Filtros de validación

Listado de filtros para validación
ID Nombre Opciones Banderas Descripción
FILTER_VALIDATE_BOOLEAN "boolean" default FILTER_NULL_ON_FAILURE

Devuelve TRUE para "1", "true", "on" y "yes". Devuelve FALSE en caso contrario.

Si FILTER_NULL_ON_FAILURE está declarado, se devolverá FALSE sólo para "0", "false", "off", "no", y "", y NULL para cualquier valor no booleano.

FILTER_VALIDATE_EMAIL "validate_email" default  

Valida una dirección de correo electrónico.

En general, se valildan direcciones de correo electrónico con la sintaxis de RFC 822, con la excepción de no admitir el plegamiento de comentarios y espacios en blanco.

FILTER_VALIDATE_FLOAT "float" default, decimal FILTER_FLAG_ALLOW_THOUSAND Valida si el valor es un float.
FILTER_VALIDATE_INT "int" default, min_range, max_range FILTER_FLAG_ALLOW_OCTAL, FILTER_FLAG_ALLOW_HEX Valida un valor como integer, opcionalmente desde el rango especificado, y lo convierte a int en case de éxito.
FILTER_VALIDATE_IP "validate_ip" default FILTER_FLAG_IPV4, FILTER_FLAG_IPV6, FILTER_FLAG_NO_PRIV_RANGE, FILTER_FLAG_NO_RES_RANGE Valida si es valor es una dirección IP, opcionalmente se puede indicar que sea sólo IPv4 o IPv6 o que no sea de rangos privados o reservados.
FILTER_VALIDATE_MAC "validate_mac_address" default   Valida una dirección MAC.
FILTER_VALIDATE_REGEXP "validate_regexp" default, regexp   Valida el valor contra regexp, una expresión regular Perl-compatible.
FILTER_VALIDATE_URL "validate_url" default FILTER_FLAG_PATH_REQUIRED, FILTER_FLAG_QUERY_REQUIRED Valida si su valor es una URL (de acuerdo con » http://www.faqs.org/rfcs/rfc2396), opcionalmente con componentes necesarios. Se ha de tener cuidado ya que un URL válida podría no especificar el protocolo HTTP http://, por lo que podrían ser necesarias validaciones posteriores para determinar que el URL utiliza un protocolo esperado, p.ej., ssh:// o mailto:. Nótese que esta función sólo buscará para ser validadas URLs ASCII; los nombres de dominio internacionales (que contienen no-ASCII caracteres) fallarán en la validación.

Nota:

A partir de PHP 5.4.11, los números +0 y -0 se validan tanto como integer y como float (empleando FILTER_VALIDATE_FLOAT y FILTER_VALIDATE_INT). Antes de PHP 5.4.11 solamente se validaban como float (empleando FILTER_VALIDATE_FLOAT).

Cuando default está establecido a option, se utilizará el valor de default si el valor no es validado.

Historial de cambios

Versión Descripción
5.5.0 Se añadió FILTER_VALIDATE_MAC

add a note add a note

User Contributed Notes 20 notes

up
33
boy at relaxnow dot nl
3 years ago
FILTER_VALIDATE_URL does not work with URNs, examples of valid URIs according to RFC3986 and if they are accepted by FILTER_VALIDATE_URL:

[PASS] ftp://ftp.is.co.za.example.org/rfc/rfc1808.txt
[PASS] gopher://spinaltap.micro.umn.example.edu/00/Weather/California/Los%20Angeles
[PASS] http://www.math.uio.no.example.net/faq/compression-faq/part1.html
[PASS] mailto:mduerst@ifi.unizh.example.gov
[PASS] news:comp.infosystems.www.servers.unix
[PASS] telnet://melvyl.ucop.example.edu/
[PASS] http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2396.txt
[PASS] ldap://[2001:db8::7]/c=GB?objectClass?one
[PASS] mailto:John.Doe@example.com
[PASS] news:comp.infosystems.www.servers.unix
[FAIL] tel:+1-816-555-1212
[PASS] telnet://192.0.2.16:80/
[FAIL] urn:oasis:names:specification:docbook:dtd:xml:4.1.2
up
19
bee kay two at em ee dot com
4 years ago
Notably missing is a way to validate text entry as printable,
printable multiline,
or printable and safe (tag free)

