ScotlandPHP

Request Injection Attacks

If you are passing $_GET (or $_POST) parameters to your queries, make sure that they are cast to strings first. Users can insert associative arrays in GET and POST requests, which could then become unwanted $-queries.

A fairly innocuous example: suppose you are looking up a user's information with the request http://www.example.com?username=bob. Your application creates the query $q = new \MongoDB\Driver\Query( [ 'username' => $_GET['username'] ]).

Someone could subvert this by getting http://www.example.com?username[$ne]=foo, which PHP will magically turn into an associative array, turning your query into $q = new \MongoDB\Driver\Query( [ 'username' => [ '$ne' => 'foo' ] ] ), which will return all users not named "foo" (all of your users, probably).

This is a fairly easy attack to defend against: make sure $_GET and $_POST parameters are the type you expect before you send them to the database. PHP has the filter_var() function to assist with this.

Note that this type of attack can be used with any database interaction that locates a document, including updates, upserts, deletes, and findAndModify commands.

See » the main documentation for more information about SQL-injection-like issues with MongoDB.

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