PHP 7.2.7 Released

# ceil

(PHP 4, PHP 5)

ceilarrotonda le frazioni all'intero superiore

### Descrizione

float ceil ( float `\$numero` )

Restituisce il primo intero più grande di `numero`, se necessario. Il valore restituito da ceil() è ancora di tipo float, poiché la gamma di valori del tipo float è solitamente più grande di quella del tipo integer.

Example #1 Esempio di ceil()

``` <?php\$cinque = ceil(4.3);   // 5\$dieci = ceil(9.999);  // 10?> ```

Vedere anche floor() e round().

### User Contributed Notes 21 notes

47
Scott Weaver / scottmweaver * gmail
9 years ago
``` I needed this and couldn't find it so I thought someone else wouldn't have to look through a bunch of Google results-<?php// duplicates m\$ excel's ceiling functionif( !function_exists('ceiling') ){    function ceiling(\$number, \$significance = 1)    {        return ( is_numeric(\$number) && is_numeric(\$significance) ) ? (ceil(\$number/\$significance)*\$significance) : false;    }}echo ceiling(0, 1000);     // 0echo ceiling(1, 1);        // 1000echo ceiling(1001, 1000);  // 2000echo ceiling(1.27, 0.05);  // 1.30?> ```
eep2004 at ukr dot net
1 month ago
``` Caution!<?php\$value = 77.4;echo ceil(\$value * 100) / 100;         // 77.41 - WRONG!echo ceil(round(\$value * 100)) / 100;  // 77.4 - OK! ```
Gemini_13 at torba dot su
3 years ago
``` \$test = (1 - 0.7) * 10;\$test_1 = ceil(\$test);\$test_2 = ceil(\$test * 10);var_dump(\$test_1);    // float 4var_dump(\$test_2);    // float 31 ```
21
steve_phpnet // nanovox \\ com
13 years ago
``` I couldn't find any functions to do what ceiling does while still leaving I specified number of decimal places, so I wrote a couple functions myself.  round_up is like ceil but allows you to specify a number of decimal places.  round_out does the same, but rounds away from zero.<?php // round_up: // rounds up a float to a specified number of decimal places // (basically acts like ceil() but allows for decimal places) function round_up (\$value, \$places=0) {  if (\$places < 0) { \$places = 0; }  \$mult = pow(10, \$places);  return ceil(\$value * \$mult) / \$mult; } // round_out: // rounds a float away from zero to a specified number of decimal places function round_out (\$value, \$places=0) {  if (\$places < 0) { \$places = 0; }  \$mult = pow(10, \$places);  return (\$value >= 0 ? ceil(\$value * \$mult):floor(\$value * \$mult)) / \$mult; } echo round_up (56.77001, 2); // displays 56.78 echo round_up (-0.453001, 4); // displays -0.453 echo round_out (56.77001, 2); // displays 56.78 echo round_out (-0.453001, 4); // displays -0.4531?> ```
frozenfire at php dot net
6 years ago
``` Please see http://www.php.net/manual/en/language.types.float.php for information regarding floating point precision issues. ```
10
php is the best
6 years ago
``` Ceil for decimal numbers with precision:function ceil_dec(\$number,\$precision,\$separator){    \$numberpart=explode(\$separator,\$number);  \$numberpart[1]=substr_replace(\$numberpart[1],\$separator,\$precision,0);    if(\$numberpart[0]>=0)    {\$numberpart[1]=ceil(\$numberpart[1]);}    else    {\$numberpart[1]=floor(\$numberpart[1]);}    \$ceil_number= array(\$numberpart[0],\$numberpart[1]);    return implode(\$separator,\$ceil_number);}echo ceil_dec(1.125,2,"."); //1.13echo ceil_dec(-1.3436,3,"."); //-1.343echo ceil_dec(102938.1,4,"."); //102938.1 ```
Bas Vijfwinkel
3 years ago
