PHP Australia Conference 2015

Die ZipArchive Klasse

(PHP 5 >= 5.2.0, PECL zip >= 1.1.0)

Einführung

Ein Dateiarchiv, komprimiert mit Zip.

Klassenbeschreibung

ZipArchive {
/* Eigenschaften */
int $status;
string $filename;
string $comment;
/* Methoden */
bool addEmptyDir ( string $dirname )
bool addFile ( string $filename [, string $localname = NULL [, int $start = 0 [, int $length = 0 ]]] )
bool addFromString ( string $localname , string $contents )
bool addGlob ( string $pattern [, int $flags = 0 [, array $options = array() ]] )
bool addPattern ( string $pattern [, string $path = "." [, array $options = array() ]] )
bool close ( void )
bool deleteIndex ( int $index )
bool deleteName ( string $name )
bool extractTo ( string $destination [, mixed $entries ] )
string getArchiveComment ([ int $flags ] )
string getCommentIndex ( int $index [, int $flags ] )
string getCommentName ( string $name [, int $flags ] )
bool GetExternalAttributesIndex ( int $index , int &$opsys , int &$attr [, int $flags ] )
bool getExternalAttributesName ( string $name , int &$opsys , int &$attr [, int $flags ] )
mixed getFromIndex ( int $index [, int $length = 0 [, int $flags ]] )
mixed getFromName ( string $name [, int $length = 0 [, int $flags ]] )
string getNameIndex ( int $index [, int $flags ] )
string getStatusString ( void )
resource getStream ( string $name )
mixed locateName ( string $name [, int $flags ] )
mixed open ( string $filename [, int $flags ] )
bool renameIndex ( int $index , string $newname )
bool renameName ( string $name , string $newname )
mixed setArchiveComment ( string $comment )
mixed setCommentIndex ( int $index , string $comment )
mixed setCommentName ( string $name , string $comment )
bool setExternalAttributesIndex ( int $index , int $opsys , int $attr [, int $flags ] )
bool setExternalAttributesName ( string $name , int $opsys , int $attr [, int $flags ] )
public bool setPassword ( string $password )
mixed statIndex ( int $index [, int $flags ] )
mixed statName ( name $name [, int $flags ] )
mixed unchangeAll ( void )
mixed unchangeArchive ( void )
mixed unchangeIndex ( int $index )
mixed unchangeName ( string $name )
}

Eigenschaften

status

Status des Zip-Archives

statusSys

System Status des Zip-Archives

numFiles

Anzahl Dateien im Archiv

filename

Dateiname im Dateisystem

comment

Kommentar für das Archiv

Inhaltsverzeichnis

add a note add a note

User Contributed Notes 10 notes

up
9
umbalaconmeogia at NOSPAM dot gmail dot com
1 year ago
Zip a folder (include itself).
Usage:
  HZip::zipDir('/path/to/sourceDir', '/path/to/out.zip');

<?php
class HZip
{
 
/**
   * Add files and sub-directories in a folder to zip file.
   * @param string $folder
   * @param ZipArchive $zipFile
   * @param int $exclusiveLength Number of text to be exclusived from the file path.
   */
 
private static function folderToZip($folder, &$zipFile, $exclusiveLength) {
   
$handle = opendir($folder);
    while (
false !== $f = readdir($handle)) {
      if (
$f != '.' && $f != '..') {
       
$filePath = "$folder/$f";
       
// Remove prefix from file path before add to zip.
       
$localPath = substr($filePath, $exclusiveLength);
        if (
is_file($filePath)) {
         
$zipFile->addFile($filePath, $localPath);
        } elseif (
is_dir($filePath)) {
         
// Add sub-directory.
         
