filter_input_array

(PHP 5 >= 5.2.0)

filter_input_arrayNimmt mehrere Variablen von Außen entgegen und filtert sie optional

Beschreibung

mixed filter_input_array ( int $type [, mixed $definition ] )

Diese Funktion ist sinnvoll, um mehrere Werte abzufragen ohne wiederholend filter_input() aufrufen zu müssen.

Parameter-Liste

type

Einer von INPUT_GET, INPUT_POST, INPUT_COOKIE, INPUT_SERVER, INPUT_ENV, INPUT_SESSION oder INPUT_REQUEST.

definition

Array dass die Argumente enthält. Ein gültiger Key ist ein string der einen Variablennamen enthält und ein gültiger Wert ist entweder ein Filter oder ein array welches den Filter, seine Flags und Optionen spezifiziert. Wenn der Wert ein Array ist, sind gültige Keys filter der den Filtertyp definiert, flags welches jegliche Flags die den Filter spezifizieren enthält und options welches die Optionen enthält to den Filter beschreiben. Für ein besseres Verständnis sehen Sie sich das Beispiel an.

Der Parameter kann auch ein Integer sein der eine Filterkonstante beschreibt. Dann werden alle Werte des Arrays durch diesen Filter gefiltert.

Rückgabewerte

Bei Erfolg wird ein Array zurückgegeben, welches alle Werte der angefragten Variablen enthält oder FALSE im Fehlerfall. Ein einzelner Array-Wert ist FALSE, wenn das Filtern fehlgeschlagen ist oder NULL, wenn die Variable nicht gesetzt ist. Wenn das Flag FILTER_NULL_ON_FAILURE benutzt wurde, wird FALSE zurückgegeben, wenn die Variable nicht gesetzt ist und NULL, wenn das Filtern fehlgeschlagen ist.

Beispiele

Beispiel #1 filter_input_array() Beispiel

<?php
error_reporting
(E_ALL E_STRICT);
/* data actually came from POST
$_POST = array(
    'product_id'    => 'libgd<script>',
    'component'     => '10',
    'versions'      => '2.0.33',
    'testscalar'    => array('2', '23', '10', '12'),
    'testarray'     => '2',
);
*/

$args = array(
    
'product_id'   => FILTER_SANITIZE_ENCODED,
    
'component'    => array('filter'    => FILTER_VALIDATE_INT,
                            
'flags'     => FILTER_REQUIRE_ARRAY
                            
'options'   => array('min_range' => 1'max_range' => 10)
                           ),
    
'versions'     => FILTER_SANITIZE_ENCODED,
    
'doesnotexist' => FILTER_VALIDATE_INT,
    
'testscalar'   => array(
                            
'filter' => FILTER_VALIDATE_INT,
                            
'flags'  => FILTER_REQUIRE_SCALAR,
                           ),
    
'testarray'    => array(
                            
'filter' => FILTER_VALIDATE_INT,
                            
'flags'  => FILTER_REQUIRE_ARRAY,
                           )

);

$myinputs filter_input_array(INPUT_POST$args);

var_dump($myinputs);
echo 
"\n";
?>

Das oben gezeigte Beispiel erzeugt folgende Ausgabe:

array(6) {
  ["product_id"]=>
  array(1) {
    [0]=>
    string(17) "libgd%3Cscript%3E"
  }
  ["component"]=>
  array(1) {
    [0]=>
    int(10)
  }
  ["versions"]=>
  array(1) {
    [0]=>
    string(6) "2.0.33"
  }
  ["doesnotexist"]=>
  NULL
  ["testscalar"]=>
  bool(false)
  ["testarray"]=>
  array(1) {
    [0]=>
    int(2)
  }
}

Siehe auch

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User Contributed Notes 12 notes

up
10
CertaiN
6 months ago
[New Version]
This function is very useful for filtering complicated array structure.
Also, Some integer bitmasks and invalid UTF-8 sequence detection are available.