``` Note that 'ceil' can show unexpected behaviour when using float values due to inaccuracies in the float system and PHP tendency to freely limiting the number of digits it displays to the user.It might like it is rounding up values that end in 0 (zero) but actually PHP is not showing that the value is not exactly the value it shows.<?PHPecho('Displaying 13915.0000000000018190 : '. 13915.0000000000018190);echo('<br>');echo('Result ceil(13915.0000000000018190) :'.ceil(13915.0000000000018190));echo('<br>');?>For example 13915 cannot be represented as exactly 13915 but becomes 13916.0000000000018190 and 'ceil' will therefore round it up to 13916.<?PHP\$value = 12650 * 1.1;echo('Expected behaviour : ceil(12650 * 1.1) = ceil(13915) = 13915');echo('<br>');echo('Using only ceil :'.ceil(\$value));echo('<br>');echo('Showing decimals : '.number_format(\$value - floor(\$value), 16));echo('<br>');echo('Using ceil + round : '.ceil(round(\$value,4)));?>So if 'ceil' looks like it is not working correctly and rounding up figures that end in 0 (zero) then this might be the cause of this behaviour.Adding a simple 'round' before the applying the 'ceil' solves this problem. ```
aaron at mind-design dot co dot uk
13 years ago
``` Or for the terniary fans:<?phpfunction roundaway(\$num) {   return((\$num > 0) ? ceil(\$num) : floor(\$num));}?>Slightly pointless, but there you have it, in one line only.. ```
oktam
7 years ago
``` Actual behaviour:echo ceil(-0.1); //result "-0" but i expect "0"Workaround:echo ceil(-0.1)+0; //result "0" ```
Lexand
6 years ago
``` \$k = 0.14 * 100;echo ceil(\$k); // results 15solution is in converting float number to stringExample 1.echo ceil ("{\$k}"); // results 14Example 2.\$totalSum1 = 102.1568;\$k = \$totalSum1 / 100;echo ceil ("{\$k}"); // results 102.16Example 3.\$totalSum2 = 102.15;\$k = \$totalSum1 / 100;echo ceil ("{\$k}"); // results 102.15useful for 'ceil' with precision capability ```
cedricaubert at gmail dot com
3 years ago
``` Here is a more accurate way to round on superior decimal.function round_sup(\$nb, \$precision) {        \$p = pow(10, \$precision);        return ceil(round(\$nb * \$p, 1)) / \$p;}\$k = 10 * 4.98;                   // k = 49.8echo ceil(\$k * 10) / 10;    // 49.9   !!echo round_sup(\$k, 1);   // 49.8 ```
themanwe at yahoo dot com
11 years ago
``` float ceilfunction fCeil(\$val,\$pressision=2){     \$p = pow(10,\$pressision);    \$val = \$val*\$p;    \$val = ceil(\$val);  return \$val /\$p;} ```
alesegdia at gmail dot com
5 years ago
``` Some people asking on rounding -1.5 to -2 and 1.5 to 2, the way is this:<?=round(\$var, 0, PHP_ROUND_HALF_UP)?>See round() doc for more information on this. ```
roger_dupere at hotmail dot com
14 years ago
``` Here is a navbar using the ceil function. <?php function navbar(\$num_rows,\$page,\$link) {    \$nbrlink = 10; /* Number of link to display per page */    \$page = (int) \$page; /* Page now displayed */    \$num_rows = (int) \$num_rows;    if( \$num_rows > 0 ) {      \$total_page = ceil( \$num_rows / \$nbrlink );      for( \$i=1;\$i<\$total_page+1;\$i++ ) {        if( \$i == \$page ) {          \$ret .= " <b>\$i</b> ";        } else {          if( strstr( \$link,"?" ) ) {            \$ret .= " <a href=\"\$link&page=\$i\">\$i</a> ";          } else {            \$ret .= " <a href=\"\$link?page=\$i\">\$i</a> ";          }        }      }      return \$ret;    } }   /* Let say that \$num_rows content the numbre of rows of your sql query */   \$navbar = navbar( \$num_rows, \$page, "listmovie.php?id=\$id" );   if( \$navbar != null || \$navbar != "" ) {     print( "<p><div align=\"center\">\$navbar</div></p>" );   } ?> ```
eep2004 at ukr dot net
1 month ago
``` Caution!<?php\$value = 77.4;echo ceil(\$value * 100) / 100;            // 77.41 - WRONG!echo ceil((string)(\$value * 100)) / 100;  // 77.4 - OK! ```
Anonymous
2 years ago
