# Funcții GD și Image

## Cuprins

### User Contributed Notes 9 notes

ingo at jache dot de
7 years ago
``` I know this might look somewhat superfluous to others, but i once came across a situation where i needed a *strong* blur on an image without having ImageMagick installed. Executing the convolution-filter several times on the same image is awfully slow and still doesn't give a good blur.The function below accepts a truecolor-image and a blur-factor between 0.0 and 1.0. Beware: It's still quite slow.<?php    function blurImage(\$srcimg,\$blur)    {        \$blur = \$blur*\$blur;        \$blur = max(0,min(1,\$blur));            \$srcw = imagesx(\$srcimg);        \$srch = imagesy(\$srcimg);                \$dstimg = imagecreatetruecolor(\$srcw,\$srch);            \$f1a = \$blur;        \$f1b = 1.0 - \$blur;            \$cr = 0; \$cg = 0; \$cb = 0;        \$nr = 0; \$ng = 0; \$nb = 0;        \$rgb = imagecolorat(\$srcimg,0,0);        \$or = (\$rgb >> 16) & 0xFF;        \$og = (\$rgb >> 8) & 0xFF;        \$ob = (\$rgb) & 0xFF;        //-------------------------------------------------        // first line is a special case        //-------------------------------------------------        \$x = \$srcw;        \$y = \$srch-1;        while (\$x--)        {            //horizontal blurren            \$rgb = imagecolorat(\$srcimg,\$x,\$y);            \$cr = (\$rgb >> 16) & 0xFF;            \$cg = (\$rgb >> 8) & 0xFF;            \$cb = (\$rgb) & 0xFF;                \$nr = (\$cr * \$f1a) + (\$or * \$f1b);            \$ng = (\$cg * \$f1a) + (\$og * \$f1b);            \$nb = (\$cb * \$f1a) + (\$ob * \$f1b);                \$or = \$nr;            \$og = \$ng;            \$ob = \$nb;                        imagesetpixel(\$dstimg,\$x,\$y,(\$nr << 16) | (\$ng << 8) | (\$nb));        }        //-------------------------------------------------        //-------------------------------------------------        // now process the entire picture        //-------------------------------------------------        \$y = \$srch-1;        while (\$y--)        {            \$rgb = imagecolorat(\$srcimg,0,\$y);            \$or = (\$rgb >> 16) & 0xFF;            \$og = (\$rgb >> 8) & 0xFF;            \$ob = (\$rgb) & 0xFF;            \$x = \$srcw;            while (\$x--)            {                //horizontal                 \$rgb = imagecolorat(\$srcimg,\$x,\$y);                \$cr = (\$rgb >> 16) & 0xFF;                \$cg = (\$rgb >> 8) & 0xFF;                \$cb = (\$rgb) & 0xFF;                                \$nr = (\$cr * \$f1a) + (\$or * \$f1b);                \$ng = (\$cg * \$f1a) + (\$og * \$f1b);                \$nb = (\$cb * \$f1a) + (\$ob * \$f1b);                        \$or = \$nr;                \$og = \$ng;                \$ob = \$nb;                                                //vertical                 \$rgb = imagecolorat(\$dstimg,\$x,\$y+1);                \$vr = (\$rgb >> 16) & 0xFF;                \$vg = (\$rgb >> 8) & 0xFF;                \$vb = (\$rgb) & 0xFF;                                \$nr = (\$nr * \$f1a) + (\$vr * \$f1b);                \$ng = (\$ng * \$f1a) + (\$vg * \$f1b);                \$nb = (\$nb * \$f1a) + (\$vb * \$f1b);                        \$vr = \$nr;                \$vg = \$ng;                \$vb = \$nb;                                imagesetpixel(\$dstimg,\$x,\$y,(\$nr << 16) | (\$ng << 8) | (\$nb));            }                }        //-------------------------------------------------        return \$dstimg;            }        \$srcimg = imagecreatefromjpeg("test.jpg");    \$dstimg = blurImage(\$srcimg,0.2);    header('Content-type: image/jpeg');    echo( imagejpeg(\$dstimg) );    exit();        ?> ```
