oci_new_descriptor

(PHP 5, PHP 7, PECL OCI8 >= 1.1.0)

oci_new_descriptorИнициализирует новый дескриптор объекта LOB или FILE

Описание

OCI-Lob oci_new_descriptor ( resource $connection [, int $type = OCI_DTYPE_LOB ] )

Резервирует ресурсы, необходимые для хранения дескриптора объекта или LOB-локатора.

Список параметров

connection

Идентификатор соединения с сервером Oracle, возвращаемый функцией oci_connect() или oci_pconnect().

type

Допустимые значения параметра type: OCI_DTYPE_FILE, OCI_DTYPE_LOB и OCI_DTYPE_ROWID.

Возвращаемые значения

Возвращает новый LOB или дескриптор FILE в случае успеха или FALSE при ошибке.

Примеры

Пример #1 Пример использования oci_new_descriptor()

<?php
/* Приведенный скрипт разработан для использования с HTML формами.
 * Это подразумевает, что $user, $password, $table, $where, и $commitsize
 * получены из формы. Скрипт удаляет записи с использованием
 * ROWID и закрывает транзакцию после каждого
 * $commitsize записей. (Используйте осторожно, откат изменений невозможен)
 */
$conn oci_connect($user$password);
$stmt oci_parse($conn"select rowid from $table $where");
$rowid oci_new_descriptor($connOCI_D_ROWID);
oci_define_by_name($stmt"ROWID"$rowid);
oci_execute($stmt);
while (
oci_fetch($stmt)) {
    
$nrows oci_num_rows($stmt);
    
$delete oci_parse($conn"delete from $table where ROWID = :rid");
    
oci_bind_by_name($delete":rid"$rowid, -1OCI_B_ROWID);
    
oci_execute($delete);
    echo 
"$nrows\n";
    if ((
$nrows $commitsize) == 0) {
        
oci_commit($conn);
    }
}
$nrows oci_num_rows($stmt);
echo 
"$nrows deleted...\n";
oci_free_statement($stmt);
oci_close($conn);
?>
<?php
    
/* Данный скрипт реализует загрузку файлов в LOB-столбцы
     * HTML-форма для скрипта выглядит примерно так:
     * <form action="upload.php" method="post" enctype="multipart/form-data">
     * <input type="file" name="lob_upload" />
     * ...
     */
  
if (!isset($lob_upload) || $lob_upload == 'none'){
?>
<form action="upload.php" method="post" enctype="multipart/form-data">
Upload file: <input type="file" name="lob_upload" /><br />
<input type="submit" value="Upload" /> - <input type="reset" value="Reset" />
</form>
<?php
  
} else {

     
// $lob_upload содержит временное имя загруженного файла

     // см. также раздел особенностей загрузки файлов,
     // если необходимо реализовать безопасную загрузку

     
$conn oci_connect($user$password);
     
$lob oci_new_descriptor($connOCI_D_LOB);
     
$stmt oci_parse($conn"insert into $table (id, the_blob)
               values(my_seq.NEXTVAL, EMPTY_BLOB()) returning the_blob into :the_blob"
);
     
oci_bind_by_name($stmt':the_blob'$lob, -1OCI_B_BLOB);
     
oci_execute($stmtOCI_DEFAULT);
     if (
$lob->savefile($lob_upload)){
        
oci_commit($conn);
        echo 
"Blob successfully uploaded\n";
     }else{
        echo 
"Couldn't upload Blob\n";
     }
     
$lob->free();
     
oci_free_statement($stmt);
     
oci_close($conn);
  }
?>

Пример #2 Пример использования oci_new_descriptor()

<?php
/* Вызов хранимой процедуры PL/SQL, параметрами которой являются объекты CLOB
 * Пример PL/SQL процедуры:
 *
 * PROCEDURE save_data
 *   Argument Name                  Type                    In/Out Default?
 *   ------------------------------ ----------------------- ------ --------
 *   KEY                            NUMBER(38)              IN
 *   DATA                           CLOB                    IN
 *
 */

$conn oci_connect($user$password);
$stmt oci_parse($conn"begin save_data(:key, :data); end;");
$clob oci_new_descriptor($connOCI_D_LOB);
oci_bind_by_name($stmt':key'$key);
oci_bind_by_name($stmt':data'$clob, -1OCI_B_CLOB);
$clob->write($data);
oci_execute($stmtOCI_DEFAULT);
oci_commit($conn);
$clob->free();
oci_free_statement($stmt);
?>

Примечания

Замечание:

В версиях PHP ниже 5.0.0 эта функция называлась ocinewdescriptor(). В PHP 5.0.0 и выше ocinewdescriptor() является алиасом oci_new_descriptor(), поэтому вы можете продолжать использовать это имя, однако это не рекомендуется.

