PHP 5.4.31 Released

GearmanClient::addTaskBackground

(PECL gearman >= 0.5.0)

GearmanClient::addTaskBackgroundAdd a background task to be run in parallel

Beschreibung

public GearmanTask GearmanClient::addTaskBackground ( string $function_name , string $workload [, mixed &$context [, string $unique ]] )

Adds a background task to be run in parallel with other tasks. Call this method for all the tasks to be run in parallel, then call GearmanClient::runTasks() to perform the work.

Parameter-Liste

function_name

Die registrierte Funktion, die der Worker ausführen soll

workload

Serialisierte Daten, die verarbeitet werden sollen

context

Der Anwendungskontext der mit einem Task verknüpft werden soll

unique

Eine eindeutige ID, die einen bestimmten Task identifiziert

Rückgabewerte

A GearmanTask object or FALSE if the task could not be added.

Beispiele

Beispiel #1 Two tasks, one background and one not

This example illustrates the difference between running a background task and a normal task. The client adds two tasks to execute the same function, but one is added with addTaskBackground(). A callback is set so that progress of the job can be tracked. A simple worker with an artificial delay reports on the job progress and the client picks this up through the callback. Two workers are run for this example. Note that the background task does not show in the client output.

<?php

# The client script

# create our gearman client
$gmc= new GearmanClient();

# add the default job server
$gmc->addServer();

# set a couple of callbacks so we can track progress
$gmc->setCompleteCallback("reverse_complete");
$gmc->setStatusCallback("reverse_status");

# add a task for the "reverse" function
$task$gmc->addTask("reverse""Hello World!"null"1");

# add another task, but this one to run in the background
$task$gmc->addTaskBackground("reverse""!dlroW olleH"null"2");

if (! 
$gmc->runTasks())
{
    echo 
"ERROR " $gmc->error() . "\n";
    exit;
}

echo 
"DONE\n";

function 
reverse_status($task)
{
    echo 
"STATUS: " $task->unique() . ", " $task->jobHandle() . " - " $task->taskNumerator() . 
         
"/" $task->taskDenominator() . "\n";
}

function 
reverse_complete($task)
{
    echo 
"COMPLETE: " $task->unique() . ", " $task->data() . "\n";
}

?>
<?php

# The worker script

echo "Starting\n";

# Create our worker object.
$gmworker= new GearmanWorker();

# Add default server (localhost).
$gmworker->addServer();

# Register function "reverse" with the server.
$gmworker->addFunction("reverse""reverse_fn");

print 
"Waiting for job...\n";
while(
$gmworker->work())
{
  if (
$gmworker->returnCode() != GEARMAN_SUCCESS)
  {
    echo 
"return_code: " $gmworker->returnCode() . "\n";
    break;
  }
}

function 
reverse_fn($job)
{
  echo 
"Received job: " $job->handle() . "\n";

  
$workload $job->workload();
  
$workload_size $job->workloadSize();

  echo 
"Workload: $workload ($workload_size)\n";

  
# This status loop is not needed, just showing how it works
  
for ($x0$x $workload_size$x++)
  {
    echo 
"Sending status: " . ($x 1) . "/$workload_size complete\n";
    
$job->sendStatus($x+1$workload_size);
    
$job->sendData(substr($workload$x1));
    
sleep(1);
  }

  
$resultstrrev($workload);
  echo 
"Result: $result\n";

  
# Return what we want to send back to the client.
  
return $result;
}

?>

Worker output for two workers running:

Received job: H:foo.local:65
Workload: !dlroW olleH (12)
1/12 complete
Received job: H:foo.local:66
Workload: Hello World! (12)
1/12 complete
2/12 complete
2/12 complete
3/12 complete
3/12 complete
4/12 complete
4/12 complete
5/12 complete
5/12 complete
6/12 complete
6/12 complete
7/12 complete
7/12 complete
8/12 complete
8/12 complete
9/12 complete
9/12 complete
10/12 complete
10/12 complete
11/12 complete
11/12 complete
12/12 complete
12/12 complete
Result: !dlroW olleH
Result: Hello World!

Client output:

STATUS: 1, H:foo.local:66 - 1/12
STATUS: 1, H:foo.local:66 - 2/12
STATUS: 1, H:foo.local:66 - 3/12
STATUS: 1, H:foo.local:66 - 4/12
STATUS: 1, H:foo.local:66 - 5/12
STATUS: 1, H:foo.local:66 - 6/12
STATUS: 1, H:foo.local:66 - 7/12
STATUS: 1, H:foo.local:66 - 8/12
STATUS: 1, H:foo.local:66 - 9/12
STATUS: 1, H:foo.local:66 - 10/12
STATUS: 1, H:foo.local:66 - 11/12
STATUS: 1, H:foo.local:66 - 12/12
COMPLETE: 1, !dlroW olleH
DONE

Siehe auch

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