Code:
<?php
/**
* @param  integer $type    Constant like INPUT_XXX.
* @param  array   $default Default structure of the specified super global var.
*                          Following bitmasks are available:
*  + FILTER_STRUCT_FORCE_ARRAY - Force 1 dimensional array.
*  + FILTER_STRUCT_TRIM        - Trim by ASCII control chars.
*  + FILTER_STRUCT_FULL_TRIM   - Trim by ASCII control chars,
*                                full-width and no-break space.
* @return array            The value of the filtered super global var.
*/
define('FILTER_STRUCT_FORCE_ARRAY', 1);
define('FILTER_STRUCT_TRIM', 2);
define('FILTER_STRUCT_FULL_TRIM', 4);
function
filter_struct_utf8($type, array $default) {
    static
$func = __FUNCTION__;
    static
$trim = "[\\x0-\x20\x7f]";
    static
$ftrim = "[\\x0-\x20\x7f\xc2\xa0\xe3\x80\x80]";
    static
$recursive_static = false;
    if (!
$recursive = $recursive_static) {
       
$types = array(
           
INPUT_GET => $_GET,
           
INPUT_POST => $_POST,
           
INPUT_COOKIE => $_COOKIE,
           
INPUT_REQUEST => $_REQUEST,
        );
        if (!isset(
$types[(int)$type])) {
            throw new
LogicException('unknown super global var type');
        }
       
$var = $types[(int)$type];
       
$recursive_static = true;
    } else {
       
$var = $type;
    }
   
$ret = array();
    foreach (
$default as $key => $value) {
        if (
$is_int = is_int($value)) {
            if (!(
$value | (
               
FILTER_STRUCT_FORCE_ARRAY |
               
FILTER_STRUCT_FULL_TRIM |
               
FILTER_STRUCT_TRIM
           
))) {
               
$recursive_static = false;
                throw new
LogicException('unknown bitmask');
            }
            if (
$value & FILTER_STRUCT_FORCE_ARRAY) {
               
$tmp = array();
                if (isset(
$var[$key])) {
                    foreach ((array)
$var[$key] as $k => $v) {
                        if (!
preg_match('//u', $k)){
                            continue;
                        }
                       
$value &= FILTER_STRUCT_FULL_TRIM | FILTER_STRUCT_TRIM;
                       
$tmp += array($k => $value ? $value : '');
                    }
                }
               
$value = $tmp;
            }
        }
        if (
$isset = isset($var[$key]) and is_array($value)) {
           
$ret[$key] = $func($var[$key], $value);
        } elseif (!
$isset || is_array($var[$key])) {
           
$ret[$key] = null;
        } elseif (
$is_int && $value & FILTER_STRUCT_FULL_TRIM) {
           
$ret[$key] = preg_replace("/\A{$ftrim}++|{$ftrim}++\z/u", '', $var[$key]);
        } elseif (
$is_int && $value & FILTER_STRUCT_TRIM) {
           
$ret[$key] = preg_replace("/\A{$trim}++|{$trim}++\z/u", '', $var[$key]);
        } else {
           
$ret[$key] = preg_replace('//u', '', $var[$key]);
        }
        if (
$ret[$key] === null) {
           
$ret[$key] = $is_int ? '' : $value;
        }
    }
    if (!
$recursive) {
       
$recursive_static = false;
    }
    return
$ret;
}
?>
up
9
sdupuis at blax dot ca
6 months ago
Note that although you can provide a default filter for the entire input array there is no way to provide a flag for that filter without building the entire definition array yourself.

So here is a small function that can alleviate this hassle!