$zipFile->addEmptyDir($localPath);
         
self::folderToZip($filePath, $zipFile, $exclusiveLength);
        }
      }
    }
   
closedir($handle);
  }

 
/**
   * Zip a folder (include itself).
   * Usage:
   *   HZip::zipDir('/path/to/sourceDir', '/path/to/out.zip');
   *
   * @param string $sourcePath Path of directory to be zip.
   * @param string $outZipPath Path of output zip file.
   */
 
public static function zipDir($sourcePath, $outZipPath)
  {
   
$pathInfo = pathInfo($sourcePath);
   
$parentPath = $pathInfo['dirname'];
   
$dirName = $pathInfo['basename'];

   
$z = new ZipArchive();
   
$z->open($outZipPath, ZIPARCHIVE::CREATE);
   
$z->addEmptyDir($dirName);
   
self::folderToZip($sourcePath, $z, strlen("$parentPath/"));
   
$z->close();
  }
}
?>
up
2
bruno dot vibert at bonobox dot fr
2 years ago
There is a usefull function to get the ZipArchive status as a human readable string :

<?php
function ZipStatusString( $status )
{
    switch( (int)
$status )
    {
        case
ZipArchive::ER_OK           : return 'N No error';
        case
ZipArchive::ER_MULTIDISK    : return 'N Multi-disk zip archives not supported';
        case
ZipArchive::ER_RENAME       : return 'S Renaming temporary file failed';
        case
ZipArchive::ER_CLOSE        : return 'S Closing zip archive failed';
        case
ZipArchive::ER_SEEK         : return 'S Seek error';
        case
ZipArchive::ER_READ         : return 'S Read error';
        case
ZipArchive::ER_WRITE        : return 'S Write error';
        case
ZipArchive::ER_CRC          : return 'N CRC error';
        case
ZipArchive::ER_ZIPCLOSED    : return 'N Containing zip archive was closed';
        case
ZipArchive::ER_NOENT        : return 'N No such file';
        case
ZipArchive::ER_EXISTS       : return 'N File already exists';
        case
ZipArchive::ER_OPEN         : return 'S Can\'t open file';
        case
ZipArchive::ER_TMPOPEN      : return 'S Failure to create temporary file';
        case
ZipArchive::ER_ZLIB         : return 'Z Zlib error';
        case
ZipArchive::ER_MEMORY       : return 'N Malloc failure';
        case
ZipArchive::ER_CHANGED      : return 'N Entry has been changed';
        case
ZipArchive::ER_COMPNOTSUPP  : return 'N Compression method not supported';
        case
ZipArchive::ER_EOF          : return 'N Premature EOF';
        case
ZipArchive::ER_INVAL        : return 'N Invalid argument';
        case
ZipArchive::ER_NOZIP        : return 'N Not a zip archive';
        case
ZipArchive::ER_INTERNAL     : return 'N Internal error';
        case
ZipArchive::ER_INCONS       : return 'N Zip archive inconsistent';
        case
ZipArchive::ER_REMOVE       : return 'S Can\'t remove file';
        case
ZipArchive::ER_DELETED      : return 'N Entry has been deleted';
       
        default: return
sprintf('Unknown status %s', $status );
    }
}

?>
up
2
niklas dot schumi at NOSPAM dot googlemail dot com
2 years ago
Hi there.
I just wrote a little function to zip a whole folder while maintaining the dir-structure. I hope it might help someone.

<?php
function folderToZip($folder, &$zipFile, $subfolder = null) {
    if (
$zipFile == null) {
       
// no resource given, exit
       
return false;
    }
   
// we check if $folder has a slash at its end, if not, we append one
   
$folder .= end(str_split($folder)) == "/" ? "" : "/";
   
$subfolder .= end(str_split($subfolder)) == "/" ? "" : "/";
   
// we start by going through all files in $folder
   
$handle = opendir($folder);
    while (
$f = readdir($handle)) {
        if (
$f != "." && $f != "..") {
            if (
is_file($folder . $f)) {
               
// if we find a file, store it
                // if we have a subfolder, store it there
               
if ($subfolder != null)
                   