felipensp at gmail dot com
12 years ago
``` Representation decimal of a color in hexadecimal for use on functions of library GD.<?php    // Representation hexadecimal    \$var = '#FFFFFF';    function getRgbFromGd(\$color_hex) {        return array_map('hexdec', explode('|', wordwrap(substr(\$color_hex, 1), 2, '|', 1)));    }        print_r(getRgbFromGd(\$var));    // Output: Array ( [0] => 255 [1] => 255 [2] => 255 )?> ```
michal-ok at o2 dot pl
13 years ago
``` The image sharpen function (by Alex R. Austin) provided below seems to be very resource hungry and I couldn't make it work on two different servers - trying to sharpen a 413 x 413 image I ended up with "Fatal error: Allowed memory size of 8388608 bytes exhausted" or "Internal Server Error" or the script terminated without notice. Because I had no priviliges to change the default memory limit on these servers I started looking for other sharpen functions. I have come across a php Unsharp Mask function which works like a charm on both of the servers I dealt with. It can be found at http://vikjavev.no/hovudsida/umtestside.php. ```
chuckstudios at gmail dot com
10 years ago
``` I wrote a simple function to convert an image resource to PGM (portable graymap) in order to feed it to an OCR program. It works just like the rest of the image output functions, and will convert to grayscale for you:<?php    function imagepgm(\$image, \$filename = null)    {        \$pgm = "P5 ".imagesx(\$image)." ".imagesy(\$image)." 255\n";        for(\$y = 0; \$y < imagesy(\$image); \$y++)        {            for(\$x = 0; \$x < imagesx(\$image); \$x++)            {                \$colors = imagecolorsforindex(\$image, imagecolorat(\$image, \$x, \$y));                \$pgm .= chr(0.3 * \$colors["red"] + 0.59 * \$colors["green"] + 0.11 * \$colors["blue"]);            }        }        if(\$filename != null)        {            \$fp = fopen(\$filename, "w");            fwrite(\$fp, \$pgm);            fclose(\$fp);        }        else        {            return \$pgm;        }    }?> ```
delabahan at gmail dot com
2 years ago
``` This is an example of get high resolution images.<?php /** * Class name      : resizeImage * Created by   : wang * Description   : This class is to resize the image from original size to new size */class resizeImage{     /**     * Function name : resize_img     * Description   : This function is to resize image      * @param          : \$origimg variable is the original image      * @param          : \$newimg variable is the new image      * @param          : \$w variable is the width of image      * @param          : \$f variable is the height of image      */    public  function resize_img(\$origimg,\$newimg,\$w,\$h){        \$info = getimagesize(\$origimg);        \$mime   = \$info['mime'];        // Make sure that the requested file is actually an image        if(substr(\$mime, 0, 6) != 'image/')        {            header('HTTP/1.1 400 Bad Request');            return 'Error: requested file is not an accepted type: ' .