Смотрите также

  • oci_bind_by_name() - Прикрепляет переменную PHP к соответствующей метке в SQL-выражении

add a note add a note

User Contributed Notes 14 notes

up
1
kirt at diagonalsoftware dot com
12 years ago
Here is an example of retrieving a CLOB as an output parameter from a stored procedure. This is a bit hack-y and maybe there's a cleaner way to do this, but I couldn't find one. The following definitely works with Oracle 9:

// the query to call the procedure, which includes declaring the
// output parameter and assigning the result to a variable to be bound.
$qry = '
declare clob_out clob;
begin
  myprocedure(someparam_in, clob_out);
  :myclob := clob_out;
end;
';

// parse the query and bind the 'myclob' variable
$sth = OCIParse($conn,$qry);
$myclob = OCINewDescriptor($conn,OCI_D_LOB);
OCIBindByName($sth,":myclob",$myclob,-1,OCI_B_CLOB);

OCIExecute($sth);

// display the results
echo $myclob->load();
up
1
sozturk at emediamillworks dot com
15 years ago
I had the same problem with updating the lobs with shorter content as in one of the notes above. The addition of "\0" at the end of the replacement text didn't help either. But the following worked perfectly:

$sql = "UPDATE sometable SET lob_col = EMPTY_LOB() WHERE key_col = $key RETURNING lob_col INTO :lob";
$stmt = OCIParse($conn,$sql);
$lob = OCINewDescriptor($conn,OCI_D_LOB);
OCIBindByName($stmt,':lob',&$lob,-1,OCI_B_BLOB);
OCIExecute($stmt,OCI_DEFAULT);
$lob->save($sometext);
$lob->free();
up
1
aidanpeiser at yahoo dot com
15 years ago
another way to display your clob details !

    $query = "select * from Your_clob_table";
    $stmt = OCIParse($conn, $query);
    ociexecute($stmt);
       
        while ( OCIFetch($stmt))
        {
         $lob = OCIResult($stmt,"CLOB_MESSAGE");
         $CLOB_MESSAGE = $lob->load();
         echo $CLOB_MESSAGE;
        }

this works,
up
2
<Serg Petrenko> pserg at inkfrog dot com
12 years ago
How to insert big XML data as CLOB into table with XMLType field.

<?php

//CREATE TABLE sometable(
//id number(8) not null,
//record XMLType
//) XMLTYPE COLUMN record STORE AS OBJECT RELATIONAL
//XMLSCHEMA "someschema" ELEMENT "some_element";
//

$sql = "INSERT INTO sometable(id, record) VALUES(some_sequqnce.nextval, sys.xmltype.createxml(:rec)) RETURNING ID INTO :rid";
$stmt = OCIParse($ora_conn,$sql);
$clob = OCINewDescriptor($ora_conn, OCI_D_LOB);
$rowid = OCINewDescriptor($ora_conn,OCI_D_ROWID);
OCIBindByName($stmt, ':rec', &$clob, -1,OCI_B_CLOB);
OCIBindByName($stmt, ':rid', $rowid, -1);
$clob->WriteTemporary($xml,OCI_TEMP_CLOB);
$success = OCIExecute($stmt,OCI_DEFAULT);
if(!
$success) {
OCICommit($ora_conn);
}
OCIFreeStatement($stmt);
OCIFreeDesc($lob);

?>

I hope it will help :)
up
2
Nathan Rogers
14 years ago
I found another method of inserting/updating lob data.  It works the same was as passing lob parameters to a stored procedure and avoids the need for a RETURNING clause.
    $lob = OCINewDescriptor($conn, OCI_D_LOB);
    $stmt = OCIParse($conn,"insert into $table (id, the_blob)
               values(my_seq.NEXTVAL, :the_blob)");
    OCIBindByName($stmt, ':the_blob', &$lob, -1, OCI_B_BLOB);
    $lob->WriteTemporary($data);
    OCIExecute($stmt, OCI_DEFAULT);
    $lob->close();
    $lob->free();
    OCICommit($conn);

