PHP 5.5.16 is released

unixtojd

(PHP 4, PHP 5)

unixtojdConvertir una fecha Unix en una Fecha Juliana

Descripción

int unixtojd ([ int $timestamp = time() ] )

Devuelve la Fecha Juliana para la fecha timestamp Unix (segundos desde 1.1.1970), o el día actual si timestamp no es dado.

Parámetros

timestamp

Una fecha unix a convertir.

Valores devueltos

Un número de día juliano como un entero.

Ver también

  • jdtounix() - Convierte una Fecha Juliana a una fecha Unix

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User Contributed Notes 6 notes

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hrabi at linuxwaves dot com
7 years ago
according to http://www.decimaltime.hynes.net/dates.html#jd and reading "X. Calendar Functions" on this side, it seems that php "jd" is precisely mean as "Chronological Julian Day" (should it be named cjd, and primarily strictly mentioned - isn't it?), used for covnersion between calendar systems. Than it's ok (but Incomplete manual is strongly confusing here IMHO).
Even that, cJD is adjusted to a local time, so... I am rather babeled now, so nothing else :-).
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hrabi at linuxwaves dot com
7 years ago
This is unusable. Julian Day start at noon, not midnight. It's better to use Fabio solution (however there is a lurk problem with leap second).

<?php
function mmd($txt, $str_time) {
  
$t = strtotime($str_time);
  
$j = unixtojd($t);
  
$s = gmstrftime('%D %T %Z', $t);
  
$j_fabio = $t / 86400 + 2440587.5;

  
printf("${txt} => (%s) %s, %s U, %s J, or %s J<br>\n", $str_time, $s, $t, $j, $j_fabio);
}

//$xt = strtotime("1.1.1970 15:00.00 GMT");
$sam = "9.10.1995 02:00.01 GMT";
$spm = "9.10.1995 22:00.01 GMT";

// unixtojd for $spm returns 2450000 (OK), but for $sam returns 2450000 too! (it is wrong).
mmd("am", $sam);  // should be 2449999 (+ 0.58334)
mmd("pm", $spm);  // should be 2450000 (+ 0.41668)
?>

reference
unix time, and UTC, TAI, ntp, ... problems: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unix_time
Julian Date Converter: http://aa.usno.navy.mil/data/docs/JulianDate.html
history overview: http://parris.josh.com.au/humour/work/17Nov1858.shtml
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fabio at llgp dot org
7 years ago
If you need an easy way to convert an unix timestamp to a decimal julian day you can use:

$julianDay = $unixTimeStamp / 86400 + 2440587.5;

86400 is the number of seconds in a day;
2440587.5 is the julian day at 1/1/1970 0:00 UTC.
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Anonymous
8 years ago
Its clearly stated that this function returns the Julian Day, not Julian Day + time.

If you want the time with it you will have to do something like:

$t=time();
$jd=unixtojd($t)+($t%60*60*24)/60*60*24;
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johnston at capsaicin dot ca
10 years ago
Also note that epoch is in UTC time (epoch is a specific point in time - epoch is not different for every time zone), so be aware of timezone complexities.
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pipian at pipian dot com
11 years ago
Remember that UNIX timestamps indicate a number of seconds from midnight of January 1, 1970 on the Gregorian calendar, not the Julian Calendar.
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