(PHP 5 >= 5.2.0, PHP 7)

spl_object_hash Возвращает хеш-идентификатор для объекта


string spl_object_hash ( object $obj )

Эта функция возвращает уникальный идентификатор для заданного объекта. Этот id можно использовать в качестве хэш-ключа для хранения объектов или для идентификации объектов, пока объект не будет уничтожен. Как только объект уничтожен, этот хэш может быть использован повторно для других объектов.

Список параметров


Какой-либо объект.

Возвращаемые значения

Уникальная строка символов для каждого существующего на данный момент объекта и всегда одинаковая для каждого конкретного объекта.


Пример #1 Пример использования spl_object_hash()

$storage[$id] = $object;



После уничтожения объекта, его хеш-идентификатор может быть использован для других объектов.

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User Contributed Notes 6 notes

10 years ago
Note that the contents (properties) of the object are NOT hashed by the function, merely its internal handle and handler table pointer. This is sufficient to guarantee that any two objects simultaneously co-residing in memory will have different hashes. Uniqueness is not guaranteed between objects that did not reside in memory simultaneously, for example:

var_dump(spl_object_hash(new stdClass()), spl_object_hash(new stdClass()));

Running this alone will usually generate the same hashes, since PHP reuses the internal handle for the first stdClass after it has been dereferenced and destroyed when it creates the second stdClass.
mjs at beebo dot org
4 years ago
Note that given two different objects spl_object_hash() can return values that look very similar, and in fact both the most significant *and* least significant digits are likely to be identical!  e.g. "000000003cc56d770000000007fa48c5" and "000000003cc56d0d0000000007fa48c5".

Therefore (especially if using this function for debugging), you may wish to pass the hash into a cryptographic hash function like md5() to get to facilitate visual comparisons, and make it more likely that the first few or last few digits are unique.

md5("000000003cc56d770000000007fa48c5") -> "619a799747d348fa1caf181a72b65d9f"

md5("000000003cc56d0d0000000007fa48c5") -> "ae964bc912281e7804fe5a88b4546cb2"
Hayleu Watson
4 months ago
The "hash" mentioned in the name of this function refers to the storage structure known as a "hash table", not to any sort of "message digest". The string returned by this function is little more than the object's address in the (hash) table PHP maintains of all existing objects.
Ulrich Eckhardt
5 months ago
Calling this a hash is very misleading:

1. This function gives an object identifier (ID), which uniquely identifies the object for its whole lifetime. This is similar to the address of an object in C or the id() function in Python. I'm sure other languages have similar constructs.
2. This is not a hash and has nothing to do with it. A hash takes data and algorithmically reduces that data to some kind of scalar value. The only guarantee is that two equal inputs provide the same output, but not that two different inputs provide different outputs (hint: hash collisions). spl_object_hash() guarantees different outputs for non-identical objects though.
3. As someone mentioned already, this does not look at the content of the object. If you consider the difference between equality and identity, it only allows determining identity. If you serialize and unserialize an object, it will not be identical to its former self, but it will be equal, just to give an example. If you want a key to use in a response cache, using this function on the request is not only useless, because equal requests have different IDs, but possibly even harmful, because when a request object is garbage collected, its ID can be reused.
Hayley Watson
4 months ago
The "hash" mentioned in this function is used in the sense of the storage structure known as a "hash table", not in the sense of "message digest".
Hayley Watson
4 months ago
The "hash" mentioned in this function is used in the sense of the storage structure known as a "hash table", not in the sense of "message digest".
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