curl_setopt

(PHP 4 >= 4.0.2, PHP 5)

curl_setoptConfigura una opción para una transferencia cURL

Descripción

bool curl_setopt ( resource $ch , int $option , mixed $value )

Establece una opción en la sesión del recurso cURL.

Parámetros

ch

El recurso cURL devuelto por curl_init().

option

La opción CURLOPT_XXX a configurar.

value

Valor a configurar en la option.

value debe ser un bool para los siguientes valores del parámetro option:

Opción Establecer value a Notas
CURLOPT_AUTOREFERER TRUE para automáticamente establecer el valor del campo Referer: en peticiones que siguen una redireción Location:.
CURLOPT_BINARYTRANSFER TRUE para devolver el resultado sin tratar CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER está activado. Desde PHP 5.1.3, esta opción no tiene efecto: el resultado sin tratar será siempre retornado cuando CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER sea usado.
CURLOPT_COOKIESESSION TRUE para usarse como una nueva cookie de "sesión". Forzará libcurl a ignorar todas las cookies, se trata de cargar estas "cookies de sesión" de la sesión anterior. Por defecto, libcurl siempre guarda y carga todas las cookies, independientemente si hay cookies de sesión o no. Las cookies de sesión son cookies sin fecha de caducidad y estan pensadas para mantenerse activas y solo existir para esta "sesión".
CURLOPT_CERTINFO TRUE para mostrar información sobre certificación SSL al STDERR en transferencias seguras. Añadido en cURL 7.19.1 Disponible desde PHP 5.3.2. Requiere CURLOPT_VERBOSE activado para que tenga efecto.
CURLOPT_CONNECT_ONLY TRUE le dice a la biblioteca que realice todas las autenticaciones de proxy requeridas y la configuración de la conexión, pero no la transferencia de datos. Esta opción se implementa para HTTP, SMTP y POP3. Aladida en 7.15.2. Disponbible desde PHP 5.5.0.
CURLOPT_CRLF TRUE para convertir nuevas líneas Unix a nuevas líneas CRLF en transferencias.
CURLOPT_DNS_USE_GLOBAL_CACHE TRUE para usar caché DNS global. Esta opción no es thread-safe y está activada por defecto.
CURLOPT_FAILONERROR TRUE para fallar con verbosidad si el código HTTP devuelto es mayor o igual que 400. El comportamiento por defecto es devolver la página normalmente, ignornado el código.
CURLOPT_FILETIME TRUE para intentar obtener la fecha de modificación del documento. Este valor puede obtenerse usando la opción CURLINFO_FILETIME con curl_getinfo().
CURLOPT_FOLLOWLOCATION TRUE para seguir cualquier encabezado "Location: " que el servidor envíe como parte del encabezado HTTP (observe la recursividad, PHP seguirá tantos header "Location: " como se envíen, a no ser que la opción CURLOPT_MAXREDIRS esté establecida).
CURLOPT_FORBID_REUSE TRUE para forzar a cerrar explicitamente la conexión cuando se finalice el proceso y no guardarla para su reuso.
CURLOPT_FRESH_CONNECT TRUE para forzar el uso de una nueva conexión en lugar de usar una en caché.
CURLOPT_FTP_USE_EPRT TRUE para usar EPRT (y LPRT) cuando se hacen descargas FTP activas. Use FALSE para desactivar EPRT y LPRT y usar PORT solamente.
CURLOPT_FTP_USE_EPSV TRUE para probar primero el comando EPSV para transferencias FTP antes de volver a PASV. Establezca la opción a FALSE para desactivar EPSV.
CURLOPT_FTP_CREATE_MISSING_DIRS TRUE para crear directorios faltantes cuando una operación se encuentra con una ruta que actualmente no existe.
CURLOPT_FTPAPPEND TRUE para añadir al fichero remoto en lugar de sobreescribirlo.
CURLOPT_TCP_NODELAY Proporcionar un valor de tipo long espqcificando si la opción TCP_NODELAY se establece o se limpia (1 = establecida, 0 = limpiada). La opción está limpiada de manera predeteminada. Disponible desde PHP 5.2.1 para versiones compiladas con libcurl 7.11.2 o superior.
CURLOPT_FTPASCII Un alias de CURLOPT_TRANSFERTEXT. Para usar en su lugar.
CURLOPT_FTPLISTONLY TRUE para solo listar los nombres de un directorio FTP directorio.
CURLOPT_HEADER TRUE para incluir el header en el output.
CURLINFO_HEADER_OUT TRUE para seguir la cadena de la petición del recurso. Disponible desde PHP 5.1.3. El prefijo CURLINFO_ es intencionado.
CURLOPT_HTTPGET TRUE para resetear la petición HTTP a GET. Puesto que GET es el método por defecto, solo es necesario si el método fue cambiado.
CURLOPT_HTTPPROXYTUNNEL TRUE para usar un tunel a través de un proxy HTTP.
CURLOPT_MUTE TRUE para completar silenciosamente en lo que se refiere a las funciones cURL. Eliminado en cURL 7.15.5 (Se puede usar CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER en su lugar)
CURLOPT_NETRC TRUE para escanear el fichero ~/.netrc y buscar un usuario y contraseña para establecer una conexión con el sitio remoto.
CURLOPT_NOBODY TRUE para excluir el body del output. El método de petición es establecido a HEAD. Si se cambia a FALSE no cambia el método a GET.
CURLOPT_NOPROGRESS

TRUE para desactivar medidor de progreso para transferencias cURL.

Nota:

PHP automáticamente establece esta opción a TRUE, solo debería cambiarse para razones de testing.

CURLOPT_NOSIGNAL TRUE para ignorar cualquier función cURL que cause una señal a ser enviada al proceso PHP. Esta opción está activada por defecto en multi-hilo SAPI, entonces las opciones de timeout pueden ser usadas. Añadido en cURL 7.10.
CURLOPT_POST TRUE para hacer un HTTP POST normal. Este POST del tipo application/x-www-form-urlencoded, el más común en formularios HTML.
CURLOPT_PUT TRUE para hacer un HTTP PUT de un fichero. El fichero a subir debe establecerse en CURLOPT_INFILE y CURLOPT_INFILESIZE.
CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER TRUE para devolver el resultado de la transferencia como string del valor de curl_exec() en lugar de mostrarlo directamente.
CURLOPT_SAFE_UPLOAD TRUE para deshabilitar el soporta para el prefijo @ para cargar ficheros en CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, lo que significa que los valores que empiecen por @ pueden ser pasados de forma segura como campos. Se podría usar CURLFile en su lugar para las cargas. Añadido en PHP 5.5.0 con FALSE como valor predeterminado. PHP 5.6.0 cabia este valor predeterminado a TRUE.
CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYPEER FALSE para que cURL no verifique el peer del certificado. Para usar diferentes certificados para la verificación se pueden especificar con la opción CURLOPT_CAINFO o se puede especificar el directorio donde se encuentra el certificado con la opción CURLOPT_CAPATH. TRUE por omisión desde cURL 7.10. Paquete instalado por defecto en la versión CURL 7.10.
CURLOPT_TRANSFERTEXT TRUE para usar modo ASCII para transferencias FTP. En LDAP, obtiene los datos en texto plano en lugar de HTML. En sistemas Windows, no estabecerá STDOUT en modo binario.
CURLOPT_UNRESTRICTED_AUTH TRUE para prevenir el envio de usuario y contraseña cuando se siguen locations (usando CURLOPT_FOLLOWLOCATION), incluso cuando el hostname es diferente.
CURLOPT_UPLOAD TRUE preparar cURL para subir un fichero.
CURLOPT_VERBOSE TRUE para mostrar información verbose. Escribe la salida en STDERR, o el fichero especificado usando CURLOPT_STDERR.

value debe ser un integer para los siguientes valores del parámetro option:

Opción Establecer value a Notas
CURLOPT_BUFFERSIZE Tamaño del búfer a usar por cada lectura. De todas formas, no hay ninguna garantía de que la petición usará todo el búfer. Añadido en cURL 7.10.
CURLOPT_CLOSEPOLICY Uno de los valores de CURLCLOSEPOLICY_*.

Nota:

Esta opción está obsoleta, ya que nunca se ha implementado en cURL, por lo que nunca ha tenido ningún efecto.

Eliminada en PHP 5.6.0.
CURLOPT_CONNECTTIMEOUT Número de segundos a esperar cuando se está intentado conectar. Use 0 para esperar indefinidamente.
CURLOPT_CONNECTTIMEOUT_MS Número de milisegundos a esperar cuando se está intentado conectar. Use 0 para esperar indefinidamente. Si se ha compilado libcurl para utilizar el sistema estándar de resolución de nombres, esta porción de conexión utilizará una resolución completa de un segundo en tiempos de expiración, con un mínimo permitido de un segundo. Añadido en cURL 7.16.2. Disponible desde PHP 5.2.3.
CURLOPT_DNS_CACHE_TIMEOUT Número de segundos a mantener las entradas DNS en memoria. Esta opción está establecida a 120 (2 minutos) por defecto.
CURLOPT_FTPSSLAUTH Método de autenticación FTP (cuando está activado): CURLFTPAUTH_SSL (prueba SSL primero), CURLFTPAUTH_TLS (prueba TLS primero), o CURLFTPAUTH_DEFAULT (hacer que cURL decida). Añadido en cURL 7.12.2.
CURLOPT_HTTP_VERSION CURL_HTTP_VERSION_NONE (por defecto, hacer que CURL decida que versión a usar), CURL_HTTP_VERSION_1_0 (fuerza HTTP/1.0), or CURL_HTTP_VERSION_1_1 (fuerza HTTP/1.1).
CURLOPT_HTTPAUTH

Los métodos de autenticación HTTP. Las opciones son: CURLAUTH_BASIC, CURLAUTH_DIGEST, CURLAUTH_GSSNEGOTIATE, CURLAUTH_NTLM, CURLAUTH_ANY, y CURLAUTH_ANYSAFE.

El separador | o operador puede ser usado para combinar más de un método. Si se utiliza, cURL comprobará en el servidor remoto que métodos soporta y utilizará el más adecuado.

CURLAUTH_ANY es un alias para CURLAUTH_BASIC | CURLAUTH_DIGEST | CURLAUTH_GSSNEGOTIATE | CURLAUTH_NTLM.

CURLAUTH_ANYSAFE es un alias para CURLAUTH_DIGEST | CURLAUTH_GSSNEGOTIATE | CURLAUTH_NTLM.

CURLOPT_INFILESIZE El tamaño esperado en bytes, del fichero cuando se está subiendo un fichero al sitio remoto. Téngase en cuenta que el uso de esta opción no detendrá libcurl a la hora de enviar más datos, exactamente lo que se envía depende de CURLOPT_READFUNCTION.
CURLOPT_LOW_SPEED_LIMIT La velocidad de transferencia, en bytes por segundo, que la transferencia debería estar por debajo durante CURLOPT_LOW_SPEED_TIME segundos para PHP a considerar que la transferencia es demasiado lenta y debe abortarse.
CURLOPT_LOW_SPEED_TIME Número en segundos en que la velocidad de transferencia debería estar debajo de CURLOPT_LOW_SPEED_LIMIT antes que PHP considere que la transferencia es demasiado lenta y debe abortarse.
CURLOPT_MAXCONNECTS Número máximo de conexiones persistentes que están permitidas. Cuando se llega al límite, se utiliza CURLOPT_CLOSEPOLICY para determinar que conexión debe cerrarse.
CURLOPT_MAXREDIRS Número máximo de redirecciones HTTP a seguir. Use esta opción con CURLOPT_FOLLOWLOCATION.
CURLOPT_PORT Puerto alternativo a conectarse.
CURLOPT_PROTOCOLS

Máscara de los valores CURLPROTO_*. Si se utiliza, esta máscara limitará que protocolos utilizará libcurl en transferencias. Permite que libcurl utilice cualquiera de los protocolos pero limita que grupo de protocolos a usar en específicas transferencias. Por defecto libcurl acepta todos los protocolos. Vea también: CURLOPT_REDIR_PROTOCOLS.

Las opciones para válidos procolos son: CURLPROTO_HTTP, CURLPROTO_HTTPS, CURLPROTO_FTP, CURLPROTO_FTPS, CURLPROTO_SCP, CURLPROTO_SFTP, CURLPROTO_TELNET, CURLPROTO_LDAP, CURLPROTO_LDAPS, CURLPROTO_DICT, CURLPROTO_FILE, CURLPROTO_TFTP, CURLPROTO_ALL

Añadido en cURL 7.19.4.
CURLOPT_PROXYAUTH Método de autenticación HTTP para usar conexiones vía proxy. Usa el mismo tipo de máscaras descritas en CURLOPT_HTTPAUTH. Para autenticación proxy, solamente CURLAUTH_BASIC y CURLAUTH_NTLM están actualmente soportadas. Añadido en cURL 7.10.7.
CURLOPT_PROXYPORT Número del puerto para usar en la conexión proxy. Este puerto también puede configurase en CURLOPT_PROXY.
CURLOPT_PROXYTYPE Puede ser CURLPROXY_HTTP (por defecto) o bien CURLPROXY_SOCKS5. Añadido en cURL 7.10.
CURLOPT_REDIR_PROTOCOLS Máscara de valores CURLPROTO_*. Si se usa, esta máscara limitará que protocolos usará libcurl en una transferencia que sigue una redireción cuando CURLOPT_FOLLOWLOCATION está activado. Esto permite limitar a específicas transferencias que grupo de protocolos utilizar en redireciones. Por defecto libcurl aceptará todos los protocolos excepto FILE y SCP. Esto es nuevo si se compara con versiones anteriores a 7.19.4 donde se seguían incodicionalmente todos los protocolos soportados. Vea también CURLOPT_PROTOCOLS para los valores de las constantes. Añadido en cURL 7.19.4.
CURLOPT_RESUME_FROM El punto, en bytes desde donde continuar una transferencia.
CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYHOST 1 para comprobar que existe un nombre común en el peer del certificado SSL. 2 para comprobar que existe un nombre común y también para verificar que el hostname coinicide con el proporcionado. En entornos de producción el valor de esta opción debe mantenerse a 2 (valor por omisión). Soporte para el valor 1 eliminado en cURL 7.28.1
CURLOPT_SSLVERSION Versión SSL a usar (2 o 3). Por defecto PHP intentará determinarlo por si mismo, de todos modos en algunos casos debe asignarse manualmente.
CURLOPT_TIMECONDITION Como se trata CURLOPT_TIMEVALUE. Utilice CURL_TIMECOND_IFMODSINCE para devolver la página solamente si fue modificada desde el tiempo especificado en CURLOPT_TIMEVALUE. Si no fué modificada, se devolverá "304 Not Modified" en el header asumiendo que CURLOPT_HEADER es TRUE. Utilice CURL_TIMECOND_IFUNMODSINCE para el efecto contrario. CURL_TIMECOND_IFMODSINCE está activado por defecto.
CURLOPT_TIMEOUT Número máximo de segundos permitido para ejectuar funciones cURL.
CURLOPT_TIMEOUT_MS Número máximo en milisegundos permitido para ejecutar funciones cURL. Si se ha compilado libcurl para utilizar el sistema estándar de resolución de nombres, esta porción de conexión utilizará una resolución completa de un segundo en tiempos de expiración, con un mínimo permitido de un segundo. Añadido en cURL 7.16.2. Disponible desde PHP 5.2.3.
CURLOPT_TIMEVALUE Tiempo en segundos desde el 1 de enero de 1970. El tiempo será usado por CURLOPT_TIMECONDITION. Por defecto, se utiliza CURL_TIMECOND_IFMODSINCE.
CURLOPT_MAX_RECV_SPEED_LARGE Si una descarga supera esta velocidad (en bytes por segundo) en su tasa media de transferencia, ésta se detendrá temporalmente para mantener la media igual o inferior al valor del parámetro. Por omisión, la velocidad es ilimitada. Añadido en cURL 7.15.5. Disponible desde PHP 5.4.0.
CURLOPT_MAX_SEND_SPEED_LARGE Si una subida supera esta velocidad (en bytes por segundo) en su tasa media de transferencia, ésta se detendrá temporalmente para mantener la media igual o inferior al valor del parámetro. Por omisión, la velocidad es ilimitada. Añadido en cURL 7.15.5. Disponible desde PHP 5.4.0.
CURLOPT_SSH_AUTH_TYPES Una máscara de bits que consta de una o más de CURLSSH_AUTH_PUBLICKEY, CURLSSH_AUTH_PASSWORD, CURLSSH_AUTH_HOST, CURLSSH_AUTH_KEYBOARD. Establece a CURLSSH_AUTH_ANY para que libcurl elija uno. Añadido en cURL 7.16.1.
CURLOPT_IPRESOLVE Permite a una aplicación seleccionar el tipo de dirección IP a usar cuando se resuelven nombres de host. Esto es interesante solamente al usar nombres de host que resuelven direcciones usando más de una versión de IP. Los valores posibles son CURL_IPRESOLVE_WHATEVER, CURL_IPRESOLVE_V4, CURL_IPRESOLVE_V6; el predeterminado es CURL_IPRESOLVE_WHATEVER. Añadida en cURL 7.10.8.

