stream_set_timeout

(PHP 4 >= 4.3.0, PHP 5)

stream_set_timeoutSet timeout period on a stream

Description

bool stream_set_timeout ( resource $stream , int $seconds [, int $microseconds = 0 ] )

Sets the timeout value on stream, expressed in the sum of seconds and microseconds.

When the stream times out, the 'timed_out' key of the array returned by stream_get_meta_data() is set to TRUE, although no error/warning is generated.

Parameters

stream

The target stream.

seconds

The seconds part of the timeout to be set.

microseconds

The microseconds part of the timeout to be set.

Return Values

Returns TRUE on success or FALSE on failure.

Changelog

Version Description
4.3.0 As of PHP 4.3, this function can (potentially) work on any kind of stream. In PHP 4.3, socket based streams are still the only kind supported in the PHP core, although streams from other extensions may support this function.

Examples

Example #1 stream_set_timeout() example

<?php
$fp 
fsockopen("www.example.com"80);
if (!
$fp) {
    echo 
"Unable to open\n";
} else {

    
fwrite($fp"GET / HTTP/1.0\r\n\r\n");
    
stream_set_timeout($fp2);
    
$res fread($fp2000);

    
$info stream_get_meta_data($fp);
    
fclose($fp);

    if (
$info['timed_out']) {
        echo 
'Connection timed out!';
    } else {
        echo 
$res;
    }

}
?>

Notes

Note:

This function doesn't work with advanced operations like stream_socket_recvfrom(), use stream_select() with timeout parameter instead.

This function was previously called as set_socket_timeout() and later socket_set_timeout() but this usage is deprecated.

See Also

  • fsockopen() - Open Internet or Unix domain socket connection
  • fopen() - Opens file or URL
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User Contributed Notes 9 notes

up
11
hamishcool3 at yahoo dot co dot uk
4 years ago
In case anyone is puzzled, stream_set_timeout DOES NOT work for sockets created with socket_create or socket_accept. Use socket_set_option instead.

Instead of:
<?php
stream_set_timeout
($socket,$sec,$usec);
?>

Use:
<?php
socket_set_option
($socket, SOL_SOCKET, SO_RCVTIMEO, array('sec'=>$sec, 'usec'=>$usec));
socket_set_option($socket, SOL_SOCKET, SO_SNDTIMEO, array('sec'=>$sec, 'usec'=>$usec));
?>
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2
Martin Butt - martin at anti_spambutt.cx
7 years ago
Here is a working example for loops:

<?php
// Timeout in seconds
$timeout = 5;

$fp = fsockopen("www.server.com", 80, $errno, $errstr, $timeout);

if (
$fp) {
       
fwrite($fp, "GET /file.php HTTP/1.0\r\n");
       
fwrite($fp, "Host: www.server.com\r\n");
       
fwrite($fp, "Connection: Close\r\n\r\n");

       
stream_set_blocking($fp, TRUE);
       
stream_set_timeout($fp,$timeout);
       
$info = stream_get_meta_data($fp);

        while ((!
feof($fp)) && (!$info['timed_out'])) {
               
$data .= fgets($fp, 4096);
               
$info = stream_get_meta_data($fp);
               
ob_flush;
               
flush();
        }

        if (
$info['timed_out']) {
                echo
"Connection Timed Out!";
        } else {
                echo
$data;
        }
}
?>
up
0
emailfire at gmail dot com
3 years ago
This function seems to have no effect when running as a CLI script, see http://bugs.php.net/bug.php?id=36030
up
0
alfi_ at yahoo dot com
8 years ago
If you are using fsockopen() to create a connection, first going to write into the stream and then waiting for the reply (e.g. simulating HTTP request with some extra headers), then stream_set_timeout() must be set only after the write - if it is before write, it has no effect on the read timeout :-(
Noticed at least on PHP/4.3.10
up
0
rtfm61 at yandex dot ru
8 years ago
stream_set_timeout() is not suitable for such files as UNIX-devices (/dev/...), i suggest to use select() instead with desirable timeout value - that works well.
up
0
ridera
9 years ago
I have found it required to add

"stream_set_blocking($fp, FALSE )"

prior to any fgets(), fread(), etc. to prevent the code from hanging up when remote files are called and the response is slow.
up
-1
jack.whoami
5 months ago
Just in case someone stumbles into my situation... I was trying to get the microseconds part to work and it just wasn't working as expected.

Assuming blocking mode is true and I use

<?php stream_set_timeout($s, 1, 0);?>

I get a 1s delay as expected. However when I do

<?php stream_set_timeout($s, 0, 500);?>

I expect a 500microsecond delay but I get no delays at all. However when i do this

<?php stream_set_timeout($s, 0, 500000);?>

I get a 500 microsecond delay which is what I was expecting
up
-1
Dianoga (dianoga7 [at] 3dgo.net)
8 years ago
I have found that in order to actually stop the socket from timing out the script, you must call stream_get_meta_data and check for a timeout within the loop reading from the socket.

Example:

<?php
$sock
= fsockopen($host, 80, $errno, $errstr, 30);
if(!
$sock){
    echo
"Unable to get server status";
}else{
   
$out = "GET /server.php HTTP/1.1\r\n";
   
$out .= "Host: $host\r\n";
   
$out .= "Connection: Close\r\n\r\n";

   
fwrite($sock, $out);

   
stream_set_blocking($fp, FALSE );
   
stream_set_timeout($sock, $timeout);
   
$info = stream_get_meta_data($sock);

    while (!
feof($sock) && !$info['timed_out']) {
       
$file .= fgets($sock, 4096);
       
$info = stream_get_meta_data($sock);
    }

   
fclose($sock);
?>
up
-1
mildly dull at terriblyclever dot com
4 years ago
I didn't have much luck with the suggestions below (although I likely applied them wrong).
Instead, I used stream_context_create() and set an http option for timeout. I fed that context into file_get_contents() and voila!

To my desperate friend below: the https transport can also use the http stream context options. I haven't verified this works as I don't have a slow responding ssl to test on. But if you are still stressing, give the below a shot (you may need to modify a bit...)

<?php
    $timeout
= 5*60;
   
$options = array(
         
'http'=>array(
           
'method'=>"GET",
           
'header'=>"Accept-language: en\r\n",
             
'timeout' => $timeout
             
)
        );
   
$context = stream_context_create($options);
   
$contents = file_get_contents($source, false, $context);
?>

Yes...that is a 5 minute timeout.
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