PHP Australia Conference 2015

GearmanClient::addTaskBackground

(PECL gearman >= 0.5.0)

GearmanClient::addTaskBackgroundAdd a background task to be run in parallel

Description

public GearmanTask GearmanClient::addTaskBackground ( string $function_name , string $workload [, mixed &$context [, string $unique ]] )

Adds a background task to be run in parallel with other tasks. Call this method for all the tasks to be run in parallel, then call GearmanClient::runTasks() to perform the work.

Parameters

function_name

A registered function the worker is to execute

workload

Serialized data to be processed

context

Application context to associate with a task

unique

A unique ID used to identify a particular task

Return Values

A GearmanTask object or FALSE if the task could not be added.

Examples

Example #1 Two tasks, one background and one not

This example illustrates the difference between running a background task and a normal task. The client adds two tasks to execute the same function, but one is added with addTaskBackground(). A callback is set so that progress of the job can be tracked. A simple worker with an artificial delay reports on the job progress and the client picks this up through the callback. Two workers are run for this example. Note that the background task does not show in the client output.

<?php

# The client script

# create our gearman client
$gmc= new GearmanClient();

# add the default job server
$gmc->addServer();

# set a couple of callbacks so we can track progress
$gmc->setCompleteCallback("reverse_complete");
$gmc->setStatusCallback("reverse_status");

# add a task for the "reverse" function
$task$gmc->addTask("reverse""Hello World!"null"1");

# add another task, but this one to run in the background
$task$gmc->addTaskBackground("reverse""!dlroW olleH"null"2");

if (! 
$gmc->runTasks())
{
    echo 
"ERROR " $gmc->error() . "\n";
    exit;
}

echo 
"DONE\n";

function 
reverse_status($task)
{
    echo 
"STATUS: " $task->unique() . ", " $task->jobHandle() . " - " $task->taskNumerator() . 
         
"/" $task->taskDenominator() . "\n";
}

function 
reverse_complete($task)
{
    echo 
"COMPLETE: " $task->unique() . ", " $task->data() . "\n";
}

?>
<?php

# The worker script

echo "Starting\n";

# Create our worker object.
$gmworker= new GearmanWorker();

# Add default server (localhost).
$gmworker->addServer();

# Register function "reverse" with the server.
$gmworker->addFunction("reverse""reverse_fn");

print 
"Waiting for job...\n";
while(
$gmworker->work())
{
  if (
$gmworker->returnCode() != GEARMAN_SUCCESS)
  {
    echo 
"return_code: " $gmworker->returnCode() . "\n";
    break;
  }
}

function 
reverse_fn($job)
{
  echo 
"Received job: " $job->handle() . "\n";

  
$workload $job->workload();
  
$workload_size $job->workloadSize();

  echo 
"Workload: $workload ($workload_size)\n";

  
# This status loop is not needed, just showing how it works
  
for ($x0$x $workload_size$x++)
  {
    echo 
"Sending status: " . ($x 1) . "/$workload_size complete\n";
    
$job->sendStatus($x+1$workload_size);
    
$job->sendData(substr($workload$x1));
    
sleep(1);
  }

  
$resultstrrev($workload);
  echo 
"Result: $result\n";

  
# Return what we want to send back to the client.
  
return $result;
}

?>

Worker output for two workers running:

Received job: H:foo.local:65
Workload: !dlroW olleH (12)
1/12 complete
Received job: H:foo.local:66
Workload: Hello World! (12)
Sending status: 1/12 complete
Sending status: 2/12 complete
Sending status: 2/12 complete
Sending status: 3/12 complete
Sending status: 3/12 complete
Sending status: 4/12 complete
Sending status: 4/12 complete
Sending status: 5/12 complete
Sending status: 5/12 complete
Sending status: 6/12 complete
Sending status: 6/12 complete
Sending status: 7/12 complete
Sending status: 7/12 complete
Sending status: 8/12 complete
Sending status: 8/12 complete
Sending status: 9/12 complete
Sending status: 9/12 complete
Sending status: 10/12 complete
Sending status: 10/12 complete
Sending status: 11/12 complete
Sending status: 11/12 complete
Sending status: 12/12 complete
Sending status: 12/12 complete
Result: !dlroW olleH
Result: Hello World!

Client output:

STATUS: 1, H:foo.local:66 - 1/12
STATUS: 1, H:foo.local:66 - 2/12
STATUS: 1, H:foo.local:66 - 3/12
STATUS: 1, H:foo.local:66 - 4/12
STATUS: 1, H:foo.local:66 - 5/12
STATUS: 1, H:foo.local:66 - 6/12
STATUS: 1, H:foo.local:66 - 7/12
STATUS: 1, H:foo.local:66 - 8/12
STATUS: 1, H:foo.local:66 - 9/12
STATUS: 1, H:foo.local:66 - 10/12
STATUS: 1, H:foo.local:66 - 11/12
STATUS: 1, H:foo.local:66 - 12/12
COMPLETE: 1, !dlroW olleH
DONE

See Also

add a note add a note

User Contributed Notes

There are no user contributed notes for this page.
To Top