bcdiv

(PHP 4, PHP 5, PHP 7)

bcdivDivide two arbitrary precision numbers

Description

string bcdiv ( string $dividend , string $divisor [, int $scale = 0 ] )

Divides the dividend by the divisor.

Parameters

dividend

The dividend, as a string.

divisor

The divisor, as a string.

scale

This optional parameter is used to set the number of digits after the decimal place in the result. If omitted, it will default to the scale set globally with the bcscale() function, or fallback to 0 if this has not been set.

Return Values

Returns the result of the division as a string, or NULL if divisor is 0.

Examples

Example #1 bcdiv() example

<?php

echo bcdiv('105''6.55957'3);  // 16.007

?>

See Also

  • bcmul() - Multiply two arbitrary precision numbers

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User Contributed Notes 4 notes

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5
Anonymous
6 years ago
The custom bcdiv function listed at the top of this page produces very different results from bcdiv, as it rounds instead of truncating the result. Consider the following:

<?php

function bcdiv_cust( $first, $second, $scale = 0 )
{
   
$res = $first / $second;
    return
round( $res, $scale );
}

echo
bcdiv('1','2','0') . " vs. " bcdiv_cust('1','2','0');  // prints '0 vs. 1'

?>
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2
Gautam
10 years ago
<?php
//converting in to required precision of decimal points
$result= bcdiv(89.99999999997,2.57865741235478,2);
echo
"$result"// 34.90 result with 2 decimal points
?>
up
1
MM
9 years ago
Perhaps some one can find useful this function to compute the modular inverse of a integer (extended euclidean algorithm):

  function invmod($a,$b) {
    $n=$b;
    $x=0; $lx=1; $y=1; $ly=0;
    while ($b) {
      $t=$b;
      $q=bcdiv($a,$b,0);
      $b=bcmod($a,$b);
      $a=$t;
      $t=$x; $x=bcsub($lx,bcmod(bcmul($q,$x),$n)); $lx=$t;
      $t=$y; $y=bcsub($ly,bcmod(bcmul($q,$y),$n)); $ly=$t;
    }
    if (bccomp($lx,0) == -1)
      $lx=bcadd($lx,$n);
    return $lx;
  }

  // verify

  $n="2447995268898324993537772139997802321";
  $t="64941057316178801556773346239351236811";
  $m="123456789";
  $i=invmod($t,$n);
  // (t*m)*inv(t) is m
  echo bcmod(bcmul(bcmod(bcmul($t,$m),$n),$i),$n) == $m;
up
-1
cristianDOTzuddas]NOSPAM[gmailDOTcom
12 years ago
Decimal to binary conversion, using BC Math.
Note: this function is VERY slow if the decimal number is too big!

<?
function bc_decbin($dec_str) {
    if (strlen($dec_str)>0) {
        $bin_str = '';
        do {
            if (((int)$dec_str[strlen($dec_str)-1] % 2) === 0)
                $bin_str .= '0';
            else
                $bin_str .= '1';
           
            $dec_str = bcdiv($dec_str, '2');
        } while ($dec_str!='0');
       
        return strrev($bin_str);
    }
    else
        return null;
}
?>

-----
Cristian
www.CodeFlower.com
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