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DOMXPath::registerNamespace

(PHP 5)

DOMXPath::registerNamespace Enregistre l'espace de noms avec l'objet DOMXPath

Description

public bool DOMXPath::registerNamespace ( string $prefix , string $namespaceURI )

Enregistre l'espace de noms namespaceURI et le prefix avec l'objet DOMXPath.

Liste de paramètres

prefix

Le préfixe.

namespaceURI

L'URI de l'espace de noms.

Valeurs de retour

Cette fonction retourne TRUE en cas de succès ou FALSE si une erreur survient.

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User Contributed Notes 5 notes

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4
spam at spam dot spam
9 years ago
It is mentioned in a few places on the web, but it wasn't mentioned here. You need to use this function to set up a prefix for the default namespace of a document.

For instance, if you are trying to parse a Microsoft Spreadsheet XML file, which has the default namespace of "urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:spreadsheet":

$doc = DOMDocument::load("my_spreadsheet.xml);
$xpath = new DOMXPath($doc);
$xpath->registerNamespace("m",
        "urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:spreadsheet");
$query = '/m:Workbook/m:Worksheet[1]/m:Table';
$result = $xpath->query($query, $doc);

You can use anything in place of the 'm', but you have to specify something! Just asking for "/Workbook/Worksheet/Table" doesn't work.
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1
dulao5 at gmail dot com
5 years ago
The following code can work for XML default namespace.
<?php
$xml
= <<<EOT
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<entry xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom" xmlns:other="http://other.w3.org/other" >
        <id>uYG7-sPwjFg</id>
        <published>2009-05-17T18:29:31.000Z</published>
</entry>
EOT;

$doc = new DOMDocument;
$doc->loadXML($xml);
$xpath DOMXPath($doc);

$xpath->registerNamespace('atom', "http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom");

$xpath_str = '//atom:entry/atom:published/text()';

$entries = $xpath->evaluate($xpath_str);

print
$entries->item(0)->nodeValue ."\n";

?>
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0
xmedeko at gmail dot com
2 years ago
A general way to register the root default namespace:

<?php
$xml
= new DomDocument();
$xml->load('data.xml');
$xpath = new DOMXPath($xml);
$rootNamespace = $xml->lookupNamespaceUri($xml->namespaceURI);
$xpath->registerNamespace('x', $rootNamespace);
?>

And then just query:

<?php $elementList = $xpath->query('//x:items/x:name'); ?>
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0
agent009
5 years ago
Ok, here's a function that extends XPath syntax with the following special characters:

~ inserts default namespace prefix if defined

# shorthand for text()

% shorthand for comment()

$ shorthand for node()

?* shorthand for processing-instruction()

?foo shorthand for processing-instruction("foo")

? shorthand for processing-instruction("")

^ escapes following character (with literal or SGML entity as needed)

All of the above except ^ are ignored within quoted strings

<?php
function extendXPath($str, $defns = NULL) {
  
$quote = false;
  
$map = array(
     
'~' => isset($defns) ? "$defns:" : '',
     
'#' => 'text()',
     
'%' => 'comment()',
     
'$' => 'node()'
  
);
  
$out = '';
  
   for (
$i = 0, $len = strlen($str); $i < $len; $i++) {
     
$c = $str[$i];
      if (!
$quote && array_key_exists($c, $map)) {
        
$out .= $map[$c];
      } else switch (
$c) {
         case
'^':
           
$out .= htmlspecialchars($str[++$i], ENT_QUOTES);
            break;
         case
'?':
            if (
$quote) {
              
$out .= $c;
            } elseif (
$str[$i + 1] == '*') {
              
$out .= 'processing-instruction()';
              
$i++;
            } else {
              
preg_match('/^\w+/', substr($str, $i + 1), $matches);
              
$out .= 'processing-instruction("'.$matches[0].'")';
              
$i += strlen($matches[0]);
            };
            break;
         case
'"':
           
$quote = !$quote;
         default:
           
$out .= $c;
      };
   };
  
   return
$out;
}
?>
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0
cameron kellough
7 years ago
This is called prefix mapping and it is necessary to use xpath to handle documents which have default namespaces. //root/item will search for items with no namespace, not items with the namespace described as the default in the xmlns declaration.  This problem is maddening as it just looks on the surface like xpath isn't working.
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