El value debe ser una string para los siguientes valores del parámetro option:

Opción Configurar value a Notas
CURLOPT_CAINFO Nombre del fichero que contiene uno o más certificados para verificar el peer. Solo tiene sentido cuando se utiliza en combinación de CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYPEER. Deben usarse rutas absolutas.
CURLOPT_CAPATH Directorio que contiene múltiple certificados CA. Utilice esta opción junto con CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYPEER.
CURLOPT_COOKIE Contenido de "Cookie: " del header para ser usado en la petición HTTP. Observe que múltiples cookies van separadas con punto y coma seguidas por un espacio (ej., "fruit=apple; colour=red")
CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE Nombre del fichero que contiene datos de las cookies. El fichero de cookies puede estar en formato Netscape, o simplemente tipo HTTP plano dentro de un fichero. Si el nombre es una cadena vacía, no se cargarán cookies, aunque el manejo de cookies aún está habilitado.
CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR Nombre del fichero donde guardar cookies internas cuando se cierra se cierra, por e.j. después de llamar a curl_close.
CURLOPT_CUSTOMREQUEST

Método de petición personalizado a usar en lugar de "GET" o "HEAD" cuando se realiza una petición HTTP. Es útil para hacer "DELETE" o otros tipos de peticiones HTTP menos comunes. "GET", "POST", "CONNECT" y otros, son valores válidos. Ej. No introduzca toda la petición HTTP aquí, seria incorrecto introducir: "GET /index.html HTTP/1.0\r\n\r\n".

Nota:

No cambie este valor sin antes asegurarse que el servidor soporta el método de petición personalizado.

CURLOPT_EGDSOCKET Es como CURLOPT_RANDOM_FILE, con excepción que en lugar de un fichero se utiliza un Entropy Gathering Daemon socket.
CURLOPT_ENCODING Contenido del valor "Accept-Encoding: " en el header. Esto permite decodificar la respuesta. Los formatos de codificación disponibles son "identity", "deflate", y "gzip". Si el valor se envía vacío, "", se enviarán todos los tipos de condificación soportados. Añadido en cURL 7.10.
CURLOPT_FTPPORT El valor que será usando para obtener la dirección IP a usar para la instrucción FTP "PORT". La instrucción "PORT" dice al servidor remoto a qué dirección IP se debe conectar. La cadena puede ser una dirección IP, el nombre de un servidor o un interfaz de red (bajo Unix), o simplemente '-' para usar la dirección IP por defecto del sistema.
CURLOPT_INTERFACE Nombre del interfaz de salida a usar. Puede ser el nombre del interfaz, una dirección IP o el nombre de un servidor.
CURLOPT_KEYPASSWD El password requerido para usar la clave privada CURLOPT_SSLKEY o CURLOPT_SSH_PRIVATE_KEYFILE. Añadido en cURL 7.16.1.
CURLOPT_KRB4LEVEL Nivel de seguridad KRB4 (Kerberos 4). Cualquiera de los siguientes valores (en orden de menos a más potentes) son válidos: "clear", "safe", "confidential", "private".. Si la cadena no coincide con alguno de estos valores, será usado "private". Configure esta opción a NULL para desactivar seguridad KRB4. Actualmente la seguridad KRB4 solo funciona con transaciones FTP.
CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS Todos los datos para enviar vía HTTP "POST". para enviar un fichero, prefija el nombre del fichero con @ y utiliza la ruta completa. Se puede especificar explícitamente el tipo de fichero añadiendo el tipo al nombre del fichero, en el formato ';type=mimetype'. Se puede enviar una cadena urlencoded como 'para1=val1&para2=val2&...' o también como un array con el nombre del campo como key y los datos como value. Si value es un array, el encabezado Content-Type será definido como multipart/form-data. A partir de PHP 5.2.0, value debe ser un array si los archivos son pasados a esta opción con el prefijo @. A partir de PHP 5.5.0, el prefijo @ está obsoleto, por lo que los ficheros se pueden enviar usando CURLFile. El prefijo @ puede ser deshabilitado por seguridad de proporcionar valores que comienzan con @ estableciendo la opción CURLOPT_SAFE_UPLOAD a TRUE.
CURLOPT_PROXY El proxy HTTP para enviar peticiones a través de tunel.
CURLOPT_PROXYUSERPWD Usuario y contraseña con el siguiente formato "[username]:[password]" para usarse en la conexión al proxy.
CURLOPT_RANDOM_FILE Nombre del fichero a ser usado para generar números aleatorios para el SSL.
CURLOPT_RANGE Rango(s) de datos para obtener en el formato "X-Y" donde X y Y son opcionales. Transferencias HTTP también soportan varios intérvalos, separados por comas en el formato "X-Y,N-M".
CURLOPT_REFERER Contenido del Header "Referer: " para ser usado en la petición HTTP.
CURLOPT_SSH_HOST_PUBLIC_KEY_MD5 Un string que contiene 32 dígitos hexadecimales. El string debe ser el MD5 checksum de la clave pública del host remoto, y libcurl rechazará la conexión a el host a menos que el md5sums coincida. Esta opción es sólo para las transferencias SCP y SFTP. Añadido en cURL 7.17.1.
CURLOPT_SSH_PUBLIC_KEYFILE El nombre de el fichero de la clave pública. Si no se utiliza, libcurl por omisión usa $HOME/.ssh/id_dsa.pub si la variable de entorno HOME es establecida, y "id_dsa.pub" en el directorio actual si HOME no está establecida. Añadido en cURL 7.16.1.
CURLOPT_SSH_PRIVATE_KEYFILE El nombre de el fichero de la clave privada. Si no se utiliza, libcurl por omisión usa $HOME/.ssh/id_dsa si la variable de entorno HOME es establecida, y "id_dsa" en el directorio actual si HOME no está establecida. Si el fichero está protegido con contraseña, establecer la contraseña con la constante CURLOPT_KEYPASSWD. Añadido en cURL 7.16.1.
CURLOPT_SSL_CIPHER_LIST Lista de ciphers a ser usados por SSL. Por ejemplo, RC4-SHA y TLSv1 es una lista válida de ciphers.
CURLOPT_SSLCERT Nombre del fichero que contiene un certificado con formato PEM.
CURLOPT_SSLCERTPASSWD Contraseña requerida para usar el certificado CURLOPT_SSLCERT.
CURLOPT_SSLCERTTYPE Formato del certificado. Los formatos soportados son "PEM" (por defecto), "DER", y "ENG". Añadido en cURL 7.9.3.
CURLOPT_SSLENGINE El identificador para el crypto engine de la clave privada SSL especificada en CURLOPT_SSLKEY.
CURLOPT_SSLENGINE_DEFAULT Identificador para el crypto engine usado para operaciones crypto asimétricas.
CURLOPT_SSLKEY Nombre del fichero que contiene la clave privada SSL.
CURLOPT_SSLKEYPASSWD

Contraseña secreta requerida para usar la clave privada SSL especificada en CURLOPT_SSLKEY.

Nota:

Como esta opción contiene una contraseña, recuerde mantener el PHP script en un sitio seguro.

CURLOPT_SSLKEYTYPE Tipo de llave privada SSL especificada en CURLOPT_SSLKEY. Los tipos de claves soportadas son "PEM" (default), "DER", y "ENG".
CURLOPT_URL Dirección URL a capturar. Este valor también puede ser configurado cuando se inicia una sesión con curl_init().
CURLOPT_USERAGENT Contenido del header "User-Agent: " a ser usado en la petición HTTP.
CURLOPT_USERPWD Nombre de usuario y contraseña siguiendo el formato "[username]:[password]" para ser usado en la conexión.

El value debe ser un array para los siguientes calores del parámetro option:

Opción Configurar value a Notas
CURLOPT_HTTP200ALIASES Array de respuestas HTTP 200 que serán tratadas como respuestas válidas y no como errores. Añadido en cURL 7.10.3.
CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER Un array de campos a configurar para el header HTTP, en el formato: array('Content-type: text/plain', 'Content-length: 100')
CURLOPT_POSTQUOTE Un array de comandos FTP a ejecutar en el servidor después de que se realice la petición FTP.
CURLOPT_QUOTE Un array de comandos FTP a ejecutar en el servidor antes de que se realice la petición FTP.

El value debe ser un recurso de flujo (usando fopen(), por ejemplo) para los siguientes valores del parámetro option:

Opción Configurar value a
CURLOPT_FILE El fichero en el que el proceso de transferencia guardará el resultado. Por defecto es STDOUT (la ventana del navegador).
CURLOPT_INFILE El fichero que el proceso de transferencia debe leer a la hora de subir un fichero.
CURLOPT_STDERR Localización alternativa para mostrar los errores en lugar de STDERR.
CURLOPT_WRITEHEADER El fichero donde guardar la parte del header durante la transferencia.

value debería ser el nombre de una función válida o una Clausura para los siguientes valores del parámetro option:

Opción Configurar value a
CURLOPT_HEADERFUNCTION Una llamada de retorno que acepta dos parámetros. El primero es el recurso cURL, el segundo es un string con los datos de la cabecera a escribir. Los datos de la cabecera deben escribirse durante esta llamada de retorno. Devuelve el número de bytes escritos.
CURLOPT_PASSWDFUNCTION Una llamada de retorno que acepta tres parámetros. El primero es el recurso cURL, el segundo es un string que contiene la contraseña, y el tercero es la longitud máxima para la contraseña. Devuelve un string que contiene la contraseña.
CURLOPT_PROGRESSFUNCTION

Una llamada de retorno que acepta cinco parámetros. El primero es el recurso cURL, el segundo es el número total de bytes que se espera descargar en esta transferencia, el tercero es el número de bytes descargados hasta ahora, el cuarto es el número total de bytes que se espera subir en esta transferencia, y el quinto es el número de bytes subidos hasta ahora.

Nota:

La llamada de retorno solamente se invoca cuando la opción CURLOPT_NOPROGRESS está establecida a FALSE.

Devuelve un valor distinto de cero para abortar la transferencia. En este caso, la transferencia establecerá un error CURLE_ABORTED_BY_CALLBACK.

CURLOPT_READFUNCTION Una llamada de retorno que acepta tres parámetros. El primero es el recurso cURL, el segundo es un recurso de flujo de datos proporcionado a través de la opción CURLOPT_INFILE, y el tercero es la máxima cantidad de datos a leer. La llamada de retorno debe devolver un string con la misma longitud o menor que la cantidad de datos pedidos, normalmente leyéndolos del recurso de flujo de datos pasado. Debe devolver una cadena vacía para marcar el EOF.
CURLOPT_WRITEFUNCTION Una llamada de retorno que acepta dos parámetros. El primero es el recurso cURL, el segundo es un string con los datos a escribir. Los datos deben ser guardados por esta llamada de retorno. Debe devolver el número exacto de bytes escritos o la transferencia será abortada con un error.

Otros valores:

Opción Establecer value a
CURLOPT_SHARE Un resultado de curl_share_init(). Hace que el gestor de cURL use los datos del gestor compartido.

Valores devueltos

Devuelve TRUE en caso de éxito o FALSE en caso de error.

Historial de cambios

Versión Descripción
5.6.0 CURL_SAFE_UPLOAD ahore es TRUE de forma predeterminada.
5.6.0 Se eliminó CURLOPT_CLOSEPOLICY y sus valores asociados.
5.5.0 Se añadió el recurso cURL como el primer parámetro de la llamada de retorno CURLOPT_PROGRESSFUNCTION.
5.5.0 Se introdujo CURLOPT_SHARE.
5.3.0 Se introdujo CURLOPT_PROGRESSFUNCTION.
5.2.10 Se introdujo CURLOPT_PROTOCOLS, y CURLOPT_REDIR_PROTOCOLS.
5.1.0 Se introdujo CURLOPT_AUTOREFERER, CURLOPT_BINARYTRANSFER, CURLOPT_FTPSSLAUTH, CURLOPT_PROXYAUTH, y CURLOPT_TIMECONDITION.
5.0.0 Se introdujo CURLOPT_FTP_USE_EPRT, CURLOPT_NOSIGNAL, CURLOPT_UNRESTRICTED_AUTH, CURLOPT_BUFFERSIZE, CURLOPT_HTTPAUTH, CURLOPT_PROXYPORT, CURLOPT_PROXYTYPE, CURLOPT_SSLCERTTYPE, y CURLOPT_HTTP200ALIASES.

Ejemplos

Ejemplo #1 Iniciando una nueva sesión cURL y capturando la página web

<?php
// Crear un nuevo recurso cURL
$ch curl_init();

// Configurar URL y otras opciones apropiadas
curl_setopt($chCURLOPT_URL"http://www.example.com/");
curl_setopt($chCURLOPT_HEADERfalse);

// Capturar la URL y pasarla al navegador
curl_exec($ch);

// Cerrar el recurso cURL y liberar recursos del sistema
curl_close($ch);
?>

Ejemplo #2 Subiendo un fichero

<?php

/* http://localhost/upload.php:
print_r($_POST);
print_r($_FILES);
*/

$ch curl_init();

$data = array('name' => 'Foo''file' => '@/home/user/test.png');

curl_setopt($chCURLOPT_URL'http://localhost/upload.php');
curl_setopt($chCURLOPT_POST1);
curl_setopt($chCURLOPT_POSTFIELDS$data);

curl_exec($ch);
?>

El resultado del ejemplo sería:

Array
(
    [name] => Foo
)
Array
(
    [file] => Array
        (
            [name] => test.png
            [type] => image/png
            [tmp_name] => /tmp/phpcpjNeQ
            [error] => 0
            [size] => 279
        )

)

Notas

Nota:

Si pasamos un array a CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS codificará los datos como multipart/form-data, pero si pasamos una cadena URL-encoded codificará los datos como application/x-www-form-urlencoded.

