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Imagick::getImageColors

(PECL imagick 2.0.0)

Imagick::getImageColorsGets the number of unique colors in the image

Descrierea

int Imagick::getImageColors ( void )

Gets the number of unique colors in the image.

Valorile întoarse

Returns an integer, the number of unique colors in the image.

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User Contributed Notes 2 notes

up
2
holdoffhunger at gmail dot com
6 years ago
I've had difficulty getting this function to return the number of unique colors.  Also, I wanted to be able to have an array with each $key value being the RGB of the pixel, and each $value value being the number of times that pixel occurs.  Basically, a frequency list.  For example, you would have "1 / 0 / 0" for red as a $key value, and "25" for the number of times that pixel color was in the image.  So, I wrote some code to do that, using a combination of readImageFile, getImageWidth, getImageHeight, getImagePixelColor, and a simple x/y parser, like so :

<?php

       
// Test File
        // ---------------------------------------------

            // Note: This file was just a picture of a 5x5 red square
            //    inside of a gigantic 521x512 black square, and
            //    then I did a bunch of random, yellow zigzags.

   
$file_to_grab_with_location = "test.bmp";

   
$imagick_type = new Imagick();
           
       
// Open File
        // ---------------------------------------------
                   
   
$file_handle_for_viewing_image_file = fopen($file_to_grab_with_location, 'a+');
   
$imagick_type->readImageFile($file_handle_for_viewing_image_file);
   
       
// Preset Information
        // ---------------------------------------------

   
$frequency_list_of_values = array();
   
       
// Parse Pixels
        // ---------------------------------------------
       
   
$image_resolution_width = $imagick_type->getImageWidth();
   
$image_resolution_height = $imagick_type->getImageHeight();
       
    print(
"Image Resolution:  Width - $image_resolution_width / Height - $image_resolution_height<br><br>");
   
       
// Parse Image Top-to-Bottom (Y-Variable)
        // ---------------------------------------------
   
   
for($y = 0; $y < $image_resolution_height; $y++)
    {
           
// Parse Image Left-to-Right (X-Variable)
            // ---------------------------------------------
       
       
for($x = 0; $x < $image_resolution_width; $x++)
        {
       
               
// Image Pixel Color
                // ---------------------------------------------
       
           
$pixel_to_examine = $imagick_type->getImagePixelColor($x,$y);
           
           
$pixel_to_examine_color_value_red = $pixel_to_examine->getColorValue(imagick::COLOR_RED);
           
$pixel_to_examine_color_value_green = $pixel_to_examine->getColorValue(imagick::COLOR_GREEN);
           
$pixel_to_examine_color_value_blue = $pixel_to_examine->getColorValue(imagick::COLOR_BLUE);

               
// Set Key Value
                // ---------------------------------------------
       
           
$key_value =    $pixel_to_examine_color_value_red    .    " / "    .
                   
$pixel_to_examine_color_value_green    .    " / "    .
                   
$pixel_to_examine_color_value_blue            ;
   
               
// Increment Array Entry for Color
                // ---------------------------------------------
                   
           
if(isset($frequency_list_of_values[$key_value]) == TRUE)
            {
               
$temp = $frequency_list_of_values[$key_value];
               
$temp++;
               
$frequency_list_of_values[$key_value] = $temp;
            }
            else
            {
               
$frequency_list_of_values[$key_value] = 1;
            }
        }
    }
               
       
// Print Out Array of Values
        // ---------------------------------------------
   
   
print("<pre>");
   
print_r($frequency_list_of_values);
    print(
"</pre>");

/*

    Results:
    ------------------

Image Resolution: Width - 521 / Height - 512

Array
(
    [1 / 0 / 0] => 25
    [0 / 0 / 1] => 264107
    [1 / 1 / 0] => 2620
)

*/

?>
up
-1
amaral dot regis at hotmail dot com
8 months ago
O exemplo anterior apresentou números fracionados nas chaves da variável $frequency_list_of_values:

Array
(
    [1 / 0 / 1] => 157295
    [0.83529411764706 / 0.87843137254902 / 0.82352941176471] => 1
    [0.80392156862745 / 0.84705882352941 / 0.7843137254902] => 2
    [0.8156862745098 / 0.84705882352941 / 0.78823529411765] => 1
...

Então eu fiz uma alteração que melhora o resultado para quem esta buscando saber quais as cores dominantes na imagem, mostrando a chave com o valor rgb exato:
<?php

        $file_to_grab_with_location
= $imagepath; //caminho relativo ao arquivo de imagem

       
$imagick_type = new \Imagick();

       
$file_handle_for_viewing_image_file = fopen($file_to_grab_with_location, 'a+');
       
$imagick_type->readImageFile($file_handle_for_viewing_image_file);

       
$frequency_list_of_values = array();

       
$image_resolution_width = $imagick_type->getImageWidth();
       
$image_resolution_height = $imagick_type->getImageHeight();

        print(
"Image Resolution:  Width - $image_resolution_width / Height - $image_resolution_height<br><br>");

        for(
$y = 0; $y < $image_resolution_height; $y++)
        {

            for(
$x = 0; $x < $image_resolution_width; $x++)
            {

               
$pixel_to_examine = $imagick_type->getImagePixelColor($x,$y);

                if(isset(
$frequency_list_of_values[$pixel_to_examine->getColorAsString()]) == TRUE)
                {
                   
$temp = $frequency_list_of_values[$pixel_to_examine->getColorAsString()];
                   
$temp++;
                   
$frequency_list_of_values[$pixel_to_examine->getColorAsString()] = $temp;
                }
                else
                {
                   
$frequency_list_of_values[$pixel_to_examine->getColorAsString()] = 1;
                }
            }

           
arsort($frequency_list_of_values);
        }

        print(
"<pre>");
       
print_r($frequency_list_of_values);
        print(
"</pre>");

?>

Resultado:
Image Resolution: Width - 1965 / Height - 998

Array
(
    [srgba(255,0,255,0)] => 451654
    [srgb(54,52,53)] => 281069
    [srgb(177,51,54)] => 130449
    [srgb(236,50,55)] => 64001
...

O método é demorado para imagens muito grandes, pois ele analisa pixel a pixel.
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