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Filter Funzioni

Indice dei contenuti

  • filter_has_var — Checks if variable of specified type exists
  • filter_id — Returns the filter ID belonging to a named filter
  • filter_input_array — Gets external variables and optionally filters them
  • filter_input — Gets a specific external variable by name and optionally filters it
  • filter_list — Returns a list of all supported filters
  • filter_var_array — Gets multiple variables and optionally filters them
  • filter_var — Filters a variable with a specified filter
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User Contributed Notes 6 notes

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2
Richard Davey rich at corephp dot co dot uk
7 years ago
There is an undocumented filter flag for FILTER_VALIDATE_BOOLEAN. The documentation implies that it will return NULL if the value doesn't match the allowed true/false values. However this doesn't happen unless you give it the FILTER_NULL_ON_FAILURE flag like this:

<?php
$value
= 'car';
$result = filter_var($value, FILTER_VALIDATE_BOOLEAN, FILTER_NULL_ON_FAILURE);
?>

In the above $result will equal NULL. Without the extra flag it would equal FALSE, which isn't usually a desired result for this specific filter.
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1
fumble1 at web dot de
7 years ago
I recommend you to use the FILTER_REQUIRE_SCALAR (or FILTER_REQUIRE_ARRAY) flags, since you can use array-brackets both to access string offsets and array-element -- however, not only this can lead to unexpected behaviour. Look at this example:

<?php
$image
= basename(filter_input(INPUT_GET, 'src', FILTER_UNSAFE_RAW, FILTER_FLAG_STRIP_LOW));
// further checks
?>

/script.php?src[0]=foobar will cause a warning. :-(
Hence my recommendation:

<?php
$image
= basename(filter_input(INPUT_GET, 'src', FILTER_UNSAFE_RAW, FILTER_REQUIRE_SCALAR | FILTER_FLAG_STRIP_LOW));
// further checks
?>
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0
user
7 years ago
Below is some code using filter API to restrict access to LAN by IPv4 private address range.

These notes may save someone else a little time:

filter_input_array() is useless for running multiple filters on the same key.
No way to chain or negate filters.

<?php

/* Merciful comment! */
function FILTER_NEGATE_HACK($_){ return (bool)!$_; }

function
client_is_private_ipv4(){
  return (
filter_input(INPUT_SERVER, 'REMOTE_ADDR', FILTER_VALIDATE_IP, FILTER_FLAG_IPV4) &&
           
FILTER_NEGATE_HACK(filter_input(INPUT_SERVER, 'REMOTE_ADDR', FILTER_VALIDATE_IP, FILTER_FLAG_NO_PRIV_RANGE));
}

if (!
client_is_private_ipv4())
  exit(
'This application is restricted to local network users');

?>
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0
vojtech at x dot cz
7 years ago
Also notice that filter functions are using only the original variable values passed to the script even if you change the value in super global variable ($_GET, $_POST, ...) later in the script.

<?php
echo filter_input(INPUT_GET, 'var'); // print 'something'
echo $_GET['var']; // print 'something'
$_GET['var'] = 'changed';
echo
filter_input(INPUT_GET, 'var'); // print 'something'
echo $_GET['var']; // print 'changed'
?>

In fact, external data are duplicated in SAPI before the script is processed and filter functions don't use super globals anymore (as explained in Filter tutorial bellow, section 'How does it work?').
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-1
vojtech at x dot cz
7 years ago
Just to note that "server and env support may not work in all sapi, for filter 0.11.0 or php 5.2.0" as mentioned in Filter tutorial bellow.

The workaround is obvious:
Instead of
<?php
$var
= filter_input(INPUT_SERVER, 'SERVER_NAME', FILTER_DEFAULT);
?>
use
<?php
$var
= filter_var(isset($_SERVER['SERVER_NAME']) ? $_SERVER['SERVER_NAME'] : NULL, FILTER_DEFAULT);
?>
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-4
ckroll at rightmedia dot com
7 years ago
Beware, the FILTER_SANITIZE_STRING flag functions much like strip_tags, so < will get filtered from input regardless of it's actually part of a tag.  We were getting unexepected results with a graphic library we wrote when trying to print < on a dynamic button.  The url came in something like ?string=%3C (<) but after filter ran it was empty.  To get around this, you could use FILTER_UNSAFE_RAW on that one param.
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