Ver también

add a note add a note

User Contributed Notes 137 notes

up
46
rmckay at webaware dot com dot au
2 years ago
Please everyone, stop setting CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYPEER to false or 0. If your PHP installation doesn't have an up-to-date CA root certificate bundle, download the one at the curl website and save it on your server:

http://curl.haxx.se/docs/caextract.html

Then set a path to it in your php.ini file, e.g. on Windows:

curl.cainfo=c:\php\cacert.pem

Turning off CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYPEER allows man in the middle (MITM) attacks, which you don't want!
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9
Philippe dot Jausions at 11abacus dot com
8 years ago
Clarification on the callback methods:

- CURLOPT_HEADERFUNCTION is for handling header lines received *in the response*,
- CURLOPT_WRITEFUNCTION is for handling data received *from the response*,
- CURLOPT_READFUNCTION is for handling data passed along *in the request*.

The callback "string" can be any callable function, that includes the array(&$obj, 'someMethodName') format.

-Philippe
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6
joeterranova at gmail dot com
4 years ago
It appears that setting CURLOPT_FILE before setting CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER doesn't work, presumably because CURLOPT_FILE depends on CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER being set.

So do this:

<?php
curl_setopt
($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, 1);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_FILE, $fp);
?>

not this:

<?php
curl_setopt
($ch, CURLOPT_FILE, $fp);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, 1);
?>
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13
Ed Cradock
4 years ago
PUT requests are very simple, just make sure to specify a content-length header and set post fields as a string.

Example:

<?php
function doPut($url, $fields)
{
  
$fields = (is_array($fields)) ? http_build_query($fields) : $fields;

   if(
$ch = curl_init($url))
   {
     
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_CUSTOMREQUEST, 'PUT');
     
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true);
     
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, array('Content-Length: ' . strlen($fields)));
     
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, $fields);
     
curl_exec($ch);

     
$status = curl_getinfo($ch, CURLINFO_HTTP_CODE);

     
curl_close($ch);

      return (int)
$status;
   }
   else
   {
      return
false;
   }
}

if(
doPut('http://example.com/api/a/b/c', array('foo' => 'bar')) == 200)
  
// do something
else
  
// do something else.
?>

You can grab the request data on the other side with:

<?php
if($_SERVER['REQUEST_METHOD'] == 'PUT')
{
  
parse_str(file_get_contents('php://input'), $requestData);

  
// Array ( [foo] => bar )
  
print_r($requestData);

  
// Do something with data...
}
?>

DELETE  can be done in exactly the same way.
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10
jade dot skaggs at gmail dot com
6 years ago
After much struggling, I managed to get a SOAP request requiring HTTP authentication to work.  Here's some source that will hopefully be useful to others.

         <?php

         $credentials
= "username:password";
        
        
// Read the XML to send to the Web Service
        
$request_file = "./SampleRequest.xml";
       
$fh = fopen($request_file, 'r');
       
$xml_data = fread($fh, filesize($request_file));
       
fclose($fh);
               
       
$url = "http://www.example.com/services/calculation";
       
$page = "/services/calculation";
       
$headers = array(
           
"POST ".$page." HTTP/1.0",
           
"Content-type: text/xml;charset=\"utf-8\"",
           
"Accept: text/xml",
           
"Cache-Control: no-cache",
           
"Pragma: no-cache",
           
"SOAPAction: \"run\"",
           
"Content-length: ".strlen($xml_data),
           
"Authorization: Basic " . base64_encode($credentials)
        );
      
       
$ch = curl_init();
       
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_URL,$url);
       
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, 1);
       
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_TIMEOUT, 60);
       
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, $headers);
       
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_USERAGENT, $defined_vars['HTTP_USER_AGENT']);
       
       
// Apply the XML to our curl call
       
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POST, 1);
       
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, $xml_data);

       
$data = curl_exec($ch);

        if (
curl_errno($ch)) {
            print
"Error: " . curl_error($ch);
        } else {
           
// Show me the result
           
var_dump($data);
           
curl_close($ch);
        }

?>
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7
regan dot corey at gmail dot com
2 years ago
I spent a couple of days trying to POST a multi-dimensional array of form fields, including a file upload, to a remote server to update a product. Here are the breakthroughs that FINALLY allowed the script to run as desired.

Firstly, the HTML form used input names like these:
<input type="text" name="product[name]" />
<input type="text" name="product[cost]" />
<input type="file" name="product[thumbnail]" />
in conjunction with two other form inputs not part of the product array
<input type="text" name="method" value="put" />
<input type="text" name="mode" />

I used several cURL options, but the only two (other than URL) that mattered were:
curl_setopt($handle, CURLOPT_POST, true);
curl_setopt($handle, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, $postfields);
Pretty standard so far.
Note: headers didn't need to be set, cURL automatically sets headers (like content-type: multipart/form-data; content-length...) when you pass an array into CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS.
Note: even though this is supposed to be a PUT command through an HTTP POST form, no special PUT options needed to be passed natively through cURL. Options such as
curl_setopt($handle, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, array('X-HTTP-Method-Override: PUT', 'Content-Length: ' . strlen($fields)));
or
curl_setopt($handle, CURLOPT_PUT, true);
or
curl_setopt($handle, CURLOPT_CUSTOMREQUEST, "PUT);
were not needed to make the code work.

The fields I wanted to pass through cURL were arranged into an array something like this:
$postfields = array("method" => $_POST["method"],
                    "mode" => $_POST["mode"],
                    "product" => array("name" => $_POST["product"],
                                        "cost" => $_POST["product"]["cost"],
                                        "thumbnail" => "@{$_FILES["thumbnail"]["tmp_name"]};type={$_FILES["thumbnail"]["type"]}")
                    );

-Notice how the @ precedes the temporary filename, this creates a link so PHP will upload/transfer an actual file instead of just the file name, which would happen if the @ isn't included.
-Notice how I forcefully set the mime-type of the file to upload. I was having issues where images filetypes were defaulting to octet-stream instead of image/png or image/jpeg or whatever the type of the selected image.

I then tried passing $postfields straight into curl_setopt($this->handle, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, $postfields); but it didn't work.
I tried using http_build_query($postfields); but that didn't work properly either.
In both cases either the file wouldn't be treated as an actual file and the form data wasn't being sent properly. The problem was HTTP's methods of transmitting arrays. While PHP and other languages can figure out how to handle arrays passed via forms, HTTP isn't quite as sofisticated. I had to rewrite the $postfields array like so:
$postfields = array("method" => $_POST["method"],
                    "mode" => $_POST["mode"],
                    "product[name]" => $_POST["product"],
                    "product[cost]" => $_POST["product"]["cost"],
                    "product[thumbnail]" => "@{$_FILES["thumbnail"]["tmp_name"]}");
curl_setopt($handle, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, $postfields);

This, without the use of http_build_query, solved all of my problems. Now the receiving host outputs both $_POST and $_FILES vars correctly.
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7
fnjordy at gmail dot com
5 years ago
Note that CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER when used with CURLOPT_WRITEFUNCTION has effectively three settings: default, true, and false.

default - callbacks will be called as expected.
true - content will be returned but callback function will not be called.
false - content will be output and callback function will not be called.

Note that CURLOPT_HEADERFUNCTION callbacks are always called.
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6
PHP at RHaworth dot net
3 years ago
When CURLOPT_FOLLOWLOCATION and CURLOPT_HEADER are both true and redirect/s have happened then the header returned by curl_exec() will contain all the headers in the redirect chain in the order they were encountered.
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5
Chris at PureFormSolutions dot com
5 years ago
I've found that setting CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER more than once will clear out any headers you've set previously with CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER.

Consider the following:
<?php
   
# ...

   
curl_setopt($cURL,CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER,array (
       
"Content-Type: text/xml; charset=utf-8",
       
"Expect: 100-continue"
   
));

   
# ... do some other stuff ...

   
curl_setopt($cURL,CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER,array (
       
"Accept: application/json"
   
));

   
# ...
?>

Both the Content-Type and Expect I set will not be in the outgoing headers, but Accept will.
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5
dweingart at pobox dot com
11 years ago
If you want to Curl to follow redirects and you would also like Curl to echo back any cookies that are set in the process, use this:

<?php curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR, '-'); ?>

'-' means stdout

-dw
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4
anderseta at gmail dot com
4 years ago
If you wish to find the size of the file you are streaming and use it as your header this is how:

<?php

function write_function($curl_resource, $string)
{
    if(
curl_getinfo($curl_resource, CURLINFO_SIZE_DOWNLOAD) <= 2000)
    {
       
header('Expires: 0');
       
header('Cache-Control: must-revalidate, post-check=0, pre-check=0');
       
header('Pragma: public');
       
header('Content-Description: File Transfer');
       
header("Content-Transfer-Encoding: binary");
       
header("Content-Type: ".curl_getinfo($curl_resource, CURLINFO_CONTENT_TYPE)."");
       
header("Content-Length: ".curl_getinfo($curl_resource, CURLINFO_CONTENT_LENGTH_DOWNLOAD)."");
    }
   
    print
$string;

    return
mb_strlen($string, '8bit');
}

?>

1440 is the the default number of bytes curl will call the write function (BUFFERSIZE does not affect this, i actually think you can not change this value), so it means the headers are going to be set only one time.

write_function must return the exact number of bytes of the string, so you can return a value with mb_strlen.
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6
Richard
1 month ago
CURL_SSLVERSION_TLSv1_0 (4), CURL_SSLVERSION_TLSv1_1 (5) or CURL_SSLVERSION_TLSv1_2 (6) only work for PHP versions using curl 7.34 or newer.
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8
Steve Kamerman
3 years ago
If you want cURL to timeout in less than one second, you can use CURLOPT_TIMEOUT_MS, although there is a bug/"feature"  on "Unix-like systems" that causes libcurl to timeout immediately if the value is < 1000 ms with the error "cURL Error (28): Timeout was reached".  The explanation for this behavior is:

"If libcurl is built to use the standard system name resolver, that portion of the transfer will still use full-second resolution for timeouts with a minimum timeout allowed of one second."

What this means to PHP developers is "You can use this function without testing it first, because you can't tell if libcurl is using the standard system name resolver (but you can be pretty sure it is)"

The problem is that on (Li|U)nix, when libcurl uses the standard name resolver, a SIGALRM is raised during name resolution which libcurl thinks is the timeout alarm.

The solution is to disable signals using CURLOPT_NOSIGNAL.  Here's an example script that requests itself causing a 10-second delay so you can test timeouts:

<?php
if (!isset($_GET['foo'])) {
       
// Client
       
$ch = curl_init('http://localhost/test/test_timeout.php?foo=bar');
       
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true);
       
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_NOSIGNAL, 1);
       
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_TIMEOUT_MS, 200);
       
$data = curl_exec($ch);
       
$curl_errno = curl_errno($ch);
       
$curl_error = curl_error($ch);
       
curl_close($ch);

        if (
$curl_errno > 0) {
                echo
"cURL Error ($curl_errno): $curl_error\n";
        } else {
                echo
"Data received: $data\n";
        }
} else {
       
// Server
       
sleep(10);
        echo
"Done.";
}
?>
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9
saidk at phirebranding dot com
6 years ago
Passing in PHP's $_SESSION into your cURL call:

<?php
session_start
();
$strCookie = 'PHPSESSID=' . $_COOKIE['PHPSESSID'] . '; path=/';
session_write_close();

$curl_handle = curl_init('enter_external_url_here');
curl_setopt( $curl_handle, CURLOPT_COOKIE, $strCookie );
curl_exec($curl_handle);
curl_close($curl_handle);
?>

This worked great for me.  I was calling pages from the same server and needed to keep the $_SESSION variables.  This passes them over.  If you want to test, just print_r($_SESSION);

Enjoy!
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7
zsalab
3 years ago
Handling redirections with curl if safe_mode or open_basedir is enabled. The function working transparent, no problem with header and returntransfer options. You can handle the max redirection with the optional second argument (the function is set the variable to zero if max redirection exceeded).
Second parameter values:
- maxredirect is null or not set: redirect maximum five time, after raise PHP warning
- maxredirect is greather then zero: no raiser error, but parameter variable set to zero
- maxredirect is less or equal zero: no follow redirections

<?php
function curl_exec_follow(/*resource*/ $ch, /*int*/ &$maxredirect = null) {
   
$mr = $maxredirect === null ? 5 : intval($maxredirect);
    if (
ini_get('open_basedir') == '' && ini_get('safe_mode' == 'Off')) {
       
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_FOLLOWLOCATION, $mr > 0);
       
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_MAXREDIRS, $mr);
    } else {
       
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_FOLLOWLOCATION, false);
        if (
$mr > 0) {
           
$newurl = curl_getinfo($ch, CURLINFO_EFFECTIVE_URL);

           
$rch = curl_copy_handle($ch);
           
curl_setopt($rch, CURLOPT_HEADER, true);
           
curl_setopt($rch, CURLOPT_NOBODY, true);
           
curl_setopt($rch, CURLOPT_FORBID_REUSE, false);
           
curl_setopt($rch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true);
            do {
               
curl_setopt($rch, CURLOPT_URL, $newurl);
               
$header = curl_exec($rch);
                if (
curl_errno($rch)) {
                   
$code = 0;
                } else {
                   
$code = curl_getinfo($rch, CURLINFO_HTTP_CODE);
                    if (
$code == 301 || $code == 302) {
                       
preg_match('/Location:(.*?)\n/', $header, $matches);
                       
$newurl = trim(array_pop($matches));
                    } else {
                       
$code = 0;
                    }
                }
            } while (
$code && --$mr);
           
curl_close($rch);
            if (!
$mr) {
                if (
$maxredirect === null) {
                   
trigger_error('Too many redirects. When following redirects, libcurl hit the maximum amount.', E_USER_WARNING);
                } else {
                   
$maxredirect = 0;
                }
                return
false;
            }
           
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_URL, $newurl);
        }
    }
    return
curl_exec($ch);
}
?>
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3
badman
1 year ago
Many hosters use PHP safe_mode or/and open_basedir, so you can't use CURLOPT_FOLLOWLOCATION. If you try, you see message like this:
CURLOPT_FOLLOWLOCATION cannot be activated when safe_mode is enabled or an open_basedir is set in [you script name & path] on line XXX

First, I try to use zsalab function (http://us2.php.net/manual/en/function.curl-setopt.php#102121) from this page, but for some reason it did not work properly. So, I wrote my own.

