
    {
       
$original_key = $original_keys_arr[$key];
       
$original_value = $original_values_arr[$key];
       
$result_arr[$original_key] = $original_value;
    }

    return
$result_arr;
}
?>

Hope it will be useful to somebody :)
up
0
vbAlexDOSMan at Yahoo dot com
11 years ago
Ulli at Stemmeler dot net:  I remade your function -- it's a little more compact now -- Enjoy...

function ignorecasesort(&$array) {

  /*Make each element it's lowercase self plus itself*/
  /*(e.g. "MyWebSite" would become "mywebsiteMyWebSite"*/
  for ($i = 0; $i < sizeof($array); $array[$i] = strtolower($array[$i]).$array[$i], $i++);

  /*Sort it -- only the lowercase versions will be used*/
  sort($array);

  /*Take each array element, cut it in half, and add the latter half to a new array*/
  /*(e.g. "mywebsiteMyWebSite" would become "MyWebSite")*/
  for ($i = 0; $i < sizeof($array); $i++) {
    $this = $array[$i];
    $array[$i] = substr($this, (strlen($this)/2), strlen($this));
  }
}
up
-2
shawn at shawnwilkerson dot com
5 years ago
I kept getting varied results using natcasesort and sort on mixed arrays -- per the descriptions.

Sometimes simple is better:

A little snippet of code:

<?php                        if($responders->num_rows) {
                           
$i=0;
                            while(
$row= $responders->fetch_assoc()) {
                               
$user=getUserName($row['responderID']);
                               
$r[$i]= array("sortname"=>strtolower($user),"userName"=>$user, "userID"=>$row['responderID'], "responderID"=>$row['idresponders']);
                               
$i++;
                            }
                           
sort($r);
                           
print_r($r);                           
                        }

?>

I simply created a lower cased sort field at the front of the result set and then sort by it -- which provides the expected result and leaves the actual needed fields unchanged.

For the curious:  all user information is kept completed in another database (and table) from the content database due to security reasons.  The getUser functions we have written allow us to pull only what is legally allowed without exposing anything else.

This is why a left join or something wasn't used and we have to build a pseudo result array here from both databases.
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