FILTER_VALIDATE_TEXT, which validates no special characters
perhaps with FILTER_FLAG_ALLOW_NEWLINE
and FILTER_FLAG_NOTAG to disallow tag starters
up
4
Lech
1 year ago
The description for FILTER_VALIDATE_URL seems incorrect/misleading. "Beware a valid URL may not specify the HTTP protocol" implies a valid URL cannot specify the HTTP protocol. I think "Beware a valid URL need not specify..." would be better.
up
4
Luuk
1 year ago
@2:
$value = " 0 ";
$filtered = filter_var($value, FILTER_VALIDATE_INT);
if($filtered || $filtered === 0)
{
    // validated as an int
}

I think next code is better:

$value = "0";
if(filter_var($value, FILTER_VALIDATE_INT) !== false)
{
  .....
up
10
Clifton
5 years ago
FILTER_VALIDATE_EMAIL does NOT allow incomplete e-mail addresses to be validated as mentioned by Tomas.

Using the following code:

<?php
$email
= "clifton@example"; //Note the .com missing
echo "PHP Version: ".phpversion().'<br>';
if(
filter_var($email, FILTER_VALIDATE_EMAIL)){
    echo
$email.'<br>';
   
var_dump(filter_var($email, FILTER_VALIDATE_EMAIL));
}else{
   
var_dump(filter_var($email, FILTER_VALIDATE_EMAIL));   
}
?>

Returns:
PHP Version: 5.2.14 //On MY server, may be different depending on which version you have installed.
bool(false)

While the following code:

<?php
$email
= "clifton@example.com"; //Note the .com added
echo "PHP Version: ".phpversion().'<br>';
if(
filter_var($email, FILTER_VALIDATE_EMAIL)){
    echo
$email.'<br>';
   
var_dump(filter_var($email, FILTER_VALIDATE_EMAIL));
}else{
   
var_dump(filter_var($email, FILTER_VALIDATE_EMAIL));   
}
?>

Returns:
PHP Version: 5.2.14 //On MY server, may be different depending on which version you have installed.
clifton@example.com
string(16) "clifton@example.com"

This feature is only available for PHP Versions (PHP 5 >= 5.2.0) according to documentation. So make sure your version is correct.

Cheers,
Clifton
up
8
rowan dot collins at gmail dot com
3 years ago
Regarding "partial" addresses with no . in the domain part, a comment in the source code (in ext/filter/logical_filters.c) justifies this rejection thus:

     * The regex below is based on a regex by Michael Rushton.
     * However, it is not identical.  I changed it to only consider routeable
     * addresses as valid.  Michael's regex considers a@b a valid address
     * which conflicts with section 2.3.5 of RFC 5321 which states that:
     *
     *   Only resolvable, fully-qualified domain names (FQDNs) are permitted
     *   when domain names are used in SMTP.  In other words, names that can
     *   be resolved to MX RRs or address (i.e., A or AAAA) RRs (as discussed
     *   in Section 5) are permitted, as are CNAME RRs whose targets can be
     *   resolved, in turn, to MX or address RRs.  Local nicknames or
     *   unqualified names MUST NOT be used.
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6
Bastien
3 years ago
Rejection of so-called partial domains because of "missing" dot is not following section 2.3.5 of RFC 5321.

It says FQDNs are permitted, and com, org, or va are (well, may be) valids FQDNs. It depends on DNS, not on syntax.

Some TDLs (although few of them) have MX RRs, the for example "abuse@va" is correct.
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2
maruerru at gmail dot com
1 year ago
Often I see some code like the following:
$value = "12";
if( filter_var($value, FILTER_VALIDATE_INT) )
{
    // validated as an int
}

The above works as intended, except when $value is "0". In the above case it will be interpreted as FALSE.

