PHP Australia Conference 2015

rtrim

(PHP 4, PHP 5)

rtrimSupprime les espaces (ou d'autres caractères) de fin de chaîne

Description

string rtrim ( string $str [, string $character_mask ] )

Retourne la chaîne str, après avoir supprimé tous les caractères blancs de fin de chaîne.

Appelée sans le second paramètre, rtrim() supprimera les caractères suivants :

  • " " (ASCII 32 (0x20)), un espace ordinaire.
  • "\t" (ASCII 9 (0x09)), une tabulation.
  • "\n" (ASCII 10 (0x0A)), une nouvelle ligne (line feed).
  • "\r" (ASCII 13 (0x0D)), un retour chariot (carriage return).
  • "\0" (ASCII 0 (0x00)), le caractère NULL.
  • "\x0B" (ASCII 11 (0x0B)), une tabulation verticale.

Liste de paramètres

str

La chaîne d'entrée.

character_mask

Il est aussi possible de spécifier les caractères à supprimer en utilisant le paramètre character_mask. Listez simplement les caractères que vous voulez supprimer dans ce paramètre. Avec .., vous pourrez spécifier des intervalles de caractères.

Valeurs de retour

Retourne la chaîne modifiée.

Exemples

Exemple #1 Exemple avec rtrim()

<?php

$text 
"\t\tThese are a few words :) ...  ";
$binary "\x09Example string\x0A";
$hello  "Hello World";
var_dump($text$binary$hello);

print 
"\n";

$trimmed rtrim($text);
var_dump($trimmed);

$trimmed rtrim($text" \t.");
var_dump($trimmed);

$trimmed rtrim($hello"Hdle");
var_dump($trimmed);

// enlève les caractères de contrôle ASCII à la fin de $binary
// (de 0 à 31 inclusif)
$clean rtrim($binary"\x00..\x1F");
var_dump($clean);

?>

L'exemple ci-dessus va afficher :

string(32) "        These are a few words :) ...  "
string(16) "    Example string
"
string(11) "Hello World"

string(30) "        These are a few words :) ..."
string(26) "        These are a few words :)"
string(9) "Hello Wor"
string(15) "    Example string"

Voir aussi

  • trim() - Supprime les espaces (ou d'autres caractères) en début et fin de chaîne
  • ltrim() - Supprime les espaces (ou d'autres caractères) de début de chaîne

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User Contributed Notes 13 notes

up
31
pinkgothic at gmail dot com
4 years ago
I have an obsessive love for php's array functions given how extremely easy they've made complex string handling for me in various situations... so, have another string-rtrim() variant:

<?php

function strrtrim($message, $strip) {
   
// break message apart by strip string
   
$lines = explode($strip, $message);
   
$last  = '';
   
// pop off empty strings at the end
   
do {
       
$last = array_pop($lines);
    } while (empty(
$last) && (count($lines)));
   
// re-assemble what remains
   
return implode($strip, array_merge($lines, array($last)));
}

?>

Astonishingly, something I didn't expect, but: It completely compares to harmor's rstrtrim below, execution time wise. o_o Whee!
up
20
gbelanger at exosecurity dot com
8 years ago
True, the Perl chomp() will only trim newline characters. There is, however, the Perl chop() function which is pretty much identical to the PHP rtrim()

---

Here's a quick way to recursively trim every element of an array, useful after the file() function :

<?php
# Reads /etc/passwd file an trims newlines on each entry
$aFileContent = file("/etc/passwd");
foreach (
$aFileContent as $sKey => $sValue) {
   
$aFileContent[$sKey] = rtrim($sValue);
}

print_r($aFileContent);
?>
up
9
pinkgothic at gmail dot com
1 year ago
On the recurring subject of string-stripping instead of character-stripping rtrim() implementations... the simplest (with a caveat) is probably the basename() function. It has a second parameter that functions as a right-trim using whole strings:

<?php

echo basename('MooFoo', 'Foo');

?>

...outputs 'Moo'.

Since it also strips anything that looks like a directory, it's not quite identical with hacking a string off the end:

<?php

echo basename('Zoo/MooFoo', 'Foo');

?>

...still outputs 'Moo'.

But sometimes it gets the job done.
up
15
HW
11 years ago
<?php
$text
= "This string contains some unwanted characters on the end.";
$text1 = rtrim($text, 'a..z');
$text1 = rtrim($text1, '.');
echo
$text1; // only the '.' is trimmed.
$text2 = rtrim($text, 'a..z.');
echo
$text2; // The whole last word is trimmed.
?>
up
4
Unimagined at UnaimaginedDesigns dot Com
9 years ago
I needed a way to trim all white space and then a few chosen strings from the end of a string.  So I wrote this class to reuse when stuff needs to be trimmed. 