\$origimg;            exit();        }        // Check they extention of image        \$extension = image_type_to_extension(\$info[2]);        if(strtolower(\$extension) == '.png'){            \$img = \$this->resize_imagepng(\$origimg,\$w, \$h);            imagepng(\$img,\$newimg);            imagedestroy(\$img);        }elseif(strtolower(\$extension) == '.jpeg'){            \$img = \$this->resize_imagejpeg(\$origimg, \$w, \$h);            imagejpeg(\$img, \$newimg);            imagedestroy(\$img);        }elseif(strtolower(\$extension == '.gif')){            \$img = \$this->resize_imagegif(\$origimg, \$w, \$h);            imagegif(\$img,\$newimg);            imagedestroy(\$img);        }    }     /**     * End function name : resize_img     */     /**     * Function name : resize_imagepng     * Description   : This function is to resize png image      * @param          : \$file variable is the original image      * @param          : \$w variable is the width of image      * @param          : \$f variable is the height of image      */    private function resize_imagepng(\$file, \$w, \$h) {       list(\$width, \$height) = getimagesize(\$file);       \$src = imagecreatefrompng(\$file);       \$dst = imagecreatetruecolor(\$w, \$h);       imagecopyresampled(\$dst, \$src, 0, 0, 0, 0, \$w, \$h, \$width, \$height);       return \$dst;    }     /**     * End function name : resize_imagepng     */     /**     * Function name : resize_imagejpeg     * Description   : This function is to resize jpeg image      * @param          : \$file variable is the original image      * @param          : \$w variable is the width of image      * @param          : \$f variable is the height of image      */    private function resize_imagejpeg(\$file, \$w, \$h) {       list(\$width, \$height) = getimagesize(\$file);       \$src = imagecreatefromjpeg(\$file);       \$dst = imagecreatetruecolor(\$w, \$h);       imagecopyresampled(\$dst, \$src, 0, 0, 0, 0, \$w, \$h, \$width, \$height);       return \$dst;    }     /**     * End function name : resize_imagejpeg     */     /**     * Function name : resize_imagegif     * Description   : This function is to resize gif image      * @param          : \$file variable is the original image      * @param          : \$w variable is the width of image      * @param          : \$f variable is the height of image      */    private function resize_imagegif(\$file, \$w, \$h) {       list(\$width, \$height) = getimagesize(\$file);       \$src = imagecreatefromgif(\$file);       \$dst = imagecreatetruecolor(\$w, \$h);       imagecopyresampled(\$dst, \$src, 0, 0, 0, 0, \$w, \$h, \$width, \$height);       return \$dst;    }     /**     * End function name : resize_imagegif     */}/*** End class name : resizeImage*/?> ```
mpyw
2 years ago
``` This is an example of black-and-white imagebmp() implementation. <?php/** * Output a black-and-white BMP image to either the browser or a file. * * @param resource \$image *            An image resource, returned by one of the image creation functions, *            such as imagecreatetruecolor(). * * @param string|null \$to *            The path or an open stream resource *            (which is automatically being closed after this function returns) *            to save the file to. *            If not set or NULL, the raw image stream will be outputted directly. * * @param float \$threshold *            The number in the range of 0.0 to 1.0. *            Brighter for larger, or darker for smaller. * * @return bool Returns TRUE on success or FALSE on failure. * */function imagebwbmp(\$image, \$to = null, \$threshold = 0.5){    if (func_num_args() < 1) {        \$fmt = "imagebwbmp() expects a least 1 parameters, %d given";        trigger_error(sprintf(\$fmt, func_num_args()), E_USER_WARNING);        return;    }    if (!is_resource(\$image)) {        \$fmt = "imagebwbmp() expects parameter 1 to be resource, %s given";        trigger_error(sprintf(\$fmt, gettype(\$image)), E_USER_WARNING);        return;    }    if (!is_numeric(\$threshold)) {        \$fmt = "imagebwbmp() expects parameter 3 to be float, %s given";        trigger_error(sprintf(\$fmt, gettype(\$threshold)), E_USER_WARNING);        return;    }    if (get_resource_type(\$image) !