DOMImplementation::createDocumentType

(PHP 5, PHP 7)

DOMImplementation::createDocumentType Creates an empty DOMDocumentType object

说明

public DOMDocumentType DOMImplementation::createDocumentType ([ string $qualifiedName = NULL [, string $publicId = NULL [, string $systemId = NULL ]]] )

Creates an empty DOMDocumentType object. Entity declarations and notations are not made available. Entity reference expansions and default attribute additions do not occur.

参数

qualifiedName

The qualified name of the document type to create.

publicId

The external subset public identifier.

systemId

The external subset system identifier.

返回值

A new DOMDocumentType node with its ownerDocument set to NULL.

错误/异常

DOM_NAMESPACE_ERR

Raised if there is an error with the namespace, as determined by qualifiedName.

此方法可以被静态调用,但会抛出一个 E_STRICT 错误。

范例

Example #1 Creating a document with an attached DTD

<?php

// Creates an instance of the DOMImplementation class
$imp = new DOMImplementation;

// Creates a DOMDocumentType instance
$dtd $imp->createDocumentType('graph''''graph.dtd');

// Creates a DOMDocument instance
$dom $imp->createDocument(""""$dtd);

// Set other properties
$dom->encoding 'UTF-8';
$dom->standalone false;

// Create an empty element
$element $dom->createElement('graph');

// Append the element
$dom->appendChild($element);

// Retrieve and print the document
echo $dom->saveXML();

?>

以上例程会输出:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="no"?>
<!DOCTYPE graph SYSTEM "graph.dtd">
<graph/>

参见

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User Contributed Notes 1 note

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until-all-bytes-are-free at example dot org
6 years ago
I had problems to use a DTD from a file. It needed to be resolved relatively and it contained characters that made DomDocument failed to resolve the file.

Encoding and an absolute filename did not help much. So I used the data:// streamwrapper ( http://php.net/manual/en/wrappers.data.php ) as a work-around:

<?php

// relative or absolute filename
$path = '...';

// convert file contents into a filename
$data = file_get_contents($path);
$systemId = 'data://text/plain;base64,'.base64_encode($data);

// ...

// Creates a DOMDocumentType instance
$dtd = $aImp->createDocumentType('qualified name', '', $systemId);

?>

Works like a charm.
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