5.5.15

PharData::buildFromIterator

(PHP >= 5.3.0, PECL phar >= 2.0.0)

PharData::buildFromIteratorConstruct a tar or zip archive from an iterator.

Description

array PharData::buildFromIterator ( Iterator $iter [, string $base_directory ] )

Populate a tar or zip archive from an iterator. Two styles of iterators are supported, iterators that map the filename within the tar/zip to the name of a file on disk, and iterators like DirectoryIterator that return SplFileInfo objects. For iterators that return SplFileInfo objects, the second parameter is required.

Examples

Example #1 A PharData::buildFromIterator() with SplFileInfo

For most tar/zip archives, the archive will reflect an actual directory layout, and the second style is the most useful. For instance, to create a tar/zip archive containing the files in this sample directory layout:

/path/to/project/
                 config/
                        dist.xml
                        debug.xml
                 lib/
                     file1.php
                     file2.php
                 src/
                     processthing.php
                 www/
                     index.php
                 cli/
                     index.php

This code could be used to add these files to the "project.tar" tar archive:

<?php
$phar 
= new PharData('project.tar');
$phar->buildFromIterator(
    new 
RecursiveIteratorIterator(
     new 
RecursiveDirectoryIterator('/path/to/project')),
    
'/path/to/project');
?>

The file project.tar can then be used immediately. PharData::buildFromIterator() does not set values such as compression, metadata, and this can be done after creating the tar/zip archive.

As an interesting note, PharData::buildFromIterator() can also be used to copy the contents of an existing phar, tar or zip archive, as the PharData object descends from DirectoryIterator:

<?php
$phar 
= new PharData('project.tar');
$phar->buildFromIterator(
    new 
RecursiveIteratorIterator(
     new 
Phar('/path/to/anotherphar.phar')),
    
'phar:///path/to/anotherphar.phar/path/to/project');
$phar->setStub($phar->createDefaultStub('cli/index.php''www/index.php'));
?>

Example #2 A PharData::buildFromIterator() with other iterators

The second form of the iterator can be used with any iterator that returns a key => value mapping, such as an ArrayIterator:

<?php
$phar 
= new PharData('project.tar');
$phar->buildFromIterator(
    new 
ArrayIterator(
     array(
        
'internal/file.php' => dirname(__FILE__) . '/somefile.php',
        
'another/file.jpg' => fopen('/path/to/bigfile.jpg''rb'),
     )));
?>

Parameters

iter

Any iterator that either associatively maps tar/zip file to location or returns SplFileInfo objects

base_directory

For iterators that return SplFileInfo objects, the portion of each file's full path to remove when adding to the tar/zip archive

Return Values

PharData::buildFromIterator() returns an associative array mapping internal path of file to the full path of the file on the filesystem.

Errors/Exceptions

This method returns UnexpectedValueException when the iterator returns incorrect values, such as an integer key instead of a string, a BadMethodCallException when an SplFileInfo-based iterator is passed without a base_directory parameter, or a PharException if there were errors saving the phar archive.

See Also

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