== 'gd') {        \$msg = "imagebwbmp(): supplied resource is not a valid gd resource";        trigger_error(\$msg, E_USER_WARNING);        return false;    }    switch (true) {        case \$to === null:            break;        case is_resource(\$to) && get_resource_type(\$to) === 'stream':        case is_string(\$to) && \$to = fopen(\$to, 'wb'):            if (preg_match('/[waxc+]/', stream_get_meta_data(\$to)['mode'])) {                break;            }        default:            \$msg = "imagebwbmp(): Invalid 2nd parameter, it must a writable filename or a writable stream";            trigger_error(\$msg, E_USER_WARNING);            return false;    }    if (\$to === null) {        \$to = fopen('php://output', 'wb');    }    \$biWidth = imagesx(\$image);    \$biHeight = imagesy(\$image);    \$biSizeImage = ((int)ceil(\$biWidth / 32) * 32 / 8 * \$biHeight);    \$bfOffBits = 54 + 4 * 2; // Use two colors (black and white)    \$bfSize = \$bfOffBits + \$biSizeImage;        fwrite(\$to, 'BM');    fwrite(\$to, pack('VvvV', \$bfSize, 0, 0, \$bfOffBits));    fwrite(\$to, pack('VVVvvVVVVVV', 40, \$biWidth, \$biHeight, 1, 1, 0, \$biSizeImage, 0, 0, 0, 0));    fwrite(\$to, "\xff\xff\xff\x00"); // white    fwrite(\$to, "\x00\x00\x00\x00"); // black        for (\$y = \$biHeight - 1; \$y >= 0; --\$y) {        \$byte = 0;        for (\$x = 0; \$x < \$biWidth; ++\$x) {            \$rgb = imagecolorsforindex(\$image, imagecolorat(\$image, \$x, \$y));            \$value = (0.299 * \$rgb['red'] + 0.587 * \$rgb['green'] + 0.114 * \$rgb['blue']) / 0xff;            \$color = (int)(\$value > \$threshold);            \$byte = (\$byte << 1) | \$color;            if (\$x % 8 === 7) {                fwrite(\$to, pack('C', \$byte));                \$byte = 0;            }        }        if (\$x % 8) {            fwrite(\$to, pack('C', \$byte << (8 - \$x % 8)));        }        if (\$x % 32) {            fwrite(\$to, str_repeat("\x00", (int)((32 - \$x % 32) / 8)));        }    }    return true;}?> ```
shd at earthling dot net
12 years ago
``` If you happen to need a way to output a Windows BMP file (e.g. when using the PEAR ExcelWriter), feel free to use the following code:<?phpfunction imagebmp (\$im, \$fn = false){    if (!\$im) return false;                if (\$fn === false) \$fn = 'php://output';    \$f = fopen (\$fn, "w");    if (!\$f) return false;                //Image dimensions    \$biWidth = imagesx (\$im);    \$biHeight = imagesy (\$im);    \$biBPLine = \$biWidth * 3;    \$biStride = (\$biBPLine + 3) & ~3;    \$biSizeImage = \$biStride * \$biHeight;    \$bfOffBits = 54;    \$bfSize = \$bfOffBits + \$biSizeImage;                //BITMAPFILEHEADER    fwrite (\$f, 'BM', 2);    fwrite (\$f, pack ('VvvV', \$bfSize, 0, 0, \$bfOffBits));                //BITMAPINFO (BITMAPINFOHEADER)    fwrite (\$f, pack ('VVVvvVVVVVV', 40, \$biWidth, \$biHeight, 1, 24, 0, \$biSizeImage, 0, 0, 0, 0));                \$numpad = \$biStride - \$biBPLine;    for (\$y = \$biHeight - 1; \$y >= 0; --\$y)    {        for (\$x = 0; \$x < \$biWidth; ++\$x)        {            \$col = imagecolorat (\$im, \$x, \$y);            fwrite (\$f, pack ('V', \$col), 3);        }        for (\$i = 0; \$i < \$numpad; ++\$i)            fwrite (\$f, pack ('C', 0));    }    fclose (\$f);    return true;}?>It works the same way as regular imagejpeg/imagepng do and only supports GD2.0 true colour bitmaps (which is what's required by ExcelWriter). ```