It can be use instead of curl_exec. If server HTTP response codes is 30x, function will forward the request as long as the response is not different from 30x (for example, 200 Ok). Also you can use POST.

function curlExec(/* Array */$curlOptions='', /* Array */$curlHeaders='', /* Array */$postFields='')
{
  $newUrl = '';
  $maxRedirection = 10;
  do
  {
    if ($maxRedirection<1) die('Error: reached the limit of redirections');

    $ch = curl_init();
    if (!empty($curlOptions)) curl_setopt_array($ch, $curlOptions);
    if (!empty($curlHeaders)) curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, $curlHeaders);
    if (!empty($postFields))
    {
      curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POST, 1);
      curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, $postFields);
    }
   
    if (!empty($newUrl)) curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_URL, $newUrl); // redirect needed
   
    $curlResult = curl_exec($ch);
    $code = curl_getinfo($ch, CURLINFO_HTTP_CODE);

    if ($code == 301 || $code == 302 || $code == 303 || $code == 307)
    {
      preg_match('/Location:(.*?)\n/', $curlResult, $matches);
      $newUrl = trim(array_pop($matches));
      curl_close($ch);

      $maxRedirection--;
      continue;
    }
    else // no more redirection
    {
      $code = 0;
      curl_close($ch);
    }
  }
  while($code);
  return $curlResult;
}
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5
qeremy [atta] gmail [dotta] com
2 years ago
If you are trying to update something on your server and you need to handle this update operation by PUT;

<?php
curl_setopt
($ch, CURLOPT_CUSTOMREQUEST, "PUT");
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_PUT, 1);
?>

are "useless" without;

<?php
curl_setopt
($ch, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, array('X-HTTP-Method-Override: PUT'));
?>

Example;

Updating a book data in database identified by "id 1";

--cURL Part--
<?php
$data
= http_build_query($_POST);
// or
$data = http_build_query(array(
  
'name'  => 'PHP in Action',
  
'price' => 10.9
));

$ch = curl_init();
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_URL, "http://api.localhost/rest/books/1");
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, 1);
// curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_CUSTOMREQUEST, "PUT"); // no need anymore
// or
// curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_PUT, 1); // no need anymore
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, array('X-HTTP-Method-Override: PUT'));
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, $data);
$ce = curl_exec($ch);
curl_close($ch);
print_r($ce);
?>

--API class--
<?php
public function putAction() {
    echo
"putAction() -> id: ". $this->_getParam('id') ."\n";
   
print_r($_POST);
   
// do stuff with post data
   
...
?>

--Output--
putAction() -> id: 15
Array
(
    [name] => PHP in Action
    [price] => 10.9
)

---Keywords--
rest, restfull api, restfull put, curl put, curl customrequest put
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5
dotpointer at gmail dot com
2 years ago
I noted something when using CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS in combination with arrays from PHP.

You may supply an array, but there may not be any sub-arrays in this array, as this will give Array-to-string-conversion notice.

Example:

<?php
$ch
= curl_init();

# this works
$data = array('name' => 'value');

# this gives "Notice: Array to string conversion..."
$data = array('name' => array('subname' => 'subvalue'));

curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_URL, 'http://localhost/test.php');
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POST, 1);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, $data);

curl_exec($ch);
?>
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3
ericbianchetti at gmail dot com
5 years ago
if you need to send a SOAP string that is the CURL you must use :

<?php
$ch
= curl_init();
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_URL, XML_POST_URL);
curl_setopt ($ch, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, array('SOAPAction: ""'));   
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, 1);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYPEER, FALSE);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, XML_PAYLOAD);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HEADER, 0);

$output = curl_exec($ch);
?>

Note : Having based my snipet on Chemo demonstration (oscommerce user know who he is), XML_POST_URL and XML_PAYLOAD where defined as constant with define().

The point is : at the opposite of .xml , SOAP must send the header 'SOAPAction: ""' that can be a valid URI, an empty string (that is here) or nothing ('SOAPAction: '). The later case baing not accepted by all server, the second one indicating the target is the URI used to post the SOAP.
http://www.w3.org/TR/2000/NOTE-SOAP-20000508/#_Toc478383528
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3
fred at themancan dot com
6 years ago
To find what encoding a given HTTP POST request uses is easy -- passing an array to CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS results in  multipart/form-data:

<?php
curl_setopt
(CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, array('field1' => 'value'));
?>

Passing a URL-encoded string will result in application/x-www-form-urlencoded:

<?php
curl_setopt
(CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, array('field1=value&field2=value2'));
?>

I ran across this when integrating with both a warehouse system and an email system; neither would accept multipart/form-data, but both happily accepted application/x-www-form-urlencoded.
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3
andrabr at gmail dot com
7 years ago
This is very clear in hindsight, but it still cost me several hours:

<?php curl_setopt($session, CURLOPT_HTTPPROXYTUNNEL, 1); ?>

means that you will tunnel THROUGH the proxy, as in "your communications will go as if the proxy is NOT THERE".

Why do you care? - Well, if you are trying to use, say, Paros, to debug HTTP between your cURL and the server, with CURLOPT_HTTPPROXYTUNNEL set to TRUE Paros will not see or log your traffic thus defeating the purpose and driving you nuts.

There are other cases, of course, where this option is extremely useful...
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3
eion at bigfoot dot com
8 years ago
If you are trying to use CURLOPT_FOLLOWLOCATION and you get this warning:
Warning: curl_setopt() [function.curl-setopt]: CURLOPT_FOLLOWLOCATION cannot be activated when in safe_mode or an open_basedir is set...

then you will want to read http://www.php.net/ChangeLog-4.php which says "Disabled CURLOPT_FOLLOWLOCATION in curl when open_basedir or safe_mode are enabled." as of PHP 4.4.4/5.1.5.  This is due to the fact that curl is not part of PHP and doesn't know the values of open_basedir or safe_mode, so you could comprimise your webserver operating in safe_mode by redirecting (using header('Location: ...')) to "file://" urls, which curl would have gladly retrieved.

Until the curl extension is changed in PHP or curl (if it ever will) to deal with "Location:" headers, here is a far from perfect remake of the curl_exec function that I am using.

Since there's no curl_getopt function equivalent, you'll have to tweak the function to make it work for your specific use.  As it is here, it returns the body of the response and not the header.  It also doesn't deal with redirection urls with username and passwords in them.

<?php
   
function curl_redir_exec($ch)
    {
        static
$curl_loops = 0;
        static
$curl_max_loops = 20;
        if (
$curl_loops++ >= $curl_max_loops)
        {
           
$curl_loops = 0;
            return
FALSE;
        }
       
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HEADER, true);
       
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true);
       
$data = curl_exec($ch);
        list(
$header, $data) = explode("\n\n", $data, 2);
       
$http_code = curl_getinfo($ch, CURLINFO_HTTP_CODE);
        if (
$http_code == 301 || $http_code == 302)
        {
           
$matches = array();
           
preg_match('/Location:(.*?)\n/', $header, $matches);
           
$url = @parse_url(trim(array_pop($matches)));
            if (!
$url)
            {
               
//couldn't process the url to redirect to
               
$curl_loops = 0;
                return
$data;
            }
           
$last_url = parse_url(curl_getinfo($ch, CURLINFO_EFFECTIVE_URL));
            if (!
$url['scheme'])
               
$url['scheme'] = $last_url['scheme'];
            if (!
$url['host'])
               
$url['host'] = $last_url['host'];
            if (!
$url['path'])
               
$url['path'] = $last_url['path'];
           
$new_url = $url['scheme'] . '://' . $url['host'] . $url['path'] . ($url['query']?'?'.$url['query']:'');
           
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_URL, $new_url);
           
debug('Redirecting to', $new_url);
            return
curl_redir_exec($ch);
        } else {
           
$curl_loops=0;
            return
$data;
        }
    }
?>
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5
c00lways at gmail dot com
6 years ago
if you would like to send xml request to a server (lets say, making a soap proxy),
you have to set

<?php
curl_setopt
($ch, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, Array("Content-Type: text/xml"));
?>

makesure you watch for cache issue:
the below code will prevent cache...

<?php
curl_setopt
($ch, CURLOPT_FORBID_REUSE, 1);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_FRESH_CONNECT, 1);
?>

hope it helps ;)
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3
heyrocker at yahoo dot com
8 years ago
The examples below for HTTP file upload work great, but I wanted to be able to post multiple files through HTTP upload using HTML arrays as specified in example 38.3 at

http://php.net/features.file-upload

In this case, you need to set the arrays AND keys in the $post_data, it will not work with just the array names. The following example shows how this works:

<?php

    $post_data
= array();
   
   
$post_data['pictures[0]'] = "@cat.jpg";
   
$post_data['pictures[1]'] = "@dog.jpg";
   

   
$ch = curl_init();
   
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_URL, "http://example.com/my_url.php" );
   
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POST, 1 );
   
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, $post_data);
   
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, 1);
   
$postResult = curl_exec($ch);

    if (
curl_errno($ch)) {
       print
curl_error($ch);
    }
   
curl_close($ch);
    print
"$postResult";
?>
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3
Dustin Hawkins
8 years ago
To further expand upon use of CURLOPT_CAPATH and CURLOPT_CAINFO...

In my case I wanted to prevent curl from talking to any HTTPS server except my own using a self signed certificate. To do this, you'll need openssl installed and access to the HTTPS Server Certificate (server.crt by default on apache)

You can then use a command simiar to this to translate your apache certificate into one that curl likes.

$ openssl x509 -in server.crt -out outcert.pem -text

Then set CURLOPT_CAINFO equal to the the full path to outcert.pem and turn on CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYPEER.

If you want to use the CURLOPT_CAPATH option, you should create a directory for all the valid certificates you have created, then use the c_rehash script that is included with openssl to "prepare" the directory.

If you dont use the c_rehash utility, curl will ignore any file in the directory you set.
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6
Tim Severien
2 years ago
I've been stuck when using the CURLOPT_CONNECTTIMEOUT_MS constant. In fact, on my PHP version (5.3.1) it's not a number but rather a string. Same thing for CURLOPT_TIMEOUT_MS.

I got this error: Warning: curl_setopt() expects parameter 2 to be long, string given

If you are experiencing simular problems, you can replace the constant with the actual number or (re)define the constant.

CURLOPT_TIMEOUT_MS should be 155
CURLOPT_CONNECTTIMEOUT_MS should be 156

curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_CONNECTTIMEOUT_MS, 2500); // error
curl_setopt($ch, 156, 2500); // problem solved
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6
julien veneziano
4 years ago
If you need to send deta in a DELETE request, use:

<?php
$request_body
= 'some data';
$ch = curl_init('http://www.example.com');
       
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, $request_body);
       
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_FOLLOWLOCATION, 1);
       
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HEADER, 0);
       
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, 1);
       
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_CUSTOMREQUEST, "DELETE");
       
$response = curl_exec($ch);
var_dump($response);
?>
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4
adrian at foeder dot de
2 years ago
if you want to do a GET request with additional body data it will become tricky not to implicitly change the request to a POST, like many notes below correctly state.
So to do the analogy of command line's

curl -XGET 'http://example.org?foo=bar' -d '<baz>some additional data</baz>'

in PHP you'll do, besides your other necessary stuff,

<?php
    curl_setopt
($curlHandle, CURLOPT_CUSTOMREQUEST, 'GET');
   
curl_setopt($curlHandle, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, '<baz>some additional data</baz>');
?>

during my experiments, every other "similar" way, like e.g. CURLOPT_HTTPGET, didn't send the additional data or fell into POST.
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4
sgamon at yahoo dot com
6 years ago
If you are doing a POST, and the content length is 1,025 or greater, then curl exploits a feature of http 1.1: 100 (Continue) Status.

See http://www.w3.org/Protocols/rfc2616/rfc2616-sec8.html#sec8.2.3

* it adds a header, "Expect: 100-continue". 
* it then sends the request head, waits for a 100 response code, then sends the content

Not all web servers support this though.  Various errors are returned depending on the server.  If this happens to you, suppress the "Expect" header with this command:

<?php
curl_setopt
($ch, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, array('Expect:'));
?>

See http://www.gnegg.ch/2007/02/the-return-of-except-100-continue/
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5
Adam Monsen
2 years ago
CURLOPT_POST must be left unset if you want the Content-Type header set to "multipart/form-data" (e.g., when CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS is an array). If you set CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS to an array and have CURLOPT_POST set to TRUE, Content-Length will be -1 and most sane servers will reject the request. If you set CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS to an array and have CURLOPT_POST set to FALSE, cURL will send a GET request.
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4
mr at coder dot tv
8 years ago
Sometimes you can't use CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR and CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE becoz of the server php-settings(They say u may grab any files from server using these options). Here is the solution
1)Don't use CURLOPT_FOLLOWLOCATION
2)Use curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HEADER, 1)
3)Grab from the header cookies like this:
preg_match_all('|Set-Cookie: (.*);|U', $content, $results);   
$cookies = implode(';', $results[1]);
4)Set them using curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_COOKIE,  $cookies);

Good Luck, Yevgen
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2
m at mar dot lt
2 years ago
Be careful when changing CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYHOST or other options to true (boolean). It may cause insecure behavior [1]

This is because boolean true casts into integer 1, and CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYHOST = 1 is not secure behavior.

The *correct* value here is CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYHOST = 2. By setting this value equal to 1 the peer certificate must contain a Common Name field, but it doesn't matter what name it says.

[1] Martin Georgiev and Subodh Iyengar and Suman Jana and Rishita Anubhai and Dan Boneh and Vitaly Shmatikov, The most dangerous code in the world: validating SSL certificates in non-browser software, ACM CCS '12, pp. 38-49, 2012
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2
anonymous
2 years ago
This may be not obvious, but if you specify the CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS and don't specify the CURLOPT_POST - it will still send POST, not GET (as you might think - since GET is default).
So the line:

curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, $data);

is synonym to:

curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POST, 1);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, $data);

Even if you set the options like this (in this order):

curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POST, 0);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, $data);

it will send POST, since CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS is latter.
So if you want GET - make sure you don't have CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS specified somewhere.
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2
support at lostair dot com
3 years ago
Force Curl Request To Go To A Particular IP Address

Yes, there is a method of passing an IP address to curl.  Excellent for services with multiple IP addresses and also to take DNS out of the equation for testing/debugging.

<?php
   
function fetch_page($url, $host_ip = NULL)
    {

     
$ch = curl_init();

      if (!
is_null($host_ip))
      {
       
$urldata = parse_url($url);

       
//  Ensure we have the query too, if there is any...
       
if (!empty($urldata['query']))
         
$urldata['path'] .= "?".$urldata['query'];

       
//  Specify the host (name) we want to fetch...
       
$headers = array("Host: ".$urldata['host']);
       
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, $headers);

       
//  create the connecting url (with the hostname replaced by IP)
       
$url = $urldata['scheme']."://".$host_ip.$urldata['path'];
      }

     
curl_setopt($chCURLOPT_URL, $url);
     
curl_setopt ($ch, CURLOPT_HEADER, 0);
     
curl_setopt($chCURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true);

     
$result = curl_exec ($ch);
     
curl_close ($ch);

      return
$result;
    }
?>
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2
john factorial
6 years ago
Clarification for the CURLOPT_NOBODY option: by excluding the body from your request, you're effectively making a HEAD request. Use the CURLOPT_NOBODY option to return only the headers in the remote response.