<?php
function filter_input_array_with_default_flags($type, $filter, $flags, $add_empty = true) {
   
$loopThrough = array();
    switch (
$type) {
        case
INPUT_GET : $loopThrough = $_GET; break;
        case
INPUT_POST : $loopThrough = $_POST; break;
        case
INPUT_COOKIE : $loopThrough = $_COOKIE; break;
        case
INPUT_SERVER : $loopThrough = $_SERVER; break;
        case
INPUT_ENV : $loopThrough = $_ENV; break;
    }
  
   
$args = array();
    foreach (
$loopThrough as $key=>$value) {
       
$args[$key] = array('filter'=>$filter, 'flags'=>$flags);
    }
   
    return
filter_input_array($type, $args, $add_empty);
}
?>
up
7
CertaiN
6 months ago
[New Version]

Example Usage:
<?php
$_GET
['A']['a'] = '  CORRECT(including some spaces)    ';
$_GET['A']['b'] = '  CORRECT(including some spaces)    ';
$_GET['A']['c'] = "Invalid UTF-8 sequence: \xe3\xe3\xe3";
$_GET['A']['d']['invalid_structure'] = 'INVALID';

$_GET['B']['a'] = '  CORRECT(including some spaces)    ';
$_GET['B']['b'] = "Invalid UTF-8 sequence: \xe3\xe3\xe3";
$_GET['B']['c']['invalid_structure'] = 'INVALID';
$_GET['B']["Invalid UTF-8 sequence: \xe3\xe3\xe3"] = 'INVALID';

$_GET['C']['a'] = '  CORRECT(including some spaces)    ';
$_GET['C']['b'] = "Invalid UTF-8 sequence: \xe3\xe3\xe3";
$_GET['C']['c']['invalid_structure'] = 'INVALID';
$_GET['C']["Invalid UTF-8 sequence: \xe3\xe3\xe3"] = 'INVALID';

$_GET['unneeded_item'] = 'UNNEEDED';

var_dump(filter_struct_utf8(INPUT_GET, array(
   
'A' => array(
       
'a' => '',
       
'b' => FILTER_STRUCT_TRIM,
       
'c' => '',
       
'd' => '',
    ),
   
'B' => FILTER_STRUCT_FORCE_ARRAY,
   
'C' => FILTER_STRUCT_FORCE_ARRAY | FILTER_STRUCT_TRIM,
)));
?>

Example Result:
array(3) {
  ["A"]=>
  array(4) {
    ["a"]=>
    string(36) "  CORRECT(including some spaces)    "
    ["b"]=>
    string(30) "CORRECT(including some spaces)"
    ["c"]=>
    string(0) ""
    ["d"]=>
    string(0) ""
  }
  ["B"]=>
  array(3) {
    ["a"]=>
    string(36) "  CORRECT(including some spaces)    "
    ["b"]=>
    string(0) ""
    ["c"]=>
    string(0) ""
  }
  ["C"]=>
  array(3) {
    ["a"]=>
    string(30) "CORRECT(including some spaces)"
    ["b"]=>
    string(0) ""
    ["c"]=>
    string(0) ""
  }
}
up
2
Anonymous
4 years ago
Beware: if none of the arguments is set, this function returns NULL, not an array of NULL values.

/* No POST vars set in request
$_POST = array();
*/

$args = array('some_post_var' => FILTER_VALIDATE_INT);
$myinputs = filter_input_array(INPUT_POST, $args);
var_dump($myinputs);

Expected Output: array(1) { ["some_post_var"]=> NULL }

Actual Output: NULL
up
1
ville at N0SPAM dot zydo dot com
4 years ago
While filtering input arrays, be careful of what flags you set besides FILTER_REQUIRE_ARRAY. For example, setting the flags like so:

<?php
$filter
= array(
'myInputArr' => array('filter' => FILTER_SANITIZE_STRING,
                     
'flags' => array('FILTER_FLAG_STRIP_LOW', 'FILTER_REQUIRE_ARRAY'))
);

$form_inputs = filter_input_array(INPUT_POST, $filter);
?>

.. will result in a blank $form_inputs['myInputArr'] regardless of what $_POST['myInputArr'] contains.
up
2
CertaiN
11 months ago
This function is very useful for filtering complicated array structure.

