PHP 5.6.0 released

imagealphablending

(PHP 4 >= 4.0.6, PHP 5)

imagealphablendingEstablece el modo de mezcla para una imagen

Descripción

bool imagealphablending ( resource $image , bool $blendmode )

imagealphablending() permite dos modos diferentes de dibujar imágenes de color verdadero. En el modo de mezcla, el componente canal alfa del color proporcionado a todas las funciones de dibujo, como imagesetpixel(), determina cuánto se debe permitir que brille el color subyacente a través de los colores de la imagen. Como resultado, gd mezcla automáticamente el color existente en ese punto con el color de dibujo, y almacena el resultado en la imagen. El píxel resultante es opaco. En un modo que no sea de mezcla, el color de dibujo se copia literalmente con la información del canal alfa, remplazando el píxel destino. El modo de mezlca no está disponible cuando se dibuja con imágenes de paleta de color.

Parámetros

image

Un recurso image, es devuelto por una de las funciones de creación de imágenes, como imagecreatetruecolor().

blendmode

Si se habilita o no el modo mezcla. En imágenes de color verdadero el valor por defecto es TRUE de otro modo el valor por defecto es FALSE

Valores devueltos

Devuelve TRUE en caso de éxito o FALSE en caso de error.

Ejemplos

Ejemplo #1 Ejemplo de uso de imagealphablending()

<?php
// Crear imagen
$im imagecreatetruecolor(100100);

// Establecer la mezcla alfa
imagealphablending($imtrue);

// Dibujar un cuadrado
imagefilledrectangle($im30307070imagecolorallocate($im25500));

// Imprimir
header('Content-type: image/png');

imagepng($im);
imagedestroy($im);
?>

Notas

Nota: Esta función require GD 2.0.1 o superior (se recomienda 2.0.28 o superior).

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User Contributed Notes 14 notes

up
2
9 years ago
I have been looking around for a while to find a script which does the following: generates image with text using specified font with given color, but with totally transparent background (by alpha-channnel, not via color transparency). Finally, I have created the script by myself. It's just a rough idea how to do it.

<?php
$tekst
= "This is a test message\nza gl ja!\nZAӣ GʦL JA?";

$h = 9;

$size = imageTTFBBox($h, 0, "arial.ttf", $tekst);
$image = imageCreateTrueColor(abs($size[2]) + abs($size[0]), abs($size[7]) + abs($size[1]));
imageSaveAlpha($image, true);
ImageAlphaBlending($image, false);

$tlo = imagecolorallocatealpha($image, 220, 220, 220, 127);
imagefill($image, 0, 0, $tlo);

$napis = imagecolorallocate($image, 220, 220, 220);
imagettftext($image, $h, 0, 0, abs($size[5]), $napis, "arial.ttf", $tekst);
imagepng($image, "output.png");
imagedestroy($image);

?>
<html>
<head>
</head>
<body bgcolor="#808080">
<img src="output.png" alt="">
</body>
</html>
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1
JAYPEEsorenATgeeMail
7 years ago
I rewrote the code given below to skip calculations and pixel setting when not needed (full opaque or full transparent pixels), as the content of my overlays is generally mostly transparent. Reduced processing time from ~0.17s to ~0.06s on 216x145px images.

function alphaOverlay($destImg, $overlayImg, $imgW, $imgH)
{
    for($y=0;$y<$imgH;$y++)
    {
        for($x=0;$x<$imgW;$x++)
        {
            $ovrARGB = imagecolorat($overlayImg, $x, $y);
            $ovrA = ($ovrARGB >> 24) << 1;
            $ovrR = $ovrARGB >> 16 & 0xFF;
            $ovrG = $ovrARGB >> 8 & 0xFF;
            $ovrB = $ovrARGB & 0xFF;
           
            $change = false;
            if($ovrA == 0)
            {
                $dstR = $ovrR;
                $dstG = $ovrG;
                $dstB = $ovrB;
                $change = true;
            }
            elseif($ovrA < 254)
            {
                $dstARGB = imagecolorat($destImg, $x, $y);
                $dstR = $dstARGB >> 16 & 0xFF;
                $dstG = $dstARGB >> 8 & 0xFF;
                $dstB = $dstARGB & 0xFF;
               
                $dstR = (($ovrR * (0xFF-$ovrA)) >> 8) + (($dstR * $ovrA) >> 8);
                $dstG = (($ovrG * (0xFF-$ovrA)) >> 8) + (($dstG * $ovrA) >> 8);
                $dstB = (($ovrB * (0xFF-$ovrA)) >> 8) + (($dstB * $ovrA) >> 8);
                $change = true;
            }
            if($change)
            {
                $dstRGB = imagecolorallocatealpha($destImg, $dstR, $dstG, $dstB, 0);
                imagesetpixel($destImg, $x, $y, $dstRGB);
            }
               
        }
    }
    return $destImg;
}
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0
jeppe dot dyrby at gmail dot com
7 years ago
I have create a little function for putting a watermark on any picture.
Watermark can be png, with transparency, and the watermark can be placed anywhere on the image, using simple strings such as 'bottom-left', or 'center'.