Example:

<?php
function check_url($url) {
   
$c = curl_init();
   
curl_setopt($c, CURLOPT_URL, $url);
   
curl_setopt($c, CURLOPT_HEADER, 1); // get the header
   
curl_setopt($c, CURLOPT_NOBODY, 1); // and *only* get the header
   
curl_setopt($c, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, 1); // get the response as a string from curl_exec(), rather than echoing it
   
curl_setopt($c, CURLOPT_FRESH_CONNECT, 1); // don't use a cached version of the url
   
if (!curl_exec($c)) { return false; }

   
$httpcode = curl_getinfo($c, CURLINFO_HTTP_CODE);
    return (
$httpcode < 400);
}
?>
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2
charles at tastik dot net
7 years ago
FYI,

Anyone trying to connect to .NET with CURL to send a simple XML post, pay attention to the following. This will save you hours! There is a previous note that I saw either on this page, or somewhere else on this site that explains the correct way to specify the header option is to create an array, then reference the array from the CURLOPT.

ie.  Do something like this:

<?php
// Req. HTTP Header Values
$header[] = "Content-type: text/xml";

// Target URL
$sendTo = "http://www.example.com";

// Post Data
$post = "<?xml version=\"1.0\" encoding=\"utf-8\"?>\n<root>\n....etc, etc,";

// Create CURL Connection
$ch = curl_init();
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_USERAGENT, 'XtraDoh xAgent');
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_URL, $sendTo);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_TIMEOUT, 900);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_CONNECTIONTIMEOUT, 30);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_FAILONERROR, false);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYHOST, 0);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYPEER, 0);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_FOLLOWLOCATION, true);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, $header);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POST, true);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, $post);
?>

Notice the HTTPHEADER, $header above. I have not been able to get .NET to properly read the HTTP header as specified (in this case as text/xml) when using the following:

<?php
curl_setopt
($ch, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, array('Content-Type'=>'text/xml'));
?>

Although this may work when working with other PHP, IIS, or even PHP, Apache, it does not (at least in my experience) work with .NET, IIS.
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2
rob at infoglobe dot net
7 years ago
Options not included in the above, but that work (Taken from the libcurl.a C documentation)

CURLOPT_FTP_SSL

Pass a long using one of the values from below, to make libcurl use your desired level of SSL for the ftp transfer. (Added in 7.11.0)

CURLFTPSSL_NONE

Don't attempt to use SSL.

CURLFTPSSL_TRY

Try using SSL, proceed as normal otherwise.

CURLFTPSSL_CONTROL

Require SSL for the control connection or fail with CURLE_FTP_SSL_FAILED.

CURLFTPSSL_ALL

Require SSL for all communication or fail with CURLE_FTP_SSL_FAILED.
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2
phpnet at wafflehouse dot de
9 years ago
Resetting CURLOPT_FILE to STDOUT won't work by calling curl_setopt() with the STDOUT constant or a php://output stream handle (at least I get error messages when trying the code from phpnet at andywaite dot com). Instead, one can simply reset it as a side effect of CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER. Just say

<?php curl_setopt($this->curl,CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER,0); ?>

and following calls to curl_exec() will output to STDOUT again.
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2
mcknight at chek dot com
9 years ago
when specifing the file for either CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE or CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR you may need to use the full file path instead of just the relative path.
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6
Madcat
1 year ago
If you have a mixture of strings starting with @ (at character) and files in CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS you have a problem (such as posting a tweet with attached media) because curl tries to interpret anything starting with @ as a file.

<?php

$postfields
= array(
   
'upload_file' => '@file_to_upload.png',
   
'upload_text' => '@text_to_upload'
);

$curl = curl_init();
curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_URL, 'http://example.com/upload-test');
curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, $postfields);
curl_exec($curl);
curl_close($curl);

?>

To get around this, prepend the text string with the NULL character like so:

<?php
    $postfields
= array(
       
'upload_file' => '@file_to_upload.png',
       
'upload_text' => sprintf("\0%s", '@text_to_upload')
    );
?>

Original source: http://bit.ly/AntMle
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4
Pawel Antczak
4 years ago
Hello.
During problems with "CURLOPT_FOLLOWLOCATION cannot be activated when in safe_mode or an open_basedir is set"
I was looking for solution.
I've found few methods on this page, but none of them was good enough, so I made one.
<?php
function curl_redirect_exec($ch, &$redirects, $curlopt_header = false) {
   
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HEADER, true);
   
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true);
   
$data = curl_exec($ch);
   
$http_code = curl_getinfo($ch, CURLINFO_HTTP_CODE);
    if (
$http_code == 301 || $http_code == 302) {
        list(
$header) = explode("\r\n\r\n", $data, 2);
       
$matches = array();
       
preg_match('/(Location:|URI:)(.*?)\n/', $header, $matches);
       
$url = trim(array_pop($matches));
       
$url_parsed = parse_url($url);
        if (isset(
$url_parsed)) {
           
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_URL, $url);
           
$redirects++;
            return
curl_redirect_exec($ch, $redirects);
        }
    }
    if (
$curlopt_header)
        return
$data;
    else {
        list(,
$body) = explode("\r\n\r\n", $data, 2);
        return
$body;
    }
}
?>

Main issue in existing functions was lack of information, how many redirects was done.
This one will count it.
First parameter as usual.
Second should be already initialized integer, it will be incremented by number of done redirects.
You can set CURLOPT_HEADER if You need it.
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4
franciscocha at gmail dot com
5 years ago
Example how to connect to FTPES (FTP explicit SSL). This script will connect to any FTPES server and out put the list of directories.

<?php
    $username
= 'username';
   
$password = 'password';
   
$url = 'example.com';
   
$ftp_server = "ftp://" . $username . ":" . $password . "@" . $url;
   
    echo
"Starting CURL.\n";
   
$ch = curl_init();
    echo
"Set CURL URL.\n";
   
   
//curl FTP
   
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_URL, $ftp_server);
   
   
//For Debugging
    //curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_VERBOSE, TRUE);   
   
    //SSL Settings
   
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYPEER, FALSE);
   
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYHOST, FALSE);
   
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_FTP_SSL, CURLFTPSSL_TRY);
   
   
//List FTP files and directories
   
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_FTPLISTONLY, TRUE);
   
   
//Output to curl_exec
   
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, 1);

    echo
"Executing CURL.\n";
   
$output = curl_exec($ch);
   
curl_close($ch);
    echo
"Closing CURL.\n";
    echo
$output . "\n";

  
$files = explode("\n", $output);
  
print_r($files);
?>
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4
rob
5 years ago
Whats not mentioned in the documentation is that you have to set CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR to a file for the CURL handle to actually use cookies, if it is not set then cookies will not be parsed.
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2
S\
3 years ago
When using CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS with an array as parameter, you have to pay high attention to user input. Unvalidated user input will lead to serious security issues.

<?php

/**
* test.php:
*/
$ch = curl_init('http://example.com');

curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POST, 1);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, array(
   
'foo' => $_GET['bar']
));

curl_exec($ch);

?>

Requesting "test.php?bar=@/home/user/test.png" will send "test.png" to example.com.
Make sure you remove the leading "@" from user input.
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1
S.F.
1 year ago
I spent a couple of days trying to upload a file using a curl post.

The problem I ran into was the filename had an '@' in the middle of it.  It turned out that at least on my system if I encoded the file path using the quoted_printable_encode() function the upload works.

I'm posting this in the hopes that it will help someone else, and for my own future reference.

Code:
<?php

$filepath
= '/tmp/test@example.txt';
$postdata['file'] = '@' . quoted_printable_encode($filepath);

//... supporting code.

$result = curl_exec($ch);

?>
I'm not exactly sure why this works when escaping the '@' doesn't work but it does for me.

If anyone can offer insight into why this works or a better way to handle the '@' symbol in a filename when using curl to upload I would love to hear it.

Thanks
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2
michael sky
7 years ago
if you are trying to connect to 'https://...' and after that want to work with POST data - that's the way:

<?php
$curl
= curl_init();
curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYPEER, FALSE);
curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_HEADER, 0);
curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_POST, true);
curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true);
curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_USERAGENT, "Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 5.01; Windows NT 5.0)");
curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_FOLLOWLOCATION, true);
curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE, "cookiefile");
curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR, "cookiefile"); # SAME cookiefile
curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_URL, "url1"); # this is where you first time connect - GET method authorization in my case, if you have POST - need to edit code a bit
$xxx = curl_exec($curl);

curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_URL, "url2"); # this is where you are requesting POST-method form results (working with secure connection using cookies after auth)
curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, "var1=value&var2=value&var3=value&"); # form params that'll be used to get form results
$xxx = curl_exec($curl);

curl_close ($curl);
echo
$xxx;
?>
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2
vincent at ludden dot nl
7 years ago
Please note that the CURLOPT_INTERFACE setting only accepts IP addresses and hostnames of the local machine. It is not meant to send a URL to a specific IP address.
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1
W at RHaworth dot net
3 years ago
I had problems with the Wikimedia software and sending a POST request where the data was more than 1024 bytes long. I traced this to cURL adding: Expect: 100-continue to the headers.

I added curl_setopt($ch,CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER,array("Expect:")); and that suppresses the Expect line.
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1
dorphalsig at gmail dot com
6 years ago
This may not be a surprise for many, but I know I bled my eyes out trying to implement this in php. And when I knew it was this simple, I really felt extremely stupid. So I put this just so google will save somebody some time in the future.

PHP NTLM AUTH

Make sure you have the 'curl' extension loaded
now just do...

<?php
curl_setopt
($ch,CURLAUTH_NTLM);
curl_setopt($ch,CURLOPT_USERPWD,"$username:$password");
?>

and just continue to use curl in the ordinary fashion.
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3
miloshio at gmail dot com
2 years ago
Remember:

- 'Server-side' cookies exists as information even before they were set on browser agent(HTTP COOKIE HEADER),
- javascript cookies does NOT exists as information before they were set on browser agent,

so, if you're trying to save cookies using CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR to a local file, that cookie must be server - side cookie, otherwise you are wasting time, javascript-produced cookies only exists when client browser's JS interpreter set them.
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2
xektrum at gmail dot com
5 years ago
As of php 5.3 CURLOPT_PROGRESSFUNCTION its supported here's how:

<?php

function callback($download_size, $downloaded, $upload_size, $uploaded)
{
   
// do your progress stuff here
}

$ch = curl_init('http://www.example.com');

// This is required to curl give us some progress
// if this is not set to false the progress function never
// gets called
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_NOPROGRESS, false);

// Set up the callback
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_PROGRESSFUNCTION, 'callback');

// Big buffer less progress info/callbacks
// Small buffer more progress info/callbacks
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_BUFFERSIZE, 128);

$data = curl_exec($ch);

?>

Hope this help.
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1
shiplu at programmer dot net
1 year ago
CURLOPT_POST should be set before CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS. Otherwise you might encounter 411 Length required error.

Following code generates "411 Length Required" on nginx/1.1.15
<?php
curl_setopt
($ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, $postfields);
curl_setopt ($ch, CURLOPT_POST, 1);
?>

But this one works.

<?php
curl_setopt
($ch, CURLOPT_POST, 1);
curl_setopt ($ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, $postfields);
?>
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1
OPALA
6 years ago
To fetch (or submit data to) multiple pages during one session,use this:

<?php
$ch
= curl_init();
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYPEER, FALSE);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, TRUE);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_COOKIESESSION, TRUE);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HEADER, 0);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE, "cookiefile");
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR, "cookiefile");
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_COOKIE, session_name() . '=' . session_id());
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_FOLLOWLOCATION, 1);

curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_URL, 'http://example.com/page1.php');
$result1 = curl_exec($ch);

curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_URL, 'http://example.com/page2.php');
$result2 = curl_exec($ch);

curl_close($ch);
?>
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1
Anonymous
12 years ago
beware that not all cURLlib constants are supported under php :
e.g. CURLOPT_PROGRESSFUNCTION or CURLOPT_WRITEDATA are not supported.

CURLOPT_WRITEFUNCTION, although undocumented is supported. It takes the name of a user_defined function.
the function should take two arguments (the curl handle, and the inputdata) and return the length of the written data
e.g.

<?php
function myPoorProgressFunc($ch,$str){
global
$fd;
$len = fwrite($fd,$str);
print(
"#");
return
$len;
}

curl_setopt($ch,CURLOPT_WRITEFUNCTION,"myPoorProgressFunc");
?>

Also be aware that CURLOPT_WRITEFUNCTION  does NOT take the CURLOPT_FILE as a parameter!
in curl lib it would take CURLOPT_WRITEDATA but this is not supported by php; that's why I use "global $fd;" in my exemple function.

CURLOPT_HEADERFUNCTION works the same, and is guaranteed to receive complete header lines as input!

Hope this helps

Ivan
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1
fil at rezox dot com
13 years ago
If you want to connect to a secure server for posting info/reading info, you need to make cURL with the openSSL options. Then the sequence is nearly identical to the previous example (except http_S_://, and possibly add the useragent):

<?php
curl_setopt
($ch, CURLOPT_URL,"https://example.com");
//some sites only accept your request if your browser looks legit, so send a useragent profile...
curl_setopt ($ch, CURLOPT_USERAGENT, "Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 5.01; Windows NT 5.0)");
?>
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1
jID
6 years ago
if you use
<?php
curl_setopt
($ch, CURLOPT_INTERFACE, "XXX.XXX.XXX.XXX");
?>
to specify IP adress for request, sometimes you need to get list of all your IP's.

ifconfig command will output something like:

rl0: flags=8843<UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,SIMPLEX,MULTICAST> mtu 1500
    options=8<VLAN_MTU>
    inet 82.146.XXX.XXX netmask 0xffffffff broadcast 82.146.XXX.XXX
    inet 78.24.XXX.XXX netmask 0xffffffff broadcast 78.24.XXX.XXX
    inet 82.146.XXX.XXX netmask 0xffffffff broadcast 82.146.XXX.XXX
    inet 82.146.XXX.XXX netmask 0xffffffff broadcast 82.146.XXX.XXX
    inet 82.146.XXX.XXX netmask 0xffffffff broadcast 82.146.XXX.XXX
    inet 78.24.XXX.XXX netmask 0xffffffff broadcast 78.24.XXX.XXX
    inet 78.24.XXX.XXX netmask 0xffffffff broadcast 78.24.XXX.XXX
    ether XX:XX:XX:XX:XX:XX
    media: Ethernet autoselect (100baseTX <full-duplex>)
    status: active
lo0: flags=8049<UP,LOOPBACK,RUNNING,MULTICAST> mtu 16384
tun0: flags=8051<UP,POINTOPOINT,RUNNING,MULTICAST> mtu 1500
    Opened by PID 564
tun1: flags=8051<UP,POINTOPOINT,RUNNING,MULTICAST> mtu 1500
    Opened by PID 565
    Opened by PID 565

My solution for FreeBSD 6 and PHP 5 was:
<?php
  ob_start
();
 
$ips=array();
 
$ifconfig=system("ifconfig");
  echo
$ifconfig;
 
$ifconfig=ob_get_contents();
 
ob_end_clean();
 
$ifconfig=explode(chr(10), $ifconfig);
  for (
$i=0; $i<count($ifconfig); $i++) {
   
$t=explode(" ", $ifconfig[$i]);
    if (
$t[0]=="\tinet") {
     
array_push($ips, $t[1]);
    }    
  }
  for (
$i=0; $i<count($ips); $i++) {
    echo
$ips[$i]."\n";
  }
?>

You will get list of IP adresses in $ips array, like:
82.146.XXX.XXX
78.24.XXX.XXX
82.146.XXX.XXX
82.146.XXX.XXX
82.146.XXX.XXX
78.24.XXX.XXX
78.24.XXX.XXX
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1
shailesh4all at gmail dot com
4 years ago
Hi,
Anyone who is interested in submitting their information by post to HTTPS site (e.g. payment gateway) where https page needs basic authentication before submitting the information. below code will be helpful.