``` Just a quick note to be careful of, if you use the "round_up" code suggested by steve, i must warn you it isn't completely fool proof.I have the following maths which is evaluated incorrectly37.2000 - 6.2000 = 31.01echo(round_up(37.2000 - 6.2000,2));This returns the incorrect result, 31.01 which as any junior in mathematics knows...IS WRONG!use with caution. ```
eg at pensio dot com
4 years ago
``` Remember that floating point precision means behavior can be "correct" - though not what you expect:php > echo 100 * 1 * 0.07;7php > echo ceil(100 * 1 * 0.07);8 ```
sebastien dot thevenaz at gmail dot com
5 years ago
``` Here is another way to use ceil for decimal numbers with precision:<?php    function ceil_dec(\$number, \$precision)    {        \$coefficient = pow(10,\$precision);        return ceil(\$number*\$coefficient)/\$coefficient;    }?> ```
rainfalling at yahoo dot com
14 years ago
``` IceKarma said: "If you want, say, 2.6 to round to 3, and -2.6 to round to -3, you want round(), which rounds away from zero."That's not always true. round() doesn't work that way, like zomis2k said it just rounds up _or_ down to the nearest non-decimal number. However this should work.<?phpfunction roundaway(\$num) {    if (\$num > 0)      return ceil(\$num);    elseif (\$num < 0)      return floor(\$num);    elseif (\$num == 0)      return 0;}?> ```
-1
AndrewS
7 years ago
``` The code below rounds a value up to a nearest multiple, away from zero.  The multiple does not have to be a integer.  So you could round, say, to the nearest 25.4, allowing you to round measurements in mm to the nearest inch longer.<?php// \$x is the variable// \$c is the base multiple to round to, away from zero\$result =  ( (\$y = \$x/\$c) == (\$y = (int)\$y) ) ? \$x : ( \$x>=0 ?++\$y:--\$y)*\$c ;?>I originally developed this as an example of write-only code: to make the point that being cleverly terse might save clock ticks but wastes more in programmer time generating un-maintainable code.The inline code above nests one conditional statement inside another.  The value of y changes twice within the same line (three times, if you count the pre-increment).  The value of each assignment is used to determine branching within the conditional statement.How it works can more easily be seen from the expansion below:<?phpfunction myCeilingLong(\$x,\$c){    // \$x is variable    // \$c is ceiling multiple    \$a = \$x/\$c ;    \$b = (int)\$a ;    if (\$a == \$b)        return \$x ;  // x is already a multiple of c;    else    {        if (\$x>=0)            return (\$b+1)*\$c ;  // return ((int)(x/c)+1 ) * c        else            return (\$b-1)*\$c ;  // return ((int)(x/c)-1 ) * c    }}?><?phpfunction myCeilingShort(\$x,\$c){    return ( (\$y = \$x/\$c) == (\$y = (int)\$y) ) ? \$x : ( \$x>=0 ?++\$y:--\$y)*\$c ;}?>Comparing the versions for speed: the in-line version is about three times faster than myCeilingLong() - but this is almost entirely down to function call overhead.  Putting the in-line code inside the function: the difference in execution speed between myCeilingLong() and myCeilingShort() is around 1.5%.ceil() is still around 25% faster than the in-line statement so if you are a speed hound your efforts might be better devoted to compiling your own library ... ```
-7
josoort at home dot nl
4 years ago
``` You can simply make a ceil with decimals function by using the round() function and add 0.05 to the value if the value must have 1 decimal accuracy, or 0.005 for 2 decimals accuracy, or 0.0005 for 3 decimals etc.Example :function ceilDec(\$input, \$decimals){    \$subtract = 5 / pow(10, \$decimals + 1);    \$output = round(\$input + \$subtract, \$decimals);    return \$output;} ```