MongoCollection::findAndModify

(PECL mongo >=1.3.0)

MongoCollection::findAndModifyUpdate a document and return it

说明

public array MongoCollection::findAndModify ( array $query [, array $update [, array $fields [, array $options ]]] )

The findAndModify command atomically modifies and returns a single document. By default, the returned document does not include the modifications made on the update. To return the document with the modifications made on the update, use the new option.

参数

query

The query criteria to search for.

update

The update criteria.

fields

Optionally only return these fields.

options

An array of options to apply, such as remove the match document from the DB and return it.

Option 说明
sort array Determines which document the operation will modify if the query selects multiple documents. findAndModify will modify the first document in the sort order specified by this argument.
remove boolean Optional if update field exists. When TRUE, removes the selected document. The default is FALSE.
update array Optional if remove field exists. Performs an update of the selected document.
new boolean Optional. When TRUE, returns the modified document rather than the original. The findAndModify method ignores the new option for remove operations. The default is FALSE.
upsert boolean Optional. Used in conjunction with the update field. When TRUE, the findAndModify command creates a new document if the query returns no documents. The default is false. In MongoDB 2.2, the findAndModify command returns NULL when upsert is TRUE.

返回值

Returns the original document, or the modified document when new is set.

错误/异常

Throws MongoResultException on failure.

范例

Example #1 MongoCollection::findAndModify() example

<?php
$m 
= new Mongo;
$col $m->selectDB("test")->jobs;

$col->insert(array(
     
"name" => "Next promo",
     
"inprogress" => false,
     
"priority" => 0,
     
"tasks" => array( "select product""add inventory""do placement"),
) );

$col->insert(array(
     
"name" => "Biz report",
     
"inprogress" => false,
     
"priority" => 1,
     
"tasks" => array( "run sales report""email report" )
) );

$col->insert(array(
     
"name" => "Biz report",
     
"inprogress" => false,
     
"priority" => 2,
     
"tasks" => array( "run marketing report""email report" )
    ),
    array(
"w" => 1)
);



$retval $col->findAndModify(
     array(
"inprogress" => false"name" => "Biz report"),
     array(
'$set' => array('inprogress' => true"started" => new MongoDate())),
     
null,
     array(
        
"sort" => array("priority" => -1),
        
"new" => true,
    )
);

var_dump($retval);
?>

以上例程的输出类似于:

array(6) {
  ["_id"]=>
  object(MongoId)#7 (1) {
    ["$id"]=>
    string(24) "5091b5b244415e8cc3000002"
  }
  ["inprogress"]=>
  bool(true)
  ["name"]=>
  string(10) "Biz report"
  ["priority"]=>
  int(2)
  ["started"]=>
  object(MongoDate)#8 (2) {
    ["sec"]=>
    int(1351726514)
    ["usec"]=>
    int(925000)
  }
  ["tasks"]=>
  array(2) {
    [0]=>
    string(20) "run marketing report"
    [1]=>
    string(12) "email report"
  }
}

Example #2 MongoCollection::findAndModify() error handling

<?php
$m 
= new Mongo;
$col $m->selectDB("test")->jobs;
try {
    
$retval $col->findAndModify(
         array(
"inprogress" => false"name" => "Next promo"),
         array(
'$pop' => array("tasks" => -1)),
         array(
"tasks" => array('$pop' => array("stuff"))),
         array(
"new" => true)
    );
} catch(
MongoResultException $e) {
    echo 
$e->getCode(), " : "$e->getMessage(), "\n";
    
var_dump($e->getDocument());
}

?>

以上例程的输出类似于:

13097 : exception: Unsupported projection option: $pop
array(3) {
  ["errmsg"]=>
  string(46) "exception: Unsupported projection option: $pop"
  ["code"]=>
  int(13097)
  ["ok"]=>
  float(0)
}

参见

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User Contributed Notes 1 note

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1
Barmy
3 years ago
There is an easy way to find and replace by _id :

<?php
// ...

// Selecting unparsed lines
$cursor = $collection->find(array("mydata_isParsed" => array('$ne' => 1)));

// Doing our stuff
foreach($cursor as $document) {
   
// should always be ok, just in case
   
if (!isset($document["mydata_isParsed"])) {
       
// ... do some stuff

        // flag as parsed and update line
       
$document["mydata_isParsed"] = 1;
       
$idField = '$id';
       
$collection->findAndModify(array("_id" => new MongoId($document["_id"]->$idField)), $document);
    }
}
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