$zipFile->addFile($folder . $f, $subfolder . $f);
                else
                   
$zipFile->addFile($folder . $f);
            } elseif (
is_dir($folder . $f)) {
               
// if we find a folder, create a folder in the zip
               
$zipFile->addEmptyDir($f);
               
// and call the function again
               
folderToZip($folder . $f, $zipFile, $f);
            }
        }
    }
}
?>

Use it like this:
<?php
$z
= new ZipArchive();
$z->open("test.zip", ZIPARCHIVE::CREATE);
folderToZip("storeThisFolder", $z);
$z->close();
?>

Have a good day!
up
1
panique at web dot de
2 years ago
Important: Due to the natural file size limit of 4GB (~3,6GB to be correct) of zip files, this class will generate corrupt files of the result is larger than 4 GB. Using tar.gz is a proper alternative.
up
1
hardcorevenom at gmx dot com
4 years ago
Read a file from an archive to a variable.
A warning is printed automatically in case of a CRC32 mismatch, which we capture, so we can print our own error message.

<?php
$zip
= new ZipArchive();
if (
$zip->open('archive.zip')) {
 
$fp = $zip->getStream('myfile.txt'); //file inside archive
 
if(!$fp)
    die(
"Error: can't get stream to zipped file");
 
$stat = $zip->statName('myfile.txt');

 
$buf = ""; //file buffer
 
ob_start(); //to capture CRC error message
   
while (!feof($fp)) {
     
$buf .= fread($fp, 2048); //reading more than 2156 bytes seems to disable internal CRC32 verification (bug?)
   
}
   
$s = ob_get_contents();
 
ob_end_clean();
  if(
stripos($s, "CRC error") != FALSE){
    echo
'CRC32 mismatch, current ';
   
printf("%08X", crc32($buf)); //current CRC
   
echo ', expected ';
   
printf("%08X", $stat['crc']); //expected CRC
 
}

 
fclose($fp);
 
$zip->close();
 
//Done, unpacked file is stored in $buf
}
?>

To create a corrupt file, change a byte in a zip file using a hex editor.
up
1
Jerry dot Saravia at emc dot com
3 years ago
The following code can be used to get a list of all the file names in a zip file.

<?php
$za
= new ZipArchive();

$za->open('theZip.zip');

for(
$i = 0; $i < $za->numFiles; $i++ ){
   
$stat = $za->statIndex( $i );
   
print_r( basename( $stat['name'] ) . PHP_EOL );
}
?>
up
0
piotr dot stop dot spam at gmail dot com
8 months ago
You can check general purpose flag to test if the zip file is encrypted. Example function below.

<?php

/**
* Check if the file is encrypted
*
* Notice: if file doesn't exists or cannot be opened, function
* also return false.
*
* @param string $pathToArchive
* @return boolean return true if file is encrypted
*/
function isEncryptedZip( $pathToArchive ) {
   
$fp = @fopen( $pathToArchive, 'r' );
   
$encrypted = false;
    if (
$fp && fseek( $fp, 6 ) == 0 ) {
       
$string = fread( $fp, 2 );
        if (
false !== $string ) {
           
$data = unpack("vgeneral", $string);
           
$encrypted = $data[ 'general' ] & 0x01 ? true : false;
        }
       
fclose( $fp );
    }
    return
$encrypted;
}
up
0
webmaster at sebastiangrinke dot info
2 years ago
Here is a simple function which zips folders with all sub folders or only a simple file... the $data var can be a string or an array...