There are some cases involving triggers where you can't use a RETURNING clause, so this method can come in handy.  The case where I needed it was updating a view that had an instead-of update trigger.
up
2
jcd at iddg dot com
17 years ago
[Editor's note: don't use '&' for parameters in bind calls in PHP 5]

The code up above is somewhat correct... here's an example of how I got a CLOB to work

<?php
function insert_adinfo($AdInfoID, $MagazineType, $Publish, $DatePost, $BodyText)
{
   global
$db;

   
// Insert record into database
   
$clob = OCINewDescriptor($db, OCI_D_LOB);
   
$stmt = OCIParse($db,"insert into tblAdInfo values ($AdInfoID,                  $MagazineType, '$Publish', to_date('$DatePost', 'YYYY-MM-DD'),                  EMPTY_CLOB()) returning BodyText into :the_blob");
   
OCIBindByName($stmt, ':the_blob', &$clob, -1, OCI_B_CLOB);
   
OCIExecute($stmt, OCI_DEFAULT);
    if(
$clob->save($BodyText)){
       
OCICommit($db);
    }else{
        echo
"Problems: Couldn't upload Clob\n";
    }
  
  
OCIFreeDescriptor($clob);
  
OCIFreeStatement($stmt);
}
?>
up
1
cyrill@_malevanov_dot_spb_dot_ru
13 years ago
Passing CLOB to stored procedure and retrieve CLOB too (function lobinout(a in clob) return clob)

<?
    error_reporting(1+2+4+8);
    $conn = OCILogon('batdtd', 'batdtd', 'batxml');
   
    $lobin = OCINewDescriptor($conn, OCI_D_LOB);
    $lobout = OCINewDescriptor($conn, OCI_D_LOB);
   
    $stmt = OCIParse($conn, "declare rs clob; begin :rs := lobinout(:par); end;");
    $lob_data = 'abcdefgh';
   
    echo "binding lobin...";
    OCIBindByName($stmt, ':par', $lobin, -1, OCI_B_CLOB);
   
    echo "done<br>binding rs...";
   
    OCIBindByName($stmt, ':rs', $lobout, -1, OCI_B_CLOB);
   
    echo "done<br>writing temp lob...";
             // here we pass data to func
    $lobin -> WriteTemporary($lob_data);
    echo "done<br>executing...";
   
    OCIExecute($stmt, OCI_DEFAULT);
             // here we load data returned from func
    echo "done<br>rs = ".$lobout->load();
    OCICommit($conn);
    $lobin -> free();
    $lobout -> free();
    OCIFreeStatement($stmt);
    OCILogoff($conn);
?>
up
1
cjbj at hotmail dot com
13 years ago
In PHP5 the way Example 2 passes a CLOB bind variable as an input
parameter to a PL/SQL procedure can be extended to BLOBs.

The critical change is:

    OCIBindByName($stmt, ':data', $blob, -1, OCI_B_BLOB);
    $blob->WriteTemporary($data, OCI_B_BLOB);

This doesn't work for me in PHP4.  I believe it is because the
implementation of OCIWriteTemporaryLob() always binds as a CLOB.
(This is true as of php4-STABLE-200403170230).  In PHP5 the interface
has changed and a type parameter is permitted.
up
1
tca at engineer dot com
15 years ago
Two examples of retrieving CLOBs from the database.  They are almost identical.  The first is using a package(and cursor) which is how I interface to Oracle at work, and the second is using straight SQL, which most people post examples in.

I also convert the case from upper to lower, since that is how I prefer to work with assoc arrays...

Instead of using the get_class() function you could use the OCIColumnType() function which (in this case) would return 'CLOB' as a result...

/**
* Example 1
*
* Using a PL/SQL package and cursor
*
*/
$cursor=':p_cur';
$sql2="begin clobPackage.getClob($cursor); end;";
$curs=OCINewCursor($conn);
$stmt=OCIParse($conn,$sql2);
OCIBindByName($stmt,$cursor,&$curs,-1,OCI_B_CURSOR);
OCIExecute($stmt,OCI_DEFAULT);
OCIExecute($curs,OCI_DEFAULT);
$x=0;
while(OCIFetch($curs)){
  $cols=OCINumCols($curs);
  for($i=1;$i<=$cols;$i++){
    $column_name=OCIColumnName($curs,$i);
    if(is_object($tmp=OCIResult($curs,$i))&&get_class($tmp)=='OCI-Lob'){
      $column_value=$tmp->load();
    }else{
      $column_value=$tmp;
    }
    $result[$x][strtolower($column_name)]=trim($column_value);
  }
  $x++;
}
OCICommit($conn);

