PHP 5.6.0beta1 released

gzinflate

(PHP 4 >= 4.0.4, PHP 5)

gzinflateInflate a deflated string

Descrizione

string gzinflate ( string $data [, int $length = 0 ] )

This function inflates a deflated string.

Elenco dei parametri

data

The data compressed by gzdeflate().

length

The maximum length of data to decode.

Valori restituiti

The original uncompressed data or FALSE on error.

The function will return an error if the uncompressed data is more than 32768 times the length of the compressed input data or more than the optional parameter length.

Esempi

Example #1 gzinflate() example

<?php
$compressed   
gzdeflate('Compress me'9);
$uncompressed gzinflate($compressed);
echo 
$uncompressed;
?>

Vedere anche:

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User Contributed Notes 10 notes

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12
anonymous at dekho-ji dot com
11 months ago
To decode / uncompress the received HTTP POST data in PHP code, request data coming from Java / Android application via HTTP POST GZIP / DEFLATE compressed format

1) Data sent from Java Android app to PHP using DeflaterOutputStream java class and received in PHP as shown below
echo gzinflate( substr($HTTP_RAW_POST_DATA,2,-4) ) . PHP_EOL  . PHP_EOL;

2) Data sent from Java Android app to PHP using GZIPOutputStream java class and received in PHP code as shown below
echo gzinflate( substr($HTTP_RAW_POST_DATA,10,-8) ) . PHP_EOL  . PHP_EOL;

From Java Android side (API level 10+), data being sent in DEFLATE compressed format
        String body = "Lorem ipsum shizzle ma nizle";
        URL url = new URL("http://www.url.com/postthisdata.php");
        URLConnection conn = url.openConnection();
        conn.setDoOutput(true);
        conn.setRequestProperty("Content-encoding", "deflate");
        conn.setRequestProperty("Content-type", "application/octet-stream");
        DeflaterOutputStream dos = new DeflaterOutputStream(
                conn.getOutputStream());
        dos.write(body.getBytes());
        dos.flush();
        dos.close();
        BufferedReader in = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(
                conn.getInputStream()));
        String decodedString = "";
        while ((decodedString = in.readLine()) != null) {
            Log.e("dump",decodedString);
        }
        in.close();

On PHP side (v 5.3.1), code for decompressing this DEFLATE data will be
    echo substr($HTTP_RAW_POST_DATA,2,-4);

From Java Android side (API level 10+), data being sent in GZIP compressed format

        String body1 = "Lorem ipsum shizzle ma nizle";
        URL url1 = new URL("http://www.url.com/postthisdata.php");
        URLConnection conn1 = url1.openConnection();
        conn1.setDoOutput(true);
        conn1.setRequestProperty("Content-encoding", "gzip");
        conn1.setRequestProperty("Content-type", "application/octet-stream");
        GZIPOutputStream dos1 = new GZIPOutputStream(conn1.getOutputStream());
        dos1.write(body1.getBytes());
        dos1.flush();
        dos1.close();
        BufferedReader in1 = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(
                conn1.getInputStream()));
        String decodedString1 = "";
        while ((decodedString1 = in1.readLine()) != null) {
            Log.e("dump",decodedString1);
        }
        in1.close();

On PHP side (v 5.3.1), code for decompressing this GZIP data will be
    echo substr($HTTP_RAW_POST_DATA,10,-8);

Useful PHP code for printing out compressed data using all available formats.

$data = "Lorem ipsum shizzle ma nizle";
echo "\n\n\n";
for($i=-1;$i<=9;$i++)
    echo chunk_split(strtoupper(bin2hex(gzcompress($data,$i))),2," ") . PHP_EOL  . PHP_EOL;
echo "\n\n\n";
for($i=-1;$i<=9;$i++)
    echo chunk_split(strtoupper(bin2hex(gzdeflate($data,$i))),2," ") . PHP_EOL  . PHP_EOL;
echo "\n\n\n";
for($i=-1;$i<=9;$i++)
    echo chunk_split(strtoupper(bin2hex(gzencode($data,$i,FORCE_GZIP))),2," ") . PHP_EOL  . PHP_EOL;
echo "\n\n\n";
for($i=-1;$i<=9;$i++)
    echo chunk_split(strtoupper(bin2hex(gzencode($data,$i,FORCE_DEFLATE))),2," ") . PHP_EOL  . PHP_EOL;
echo "\n\n\n";

Hope this helps. Please ThumbsUp if this saved you a lot of effort and time.
up
3
vitall at ua dot fm
4 years ago
The correct function for gzip and chunked data particularly when you get "Content-Encoding: gzip" and "Transfer-Encoding: chunked" headers:

<?php
function decode_gzip($h,$d,$rn="\r\n"){
if (isset(
$h['Transfer-Encoding'])){
 
$lrn = strlen($rn);
 
$str = '';
 
$ofs=0;
 do{
   
$p = strpos($d,$rn,$ofs);
   
$len = hexdec(substr($d,$ofs,$p-$ofs));
   
$str .= substr($d,$p+$lrn,$len);
    
$ofs = $p+$lrn*2+$len;
 }while (
$d[$ofs]!=='0');
 
$d=$str;
}
if (isset(
$h['Content-Encoding'])) $d = gzinflate(substr($d,10));
return
$d;
}
?>

Enjoy!
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2
akniep at rayo dot info
1 year ago
Take care when using the optional second parameter $length!
In our tests -at least in certain situations- we were unable to determine the actual use of this parameter, plus, it lead to the script either being unable to inflate compressed data or crash due to memory-problems.