<?php
public function un_zip($data,$arcpf,$mode='zip',$obj=''){
       
$absoluterpfad = 'YOUR_BASE_PATH';
       
$arcpf = $absoluterpfad.DS.$arcpf;
        if(
is_object($obj)==false){
            
$archiv = new ZipArchive();
            
$archiv->open($arcpf,ZipArchive::CREATE);
        }else{
$archiv =& $obj;}
        if(
$mode=='zip'){
           if(
is_array($data)==true){
                 foreach(
$data as $dtmp){
                    
$archiv =& un_zip($dtmp,$arcpf,'zip',&$archiv);
                 }
           }else{
            if(
is_dir($data)==true){
                   
$archiv->addEmptyDir(str_replace($absoluterpfad.DS,'',$data));
                 
$files = scandir($data);
              
$bad = array('.','..');
              
$files = array_diff($files,$bad);
               foreach(
$files as $ftmp){
                   if(
is_dir($data.DS.$ftmp)==true){
                       
$archiv->addEmptyDir(str_replace($absoluterpfad.DS,'',$data.'/'.$ftmp));
                       
$archiv =& un_zip($data.DS.$ftmp,$arcpf,'zip',&$archiv);
                   }elseif(
is_file($data.DS.$ftmp)==true){
                   
$archiv->addFile($data.DS.$ftmp,str_replace($absoluterpfad.DS,'',$data.'/'.$ftmp));
                   }
                 }
            }elseif(
is_file($data)==true){$archiv->addFile($data,str_replace($absoluterpfad.DS,'',$data));}
           }
        }
        if(
is_object($obj)==false){$archiv->close();}
        else{return
$archiv;}
        if(
$mode=='unzip'){$archiv->extractTo($data);}
    }
?>
up
0
h-fate at gmx dot net
3 years ago
Be wary that there are several algorithms to generate a zip file. I found that Office OpenXML files created with ZipArchive are not recognized by Excel 2007, for example.

You have to use a different class to zip in this case, such as PclZip.
up
-1
AshleyDambra at live dot com
1 year ago
Simple class xZip to zip big folders into multiple parts and unzip multi zip files at once.

<?php
class xZip {
    public function
__construct() {}
    private function
_rglobRead($source, &$array = array()) {
        if (!
$source || trim($source) == "") {
           
$source = ".";
        }
        foreach ((array)
glob($source . "/*/") as $key => $value) {
           
$this->_rglobRead(str_replace("//", "/", $value), $array);
        }
   
        foreach ((array)
glob($source . "*.*") as $key => $value) {
           
$array[] = str_replace("//", "/", $value);
        }
    }
    private function
_zip($array, $part, $destination) {
       
$zip = new ZipArchive;
        @
mkdir($destination, 0777, true);
   
        if (
$zip->open(str_replace("//", "/", "{$destination}/partz{$part}.zip"), ZipArchive::CREATE)) {
            foreach ((array)
$array as $key => $value) {
               
$zip->addFile($value, str_replace(array("../", "./"), NULL, $value));
            }
           
$zip->close();
        }
    }
    public function
zip($limit = 500, $source = NULL, $destination = "./") {
        if (!
$destination || trim($destination) == "") {
           
$destination = "./";
        }
   
       
$this->_rglobRead($source, $input);
       
$maxinput = count($input);
       
$splitinto = (($maxinput / $limit) > round($maxinput / $limit, 0)) ? round($maxinput / $limit, 0) + 1 : round($maxinput / $limit, 0);
   
        for(
$i = 0; $i < $splitinto; $i ++) {
           
$this->_zip(array_slice($input, ($i * $limit), $limit, true), $i, $destination);
        }
       
        unset(
$input);
        return;
    }
    public function
unzip($source, $destination) {
        @
mkdir($destination, 0777, true);
   
        foreach ((array)
glob($source . "/*.zip") as $key => $value) {
           
$zip = new ZipArchive;
            if (
$zip->open(str_replace("//", "/", $value)) === true) {
               
$zip->extractTo($destination);
               
$zip->close();
            }
        }
    }
   
    public function
__destruct() {}
}

//$zip = new xZip;
//$zip->zip(500, "images/", "images_zip/");
//$zip->unzip("images_zip/", "images/");
?>
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