<?
function imagelogo (&$dst_image, $src_image, $dst_w, $dst_h, $src_w, $src_h, $position='bottom-left') {
    imagealphablending($dst_image,true);
    imagealphablending($src_image,true);
    if ($position == 'random') {
        $position = rand(1,8);
    }
    switch ($position) {
        case 'top-right':
        case 'right-top':
        case 1:
            imagecopy($dst_image, $src_image, ($dst_w-$src_w), 0, 0, 0, $src_w, $src_h);
        break;
        case 'top-left':
        case 'left-top':
        case 2:
            imagecopy($dst_image, $src_image, 0, 0, 0, 0, $src_w, $src_h);
        break;
        case 'bottom-right':
        case 'right-bottom':
        case 3:
            imagecopy($dst_image, $src_image, ($dst_w-$src_w), ($dst_h-$src_h), 0, 0, $src_w, $src_h);
        break;
        case 'bottom-left':
        case 'left-bottom':
        case 4:
            imagecopy($dst_image, $src_image, 0 , ($dst_h-$src_h), 0, 0, $src_w, $src_h);
        break;
        case 'center':
        case 5:
            imagecopy($dst_image, $src_image, (($dst_w/2)-($src_w/2)), (($dst_h/2)-($src_h/2)), 0, 0, $src_w, $src_h);
        break;
        case 'top':
        case 6:
            imagecopy($dst_image, $src_image, (($dst_w/2)-($src_w/2)), 0, 0, 0, $src_w, $src_h);
        break;
        case 'bottom':
        case 7:
            imagecopy($dst_image, $src_image, (($dst_w/2)-($src_w/2)), ($dst_h-$src_h), 0, 0, $src_w, $src_h);
        break;
        case 'left':
        case 8:
            imagecopy($dst_image, $src_image, 0, (($dst_h/2)-($src_h/2)), 0, 0, $src_w, $src_h);
        break;
        case 'right':
        case 9:
            imagecopy($dst_image, $src_image, ($dst_w-$src_w), (($dst_h/2)-($src_h/2)), 0, 0, $src_w, $src_h);
        break;
    }
}

// example:

imagelogo($image, $watermark, imagesx($image), imagesy($image), imagesx($watermark), imagesy($watermark), 'random');
?>
up
0
joe AT cerberon DOT net
10 years ago
Note that alpha blending must be enabled to render antialiased text in true color mode.

For OLDER versions of PHP and/or GD (e.g. which comes with Debian woody) alpha blending is DISABLED by default and it is ENABLED for NEWER versions.
up
0
www.deebster.com
10 years ago
Your target image resource not must be paletted if you want to use blending.

This means using ImageCreateTrueColor() rather than ImageCreate().

(If your source is e.g. a jpeg and you've used ImageCreateFromJPEG(), the above is irrelevant.)
up
0
boo at php dot net
11 years ago
Notice that AlphaBlending is ON by default.
So, only use this function if you don't want to use AlphaBlending.
up
-1
klaproth at creative-mindworks dot de
6 years ago
I have written a function that takes an image as parameter and returns the same image with a reflection effect (often seen in WEB 2.0 sites). I have not performance-tested this with large image files, for thumbnails it works fine (requires PHP 4.3.2 or above, or PHP5).

<?php
function imagereflection($src_img) {
 
$src_height = imagesy($src_img);
 
$src_width = imagesx($src_img);
 
$dest_height = $src_height + ($src_height / 2);
 
$dest_width = $src_width;
 
 
$reflected = imagecreatetruecolor($dest_width, $dest_height);
 
imagealphablending($reflected, false);
 
imagesavealpha($reflected, true);
 
 
imagecopy($reflected, $src_img, 0, 0, 0, 0, $src_width, $src_height);
 
$reflection_height = $src_height / 2;
 
$alpha_step = 80 / $reflection_height;
  for (
$y = 1; $y <= $reflection_height; $y++) {
    for (
$x = 0; $x < $dest_width; $x++) {
     
// copy pixel from x / $src_height - y to x / $src_height + y
     
$rgba = imagecolorat($src_img, $x, $src_height - $y);
     
$alpha = ($rgba & 0x7F000000) >> 24;
     
$alpha max($alpha, 47 + ($y * $alpha_step));
     
$rgba = imagecolorsforindex($src_img, $rgba);
     
$rgba = imagecolorallocatealpha($reflected, $rgba['red'], $rgba['green'], $rgba['blue'], $alpha);
     
imagesetpixel($reflected, $x, $src_height + $y - 1, $rgba);
    }
  }
 
  return
$reflected;
}
?>

This is rather hot-coded. You could go on and extract some of the values as parameters (80 is the transparency start value, $height / 2 is the reflection area...).