Example:
When trying to inflate the compressed data from a website, we were literally unable to find a value (other than 0) for $length in order to make gzinflate work... while without the second parameter (or setting it to 0) gzinflate worked like a charm:

<?php
// -----------------------------------------------------------------------
// Test 1 works without problems. Memory peak usage: Before inflating: 24.787 kB; after: 24.844 kB.
gzinflate( substr($deflated_body, 10) );

// -----------------------------------------------------------------------
// ALL three of the following tests failed with a warning. Memory peak usage: Before inflating: 24.787 kB; after: 298.262 kB.
gzinflate( substr($deflated_body, 10),       200 * strlen($deflated_body) );
gzinflate( substr($deflated_body, 10),     32768 * strlen($deflated_body) );
gzinflate( substr($deflated_body, 10),     11000 );
gzinflate( substr($deflated_body, 10), 280000000 );    // the PHP memory limit was set to 300MB  (memory_limit=300M)
=>
Warninggzinflate() [function.gzinflate]: insufficient memory in [...]

// -----------------------------------------------------------------------
// The last test failed with a fatal error. Memory peak usage: Before inflating: 24.787 kB; after: ? (> 300M).
gzinflate( substr($deflated_body, 10), 300000000 );    // the PHP memory limit was set to 300MB  (memory_limit=300M)
=>
Fatal errorAllowed memory size of 314572800 bytes exhausted (tried to allocate 300000000 bytes) in
?>

In short: We were unable to determine the actual use of the second parameter in certain situations.
Be careful with using the second parameter $length!
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2
Steven Lustig
3 years ago
You can use this to uncompress a string from Linux command line gzip by stripping the first 10 bytes:

<?php
$inflatedOutput
= gzinflate(substr($output, 10, -8));
?>
up
1
felix dot klee at inka dot de
1 year ago
The code below illustrates usage of the second parameter, in particular to protect against fatal out-of-memory errors. It outputs:

1000000
1000000
error

Tested with PHP 5.3 on 32bit Linux.

<?php

function tryToGzinflate($deflatedData, $maxLen = 0) {
 
$data = gzinflate($deflatedData, $maxLen);
  if (
$data === false)
    echo
'error<br>';
  else
    echo
strlen($data).'<br>';
}

// random data:
$data = '';
for (
$i = 0; $i < 1000000; $i++)
 
$data .= chr(mt_rand(97, 122)); // a-z

$deflatedData = gzdeflate($data);

ini_set('memory_limit', '5M'); // plenty of memory
tryToGzinflate($deflatedData);
tryToGzinflate($deflatedData, strlen($data));

ini_set('memory_limit', '100'); // little memory
tryToGzinflate($deflatedData, 100);
tryToGzinflate($deflatedData); // causes fatal out-of-memory error
?>
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1
John
5 years ago
And when retrieving mod_deflate gzip'ed content and using gzinflate() to decode the data, be sure to strip the first 11 chars from the retrieved content.

<?php $dec = gzinflate(substr($enc,11)); ?>
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0
niblett at gmail dot com
1 year ago
alternative, with detection for optional filename header
<?php
function gzdecode($data) {

       
// check if filename field is set in FLG, is 4th byte
       
$hex = bin2hex($data);

       
$flg = (int)hexdec(substr($hex, 6, 2));

       
// remove headers
       
$hex = substr($hex, 20);

       
$ret = '';
        if (  (
$flg & 0x8) == 8 ){
                print
"ello";
                for (
$i = 0; $i < strlen($hex); $i += 2 ){
                       
$value = substr($hex, $i, 2);
                        if (
$value == '00' ){
                               
$ret = substr($hex, ($i+2));
                                break;
                        }
                }
        }
        return
gzinflate(pack('H*', $ret));
}
?>
up
0
patatraboum at free dot fr
6 years ago
Some gz string strip header and return inflated
It actualy processes some first member of the gz
See rfc1952 at http://www.faqs.org/rfcs/rfc1952.html for more details and improvment as gzdecode

<?php
function gzBody($gzData){
    if(
substr($gzData,0,3)=="\x1f\x8b\x08"){
       
$i=10;
       
$flg=ord(substr($gzData,3,1));
        if(
$flg>0){
            if(
$flg&4){
                list(
$xlen)=unpack('v',substr($gzData,$i,2));
               
$i=$i+2+$xlen;
            }
            if(
$flg&8) $i=strpos($gzData,"\0",$i)+1;
            if(
$flg&16) $i=strpos($gzData,"\0",$i)+1;
            if(
$flg&2) $i=$i+2;
        }
        return
gzinflate(substr($gzData,$i,-8));
    }
    else return
false;
}
?>
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0
spikeles_ at hotmail dot com
7 years ago
This can be used to inflate streams compressed by the Java class java.util.zip.Deflater but you must strip the first 2 bytes off it. ( much like the above comment )

<?php $result = gzinflate(substr($compressedData, 2)); ?>
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0
boris at gamate dot com
10 years ago
When retrieving mod_gzip'ed content and using gzinflate() to decode the data, be sure to strip the first 10 chars from the retrieved content.

<?php $dec = gzinflate(substr($enc,10)); ?>
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