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is_subclass_of

(PHP 4, PHP 5)

is_subclass_of Restituisce TRUE se l'oggetto ha questa classe come uno dei suoi genitori

Descrizione

bool is_subclass_of ( mixed $oggetto , string $nome_classe )

Questa funzione restituisce TRUE se obj, appartiene ad una sottoclasse di nome_classe, altrimenti FALSE.

Nota:

Dal PHP 5.0.3 si può specificare il parametro oggetto come stringa (il nome della classe).

Example #1 Esempio di uso di is_subclass_of()

<?php
// definisce una classe
class WidgetFactory
{
  var 
$oink 'moo';
}
 
// definisce una classe figlio
class WidgetFactory_Child extends WidgetFactory
{
  var 
$oink 'oink';
}
 
// crea un nuovo oggetto
$WF = new WidgetFactory();
$WFC = new WidgetFactory_Child();
 
if (
is_subclass_of($WFC'WidgetFactory')) {
  echo 
"yes, \$WFC is a subclass of WidgetFactory\n";
} else {
  echo 
"no, \$WFC is not a subclass of WidgetFactory\n";
}
 
if (
is_subclass_of($WF'WidgetFactory')) {
  echo 
"yes, \$WF is a subclass of WidgetFactory\n";
} else {
  echo 
"no, \$WF is not a subclass of WidgetFactory\n";
}
// utilizzabile dal PHP 5.0.3
if (is_subclass_of('WidgetFactory_Child''WidgetFactory')) {
  echo 
"yes, WidgetFactory_Child is a subclass of WidgetFactory\n";
} else {
  echo 
"no, WidgetFactory_Child is not a subclass of WidgetFactory\n";
}
?>

Il precedente esempio visualizzerĂ :

yes, $WFC is a subclass of WidgetFactory
no, $WF is not a subclass of WidgetFactory
yes, WidgetFactory_Child is a subclass of WidgetFactory

Vedere anche get_class(), get_parent_class() e is_a().

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User Contributed Notes 6 notes

up
2
gunniboyh at web dot de
8 years ago
is_subclass_of() works also with classes between the class of obj and the superclass.

example:
<?php
class A {};
class
B extends A {};
class
C extends B {};

$foo=new C();
echo ((
is_subclass_of($foo,'A')) ? 'true' : 'false');
?>

echoes 'true' .
up
1
nicholas at aquarionics dot com
5 years ago
This might be useful to someone, so:

If you're using Autoload, you should be aware that this will attempt to autoload $classname if it isn't already loaded. I discovered this when I had something using is_subclass_of inside an error thrown by autoload, which then recursed until it ran out of memory.
up
1
kostyl_kostyl gav-gav mail point ru
5 years ago
<?php
interface I {
}
class
A implements I {
}
class
B extends {
}
if (
is_subclass_of('A', 'I')) {
    echo
'good<br>';
}
else {
    echo
'bad<br>';
}
if (
is_subclass_of('B', 'I')) {
    echo
'good<br>';
}
else {
    echo
'bad<br>';
}
if (
is_subclass_of('B', 'A')) {
    echo
'good<br>';
}
else {
    echo
'bad<br>';
}
?>

result:
bad <- you must to describe intermediate class B to be good
good
good
up
0
Damien Bezborodov
5 years ago
If you need something similar to is_subclass_of() to determine if a class implements an interface before instantiating it, use reflection:

<?php

interface A_Interface {}
class
A implements A_Interface {}

$reflectionA = new ReflectionClass('A');
var_dump(
   
$reflectionA->implementsInterface('A_Interface')
);

?>
bool(true)
up
0
jm
5 years ago
It would appear that is_subclass_of is case insensitive unlike get_class in php5.
i.e.

<?php
class fooBar {}
class
bar extends fooBar {}

assert(get_class(new fooBar()) == "fooBar");
assert(is_subclass_of(new bar(), "foobar") == true);
?>

i run across this while migrating some code from php4 to php5 and the code would only half-the-time break.
up
0
Ondra Zizka
7 years ago
For PHP4:

<?php
/** Returns whether specified class is subclass of the other class. */
function is_subclass($sClass, $sExpectedParentClass){
    do if(
$sExpectedParentClass === $sClass ) return true;
    while(
false != ($sClass = get_parent_class($sClass)) );
    return
false;
}
// Test:
class A {} class B extends A {} class C extends B {} echo (int) is_subclass('C', 'A');
?>
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