<?php

class cleaner {

function
cleaner ($cuts,$pinfo) {
$ucut = "0";
$lcut = "0";
while (
$cuts[$ucut]) {
$lcut++;
$ucut++;
}
$lcut = $lcut - 1;
$ucut = "0";
$rcut = "0";
$wiy = "start";

while (
$wiy) {

if (
$so) {
$ucut = "0";
$rcut = "0";
unset(
$so);
}

if (!
$cuts[$ucut]) {
$so = "restart";
} else {
$pinfo = rtrim($pinfo);
$bpinfol = strlen($pinfo);
$tcut = $cuts[$ucut];
$pinfo = rtrim($pinfo,"$tcut");
$pinfol = strlen($pinfo);

    if (
$bpinfol == $pinfol) {
   
$rcut++;
    if (
$rcut == $lcut) {
    unset(
$wiy);
    }
   
$ucut++;
    } else {
   
$so = "restart";
    }
}
}

$this->cleaner = $pinfo;
}

}

$pinfo = "Well... I'm really bored...<br /><br>&nbsp;    \n\t&nbsp;<br><br /><br>&nbsp;    \r\r&nbsp;<br>\r<br /><br>\r&nbsp;    &nbsp;\n<br>      <br />\t";

$cuts = array('\n','\r','\t',' ',' ','&nbsp;','<br />','<br>','<br/>');

$pinfo = new cleaner($cuts,$pinfo);
$pinfo = $pinfo->cleaner;

print
$pinfo;

?>

That class will take any string that you put in the $cust array and remove it from the end of the $pinfo string.  It's useful for cleaning up comments, articles, or mail that users post to your site, making it so there's no extra blank space or blank lines.
up
1
Anonymous
6 months ago
To ltrim or rtrim a dot it have to be escaped ltrim('.1252', '\.')
up
1
todd at magnifisites dot com
11 years ago
This shows how rtrim works when using the optional charlist parameter:
rtrim reads a character, one at a time, from the optional charlist parameter and compares it to the end of the str string. If the characters match, it trims it off and starts over again, looking at the "new" last character in the str string and compares it to the first character in the charlist again. If the characters do not match, it moves to the next character in the charlist parameter comparing once again. It continues until the charlist parameter has been completely processed, one at a time, and the str string no longer contains any matches. The newly "rtrimmed" string is returned.
<?php
 
// Example 1:
 
rtrim('This is a short short sentence', 'short sentence');
 
// returns 'This is a'
  // If you were expecting the result to be 'This is a short ',
  // then you're wrong; the exact string, 'short sentence',
  // isn't matched.  Remember, character-by-character comparison!
  // Example 2:
 
rtrim('This is a short short sentence', 'cents');
 
// returns 'This is a short short '
?>
up
-6
NBS Studio
4 years ago
The simplest way to strip a newline form a text file is ltrim();

trim or explode or split ("\n" or "\r\n") doesn't work in all cases, so give ltrim(); a try instead.
up
-8
krzysiek dot 333 at gmail dot com
2 years ago
function read_more($in,$len=160){
    if(strlen($in)>$len){
        return preg_replace('/[\s\.,][^\s\.,]*$/u', '', substr($in, 0, $len)).'...';
    }else{
        return $in;
    }
}

echo read_mode("Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit. Proin nibh augue, suscipit a, scelerisque sed, lacinia in, mi. Cras vel lorem. Etiam pellentesque aliquet tellus. Phasellus pharetra nulla ac diam. Quisque semper justo at risus. Donec venenatis, turpis vel hendrerit interdum, dui ligula ultricies purus, sed posuere libero dui id orci.");
/* Output:
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit. Proin nibh augue, suscipit a, scelerisque sed, lacinia in, mi. Cras vel lorem. Etiam pellentesque...*/
up
-7
harmor
6 years ago
I'm sure there's a better way to strip strings from the end of strings.

<?php
/**
* Strip a string from the end of a string
*
* @param string $str      the input string
* @param string $remove   OPTIONAL string to remove

* @return string the modified string
  */
function rstrtrim($str, $remove=null)
{
   
$str    = (string)$str;
   
$remove = (string)$remove;   
   
    if(empty(
$remove))
    {
        return
rtrim($str);
    }
   
   
$len = strlen($remove);
   
$offset = strlen($str)-$len;
    while(
$offset > 0 && $offset == strpos($str, $remove, $offset))
    {
       
$str = substr($str, 0, $offset);
       
$offset = strlen($str)-$len;
    }
   
    return
rtrim($str);   
   
}
//End of function rstrtrim($str, $remove=null)

echo rstrtrim('Hello World!!!', '!')   .'<br />'; //"Hello World"
echo rstrtrim('Hello World!!!', '!!')  .'<br />'; //"Hello World!"
echo rstrtrim('Hello World!!!', '!!!') .'<br />'; //"Hello World"
echo rstrtrim('Hello World!!!', '!!!!').'<br />'; //"Hello World!!!"
?>
up
-16
YAS
8 years ago
To remove an unwanted character - example "." - if exist or not.

The example above doesn't include the case where there is no "."
If there is not "." at the example above the last word will be deleted.

Have fun with this code.

<?php
$text
= "This string contains. some unwanted characters on the end .";
$text = trim($text);
$last = $text{strlen($text)-1};
if (!
strcmp($last,"."))
{
 
$text = rtrim($text, 'a..z');
 
$text = rtrim($text, '.');
}
?>
up
-22
pLIMP
2 years ago
Function similar to rtrim only this will truncate the string at the 1st occurence of any character from $charlist

<?php

function rstrip($string, $charlist = "\t ") {
   
// removes everything from first occurence of char in charlist to end of string

   
$charlist = str_split($charlist);
   
$pos = strlen($string);

    foreach (
$charlist as $char) {
       
$pos = min(strpos($string, $char), $pos);
    }

   
$string_stripped = substr($string, 0, $pos);

    return
$string_stripped;
}

?>
up
-26
info at nbs-studio dot com
4 years ago
The simplest way to strip a newline form a text file is ltrim();

trim or explode or split ("\n" or "\r\n") doesn't work in all cases, so give ltrim(); a try instead.
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