(PHP 4, PHP 5)

chownCambia il proprietario del file


bool chown ( string $filename , mixed $user )

Tenta di cambiare il proprietario di un file filename in user (specificato per nome o numero). Solo l'amministratore può cambiare il proprietario di un file.

Restituisce TRUE in caso di successo, FALSE in caso di fallimento.

Nota: Questa funzione non opererà su file remoti perché il file che deve essere esaminato deve essere accessibile attraverso il filesysmte del server.

Nota: Quando safe-mode è abilitato, PHP controlla che i file o le directory sulle quali si sta andando a lavorare, abbiano lo stesso UID dello script che è in esecuzione.

Vedere anche chown() e chmod().

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User Contributed Notes 7 notes

martijn at sigterm dot nl
14 years ago
If chown is filled with a variable (  chown ("myfile", $uid) the uid will be looked up through pwget_uid.

So if you need to set a non existing uid use inval($uid).
njs+php at scifi dot squawk dot com
17 years ago
If you allow sudo execution for chmod by "nobody" (www, webdaemon, httpd, whatever user php is running under)in this manner, it had better be a system on which the owner is able to be root and no one else can run code, else your whole system is compromised.  Someone could change the mode of /etc/passwd or the shadow password file.

Other system commands (sudo mount) and so forth are similar.
Klaus Zierer
14 years ago
If you want to chown a symlink, PHP will follow the symlink and change the target file.

If you want to chown the symlink, you have to use shell_exec("/bin/chown symlink");
rickard at 0x539 dot se
8 years ago
For most modern Linux systems your apache user should not be run as root, and in order to change the ownership of a file or directory, you need to be root. To get around this problem you can use sudo, but be careful with what permissions you give. Here is an example which is working for me:

www-data        ALL = NOPASSWD: /bin/chown 1[1-9][0-9][0-9]\:1[1-9][0-9][0-9] /home/www/[a-zA-Z0-9]*

This allows the apache server to change ownership of files in /home/www with name containing a-z, A-Z or numbers (note: no subdirectories). The only valid input of userid is a four digit numeric id, between 1100 and 1999.

Hope this helps.
Tayfun Bilsel
11 years ago
Simple usage of the chown:


= "test";
$path = "/var/www/html/test/" . $file_name ;

$user_name = "root";

chown($path, $user_name);

Mikevac at yahoo dot com
9 years ago
I've only tested this on Solaris 10 so your mileage may vary.

To allow the apache daemon to change file ownership without being root, add the following line to /etc/system:

set rstchown=0

Reboot the server.

There are security concerns doing this as this modification allows any user to change ownership of their files to anyone else.
greg _at_ rhythmicdesign d.o.t com
13 years ago
function recurse_chown_chgrp($mypath, $uid, $gid)
$d = opendir ($mypath) ;
$file = readdir($d)) !== false) {
        if (
$file != "." && $file != "..") {

$typepath = $mypath . "/" . $file ;

//print $typepath. " : " . filetype ($typepath). "<BR>" ;
if (filetype ($typepath) == 'dir') {
recurse_chown_chgrp ($typepath, $uid, $gid);

chown($typepath, $uid);
chgrp($typepath, $gid);



recurse_chown_chgrp ("uploads", "unsider", "unsider") ;

for older versions.. unfortunately, it seems I do not have permission to perform these functions.
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