<?php
$submit_url
= "https://sitename/process.php";

$curl = curl_init();

curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_HTTPAUTH, CURLAUTH_BASIC ) ;
curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_USERPWD, "username:password");
curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_SSLVERSION,3);
curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYPEER, FALSE);
curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYHOST, 2);
curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_HEADER, true);
curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_POST, true);
curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, $params );
curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true);
curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_USERAGENT, "Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 5.01; Windows NT 5.0)");
curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_URL, $submit_url);

$data = split("text/html", curl_exec($curl) );
$temp = split("\r\n", $data[1]) ;

$result = unserialize( $temp[2] ) ;

print_r($result);
curl_close($curl);
?>
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2
Joey Hewitt
2 years ago
Note that if you put a certificate chain in a PEM file, the certificates need to be ordered so that each certificate is followed by its issuer (i.e., root last.)

Source: http://publib.boulder.ibm.com/tividd/td/ITIM/SC32-1493-00/en_US/HTML/im451_config09.htm
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2
ellert at _removeme_ vankoperen dot nl
2 years ago
If you are using curl to do a soap request and consistently get the following error back:
The server cannot service the request because the media type is unsupported.
You are sending the Content-type of soap 1.2 to a 1.1 server.
Soap 1.1 needs Content-Type: text/xml;
Soap 1.2 should have Content-Type: application/soap+xml;
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2
v dot tverdun at gmail dot com
2 years ago
Make sure to set keys for array if passing to CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS.

<?php
//This can cause errors
$data = array('bar');

//Use this instead
$data = array('foo' => 'bar');

curl_setopt(CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, $data);
?>
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2
anon@mouse dot com
3 years ago
If your POST data seems to be disappearing (POST data empty, request is being handled by the server as a GET), try rearranging the order of CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS setting with CURLOPT_NOBODY. CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS has to come AFTER CURLOPT_NOBODY setting because if it comes after it wipes out the Content-Type header that tells your URL target that the request is a POST not a GET.

Not sure if this is expected behavior but it certainly isn't documented (except on Stackoverflow.com, which is supremely unhelpful - BTW, guys over on stack overflow... once you've figured out a PHP problem, posting the solution here would save everyone extra search time).
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2
john dot david dot steele at gmail dot com
3 years ago
A note on the way Curl posts files...

<?php
  curl_setopt
($ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, array('file' => '@/path/to/file.ext');
?>

will post the FULL PATH of the file in the filename field:

Content-Disposition: form-data; name="file"; filename="/path/to/file.ext"

Whereas typical browser behavior only sends the filename:

Content-Disposition: form-data; name="file"; filename="file.ext"

Workaround:
<?php
  curl_setopt
($ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, array('file' => '@file.ext');
 
$cwd = getcwd();
 
chdir('/path/to/');
 
$receivedData = curl_exec($ch);
 
chdir($cwd);
?>
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2
sam at def dot reyssi dot net
4 years ago
Be careful when setting the CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS setting using an array. The array used to set the POST fields must only contain scalar values. Multidimentional arrays or objects lacking a __toString implementation will cause Curl to error.

If there is a need to send non-scalar values using a POST request, consider serializing them before transmission.

<?php
$ch
= curl_init('http://host.example.com');

// Data to post
$multiDimensional = array(
  
'name' = 'foo',
  
'data' = array(1,2,3,4),
  
'value' = 'bar'
);

// Will error
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, $multiDimensional);

// Data to post
$postData = array(
 
'name' = 'foo',
 
'data' = serialize(array(1,2,3,4)),
 
'value' = 'bar'
);

// Will not error
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, $postData);
?>
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1
Martin K.
9 months ago
If you only want to enable cookie handling and you don't need to save the cookies for a separate session, just set CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE to an empty string.  I was given the advice to use php://memory but that did not seem to have the same effect.

Although this is stated in the documentation I thought it was worth reiterating since it cause me so much trouble.
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2
Stan van de Burgt
5 years ago
If you get a "failed creating formpost data" upon curl_exec() when POSTing a form, check if one of the field values starts with the @ character.

Took me an hour or so to find out as I wanted to post a @reply tweet to twitter which typically start with @screenname.
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2
Victor Jerlin
5 years ago
Seems like some options not mentioned on this page, but listed on http://curl.haxx.se/libcurl/c/curl_easy_setopt.html is actually supported.

I was happy to see that I could actually use CURLOPT_FTP_CREATE_MISSING_DIRS even from PHP.
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1
Manasi
1 year ago
CURLAUTH_ANY is not an alias for CURLAUTH_NTLM. I had to specify CURLAUTH_NTLM for a Windows authenticated URL
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1
xuyan83121 at gmail dot com
1 year ago
when use curl_multi_exec, the CURLOPT_TIMEOUT need curl version newer than 7.21.2.
this can be found at curl changelog.
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1
coding query
2 years ago
Sometimes we want to extract the HTML content of the remote website page, this technique is called as HTML scrapper. This article will discuss on how we can extract the HTML content of the remote webpage.
We can achieve HTML scrapper operation in 2 step operation:
Call to Remote Web Page and extract the HTML content.
Match the HTML tags using Regular Expression.
Call to Remote Web Page using PHP:
In PHP there are various ways we can call the remote webpage. But here we will be using CURL to achieve our operation.

<?php
$ch
= curl_init();
$timeout = 5; // set to zero for no timeout
curl_setopt ($ch, CURLOPT_URL, $url);
curl_setopt ($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, 1);
curl_setopt ($ch, CURLOPT_CONNECTTIMEOUT, $timeout);
$file_contents = curl_exec($ch);
curl_close($ch);

preg_match_all('/<span>[\\/\\(\\)-:<>\\w\\s]+< \\/span>/',$file_contents,$htmlContent);
?>
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1
jeffb at nospam dot videx dot com
2 years ago
When trying to pass a multi-dimensional array to CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, first run it through http_build_query().  That will get rid of the Array to String conversion notice.
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1
m dot ghadam at gmail dot com
3 years ago
When you set ($ch, curlopt_post, 1) , after you have posted your data with curl_exec , you need to set ($ch, curlopt_post, 0), Otherwise all your subsequent requests seems as a post with no postdata and some reverse proxy servers send 500 or 403 error for these case ( access denied or forbidden )!
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2
paczor
7 years ago
How to get rid of response after POST: just add callback function for returned data (CURLOPT_WRITEFUNCTION) and make this function empty.

<?php
function curlHeaderCallback($ch, $strHeader) {
}
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_WRITEFUNCTION, 'curlHeaderCallback');
?>
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1
gskluzacek at gmail dot com
3 years ago
FYI... unless you specifically set the user agent, no user agent will be sent in your request as there is no default value like some of the other options.

As others have said, not sending a user agent may cause you to not  get the results that you expected, e.g., 0 byte length content, different content, etc.
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0
Aaron Wells
4 days ago
If you use cURL to fetch user-supplied URLs (for instance, in a web-based RSS aggregator), be aware of the risk of server-side request forgery (SSRF). This is an attack where the user takes advantage of the fact that cURL requests are sent from the web server itself, to reach network locations they wouldn't be able to reach from outside the network.

For instance, they could enter a "http://localhost" URL, and access things on the web server via "localhost". Or, "ftp://localhost". cURL supports a lot of protocols!

If you are using CURLOPT_FOLLOWLOCATION, the malicious URL could be in a redirect from the original request. cURL also will follow redirect headers to other protocols! (303 See Other; Location: ftp://localhost).

So if you're using cURL with user-supplied URLs, at the very least use CURLOPT_PROTOCOLS (which also sets CURLOPT_REDIR_PROTOCOLS), and either disable CURLOPT_FOLLOWLOCATION or use the "SafeCurl" library to safely follow redirects.
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1
scy-phpmanual at scytale dot name
3 years ago
In order to reset CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, set it to array(). The cURL C API says you should set it to NULL, but that doesn’t work in the PHP wrapper.
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1
prohfesor at gmail dot com
4 years ago
This function helps to parse netscape cookie file, generated by cURL into cookie array:

<?php
 
function _curl_parse_cookiefile($file) {
   
$aCookies = array();
   
$aLines = file($file);
    foreach(
$aLines as $line){
      if(
'#'==$line{0})
        continue;
     
$arr = explode("\t", $line);
      if(isset(
$arr[5]) && isset($arr[6]))
       
$aCookies[$arr[5]] = $arr[6];
    }
   
    return
$aCookies;
  }
?>
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1
kavih7 at yahoo dot com
4 years ago
When POSTing with cURL, my POSTs were magically being converted to GETs and I debugged it until finding the issue. I was setting the CURLOPT_MUTE option. Not sure why this conflicts, since the documentation doesn't specify as such. Anyways, if your $_POST is empty, make sure you aren't setting CURLOPT_MUTE.

Cheers!
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0
White Gandalf
3 months ago
to complement shiplu's  comment on the neccessary option sequence of CURLOPT_POST before CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS:

The crux is not some error on nginx, but that nothing at all will be send over the line by curl. Parameters set by a "CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS" option setting will be completely ignored, as long as no "CURLOPT_POST" has been encountered beforehand: Neigther the Content-Type header will be set/generated accordingly nor Content-Length nor any data will be send in the body.

When using curl_setopt_array, the sequence in the array matters as well.
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1
patryk at do dot not dot spam dot com
4 years ago
CURLOPT_HTTPPROXYTUNNEL means curl will use CONNECT method of the HTTP protocol to make a tunnel through a proxy, which is most likely not the one you want to do.
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0
Simeon Anastasov
5 months ago
One note of importance when you open several cURL handles simultaneously: If you want to share cookies via cookie-jar file among all your handles - be sure to curl_close() one before using the cookie-jar file from the other.

It appears that during cURL handler execution the cookies are kept in some sort of handler specific internal session storage and only upon explicit curl_close() call or interpreter exit garbage collection these cookies are actually flushed to the file on the hard disk ( I guess for performance reasons ).

I hope this note will save you couple of hours debugging :)
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0
oleg dot nucer at gmail dot com
5 months ago
The @ char will not work in CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS since PHP 5.5! There is nothing about it in stupid Russian version of docs. I've spend few hours trying to find the problme in my code before read the English manual))
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1
JScott jscott401 at gmail dot com
4 years ago
Some additional notes for curlopt_writefunction. I struggled with this at first because it really isn't documented very well.

When you write a callback function and use it with curlopt_writefunction it will be called MULTIPLE times. Your function MUST return the ammount of data written to it each time. It is very picky about this. Here is a snippet from my code that may help you

<?php
curl_setopt
($this->curl_handle, CURLOPT_WRITEFUNCTION, array($this, "receiveResponse"));

// later on in the class I wrote my receive Response method

private function receiveResponse($curlHandle,$xmldata)
                {
                       
$this->responseString = $xmldata;
                       
$this->responseXML .=  $this->responseString;
                       
$this->length = strlen($xmldata);
                       
$this->size += $this->length;
                        return
$this->length;

                }
?>

Now I did this for a class. If you aren't doing OOP then you will obviously need to modify this for your own use.

CURL calls your script MULTIPLE times because the data will not always be sent all at once. Were talking internet here so its broken up into packets. You need to take your data and concatenate it all together until it is all written. I was about to pull my damn hair out because I would get broken chunks of XML back from the server and at random lengths. I finally figured out what was going on. Hope this helps
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0
maxime dot elomari at gmail dot com
6 months ago
If you get an error with the error code 35 saying "Unknown SSL protocol error in connection to ...", maybe you are using the wrongs ciphers.

Try to precise a bunch of ciphers as below:

$arrayCiphers = array(
                'DHE-RSA-AES256-SHA',
        'DHE-DSS-AES256-SHA',
        'AES256-SHA:KRB5-DES-CBC3-MD5',
        'KRB5-DES-CBC3-SHA',
        'EDH-RSA-DES-CBC3-SHA',
        'EDH-DSS-DES-CBC3-SHA',
        'DES-CBC3-SHA:DES-CBC3-MD5',
        'DHE-RSA-AES128-SHA',
        'DHE-DSS-AES128-SHA',
        'AES128-SHA:RC2-CBC-MD5',
        'KRB5-RC4-MD5:KRB5-RC4-SHA',
        'RC4-SHA:RC4-MD5:RC4-MD5',
        'KRB5-DES-CBC-MD5',
        'KRB5-DES-CBC-SHA',
        'EDH-RSA-DES-CBC-SHA',
        'EDH-DSS-DES-CBC-SHA:DES-CBC-SHA',
        'DES-CBC-MD5:EXP-KRB5-RC2-CBC-MD5',
        'EXP-KRB5-DES-CBC-MD5',
        'EXP-KRB5-RC2-CBC-SHA',
        'EXP-KRB5-DES-CBC-SHA',
        'EXP-EDH-RSA-DES-CBC-SHA',
        'EXP-EDH-DSS-DES-CBC-SHA',
        'EXP-DES-CBC-SHA',
        'EXP-RC2-CBC-MD5',
        'EXP-RC2-CBC-MD5',
        'EXP-KRB5-RC4-MD5',
        'EXP-KRB5-RC4-SHA',
        'EXP-RC4-MD5:EXP-RC4-MD5'
);

curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_SSL_CIPHER_LIST, implode(':', $arrayCiphers));

Worked for me, could work for you!

