PHP 5.4.33 Released

socket_get_option

(PHP 4 >= 4.3.0, PHP 5)

socket_get_optionGets socket options for the socket

Descrierea

mixed socket_get_option ( resource $socket , int $level , int $optname )

The socket_get_option() function retrieves the value for the option specified by the optname parameter for the specified socket.

Parametri

socket

A valid socket resource created with socket_create() or socket_accept().

level

The level parameter specifies the protocol level at which the option resides. For example, to retrieve options at the socket level, a level parameter of SOL_SOCKET would be used. Other levels, such as TCP, can be used by specifying the protocol number of that level. Protocol numbers can be found by using the getprotobyname() function.

optname
Available Socket Options
Option Description Type
SO_DEBUG Reports whether debugging information is being recorded. int
SO_BROADCAST Reports whether transmission of broadcast messages is supported. int
SO_REUSEADDR Reports whether local addresses can be reused. int
SO_KEEPALIVE Reports whether connections are kept active with periodic transmission of messages. If the connected socket fails to respond to these messages, the connection is broken and processes writing to that socket are notified with a SIGPIPE signal. int
SO_LINGER

Reports whether the socket lingers on socket_close() if data is present. By default, when the socket is closed, it attempts to send all unsent data. In the case of a connection-oriented socket, socket_close() will wait for its peer to acknowledge the data.

If l_onoff is non-zero and l_linger is zero, all the unsent data will be discarded and RST (reset) is sent to the peer in the case of a connection-oriented socket.

On the other hand, if l_onoff is non-zero and l_linger is non-zero, socket_close() will block until all the data is sent or the time specified in l_linger elapses. If the socket is non-blocking, socket_close() will fail and return an error.

array. The array will contain two keys: l_onoff and l_linger.
SO_OOBINLINE Reports whether the socket leaves out-of-band data inline. int
SO_SNDBUF Reports the size of the send buffer. int
SO_RCVBUF Reports the size of the receive buffer. int
SO_ERROR Reports information about error status and clears it. int (cannot be set by socket_set_option())
SO_TYPE Reports the socket type (e.g. SOCK_STREAM). int (cannot be set by socket_set_option())
SO_DONTROUTE Reports whether outgoing messages bypass the standard routing facilities. int
SO_RCVLOWAT Reports the minimum number of bytes to process for socket input operations. int
SO_RCVTIMEO Reports the timeout value for input operations. array. The array will contain two keys: sec which is the seconds part on the timeout value and usec which is the microsecond part of the timeout value.
SO_SNDTIMEO Reports the timeout value specifying the amount of time that an output function blocks because flow control prevents data from being sent. array. The array will contain two keys: sec which is the seconds part on the timeout value and usec which is the microsecond part of the timeout value.
SO_SNDLOWAT Reports the minimum number of bytes to process for socket output operations. int
TCP_NODELAY Reports whether the Nagle TCP algorithm is disabled. int
MCAST_JOIN_GROUP Joins a multicast group. (added in PHP 5.4) array with keys "group", specifying a string with an IPv4 or IPv6 multicast address and "interface", specifying either an interface number (type int) or a string with the interface name, like "eth0". 0 can be specified to indicate the interface should be selected using routing rules. (can only be used in socket_set_option())
MCAST_LEAVE_GROUP Leaves a multicast group. (added in PHP 5.4) array. See MCAST_JOIN_GROUP for more information. (can only be used in socket_set_option())
MCAST_BLOCK_SOURCE Blocks packets arriving from a specific source to a specific multicast group, which must have been previously joined. (added in PHP 5.4) array with the same keys as MCAST_JOIN_GROUP, plus one extra key, source, which maps to a string specifying an IPv4 or IPv6 address of the source to be blocked. (can only be used in socket_set_option())
MCAST_UNBLOCK_SOURCE Unblocks (start receiving again) packets arriving from a specific source address to a specific multicast group, which must have been previously joined. (added in PHP 5.4) array with the same format as MCAST_BLOCK_SOURCE. (can only be used in socket_set_option())
MCAST_JOIN_SOURCE_GROUP Receive packets destined to a specific multicast group whose source address matches a specific value. (added in PHP 5.4) array with the same format as MCAST_BLOCK_SOURCE. (can only be used in socket_set_option())
MCAST_LEAVE_SOURCE_GROUP Stop receiving packets destined to a specific multicast group whose soure address matches a specific value. (added in PHP 5.4) array with the same format as MCAST_BLOCK_SOURCE. (can only be used in socket_set_option())
IP_MULTICAST_IF The outgoing interface for IPv4 multicast packets. (added in PHP 5.4) Either int specifying the interface number or a string with an interface name, like eth0. The value 0 can be used to indicate the routing table is to used in the interface selection. The function socket_get_option() returns an interface index. Note that, unlike the C API, this option does NOT take an IP address. This eliminates the interface difference between IP_MULTICAST_IF and IPV6_MULTICAST_IF.
IPV6_MULTICAST_IF The outgoing interface for IPv6 multicast packets. (added in PHP 5.4) The same as IP_MULTICAST_IF.
IP_MULTICAST_LOOP The multicast loopback policy for IPv4 packets, which determines whether multicast packets sent by this socket also reach receivers in the same host that have joined the same multicast group on the outgoing interface used by this socket. This is the case by default. (added in PHP 5.4) int (either 0 or 1). For socket_set_option() any value will be accepted and will be converted to a boolean following the usual PHP rules.
IPV6_MULTICAST_LOOP Analogous to IP_MULTICAST_LOOP, but for IPv6. (added in PHP 5.4) int. See IP_MULTICAST_LOOP.
IP_MULTICAST_TTL The time-to-live of outgoing IPv4 multicast packets. This should be a value between 0 (don't leave the interface) and 255. The default value is 1 (only the local network is reached). (added in PHP 5.4) int between 0 and 255.
IPV6_MULTICAST_HOPS Analogous to IP_MULTICAST_TTL, but for IPv6 packets. The value -1 is also accepted, meaning the route default should be used. (added in PHP 5.4) int between -1 and 255.

Valorile întoarse

Returns the value of the given option, or FALSE on errors.

Exemple

Example #1 socket_set_option() example

<?php
$socket 
socket_create_listen(1223);

$linger = array('l_linger' => 1'l_onoff' => 1);
socket_set_option($socketSOL_SOCKETSO_LINGER$linger);

var_dump(socket_get_option($socketSOL_SOCKETSO_REUSEADDR));
?>

add a note add a note

User Contributed Notes 3 notes

up
1
Chad Lavoie
3 years ago
If using Unix Sockets, and you want to use SO_PEERCRED, you can use the number 17 for the optname (and SOL_SOCKET for the level).  The PID of the connecting process will be returned.
up
1
recycling dot sp dot am at gmail dot com
4 years ago
Just 2 notes here:
- On UNIX, If SO_DEBUG is set, the php program needs an effective user id of 0.
-  activating SO_OOBINLINE on a socket is equivalent to passing MSG_OOB flag to each recieving functions used with that socket (eg: socket_recv, socket_recvfrom).
up
0
prennings at gmail dot com
6 months ago
I was playing around with this option to use multiply socket connections with same hostname and same port (IRC). However the socket function needed for this is SO_REUSEPORT.

Though the majority of linux distro's does not have that yet officially implented in there distro's.

However for debian there is an patch that can be installed to get it working:

https://git.kernel.org/cgit/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux.git/commit/?id=c617f398edd4db2b8567a28e899a88f8f574798d

it has some work but I got it working after a while (Noobie in debian) maybe some other people are facing the same problem as I was.
To Top