/**
* Example 2
*
* Using a SELECT
*
*/
$query="SELECT a_num, a_clob FROM clob_test";
$stmt=OCIParse($conn,$query);
OCIExecute($stmt,OCI_DEFAULT);
$x=0;
while(OCIFetch($stmt)){
  $ncols=OCINumCols($stmt);
  for($i=1;$i<=$ncols;$i++){
    $column_name=OCIColumnName($stmt,$i);
    if(is_object($tmp=OCIResult($curs,$i))&&get_class($tmp)=='OCI-Lob'){
      $column_value=$tmp->load();
    }else{
      $column_value=$tmp;
    }
    $result[$x][strtolower($column_name)]=trim($column_value);
  }
  $x++;
}
OCICommit($conn);

I hope someone finds this useful.

Cheers,
Keith.
up
0
Mike
5 years ago
If you're passing a clob variable to oracle stored procedure, you could:

<?php
$qry
= 'begin my_sp(:largetext); end;';
$stmt = oci_parse($conn, $qry); //definition of $conn is not included here
$clob = oci_new_descriptor($conn, OCI_D_LOB);
oci_bind_by_name($stmt, ":largetext", $clob, -1, OCI_B_CLOB);
$clob->writetemporary($mylargedata);
oci_execute($stmt);
$clob->free();
oci_free_statement($stmt);
?>

Hopefully this will help!
up
0
ajitsingh4u at gmail dot com
9 years ago
<?php
// calling stored procedure to get clob data type (we use to get xml from oracle)

error_reporting(E_ALL ^ E_NOTICE);

$conn = oci_connect($user, $password);
       
$sql = "BEGIN sp_employee_xml_data_select(:result); END;";
$stmt = oci_parse($conn , $sql);

$objClob = oci_new_descriptor($conn, OCI_D_LOB);
oci_bind_by_name($stmt, ':result', $objClob, -1, OCI_B_CLOB);

oci_execute($stmt, OCI_DEFAULT);
$xmlData = $objClob->load($result);

$objClob->free();
oci_free_statement($stmt);

echo
$xmlData;

?>
up
0
Maxwell_Smart (at) ThePentagon (dot) com
14 years ago
Just a note. When INSERTing a CLOB, if a VALUES clause is used, Oracle notes: You cannot initialize an internal LOB attribute in an object with a value other than empty or null. That is, you cannot use a literal.

That's why all the examples here INSERT an EMPTY_CLOB(), and use RETURNING to grab the pointer.

However, a CLOB can also be INSERTed via a SELECT statement, and that won't require any descriptors.

Example:

$Clob = Str_Replace("'", "''", $Clob);

OCIParse($DB, "INSERT INTO My_Table (My_Clob) SELECT '$Clob' FROM Dual");

This, of course, allows the use of a WHERE clause as well.
up
0
moom_mong at yahoo dot com
15 years ago
To read a lob, other way:

$sql = OCIParse("select * from table_with_lob_field");
OCIExecute($sql, OCI_DEFAULT);
while ( OCIFetch($sql)) {
$o = ociresult($sql,"loc_field_name");
$loc_field_name = $o->load();
print $loc_field_name;
};
up
-1
Ben Hubbard ben at vonik dot com
11 years ago
Here is another example of how to insert a BLOB into table using a PL/SQL function.

Oracle Database Code:

create table blob_table ( the_blob blob);

create or replace function insert_blob(out_blob out blob)
    return integer is
    begin
       insert into blob_table values (EMPTY_BLOB())
         return the_blob into out_blob;
       return 0; /* Success */
    end insert_blob;

PHP Code:

<?php
  $iResult
= -1;
 
$strTestData = 'Testing 123';
 
$conn = oci_connect($user, $password);
 
$stmt = oci_parse($conn, "begin :RES := insert_blob(:OUT_BLOB); end;");

 
$objBlob = oci_new_descriptor($conn, OCI_D_LOB);
 
oci_bind_by_name($stmt, ":RES", $iResult);
 
oci_bind_by_name($stmt, ":OUT_BLOB", $objBlob, -1, OCI_B_BLOB);
 
oci_execute($stmt, OCI_DEFAULT);
 
$objBlob->write($strTestData);
 
oci_commit($conn);
 
$objBlob->free();
 
oci_free_statement($stmt);
?>
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