For the correct behavior,  you have not only to check if it is equal (==) to false, but also identic (===) to FALSE:
$value = " 0 ";
if( filter_var($value, FILTER_VALIDATE_INT)  === FALSE )
{
    // validated as an int
}

I hope, I could help.
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3
php dot net at piskvor dot org
5 years ago
FILTER_VALIDATE_EMAIL is discarding valid e-mail addresses containing IDN. Since there are real, live IDNs on the Internet, that means the filtered output is too strict, leading to false negatives.

Punycode-encoded IDN addresses pass the filter correctly; so before checking for validity, it is necessary to convert the e-mail address to punycode.
up
1
kizge
2 months ago
FILTER_VALIDATE_INT first casts its value to string which produces unexpected result for bool and float (https://bugs.php.net/bug.php?id=72490):

<?php

// Prints int(1).
var_dump(filter_var(true, FILTER_VALIDATE_INT));

// ...but this prints bool(false).
var_dump(filter_var(false, FILTER_VALIDATE_INT));

// --------

// Prints bool(false).
var_dump(filter_var(1.1, FILTER_VALIDATE_INT));

// ...but this prints int(0).
var_dump(filter_var(0.0, FILTER_VALIDATE_INT));

// ...but this again is bool(false).
var_dump(filter_var('0.0', FILTER_VALIDATE_INT));

// Also bool(false).
var_dump(filter_var('-0.0', FILTER_VALIDATE_INT));

?>

Live sample: https://3v4l.org/CZW0W

The docs are not clear on how exactly this casting affects the result for certain input values.
up
0
sebastian dot piskorski at gmail dot com
8 months ago
FILTER_VALIDATE_EMAIL not only doesn't support whitespace folding and comments. It only checks Addr-spec part of email address. Otherwise it should mark such address as valid: 'Test Example <test@example.com>' because it is valid according to RFC 822.

Also address "test@localhost" should be valid. Which is mentioned in another note.

You can test it with this code:
<?php

$emails
= array(
   
'Test Example <test@example.com>',
   
'test@localhost',
   
'test@localhost.com'
);

foreach (
$emails as $email) {
    echo (
filter_var($email, FILTER_VALIDATE_EMAIL)) ?
       
"[+] Email '$email' is valid\n" :
       
"[-] Email '$email' is NOT valid\n";
}
?>

Output for PHP 5.3.21 - 7.0.1 :
[-] Email 'Test Example <test@example.com>' is NOT valid
[-] Email 'test@localhost' is NOT valid
[+] Email 'test@localhost.com' is valid
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0
Darth Killer
1 year ago
Contrary to what documentation implies, the FILTER_NULL_ON_FAILURE seem to affect any validation filter, not just FILTER_VALIDATE_BOOLEAN. I've been using that since PHP 5.2, and as of PHP 5.6.8 it still works. I have no clue if it's a blug or if it is as intended, in which case the documentation needs to be fixed.

When the flag is used on a validation filter other than FILTER_VALIDATE_BOOLEAN, as expected the filter will return NULL instead of FALSE upon failure. This is quite useful when filtering a POST form with filter_input_array(), where you don't want to check what field is invalid and what field is missing. Just check if NULL is among the returned elements and you're done.

<?php
$definition
= array(
  
'login' => array(
     
'filter' => FILTER_VALIDATE_STRING,
     
'flags' => FILTER_NULL_ON_FAILURE
  
),
  
'pwd' => FILTER_UNSAFE_RAW
);
$form_data = filter_input_array(INPUT_POST, $definition);
if(
in_array(null, $form_data, true)) {
  
// invalid form
} else {
  
// valid form, let's proceed
}
?>

Of course, if you want more precise error messages that approach won't work. But it's still good to know, i believe.
up
0
Anonymous
1 year ago
FILTER_VALIDATE_FLOAT, decimal option mean decimal notation['.', ','].
up
-1
bryanwayb at gmail dot com
1 year ago
It's good to remember that using filter_var is primarily for filtering input values when doing boolean logic comparisons. Take the following:

$value = "12";
if(filter_var($value, FILTER_VALIDATE_INT))
{
    // validated as an int
}

The above works as intended, except when $value = "0". In which case filter_var returns a 0, aka false when used as a boolean.