Code:
<?php
function filter_request($var, $default_structure) {

   
$ret = array();

    foreach (
$default_structure as $key => $value) {
        if (!isset(
$var[$key])) {
           
$ret[$key] = $value;
        } elseif (
is_array($value)) {
           
$ret[$key] = filter_request($var[$key], $value);
        } elseif (
is_array($var[$key])) {
           
$ret[$key] = $value;
        } else {
           
$ret[$key] = $var[$key];
        }
    }

    return
$ret;

}
?>

Sample Usage:
<?php
$_GET
['a']['wrong_structure'] = 'foo';
$_GET['b']['c'] = 'CORRECT';
$_GET['b']['d']['wrong_structure'] = 'bar';
$_GET['unneeded_item'] = 'baz';

var_dump(filter_request($_GET, array(
   
'a' => 'DEFAULT',
   
'b' => array(
       
'c' => 'DEFAULT',
       
'd' => 'DEFAULT',
    ),
)));
?>

Sample Result:
array(2) {
  ["a"]=>
  string(21) "DEFAULT"
  ["b"]=>
  array(2) {
    ["c"]=>
    string(12) "CORRECT"
    ["d"]=>
    string(21) "DEFAULT"
  }
}
up
0
kibblewhite at live dot com
5 years ago
If you are trying to handling multiple form inputs with same name, then you must assign the `'flags'  => FILTER_REQUIRE_ARRAY` to the definitions entry.

Example, you have a html form as such:
<form>
<input name="t1[]" value="Some string One" />
<input name="t1[]" value="Another String Two" />
</form>

Your definitions array will look a little like this:
$args = array(
  't1'    => array(
      'name' => 't1',
      'filter' => FILTER_SANITIZE_STRING,
      'flags'  => FILTER_REQUIRE_ARRAY)
);
up
0
kdeloach at gmail dot com
5 years ago
@iam4webwork

This is not specific to filter_input.  If you have an element in HTML called names[], it can be accessed by calling $_POST['names'].
up
0
Kevin
6 years ago
Looks like filter_input_array isn't aware of changes to the input arrays that were made before calling filter_input_array. Instead, it always looks at the originally submitted input arrays.

So this will not work:

$_POST['my_float_field'] = str_replace(',','.',$_POST['my_float_field']);
$args = array('my_float_field',FILTER_VALIDATE_FLOAT);
$result = filter_input_array(INPUT_POST, $args);
up
0
phpnotes dot 20 dot zsh at spamgourmet dot com
6 years ago
The above example will actually output "NULL" because of the undefined variable doesnotexist - see http://bugs.php.net/bug.php?id=42608.
up
0
Sinured
6 years ago
extract() is a very convenient way of copying all those variables to the local scope. (see http://www.php.net/extract)
up
0
iam4webwork at NOSPAM dot hotmail dot com
7 years ago
The above example raises other questions such as how one would validate an html array.  In the input form each input tag that refers to an html array would be named for example testarray[].  However, after the form is submitted, the syntax for validating the values is different from  the expected $_POST['testarray[]']. Instead one has to drop the braces and validate as follows, assuming that testarray[] is supposed to be an html array of numerical values:

Valid test:

echo '*';
echo filter_input(
INPUT_POST,
'testarray',
FILTER_VALIDATE_INT,
FILTER_REQUIRE_ARRAY
);
echo '*';

But the following is an invalid test that results in 2 consequtive asterisks only!

echo '*';
echo filter_input(INPUT_POST,
'testarray[]',
FILTER_VALIDATE_INT,
FILTER_REQUIRE_ARRAY
);
echo '*';

So, there is a naming inconsistency going on, as after the form is submitted, one has to forget about the original name of the submitted array by dropping its braces. Maybe when the PECL/Filter extension is reviewed again, the great ones might consider making the syntax a little more forgiving.
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