PHP Australia Conference 2015

stream_filter_register

(PHP 5)

stream_filter_registerRegister a user defined stream filter

Beschreibung

bool stream_filter_register ( string $filtername , string $classname )

stream_filter_register() allows you to implement your own filter on any registered stream used with all the other filesystem functions (such as fopen(), fread() etc.).

Parameter-Liste

filtername

The filter name to be registered.

classname

To implement a filter, you need to define a class as an extension of php_user_filter with a number of member functions. When performing read/write operations on the stream to which your filter is attached, PHP will pass the data through your filter (and any other filters attached to that stream) so that the data may be modified as desired. You must implement the methods exactly as described in php_user_filter - doing otherwise will lead to undefined behaviour.

Rückgabewerte

Gibt bei Erfolg TRUE zurück. Im Fehlerfall wird FALSE zurückgegeben.

stream_filter_register() will return FALSE if the filtername is already defined.

Beispiele

Beispiel #1 Filter for capitalizing characters on foo-bar.txt stream

The example below implements a filter named strtoupper on the foo-bar.txt stream which will capitalize all letter characters written to/read from that stream.

<?php

/* Define our filter class */
class strtoupper_filter extends php_user_filter {
  function 
filter($in$out, &$consumed$closing)
  {
    while (
$bucket stream_bucket_make_writeable($in)) {
      
$bucket->data strtoupper($bucket->data);
      
$consumed += $bucket->datalen;
      
stream_bucket_append($out$bucket);
    }
    return 
PSFS_PASS_ON;
  }
}

/* Register our filter with PHP */
stream_filter_register("strtoupper""strtoupper_filter")
    or die(
"Failed to register filter");

$fp fopen("foo-bar.txt""w");

/* Attach the registered filter to the stream just opened */
stream_filter_append($fp"strtoupper");

fwrite($fp"Line1\n");
fwrite($fp"Word - 2\n");
fwrite($fp"Easy As 123\n");

fclose($fp);

/* Read the contents back out
 */
readfile("foo-bar.txt");

?>

Das oben gezeigte Beispiel erzeugt folgende Ausgabe:

LINE1
WORD - 2
EASY AS 123

Beispiel #2 Registering a generic filter class to match multiple filter names.

<?php

/* Define our filter class */
class string_filter extends php_user_filter {
  var 
$mode;

  function 
filter($in$out, &$consumed$closing)
  {
    while (
$bucket stream_bucket_make_writeable($in)) {
      if (
$this->mode == 1) {
        
$bucket->data strtoupper($bucket->data);
      } elseif (
$this->mode == 0) {
        
$bucket->data strtolower($bucket->data);
      }

      
$consumed += $bucket->datalen;
      
stream_bucket_append($out$bucket);
    }
    return 
PSFS_PASS_ON;
  }

  function 
onCreate()
  {
    if (
$this->filtername == 'str.toupper') {
      
$this->mode 1;
    } elseif (
$this->filtername == 'str.tolower') {
      
$this->mode 0;
    } else {
      
/* Some other str.* filter was asked for,
         report failure so that PHP will keep looking */
      
return false;
    }

    return 
true;
  }
}

/* Register our filter with PHP */
stream_filter_register("str.*""string_filter")
    or die(
"Failed to register filter");

$fp fopen("foo-bar.txt""w");

/* Attach the registered filter to the stream just opened
   We could alternately bind to str.tolower here */
stream_filter_append($fp"str.toupper");

fwrite($fp"Line1\n");
fwrite($fp"Word - 2\n");
fwrite($fp"Easy As 123\n");

fclose($fp);

/* Read the contents back out
 */
readfile("foo-bar.txt");
?>

Das oben gezeigte Beispiel erzeugt folgende Ausgabe:

LINE1
WORD - 2
EASY AS 123

Siehe auch

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