For the correct behavior, do a zero check.

$value = " 0 ";
$filtered = filter_var($value, FILTER_VALIDATE_INT);
if($filtered || $filtered === 0)
{
    // validated as an int
}
up
-2
php at sethsyberg dot com
5 years ago
When validating floats, you must use the Identical/Not identical operators for proper validation of zeros:

This will not work as expected:
<?php
$x
= 0;
if (!
filter_var($x, FILTER_VALIDATE_FLOAT)) {
    echo
"$x is a valid float";
} else {
    echo
"$x is NOT a valid float";
}
?>

This will work as expected:
<?php
$x
= 0;
if (
filter_var($x, FILTER_VALIDATE_FLOAT)!== false) {
    echo
"$x is a valid float";
} else {
    echo
"$x is NOT a valid float";
}
?>
up
-1
rsnell at usgs dot gov
10 months ago
Note that if using FILTER_NULL_ON_FAILURE as a flag with the FILTER_VALIDATE_BOOLEAN id then NULL is no longer returned if the variable name is not set in the external variable array. It will instead return FALSE. In the description is says that when using the FILTER_NULL_ON_FAILURE flag that ' FALSE is returned only for "0", "false", "off", "no", and ""' an makes no mention of this additional state that can also return false. The behavior is mentioned on the filter_input documentation page under Return Values but that is not overly helpful if one is just looking here.

If FILTER_NULL_ON_FAILURE is not used then NULL is returned when the variable name is not set in the external variable array, TRUE is returned for "1", "true", "on" and "yes" and FALSE is returned for everything else.
up
-2
Wrinkled Cheese
1 year ago
When validating a URL, as documented, the protocol is not validated.  However, it is required to be present.

For example:

I don't expect a protocol to be present.  To validate expected input I have to add a "protocol" as a prefix, and return true or false, and further validate the input.

$r = filter_var(''this.doesnt.matter.so.why.is.it.required://'.$host, FILTER_VALIDATE_URL);
return ($r != '' && $r !== false) ? true : false;
up
-10
chastell at chastell dot net
5 years ago
example@example is a perfectly valid email address – I use chastell@localhost and chastell@devielle (my computer’s name) email addresses all the time and they get delivered just fine.
up
-2
william at crandell dot ws
1 year ago
FILTER_VALIDATE_EMAIL on localhost emails will fail except when
used in conjunction with a subdomain such as www.localhost

FYI Sub domains generally are setup outside of the scope of php configurations.

Using the following code:

<?php
$email
= "user@localhost";
echo
"PHP Version: ".phpversion().'<br>';
if(
filter_var($email, FILTER_VALIDATE_EMAIL)){
    echo
$email.'<br>';
   
var_dump(filter_var($email, FILTER_VALIDATE_EMAIL));
}else{
   
var_dump(filter_var($email, FILTER_VALIDATE_EMAIL));
}
?>

Returns:
PHP Version: 5.5.29 //On MY server
bool(false)

While the following code:

<?php
$email
= "user@www.localhost"; //Note the added subdomain www
echo "PHP Version: ".phpversion().'<br>';
if(
filter_var($email, FILTER_VALIDATE_EMAIL)){
    echo
$email.'<br>';
   
var_dump(filter_var($email, FILTER_VALIDATE_EMAIL));
}else{
   
var_dump(filter_var($email, FILTER_VALIDATE_EMAIL));
}
?>

Returns:
PHP Version: 5.5.29 //On MY server
user@www.localhost
string(18) "user@www.localhost"
up
-14
Griff
5 years ago
<< FILTER_VALIDATE_EMAIL allows incomplete e-mail addresses to be validated, for examle john@gmail will validate as a proper e-mail address >>

"Plain" hostnames with no dots are valid in email addresses -
for example, "me@localhost".
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