P.S: Used with PHP 5.4 and cURL 7.26.0.
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0
gabriel dot rota at gmail dot com
7 months ago
php curl pass through proxy handle: big file, https, autentication

<?php
/*
* curl-pass-through-proxy.php
*
* Copyright 2014 Gabriel Rota <gabriel.rota@gmail.com>
*
* propose: php curl pass through proxy handle: big file, https, autentication
* example: curl-pass-through-proxy.php?url=precise/ubuntu-12.04.4-desktop-i386.iso
* limitation: don't work on binary if is enabled in php.ini the ;output_handler = ob_gzhandler
* licence: BSD
*
*/

 
$url = "http://releases.ubuntu.com/" . $_GET["url"]; // NOTE: this example don't use https
 
$credentials = "user:pwd";
 
$headers = array(
   
"GET ".$url." HTTP/1.1",
   
"Content-type: text/xml",
   
"Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,image/webp,*/*;q=0.8",
   
"Cache-Control: no-cache",
   
"Pragma: no-cache",
   
"Authorization: Basic " . base64_encode($credentials)
  );

  global
$filename; // used in fn_CURLOPT_HEADERFUNCTION setting download filename
 
$filename = substr($url, strrpos($url, "/")+1); // find last /

 
function fn_CURLOPT_WRITEFUNCTION($ch, $str){
   
$len = strlen($str);
    echo(
$str );
    return
$len;
  }

  function
fn_CURLOPT_HEADERFUNCTION($ch, $str){
    global
$filename;
   
$len = strlen($str);
   
header( $str );
   
//~ error_log("curl-pass-through-proxy:fn_CURLOPT_HEADERFUNCTION:str:".$str.PHP_EOL, 3, "/tmp/curl-pass-through-proxy.log");
   
if ( strpos($str, "application/x-iso9660-image") !== false ) {
     
header( "Content-Disposition: attachment; filename=\"$filename\"" ); // set download filename
   
}
    return
$len;
  }

 
$ch = curl_init(); // init curl resource
   
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_URL,$url);
   
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, false); // a true curl_exec return content
   
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_TIMEOUT, 600); // 60 second
   
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, $headers); // login $url
   
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_USERAGENT, $_SERVER['HTTP_USER_AGENT']);
   
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYHOST, false); // don't check certificate
   
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYPEER, false); // don't check certificate
   
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HEADER, false); // true Return the HTTP headers in string, no good with CURLOPT_HEADERFUNCTION
   
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_BUFFERSIZE, 8192); // 8192 8k
   
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_FOLLOWLOCATION, true);
   
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HEADERFUNCTION, "fn_CURLOPT_HEADERFUNCTION"); // handle received headers
   
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_WRITEFUNCTION, 'fn_CURLOPT_WRITEFUNCTION'); // callad every CURLOPT_BUFFERSIZE

   
if ( ! curl_exec($ch) ) {
     
error_log( "curl-pass-through-proxy:Error:".curl_error($ch).PHP_EOL, 3, "/tmp/curl-pass-through-proxy.log" );
    }

 
curl_close($ch); // close curl resource

?>
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1
obones_remove_me at free dot fr
4 years ago
For those of you wondering how to specify the content-type for a file uploaded via curl, the syntax is as follows:

<?php

$data
= array('file' => '@/home/user/test.png;type=image/png');

?>

Simply adding a semicolon with the type= at the end.
Note that this has been reported not to work in all versions of PHP and I have done the following tests:

5.2.6 (libcurl 7.18.2) : Does not work
5.2.13 (libcurl 7.20.0) : Works just fine

So it might be worth updating your installation of PHP and/or libcurl if you want to be able to use this syntax
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1
clint at fewbar dot com
4 years ago
If you have turned on conditional gets on a curl handle, and then for a subsequent request, you don't have a good setting for CURLOPT_TIMEVALUE , you can disable If-Modified-Since checking with:

<?php

$ch
= curl_init();
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_URL, $foo);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_TIMEVALUE, filemtime($foo_path));
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_TIMECONDITION, CURLOPT_TIMECOND_IFMODIFIEDSINCE);
curl_exec($ch);
// Reuse same curl handle
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_URL, $bar);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_TIMEVALUE, null); // don't know mtime
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_TIMECONDITION, 0); // set it to 0, turns it off
curl_exec($ch);

?>
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0
lachlan at radelaide dot net
8 months ago
For those using CURLAUTH_NTLM, it may come to no surprise  that NTLM request will fail if you have set CURLOPT_FORBID_REUSE to true.

This is because NTLM authorisation is connect-based, not request-based. If the connection is not kept alive and re-used, cURL can never complete the request.

You may notice this if you get a 401 status code or max out the number of redirects.
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0
Martin K.
9 months ago
If you need to read page contents in between file downloads, while still using the same curl handle, you'll probably need this code:
<?php
    curl_setopt
($handle, CURLOPT_FILE, fopen('php://stdout','w'));   // 'php://output' didn't work for me
   
curl_setopt($handle, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true);  // using CURLOPT_FILE sets this to false automatically
?>
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0
Joan
10 months ago
Using CURLOPT_NOPROXY to avoid using the proxy for some urls is very convenient.
For example when the page is trying to look for itself.
The parameter can be found at least in version 5.5.7, (probably earlier)
Unfortunately it's not present on debian wheezy (5.4.4) but it will be on jessie (it's already there)

A related bug: https://bugs.php.net/bug.php?id=53543
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0
etiennez0r at gmail dot com
1 year ago
// For those having message
// SSL connection timeout
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_SSLVERSION, 1);
// solved for me
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0
mfuhrman at enetarch dot net
1 year ago
Here is an example of sending JSON data as via POST.

index.php
------
$data = array
(
  "command" => "isInstalled",
  "params" => Array
  (
    "1" => "3",
    "2" => "4",
  )
);

$data_string = "json=" . json_encode($data) . "&";
$ch = curl_init("http://localhose/parrot.php");
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POST, true);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, $data_string);
$results = curl_exec($ch);

print ($results);
?>
=====

parrot.php
------
<?
print_r ($_REQUEST);
?>
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1
Tyranoweb
5 years ago
There is a function to send POST data in page with five parameters :

$post must be an array
$page is the page where POST datas will be send.
$n must be true to continue if they are php redirection (Location: )
$session must be define true if you want to use cookies
$referer must be a link to get a wrong referer or only to have a referer.

<?php
function curl_data_post($post, $page, $n, $session, $referer)
    {
        if(!
is_array($post))
        {
         return
false;
        }
       
       
$DATA_POST = curl_init();
       
curl_setopt($DATA_POST, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true);
       
curl_setopt($DATA_POST, CURLOPT_URL, $page);
       
curl_setopt($DATA_POST, CURLOPT_POST, true);
        if(
$n)
        {
        
curl_setopt($DATA_POST, CURLOPT_FOLLOWLOCATION, true);
        }
        if(
$session)
        {
        
curl_setopt($DATA_POST, CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE, 'cookiefile.txt');
        
curl_setopt($DATA_POST, CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR, 'cookiefile.txt');
        }
       
        if(
$referer)
        {
        
curl_setopt($DATA_POST, CURLOPT_REFERER, $referer);
        }
       
       
curl_setopt($DATA_POST, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, $post);
       
$data = curl_exec($DATA_POST);
        if(
$data == false)
        {
         echo
'Warning : ' . curl_error($DATA_POST);
        
curl_close($DATA_POST);
         return
false;
        }
        else
        {
        
curl_close($DATA_POST);
         return
$data;
        }
    }
?>
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2
ROXORT at TGNOOB dot FR
9 years ago
<?php
/*
  Here is a script that is usefull to :
  - login to a POST form,
  - store a session cookie,
  - download a file once logged in.
*/

// INIT CURL
$ch = curl_init();

// SET URL FOR THE POST FORM LOGIN
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_URL, 'http://www.example.com/Members/Login.php');

// ENABLE HTTP POST
curl_setopt ($ch, CURLOPT_POST, 1);

// SET POST PARAMETERS : FORM VALUES FOR EACH FIELD
curl_setopt ($ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, 'fieldname1=fieldvalue1&fieldname2=fieldvalue2');

// IMITATE CLASSIC BROWSER'S BEHAVIOUR : HANDLE COOKIES
curl_setopt ($ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR, 'cookie.txt');

# Setting CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER variable to 1 will force cURL
# not to print out the results of its query.
# Instead, it will return the results as a string return value
# from curl_exec() instead of the usual true/false.
curl_setopt ($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, 1);

// EXECUTE 1st REQUEST (FORM LOGIN)
$store = curl_exec ($ch);

// SET FILE TO DOWNLOAD
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_URL, 'http://www.example.com/Members/Downloads/AnnualReport.pdf');

// EXECUTE 2nd REQUEST (FILE DOWNLOAD)
$content = curl_exec ($ch);

// CLOSE CURL
curl_close ($ch);

/*
  At this point you can do do whatever you want
  with the downloaded file stored in $content :
  display it, save it as file, and so on.
*/
?>
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1
Andrew
5 years ago
I noticed that if you want to get current cookie file after curl_exec() - you need to close current curl handle (like it said in manual), but if you want cookies to be dumped to file after any curl_exec (without curl_close) you can:

<?php
#call it normally
$ch = curl_init();
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HEADER, 0);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE, "cookiefile");
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR, "cookiefile");
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_FOLLOWLOCATION, 1);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_URL, 'http://www.example.com/');
$result1 = curl_exec($ch);

#and then  make a temp copy
$ch_temp=curl_copy_handle(ch);
curl_close($ch);
$ch=$ch_temp;
?>

Only this way, if you close $ch_temp - cookies wont be dumped.
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0
dardyole at hotmail dot com
1 year ago
Another note addressing the issues with servers that have open_basedir and safe mode turned on. Such an issue spawns the following E_WARNING:

Warning: curl_setopt() [function.curl-setopt]: CURLOPT_FOLLOWLOCATION cannot be activated when safe_mode is enabled or an open_basedir is set

After looking through the notes, most of the proposed manual implementations were kind of clunky and in some cases just didn't work at all. Most importantly (in my case), was the behaviour of the 302 Header. Anyway, here's the code I ended up using which has worked well for me in all cases so far, it even addresses the issue that caused FOLLOWLOCATION to be turned off in some cases :)

EDIT: Unfortunately the code itself is deemed "too long" for PHP's note system. I've uploaded it to a few paste sites below so hopefully the links will live for a while at least.

http://pastebin.com/aaJtPy1j
http://pastie.org/7646116

Use it as a replacement for curl_exec. For example:

<?php
$ch
= curl_init("http://php.net");
var_dump(curl_exec_follow($ch, 9001));
curl_close($ch);
?>
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2
michaeledwards.com
9 years ago
Problems can occur if you mix CURLOPT_URL with a 'Host:' header in CURLOPT_HEADERS on redirects because cURL will combine the host you explicitly stated in the 'Host:' header with the host from the Location: header of the redirect response.

In short, don't do this:

<?php
$host
= "www.example.com";
$url = "http://$host/";

$headers = array("Host: $host");

$ch = curl_init();

curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_URL, $url);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, $headers);

Do
this instead:

$host = "www.example.com";
$url = "http://$host/";

$ch = curl_init();

curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_URL, $url);
?>
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1
ashooner - - gmail , com
5 years ago
When passing CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS a url-encoded string in order to use Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded, you can pass a string directly:
<?php
curl_setopt
(CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, 'field1=value&field2=value2');
?>

rather than passing the string in an array, as in fred at themancan dot com's example.
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1
urkle at outoforder dot cc
5 years ago
To send a post as a different content-type (ie.. application/json or text/xml) add this setopt call

<?php
curl_setopt
($ch, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER,array('Content-Type: application/json'));
?>
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0
juozaspo at gmail dot com
2 years ago
I've created an example that gets the file on url passed to script and outputs it to the browser.

<?php
//get the file (e.g. image) and output it to the browser
$ch = curl_init(); //open curl handle
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_URL, $_GET['url']); //set an url
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, 1); //do not output directly, use variable
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_BINARYTRANSFER, 1); //do a binary transfer
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_FAILONERROR, 1); //stop if an error occurred
$file=curl_exec($ch); //store the content in variable
if(!curl_errno($ch))
{
   
//send out headers and output
   
header ("Content-type: ".curl_getinfo($ch, CURLINFO_CONTENT_TYPE)."");
   
header ("Content-Length: ".curl_getinfo($ch, CURLINFO_CONTENT_LENGTH_DOWNLOAD)."");
    echo
$file;
} else echo
'Curl error: ' . curl_error($ch);
curl_close($ch); //close curl handle
?>

p.s. Make sure that there're no new lines before and after code or script may not work.
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1
w dot danford at electronics-software dot com
6 years ago
Just a small detail I too easily overlooked.
<?php
/*  If you set:  */
curl_setopt ($ch, CURLOPT_POST, 1);
/* then you must have the data: */
curl_setopt ($ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, $PostData);
?>
I found with only the CURLOPT_POST set (from copy, paste editing of course) cookies were not getting sent with CURLOPT_COOKIE.  Just something subtle to watch out for.
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1
Salil Kothadia
6 years ago
In PHP5, for the "CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS" option, we can use:

<?php
$ch
= curl_init($URI);
$Post = http_build_query($PostData);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, $Post);
$Output = curl_exec($ch);
curl_close($ch);
?>
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0
mw+php dot net at lw-systems dot de
2 years ago
The description of the use of the CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS option should be emphasize, that using POST with HTTP/1.1 with cURL implies the use of a "Expect: 100-continue" header. Some web servers will not understand the handling of chunked transfer of post data.

To disable this behavior one must disable the use of the "Expect:" header with

    curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER,array("Expect:"));
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0
dotpointer at gmail dot com
2 years ago
About CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR and CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE, and which / how to use.

- CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR is used when cURL is reading cookie data from disk.

- CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE is used when cURL is writing the cookie data to disk.

So you need to specify both (and set the same file location on both) when working with sessions for example.
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0
wonderfish+php at gmail dot com
2 years ago
As of at least PHP 5.3.9, if you are continuing to use a cURL session handle after downloading a file and closing the file handle, you will need to change CURLOPT_FILE back to stdout, and cannot count simply on a side effect of CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER to do so, even if you are setting it.  For example:

<?php
$ch
= curl_init();
$fh = fopen('/path/to/stored/file/example_file.dat', 'w');
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_FILE, $fh);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_URL, 'http://example.com/example_file.dat');
curl_exec($ch);
fflush($fh);
fclose($fh);

//must reset cURL file handle. Not doing so will cause a warning to be
//thrown and for cURL to default to output regardless
//for our example, we'll set return transfer.
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_FILE, fopen('php://stdout', 'w'));
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, TRUE);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_URL, 'http://example.org/index.html');
$html = curl_exec($ch); //this will now work
?>
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2
Jakub Horky <jakub dot php at horky dot net>
10 years ago
A bit more documentation (without minimum version numbers):

- CURLOPT_WRITEFUNCTION
- CURLOPT_HEADERFUNCTION
  Pass a function which will be called to write data or headers respectively. The callback function prototype:

long write_callback (resource ch, string data)

The ch argument is CURL session handle. The data argument is data received. Note that its size is variable. When writing data, as much data as possible will be returned in all invokes. When writing headers, exactly one complete header line is returned for better parsing.
The function must return number of bytes actually taken care of. If that amount differs from the amount passed to this function, an error will occur.

- CURLOPT_READFUNCTION
  Pass a function which will be called to read data. The callback function prototype:

string read_callback (resource ch, resource fd, long length)

The ch argument is CURL session handle. The fd argument is file descriptor passed to CURL by CURLOPT_INFILE option. The length argument is maximum length which can be returned.
The function must return string containing the data which were read. If length of the data is more than maximum length, it will be truncated to maximum length. Returning anything else than a string means an EOF.

[Note: there is more callbacks implemented in current cURL library but they aren't unfortunately implemented in php curl interface yet.]
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1
mavook at gmail dot com
6 years ago
If you try to upload file to a server, you need do CURLOPT_POST first and then fill CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS.

<?php
curl_setopt
($ch, CURLOPT_POST, 1);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, $postvars);
// ^^ This will post multipart/form-data
?>
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0
chsa at ten dot ch
2 years ago
Sending a post file upload across a squid proxy, the request was rejected by the proxy. In the error page returned it provided among other possible causes:"Expect:" feature is being asked from a HTTP/one.zero.
Solution: Add the option <?php curl_setopt($cl,CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER,array("Expect:")); ?>. This will remove the expect http header.
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1
ashw1 - at - no spam - post - dot - cz
7 years ago
In case you wonder how come, that cookies don't work under Windows, I've googled for some answers, and here is the result: Under WIN you need to input absolute path of the cookie file.

This piece of code solves it:

<?php

if ($cookies != '')
    {
    if (
substr(PHP_OS, 0, 3) == 'WIN')
        {
$cookies = str_replace('\\','/', getcwd().'/'.$cookies);}
   
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR, $cookies);
   
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE, $cookies);
    }

?>
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1
alfredoaguirre dot v at gmail dot com
7 years ago
Seems that CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER Option set to TRUE, returns a "1" when the transaction returns a blank page.