Cheers,
Christian
up
-1
roONLYycoLOWERCAneSEjo at gmail dot com
7 years ago
Roy Conejo says:

I' had to "per-pixel alpha blend" an image into a solid background, as seen on the very concise example from "barnabas at kendall dot NOSPAM dot net": an alpha blended .png logo on a .jpg photograph. The problem was... it doesn't worked out at all here (why? T_T).

Note that I'm using just the source alpha to determine how much colour from source and destination will be present on the final pixel... and that I've to multiply the alpha value (0 - 127) by 2 because I need it to be 8 bits for the calculations.

I think the code is pretty fast, no decimals, no rounding, no unnecesary coding. Bound checking or clipping could be implemented if you really need to.

I hope it helps someone on my same situation ^.^

<?php

   
## BEGIN of function alpha_blending -------------------------------------------
   
function
   
alpha_blending ($dest, $source, $dest_x, $dest_y) {
   
       
## lets blend source pixels with source alpha into destination =)
       
for ($y = 0; $y < imagesy($source); $y++) {
            for (
$x = 0; $x < imagesx($source); $x++) {
                           
               
$argb_s = imagecolorat ($source    ,$x            ,$y);
               
$argb_d = imagecolorat ($dest    ,$x+$dest_x    ,$y+$dest_y);
                           
               
$a_s    = ($argb_s >> 24) << 1; ## 7 to 8 bits.
               
$r_s    $argb_s >> 16     & 0xFF;
               
$g_s    $argb_s >>  8    & 0xFF;
               
$b_s    $argb_s            & 0xFF;
                               
               
$r_d    $argb_d >> 16    & 0xFF;
               
$g_d    $argb_d >>  8    & 0xFF;
               
$b_d    $argb_d            & 0xFF;
                               
               
## source pixel 100% opaque (alpha == 0)
               
if ($a_s == 0) {
                   
$r_d = $r_s; $g_d = $g_s; $b_d = $b_s;
                }
               
## source pixel 100% transparent (alpha == 255)
               
else if ($a_s > 253) {
               
## using source alpha only, we have to mix (100-"some") percent
                ## of source with "some" percent of destination.
               
} else {
                   
$r_d = (($r_s * (0xFF-$a_s)) >> 8) + (($r_d * $a_s) >> 8);
                   
$g_d = (($g_s * (0xFF-$a_s)) >> 8) + (($g_d * $a_s) >> 8);
                   
$b_d = (($b_s * (0xFF-$a_s)) >> 8) + (($b_d * $a_s) >> 8);
                }
                               
               
$rgb_d = imagecolorallocatealpha ($dest, $r_d, $g_d, $b_d, 0);
               
imagesetpixel ($dest, $x, $y, $rgb_d);
            }
        }
    }
   
## END of function alpha_blending -------------------------------------------
   
   
   
    ## let's start loading images as usual...
   
$source = imagecreatefrompng ('logo.png');
   
$dest    = imagecreatefromjpg ('photo.jpg');

   
## alpha blend $source into $dest starting at 10, 5.
   
alpha_blending ($dest, $source, 10, 5);   
   
   
## here you'll have to save "$dest" or send it to the browser...
    ##
   
   
imagedestroy ($source);
   
imagedestroy ($dest);
   
?>

eof =p
up
-1
Raisul Kabir Ruman
8 years ago
In the previous message, I found it is working perfect. But, it can be done a lot easily, as is described by the first message by "barnabas at kendall dot NOSPAM dot net". Though, it don't work totally, instead of using imageAlphaBlending, you have to use imageSaveAlpha

So, I found the corrected and smalled code would be

<?php
$im_a
= @imagecreatefrompng("a.png");
$im_c = @imagecreatefrompng("c.png");
imageSaveAlpha($im_c, true);

imagecopy($im_c,$im_a,0,0,0,0,200,200);
header("Content-type: image/png");
imagepng($im_c);
?>
up
-1
luke dot stanley at gmail dot com
8 years ago
"If imagealphablending os set to true and you want to merge two images, you are left with no transparency. If it is set to false, only the transparency of the second image is respected, causing no parts of the first image to be shown. To solve this use the following function:"

dscharrer at gmail dot com offered this without a use example, so here is one:

<?

