PHP 5.4.31 Released

dom_import_simplexml

(PHP 5)

dom_import_simplexmlTransforme un objet SimpleXMLElement en un objet DOMElement

Description

DOMElement dom_import_simplexml ( SimpleXMLElement $node )

dom_import_simplexml() transforme l'objet SimpleXML node en un objet DOMElement. Le nouvel objet peut être utilisé en tant que noeud natif DOMElement.

Liste de paramètres

node

Le noeud SimpleXMLElement.

Valeurs de retour

Le noeud DOMElement à ajouter ou FALSE si une erreur survient.

Exemples

Exemple #1 Importation d'un objet SimpleXML dans DOM avec dom_import_simplexml()

<?php

$sxe 
simplexml_load_string('<books><book><title>blah</title></book></books>');

if (
$sxe === false) {
    echo 
'Erreur lors de l\'analyse du document';
    exit;
}

$dom_sxe dom_import_simplexml($sxe);
if (!
$dom_sxe) {
    echo 
'Erreur lors de la conversion du XML';
    exit;
}

$dom = new DOMDocument('1.0');
$dom_sxe $dom->importNode($dom_sxetrue);
$dom_sxe $dom->appendChild($dom_sxe);

echo 
$dom->saveXML();

?>

Voir aussi

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User Contributed Notes 3 notes

up
2
crescentfreshpot at yahoo dot com
6 years ago
justinpatrin at php dot net:
> To get a proper DOM document (which you need to do most things) you need...

No you don't. Just do:
<?php
$dom
= dom_import_simplexml($xml)->ownerDocument;
?>
up
1
Jeff M
5 years ago
SimpleXML is an 'Object Mapping XML API'. It is not DOM, per se. SimpleXML converts the XML elements into PHP's native data types.

The dom_import_simplexml and simplexml_import_dom functions do *not* create separate copies of the original object. You are free to use the methods of either or both interchangeably, since the underlying instance is the same.

<?php
   
// initialize a simplexml object
   
$sxe = simplexml_load_string('<root/>');
   
   
// get a dom interface on the simplexml object
   
$dom = dom_import_simplexml($sxe);

   
// dom adds a new element under the root
   
$element = $dom->appendChild(new DOMElement('dom_element'));
   
   
// dom adds an attribute on the new element
   
$element->setAttribute('creator', 'dom');

   
// simplexml adds an attribute on the dom element
   
$sxe->dom_element['sxe_attribute'] = 'added by simplexml';

   
// simplexml adds a new element under the root
   
$element = $sxe->addChild('sxe_element');
   
   
// simplexml adds an attribute on the new element
   
$element['creator'] = 'simplexml';

   
// dom finds the simplexml element (via DOMNodeList->index)
   
$element = $dom->getElementsByTagName('sxe_element')->item(0);

   
// dom adds an attribute on the simplexml element
   
$element->setAttribute('dom_attribute', 'added by dom');
   
    echo (
'<pre>');           
   
print_r($sxe);
    echo (
'</pre>');
?>

Outputs:

SimpleXMLElement Object
(
    [dom_element] => SimpleXMLElement Object
        (
            [@attributes] => Array
                (
                    [creator] => dom
                    [sxe_attribute] => added by simplexml
                )

        )

    [sxe_element] => SimpleXMLElement Object
        (
            [@attributes] => Array
                (
                    [creator] => simplexml
                    [dom_attribute] => added by dom
                )

        )

)

What this illustrates is that both interfaces are operating on the same underlying object instance. Also, when you dom_import_simplexml, you can create and add new elements without reference to an ownerDocument (or documentElement).

So passing a SimpleXMLElement to another method does not mean the recipient is limited to using SimpleXML methods.

Hey Presto! Your telescope has become a pair of binoculars!
up
0
justinpatrin at php dot net
8 years ago
I've found that newer versions of PHP5 require some special syntax in order to properly convert between SimpleXML and DOM. It's not as easy as calling dom_import_simplexml() with a SimpleXML node. To get a proper DOM document (which you need to do most things) you need:
<?php
//$xml is a SimpleXML instance
$domnode = dom_import_simplexml($xml);
$dom = new DOMDocument();
$domnode = $dom->importNode($domnode, true);
$dom->appendChild($domnode);
?>

Switching back, though, is, well...simple.

<?php
//$dom is a DOMDocument instance
$xml = simplexml_import_dom($dom);
?>
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