sleep

(PHP 4, PHP 5)

sleepProgrammverzögerung

Beschreibung

int sleep ( int $seconds )

Unterbricht die weitere Skript-Ausführung für die angegebene Anzahl von Sekunden.

Parameter-Liste

seconds

Die Unterbrechung in Sekunden

Rückgabewerte

Gibt bei Erfolg null oder im Fehlerfall FALSE zurück.

Wenn der Aufruf durch ein Signal unterbrochen wurde, gibt sleep() eine positive Zahl zurück. Auf Windows ist dieser Wert immer 192 (der Wert der WAIT_IO_COMPLETION Konstanden der Windows API). Auf anderen Plattformen ist der Rückgabewert die Anzahl der Sekunden die das Programm eigentlich noch "schlafen" sollte.

Fehler/Exceptions

Falls die angegebene Anzahl von Sekunden negativ ist, erzeugt diese Funktion einen Fehler des Typs E_WARNING.

Changelog

Version Beschreibung
5.3.4 Vor PHP 5.3.4, hat sleep() auf Windows immer NULL zurückgegeben, unabhängig davon ob der Aufruf unterbrochen wurde oder nicht.

Beispiele

Beispiel #1 sleep()-Beispiel

<?php
// die aktuelle Zeit
echo date('h:i:s') . "\n";

// 10 Sekunden schlafen
sleep(10);

// aufwachen!
echo date('h:i:s') . "\n";
?>

Dieses Beispiel erzeugt nach zehn Sekunden die Ausgabe

05:31:23
05:31:33

Siehe auch

add a note add a note

User Contributed Notes 18 notes

up
9
ash b
6 months ago
re: "mitigating the chances of a full bruit force attack by a limit of 30 lookups a minute."

Not really - the attacker could do 100 requests. Each request might take 2 seconds but it doesn't stop the number of requests done. You need to stop processing more than one request every 2 seconds rather than delay it by 2 seconds on each execution.
up
35
linus at flowingcreativity dot net
9 years ago
This may seem obvious, but I thought I would save someone from something that just confused me: you cannot use sleep() to sleep for fractions of a second. This:

<?php sleep(0.25) ?>

will not work as expected. The 0.25 is cast to an integer, so this is equivalent to sleep(0). To sleep for a quarter of a second, use:

<?php usleep(250000) ?>
up
32
barlow at fhtsolutions dot com
3 years ago
You should put sleep into both the pass and fail branches, since an attacker can check whether the response is slow and use that as an indicator - cutting down the delay time. But a delay in both branches eliminates this possibility.
up
31
code {@} ashleyhunt [dot] co [dot] uk
3 years ago
A really simple, but effective way of majorly slowing down bruit force attacks on wrong password attempts.

In my example below, if the end-user gets the password correct, they get to log in at full speed, as expected. For every incorrect password attempt, the users response is delayed by 2 seconds each time; mitigating the chances of a full bruit force attack by a limit of 30 lookups a minute.

I hope this very simple approach will help make your web applications that little bit more secure.

Ashley

<?php
public function handle_login() {
    if(
$uid = user::check_password($_REQUEST['email'], $_REQUEST['password'])) {
        return
self::authenticate_user($uid);
    }
    else {
       
// delay failed output by 2 seconds
        // to prevent bruit force attacks
       
sleep(2);
        return
self::login_failed();
    }
}
?>
up
2
Anonymous
7 months ago
If you are having issues with sleep() and usleep() not responding as you feel they should, take a look at session_write_close()

as noted by anonymous on comments;
"If the ajax function doesn't do session_write_close(), then your outer page will appear to hang, and opening other pages in new tabs will also stall."
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15
Anonymous
5 years ago
This will allow you to use negative values or valuer below 1 second.

<?php slaap(0.5); ?>

<?php
function slaap($seconds)
{
   
$seconds = abs($seconds);
    if (
$seconds < 1):
      
usleep($seconds*1000000);
    else:
      
sleep($seconds);
    endif;   
}
?>
up
16
MPHH
11 years ago
Note: The set_time_limit() function and the configuration directive max_execution_time only affect the execution time of the script itself. Any time spent on activity that happens outside the execution of the script such as system calls using system(), the sleep() function, database queries, etc. is not included when determining the maximum time that the script has been running.
up
2
LVT
1 year ago
Another reason for not to abuse sleep( ) is that along with the maximum of 30 sql connections, a shared hosting environment usually limits the number of processes to 20, if your website has many users online and you put sleep( ) everywhere in the code, your server will throw a 508 error (resource limit reached) and will stop serving your website.
up
6
hartmut at six dot de
14 years ago
it is a bad idea to use sleep() for delayed output effects as

1) you have to flush() output before you sleep

2) depending on your setup flush() will not work all the way to the browser as the web server might apply buffering of its own or the browser might not render output it thinks not to be complete

netscape for example will only display complete lines and will not show table parts until the </table> tag arrived

so use sleep if you have to wait  for events and don't want to burn  to much cycles, but don't use it for silly delayed output effects!
up
-1
soulhunter1987 at post dot ru
4 years ago
Since sleep() can be interrupted by signals i've made a function which can also be interrupted, but will continue sleeping after the signal arrived (and possibly was handled by callback). It's very useful when you write daemons and need sleep() function to work as long as you 'ordered', but have an ability to accept signals during sleeping.