I think is for eliminate the FALSE to can be with a blank page as return
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2
yann dot corno at free dot fr
12 years ago
About the CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER option, it took me some time to figure out how to format the so-called 'Array'. It fact, it is a list of strings. If Curl was already defining a header item, yours will replace it. Here is an example to change the Content Type in a POST:

<?php curl_setopt ($ch, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, Array("Content-Type: text/xml")); ?>

Yann
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1
php at miggy dot org
8 years ago
Note that if you want to use a proxy and use it as a _cache_, you'll have to do:

<?php curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, array("Pragma: ")); ?>

else by default Curl puts a "Pragma: no-cache" header in and thus force cache misses for all requests.
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0
sjungwirth at google mail dot com
4 years ago
I couldn't find a way to force a curl request to go to a particular IP address, but you can do it with fsockopen:
<?php
    $ip
= '123.45.67.89';
   
$fp = fsockopen($ip, 80, $errno, $errstr, 5);
   
$result = '';
    if (!
$fp) {
        echo
"$errstr ($errno)<br />\n";
    } else {
       
$out = "GET /path/to/the/file.ext HTTP/1.1\r\n";
       
$out .= "Host: www.exampl.com\r\n";
       
$out .= "Connection: Close\r\n\r\n";
       
fwrite($fp, $out);
        while (!
feof($fp)) {
           
$result .= fgets($fp, 128);
        }
       
fclose($fp);
    }
?>
I needed it to test the response from a set of servers behind a load balancer.
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0
starosielec at googlemail dot com
4 years ago
You can use also use object methods as callback functions. This is usefull if your curl ressource is part of an object handling transfers.
Instead of curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_WRITEFUNCTION, "curl_handler_recv") you can use array($object, "method") as value for callback options.

For example:

<?php
class downloader {
    private
$curl;

    function
__construct() {
       
$this->curl = curl_init();
       
curl_setopt($this->curl, CURLOPT_WRITEFUNCTION, array($this, "curl_handler_recv"));
    }

     function
curl_handler_recv($res, $data) {
     
//...
    
}
  
//...
}
?>
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1
petelu $ post dot sk
8 years ago
load https:// or  http://example.com/exam.php 
with  POST  data (name=alex&year=18) and apply COOKIEs

<?php
$sessions
= curl_init();
curl_setopt($sessions,CURLOPT_URL,'http://example.com/exam.php');
curl_setopt($sessions, CURLOPT_POST, 1);
curl_setopt($sessions,CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS,'name=alex&year=18');
curl_setopt($sessions,CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR,
dirname(__FILE__).'/cookie.txt');
curl_setopt($sessions,CURLOPT_FOLLOWLOCATION,0);
curl_setopt($sessions, CURLOPT_HEADER , 1);
curl_setopt($sessions, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER,1);
$my_load_page = curl_exec($this->sessions);
?>
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1
luca dot manzo at bbsitalia dot com
8 years ago
If you're getting trouble with cookie handling in curl:

- curl manages tranparently cookies in a single curl session
- the option
<?php curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR, "/tmp/cookieFileName"); ?>

makes curl to store the cookies in a file at the and of the curl session

- the option
<?php curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE, "/tmp/cookieFileName"); ?>

makes curl to use the given file as source for the cookies to send to the server.

so to handle correctly cookies between different curl session, the you have to do something like this:

<?php
       $ch
= curl_init();
      
curl_setopt ($ch, CURLOPT_URL, $url);
      
curl_setopt ($ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR, COOKIE_FILE_PATH);
      
curl_setopt ($ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE, COOKIE_FILE_PATH);

      
curl_setopt ($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, 1);
      
$result = curl_exec ($ch);
      
curl_close($ch);
       return
$result;
?>

in particular this is NECESSARY if you are using PEAR_SOAP libraries to build a webservice client over https and the remote server need to establish a session cookie. in fact each soap message is sent using a different curl session!!

I hope this can help someone
Luca
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1
skyogre __at__ yandex __dot__ ru
8 years ago
There is really a problem of transmitting $_POST data with curl in php 4+ at least.
I improved the encoding function by Alejandro Moreno to work properly with mulltidimensional arrays.

<?php
function data_encode($data, $keyprefix = "", $keypostfix = "") {
 
assert( is_array($data) );
 
$vars=null;
  foreach(
$data as $key=>$value) {
    if(
is_array($value)) $vars .= data_encode($value, $keyprefix.$key.$keypostfix.urlencode("["), urlencode("]"));
    else
$vars .= $keyprefix.$key.$keypostfix."=".urlencode($value)."&";
  }
  return
$vars;
}

curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, substr(data_encode($_POST), 0, -1) );

?>
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2
bvwj at swbell dot net
12 years ago
To collect cookies recieved with a request, set CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR "cookieFileName".  Then use CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE "cookieFileName" to recall them in subsequent transactions.
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0
Sylvain R
5 years ago
When you are using CURLOPT_FILE to download directly into a file you must close the file handler after the curl_close() otherwise the file will be incomplete and you will not be able to use it until the end of the execution of the php process.

<?php

$fh
= fopen('/tmp/foo', 'w');
$ch = curl_init('http://example.com/foo');
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_FILE, $fh);
curl_exec($ch);
curl_close($ch);

# at this point your file is not complete and corrupted

fclose($fh);

# now you can use your file;

read_file('/tmp/foo');

?>
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0
mikeseth at gmail dot com
5 years ago
When using CURLOPT_FILE, pass it the file handle that is open for write only (eg fopen('blahblah', 'w+')). If you also open the file for reading (eg fopen('blahblah', 'rw')), curl will fail with error 23.
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1
phpnet at andywaite dot com
9 years ago
After setting CURLOPT_FILE, you may want want to revert back to the normal behaviour of displaying the results. This can be achieved using:

<?php
$fp
= fopen ("php://output", "w") or die("Unable to open stdout for writing.\n");
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_FILE, $fp);
?>
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1
samlowry at e-baka dot net
9 years ago
About CURLOPT_ENCODING:
added in curl in 7.10 - Oct 1 2002
In 7.10.5 - May 19 2003 syntax was chnaged:
"setting CURLOPT_ENCODING to "" automaticly enables all supported encodings"
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1
ikendra at yken dot nospam dot org
9 years ago
Using cURL, I needed to call a third-party script which was returning binary data as attachment to pass on retrieved data again as attachment.

Problem was that the third-party script occassionally returned HTTP errors and I wanted to avoid passing on zero-length attachment in such case.

Combination of using CURLOPT_FAILONERROR and CURLOPT_HEADERFUNCTION callback helped to process the third-party script HTTP errors neatly:

<?php
function curlHeaderCallback($resURL, $strHeader) {
    if (
preg_match('/^HTTP/i', $strHeader)) {
       
header($strHeader);
       
header('Content-Disposition: attachment; filename="file-name.zip"');
    }
    return
strlen($strHeader);
}

$strURL = 'http://www.example.com/script-whichs-dumps-binary-attachment.php';

$resURL = curl_init();
curl_setopt($resURL, CURLOPT_URL, $strURL);
curl_setopt($resURL, CURLOPT_BINARYTRANSFER, 1);
curl_setopt($resURL, CURLOPT_HEADERFUNCTION, 'curlHeaderCallback');
curl_setopt($resURL, CURLOPT_FAILONERROR, 1);

curl_exec ($resURL);

$intReturnCode = curl_getinfo($resURL, CURLINFO_HTTP_CODE);
curl_close ($resURL);

if (
$intReturnCode != 200) {
    print
'was error: ' . $intReturnCode;
}
?>
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2
bvr at xs4all dot nl
13 years ago
If you'd like to include extra headers in your POST request, you can accomplish this by setting the following option:

CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER

This is similar to the CURL -H command line switch.

Thanks to Daniel Stenberg for pointing out this usefull feature!

Note: this option was first supported in PHP version 4.03 .
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0
ac at an dot y-co dot de
6 years ago
If you want to connect to a server which requires that you identify yourself with a certificate, use following code. Your certificate and servers certificate are signed by an authority whose certificate is in ca.ctr.

<?php
curl_setopt
($ch, CURLOPT_VERBOSE, '1');
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYHOST, '2');
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYPEER, '1');
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_CAINFOgetcwd().'/cert/ca.crt');
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_SSLCERT, getcwd().'/cert/mycert.pem');
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_SSLCERTPASSWD, 'password');
?>

If your original certificate is in .pfx format, you have to convert it to .pem using following commands
# openssl pkcs12 -in mycert.pfx -out mycert.key
# openssl rsa -in mycert.key -out mycert.pem
# openssl x509 -in mycert.key >> mycert.pem
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nick at glype dot com
6 years ago
Although CURLOPT_CLOSEPOLICY and the applicable choices are valid constants, setting this option with curl_setopt() always returns false. A quick google search suggests the option is deprecated and/or never worked.
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1
ron at ttvavanti dot nl
10 years ago
If you specify a CAINFO, note that the file must be in PEM format! (If not, it won't work).
Using Openssl you can use:
openssl x509 -in <cert> -inform d -outform PEM -out cert.pem
To create a pem formatted certificate from a binary certificate (the one you get if you download the ca somewhere).
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tim dot php at ebw dot ca
11 years ago
The page http://curl.haxx.se/libcurl/c/curl_easy_setopt.html at the cURL site has a list of all the CURLOPTS, including many not mentioned here. Also see http://curl.haxx.se/libcurl/php/examples/ for cURL examples in PHP.
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Ojas Ojasvi
7 years ago
<?php
/*
* Author: Ojas Ojasvi
* Released: September 25, 2007
* Description: An example of the disguise_curl() function in order to grab contents from a website while remaining fully camouflaged by using a fake user agent and fake headers.
*/

$url = 'http://www.php.net';

// disguises the curl using fake headers and a fake user agent.
function disguise_curl($url)
{
 
$curl = curl_init();

 
// Setup headers - I used the same headers from Firefox version 2.0.0.6
  // below was split up because php.net said the line was too long. :/
 
$header[0] = "Accept: text/xml,application/xml,application/xhtml+xml,";
 
$header[0] .= "text/html;q=0.9,text/plain;q=0.8,image/png,*/*;q=0.5";
 
$header[] = "Cache-Control: max-age=0";
 
$header[] = "Connection: keep-alive";
 
$header[] = "Keep-Alive: 300";
 
$header[] = "Accept-Charset: ISO-8859-1,utf-8;q=0.7,*;q=0.7";
 
$header[] = "Accept-Language: en-us,en;q=0.5";
 
$header[] = "Pragma: "; // browsers keep this blank.

 
curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_URL, $url);
 
curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_USERAGENT, 'Googlebot/2.1 (+http://www.google.com/bot.html)');
 
curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, $header);
 
curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_REFERER, 'http://www.google.com');
 
curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_ENCODING, 'gzip,deflate');
 
curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_AUTOREFERER, true);
 
curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, 1);
 
curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_TIMEOUT, 10);

 
$html = curl_exec($curl); // execute the curl command
 
curl_close($curl); // close the connection

 
return $html; // and finally, return $html
}

// uses the function and displays the text off the website
$text = disguise_curl($url);
echo
$text;
?>

Ojas Ojasvi
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eric at imap dot ch
11 years ago
I managed to use curl to retrieve information from severs on ports other than 80 or 443 (for https) on some installations but not on all.
If you get an "CURLE_COULDNT_CONNECT /* 7 */" error, try adding the port : (for example)

<?php curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_PORT, $_SERVER['SERVER_PORT']); ?>
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me
11 years ago
Just a reminder: When setting your CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS remember to replace the spaces in your values with %20
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paul at zgtec dot com
12 years ago
To make a POST in multipart/form-data mode
this worked for me, the " \n" at the end of the variables was very important on my OS X server.

<?php

$file
= "file_to_upload.txt";
$submit_url = "http://www.example.com/upload_page.php";

$formvars = array("cc"=>"us \n");
$formvars[variable_1] = "bla bla \n";
$formvars[variable_2] = "bla bla \n";
$formvars[variable_3] = "bla bla \n";
$formvars[variable_4] = "bla bla \n";
$formvars[upfile] = "@$file"; // "@" causes cURL to send as file and not string (I believe)

    // init curl handle
   
$ch = curl_init($submit_url);
   
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR, "my_cookies.txt");  //initiates cookie file if needed
   
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE, "my_cookies.txt");  // Uses cookies from previous session if exist
   
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_REFERER, "http://www.example.net");  //if server needs to think this post came from elsewhere
   
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_VERBOSE, 1);
   
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HEADER, 1);
   
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_FOLLOWLOCATION,1); // follow redirects recursively
   
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, 1);
   
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, $formvars);

   
// perform post
   
echo $pnp_result_page = curl_exec($ch);
   
curl_close ($ch);

?>
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webmaster () stauceni.com
9 years ago
A little mistake, that took a half-day to fix it:
When specifing CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE or CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR options, don't forget to "chmod 777" that directory where cookie-file must be created.
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dan dot polansky at seznam dot cz
13 years ago
I used to download www pages to my script and one of the pages was different in MS explorer and different, when I downloaded it. Namely, information, I was really interested in was missing. That was because the server on the other bank of the river was looking at who is downloading the page. Everything got fixed when I pretended I was MSIE. It is done with curl. Here is a function, that you may use in similar situation

<?php
function download_pretending($url,$user_agent) {
  
$ch = curl_init();
  
curl_setopt ($ch, CURLOPT_URL, $url);
  
curl_setopt ($ch, CURLOPT_USERAGENT, $user_agent);
  
curl_setopt ($ch, CURLOPT_HEADER, 0);
  
curl_setopt ($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, 1);
  
$result = curl_exec ($ch);
  
curl_close ($ch);
   return
$result;
}
?>
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Anonymous
13 years ago
To make a POST in multipart/form-data mode

(to upload a file for example) you can use

<?php curl_setopt($ch,CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS,$post); ?>

where $post is an array :

<?php
$post
['key1'] = 'data1';
//  like a text field in a POST
$post['file1'] = '@filename1'
// upload filename1
?>

For more informations see the

curl_formparse man page.
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mcbreen at gmail dot com
7 years ago
If you are getting the following error:

SSL: certificate subject name 'example.com' does not match target host name 'example.net'

Then you can set the following option to get around it:

<?php curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYHOST, FALSE); ?>
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George
6 years ago
If you set CURLOPT_RESUME_FROM to resume the file, and then reuse the same Curl handle to download another file, you must reset the resume status by calling curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_RESUME_FROM, 0 ). It will not reset, and will apply to all subsequent transfers even if the URL is the same.
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tychay at alumni dot caltech dot edu
12 years ago
CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER is NOT like the -H command line switch. The command line switch adds or replaces headers (much like the header() line in PHP, but for HTTP clients instead of servers), but the curl extension will eliminate the headers cURL sends by default.

For instance, your Authorization, Host, Referer, Pragma, and Accept headers which are normally written by default or by other CURLOPT_*'s.

Also, it might seem intuitive that this should accept an array hash of header->values, but this is not the case. It accepts an array of strings of the format "Header: Value", much like the -H command-line switch.

Hope this helps,

terry
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