$flag = imagecreatefrompng('a.png');
$mask = imagecreatefrompng('b.png');

imagealphablending($flag, 1);
imagealphablending($mask, 1);
$i= array($flag, $mask); // here is the array of images, using the above specified $flag and $mask images

$s = imagemergealpha($i);

header("Content-type: image/png");
imagepng($s);

//Merge multiple images and keep transparency

//$i is and array of the images to be merged:
// $i[1] will be overlayed over $i[0]
// $i[2] will be overlayed over that
// ...

//the function returns the resulting image ready for saving

function imagemergealpha($i) {

//create a new image
$s = imagecreatetruecolor(imagesx($i[0]),imagesy($i[1]));

//merge all images
imagealphablending($s,true);
$z = $i;
while($d = each($z)) {
  imagecopy($s,$d[1],0,0,0,0,imagesx($d[1]),imagesy($d[1]));
}

//restore the transparency
imagealphablending($s,false);
$w = imagesx($s);
$h = imagesy($s);
for($x=0;$x<$w;$x++) {
  for($y=0;$y<$h;$y++) {
   $c = imagecolorat($s,$x,$y);
   $c = imagecolorsforindex($s,$c);
   $z = $i;
   $t = 0;
   while($d = each($z)) {
   $ta = imagecolorat($d[1],$x,$y);
   $ta = imagecolorsforindex($d[1],$ta);
   $t += 127-$ta['alpha'];
   }
   $t = ($t > 127) ? 127 : $t;
   $t = 127-$t;
   $c = imagecolorallocatealpha($s,$c['red'],$c['green'],$c['blue'],$t);
   imagesetpixel($s,$x,$y,$c);
  }
}
imagesavealpha($s,true);
return $s;
}

?>
up
-1
dscharrer at gmail dot com
9 years ago
If imagealphablending os set to true and you want to merge two images, you are left with no transparency. If it is set to false, only the transparency of the second image is respected, causing no parts of the first image to be shown. To solve this use the following function:

<?
//Merge multiple images and keep transparency

//$i is and array of the images to be merged:
// $i[1] will be overlayed over $i[0]
// $i[2] will be overlayed over that
// ...

//the function returns the resulting image ready for saving

function imagemergealpha($i) {

//create a new image
$s = imagecreatetruecolor(imagesx($i[0]),imagesy($i[1]));

//merge all images
imagealphablending($s,true);
$z = $i;
while($d = each($z)) {
  imagecopy($s,$d[1],0,0,0,0,imagesx($d[1]),imagesy($d[1]));
}

//restore the transparency
imagealphablending($s,false);
$w = imagesx($s);
$h = imagesy($s);
for($x=0;$x<$w;$x++) {
  for($y=0;$y<$h;$y++) {
   $c = imagecolorat($s,$x,$y);
   $c = imagecolorsforindex($s,$c);
   $z = $i;
   $t = 0;
   while($d = each($z)) {
    $ta = imagecolorat($d[1],$x,$y);
    $ta = imagecolorsforindex($d[1],$ta);
    $t += 127-$ta['alpha'];
   }
   $t = ($t > 127) ? 127 : $t;
   $t = 127-$t;
   $c = imagecolorallocatealpha($s,$c['red'],$c['green'],$c['blue'],$t);
   imagesetpixel($s,$x,$y,$c);
  }
}
imagesavealpha($s,true);
return $s;
}
?>
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-1
barnabas at kendall dot NOSPAM dot net
12 years ago
If you are trying to copy a transparant image on to another image, you might assume that you should apply the ImageAlphaBlending function to the image that has the transparancy, the source image. In reality, you must apply the ImageAlphaBlending function to the destination image. Basically it's saying, "make the specified image respect transparancy".

Here's a real world example. Suppose you want to put your logo on the upper left corner of a photograph. Your logo is a PNG with transparancy, and the photo is a JPEG. Here's what you would do:

<?php
$photoImage
= ImageCreateFromJPEG('photo.jpg');
ImageAlphaBlending($photoImage, true);

$logoImage = ImageCreateFromPNG('logo.png');
$logoW = ImageSX($logoImage);
$logoH = ImageSY($logoImage);

ImageCopy($photoImage, $logoImage, 0, 0, 0, 0, $logoW, $logoH);

ImageJPEG($photoImage); // output to browser

ImageDestroy($photoImage);
ImageDestroy($logoImage);
?>
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-2
tcarter at roundcorners dot com
12 years ago
If you are saving an image as PNG with transparency then saving it as a PNG-8 will give it transparency in the same way GIF has, but that won't work with this function.

For this function to work the image needs to have an alpha channel (obviously really when you think about it), so make sure you save as PNG-24
up
-1
webmaster at nweurosport dot com
9 years ago
When saving images for use in transparent overlays like the logo addition mentioned above I've found that it is not succesful with PNG-24, only GIF and PNG-8.  I've had great success with PNG-8's.
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