<?php
function my_sleep($seconds)
{
   
$start = microtime(true);
    for (
$i = 1; $i <= $seconds; $i ++) {
        @
time_sleep_until($start + $i);
    }
}
?>
up
-4
toddjt78 at msn dot com
4 years ago
Simple function to report the microtime since last called or the microtime since first called.

<?php
function stopWatch($total = false,$reset = true){
    global
$first_called;
    global
$last_called;
   
$now_time = microtime(true);
    if (
$last_called === null) {
       
$last_called = $now_time;
       
$first_called = $now_time;
    }
    if (
$total) {
       
$time_diff = $now_time - $first_called;
    } else {
       
$time_diff = $now_time - $last_called;
    }
    if (
$reset)
       
$last_called = $now_time;
    return
$time_diff;
}
?>

$reset  - if true, resets the last_called value to now
$total - if true, returns the time since first called otherwise returns the time since last called
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-5
marpetr at gmail dot com
6 years ago
Very useful to prevent password brute forcing! Simply add few seconds timeout to login script and the probability to guess the password decreases a lot!
up
-7
jimmy at powerzone dot dk
4 years ago
Notice that sleep() delays execution for the current session, not just the script. Consider the following sample, where two computers invoke the same script from a browser, which doesn't do anything but sleep.

PC 1 [started 14:00:00]: script.php?sleep=10 // Will stop after 10 secs
PC 1 [started 14:00:03]: script.php?sleep=0 // Will stop after 7 secs

PC 2 [started 14:00:05]: script.php?sleep=0 // Will stop immediately

http://php.net/session_write_close may be used to address this problem.
up
-4
LVT
1 year ago
Always close your SQL connection and free the memory before using sleep( ) or you will be needlessly holding a SQL connection for [xx] seconds, remember that a shared hosting environment only allows max 30 SQL connections at the same time.
up
-8
webseos at gmail dot com
6 years ago
This is a critical thing to use time delay function as sleep() Because a beginner can find that this is not working and he/she will see that all output appearing at a time.

A good way to implement this is by using the function -  ob_implicit_flush() then you don't need to use flush() function explicitly.

A sample code :
<?php
ob_implicit_flush
(true);
for(
$i=0;$i<5;$i++)
{
$dis=<<<DIS
<div style="width:200px; background-color:lime;border:1px; text-align:center;text-decoration:blink;">
$i
</div>
DIS;
echo
$dis;

sleep(5);
//flush();
}
up
-10
f dot schima at ccgmbh dot de
4 years ago
Remember that sleep() means "Let PHP time to do some other stuff".
That means that sleep() can be interrupted by signals. That is important if you work with pcntl_signal() and friends.
up
-14
joshmeister at gmail dot com
2 years ago
Here is a simplified way to flush output to browser before completing sleep cycle.  Note the buffer must be "filled" with 4096 characters (bytes?) for ob_flush() to work before sleep() occurs.
<?php
ob_implicit_flush
(true);
$buffer = str_repeat(" ", 4096);
echo
"see this immediately.<br>";
echo
$buffer;
ob_flush();
sleep(5);
echo
"some time has passed";
?>
up
-25
mohd at Bahrain dot Bz
4 years ago
I hope this code will help somebody to solve the problem of not being able to flush or output the buffer to the browser (I use IE7).
It may work for you with just [ echo str_repeat(".", 4096); ] and without even using ob_... and flush.

<?php
ob_start
();

ob_implicit_flush(true);
//[ OR ] echo "..."; ob_flush(); flush();

set_time_limit(0);

function
sleep_echo($secs) {
   
$secs = (int) $secs;
   
$buffer = str_repeat(".", 4096);
   
//echo $buffer."\r\n<br />\r\n";
   
for ($i=0; $i<$secs; $i++) {
        echo
date("H:i:s", time())." (".($i+1).")"."\r\n<br />\r\n".$buffer."\r\n<br />\r\n";
       
ob_flush();
       
flush();
       
sleep(1);
       
//usleep(1000000);
   
}
}

sleep_echo(30);

ob_end_flush();
?>
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