jeff at lushmedia dot com
15 years ago
``` I wrote an online overview of the image functions that people might find useful. In addition to a general overview of the various function categories and code samples, I have included many interactive examples of the functions, allowing viewers to experiment with the parameters, and seeing the results in real time. The presentation is located at New York PHPhttp://www.nyphp.org/content/presentations/GDintro/ ```
-4
ph_corp at yahoo dot fr
11 years ago
``` <?php/**HSL/RGB conversion functionsvery useful for a lot of applications**/function RBGtoHSL ( \$R, \$G, \$B ){    \$var_R = ( \$R / 255 );    \$var_G = ( \$G / 255 );    \$var_B = ( \$B / 255 );    \$var_Min = min( \$var_R, \$var_G, \$var_B )    \$var_Max = max( \$var_R, \$var_G, \$var_B )    \$del_Max = \$var_Max - \$var_Min    \$L = ( \$var_Max + \$var_Min ) / 2;    if ( \$del_Max == 0 )    {       \$H = 0       \$S = 0    }    else    {        if ( \$L < 0.5 )        {            \$S = \$del_Max / ( \$var_Max + \$var_Min );        }        else        {            \$S = \$del_Max / ( 2 - \$var_Max - \$var_Min );        }        \$del_R = ( ( ( \$var_Max - \$var_R ) / 6 ) + ( \$del_Max / 2 ) ) / \$del_Max;        \$del_G = ( ( ( \$var_Max - \$var_G ) / 6 ) + ( \$del_Max / 2 ) ) / \$del_Max;        \$del_B = ( ( ( \$var_Max - \$var_B ) / 6 ) + ( \$del_Max / 2 ) ) / \$del_Max;        if ( \$var_R == \$var_Max )        {            \$H = \$del_B - \$del_G;        }        else if ( \$var_G == \$var_Max )        {            \$H = ( 1 / 3 ) + \$del_R - \$del_B;        }        else if ( \$var_B == \$var_Max )        {            \$H = ( 2 / 3 ) + \$del_G - \$del_R;        }        if ( \$H < 0 )        {            \$H += 1;        }        if ( \$H > 1 )        {            \$H -= 1        }    }    return array( \$H, \$S, \$L );}function HuetoRGB( \$v1, \$v2, \$vH ){    if ( \$vH < 0 )    {        \$vH += 1;    }    if ( \$vH > 1 )    {        \$vH -= 1;    }    if ( ( 6 * \$vH ) < 1 )    {        return ( \$v1 + ( \$v2 - \$v1 ) * 6 * \$vH );    }    if ( ( 2 * \$vH ) < 1 )    {        return ( \$v2 );    }    if ( ( 3 * \$vH ) < 2 )    {        return ( \$v1 + ( \$v2 - \$v1 ) * ( ( 2 / 3 ) - \$vH ) * 6 );    }    return ( \$v1 )}function HSLtoRGB ( \$H, \$S, \$L ){    if ( \$S == 0 )    {        \$R = \$L * 255;        \$G = \$L * 255;        \$B = \$L * 255;    }    else    {        if ( \$L < 0.5 )        {            \$var_2 = \$L * ( 1 + \$S );        }        else        {            \$var_2 = ( \$L + \$S ) - ( \$S * \$L );        }        \$var_1 = 2 * \$L - \$var_2;        \$R = 255 * HuetoRGB( \$var_1, \$var_2, \$H + ( 1 / 3 ) );        \$G = 255 * HuetoRGB( \$var_1, \$var_2, \$H );        \$B = 255 * HuetoRGB( \$var_1, \$var_2, \$H - ( 1 / 3 ) );    }    return array( \$R, \$G, \$B );}function distance ( \$R1, \$G1, \$B1, \$R2, \$G2, \$B2 ){    \$result = sqrt ( ( \$R1 - \$R2 )*( \$R1 - \$R2 ) + ( \$G1 - \$G2 )*( \$G1 - \$G2 ) + ( \$B1 - \$B2 )*( \$B1 - \$B2 ) );    return ( \$result );}?> ```