is_resource

(PHP 4, PHP 5)

is_resource Verifica se una variabile è una risorsa

Descrizione

bool is_resource ( mixed $var )

Verifica se una data variabile sia di tipo risorsa.

Elenco dei parametri

var

La variabile da valutare.

Valori restituiti

Restituisce TRUE se la variabile individuata dal parametro var è di tipo resource, altrimenti restituisce FALSE.

Esempi

Example #1 Esempio di utilizzo di is_resource()

<?php

$db_link 
= @mysql_connect('localhost''mysql_user''mysql_pass');
if (!
is_resource($db_link)) {
    die(
'Can\'t connect : ' mysql_error());
}

?>

Vedere anche:

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User Contributed Notes 3 notes

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15
btleffler [AT] gmail [DOT] com
6 years ago
I was recently trying to loop through some objects and convert them to arrays so that I could encode them to json strings.

I was running into issues when an element of one of my objects was a SoapClient. As it turns out, json_encode() doesn't like any resources to be passed to it. My simple fix was to use is_resource() to determine whether or not the variable I was looking at was a resource.

I quickly realized that is_resource() returns false for two out of the 3 resources that are typically in a SoapClient object. If the resource type is 'Unknown' according to var_dump() and get_resource_type(), is_resource() doesn't think that the variable is a resource!

My work around for this was to use get_resource_type() instead of is_resource(), but that function throws an error if the variable you're checking isn't a resource.

So how are you supposed to know when a variable is a resource if is_resource() is unreliable, and get_resource_type() gives errors if you don't pass it a resource?

I ended up doing something like this:

<?php

function isResource ($possibleResource) { return !is_null(@get_resource_type($possibleResource)); }

?>

The @ operator suppresses the errors thrown by get_resource_type() so it returns null if $possibleResource isn't a resource.

I spent way too long trying to figure this stuff out, so I hope this comment helps someone out if they run into the same problem I did.
up
4
CertaiN
3 years ago
Try this to know behavior:

<?php
function resource_test($resource, $name) {
    echo
       
'[' . $name. ']',
       
PHP_EOL,
       
'(bool)$resource => ',
       
$resource ? 'TRUE' : 'FALSE',
       
PHP_EOL,
       
'get_resource_type($resource) => ',
       
get_resource_type($resource) ?: 'FALSE',
       
PHP_EOL,
       
'is_resoruce($resource) => ',
       
is_resource($resource) ? 'TRUE' : 'FALSE',
       
PHP_EOL,
       
PHP_EOL
   
;
}

$resource = tmpfile();
resource_test($resource, 'Check Valid Resource');

fclose($resource);
resource_test($resource, 'Check Released Resource');

$resource = null;
resource_test($resource, 'Check NULL');
?>

It will be shown as...

[Check Valid Resource]
(bool)$resource => TRUE
get_resource_type($resource) => stream
is_resoruce($resource) => TRUE

[Check Released Resource]
(bool)$resource => TRUE
get_resource_type($resource) => Unknown
is_resoruce($resource) => FALSE

[Check NULL]
(bool)$resource => FALSE
get_resource_type($resource) => FALSE
Warning:  get_resource_type() expects parameter 1 to be resource, null given in ... on line 10
is_resoruce($resource) => FALSE
up
0
Anonymous
2 months ago
Note that is_resource() is unreliable. It considers closed resources as false:

<?php

$a
= fopen('http://www.google.com', 'r');
var_dump(is_resource($a)); var_dump(is_scalar($a));
//bool(true)
//bool(false)

fclose($a);
var_dump(is_resource($a)); var_dump(is_scalar($a));
//bool(false)
//bool(false)

?>

That's the reason why some other people here have been confused and devised some complex (bad) "solutions" to detect resources...

There's a much better solution... In fact, I just showed it above, but here it is again with a more complete example:

<?php

$a
= fopen('http://www.google.com', 'r');
var_dump(is_resource($a)); var_dump(is_scalar($a)); var_dump(is_object($a)); var_dump(is_array($a)); var_dump(is_null($a));
//bool(true)
//bool(false)
//bool(false)
//bool(false)
//bool(false)

?>

So how do you check if something is a resource?

Like this!

<?php

$a
= fopen('http://www.google.com', 'r');
$isResource = is_resource($a) || ($a !== null && !is_scalar($a) && !is_array($a) && !is_object($a));
var_dump($isResource);
//bool(true)

fclose($a);

var_dump(is_resource($a));
//bool(false)

$isResource = is_resource($a) || ($a !== null && !is_scalar($a) && !is_array($a) && !is_object($a));
var_dump($isResource);
//bool(true)

?>

How it works:

- An active resource is a resource, so check that first for efficiency.
- Then branch to check what the variable is NOT:
- A resource is never NULL. (We do that check via `!== null` for efficiency).
- A resource is never Scalar (int, float, string, bool).
- A resource is never an array.
- A resource is never an object.
- Only one variable type remains if all of the above checks succeeded: IF it's NOT any of the above, then it's a closed resource!

Just surfed by and saw the bad and hacky methods other people had left, and wanted to help out with this proper technique. Good luck, everyone!

PS: The core problem is that is_resource() does a "loose" check for "living resource". I wish that it had a $strict parameter for "any resource" instead of these user-workarounds being necessary.
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