ltrim

(PHP 4, PHP 5)

ltrim删除字符串开头的空白字符(或其他字符)

说明

string ltrim ( string $str [, string $charlist ] )

删除字符串开头的空白字符(或其他字符)

参数

str

输入的字符串。

charlist

通过参数charlist,你也可以指定想要删除的字符,简单地列出你想要删除的所有字符即可。使用..,可以指定字符的范围。

返回值

该函数返回一个删除了 str 最左边的空白字符的字符串。 如果不使用第二个参数, ltrim() 仅删除以下字符:

  • " " (ASCII 32 (0x20)),普通空白字符。
  • "\t" (ASCII 9 (0x09)), 制表符.
  • "\n" (ASCII 10 (0x0A)),换行符。
  • "\r" (ASCII 13 (0x0D)),回车符。
  • "\0" (ASCII 0 (0x00)), NUL空字节符。
  • "\x0B" (ASCII 11 (0x0B)),垂直制表符。

更新日志

版本 说明
4.1.0 新增 charlist 参数

范例

Example #1 ltrim()的使用范例

<?php

$text 
"\t\tThese are a few words :) ...  ";
$binary "\x09Example string\x0A";
$hello  "Hello World";
var_dump($text$binary$hello);

print 
"\n";


$trimmed ltrim($text);
var_dump($trimmed);

$trimmed ltrim($text" \t.");
var_dump($trimmed);

$trimmed ltrim($hello"Hdle");
var_dump($trimmed);

// 删除 $binary 开头的 ASCII 控制字符
// (从 0 到 31,包括 0 和 31)
$clean ltrim($binary"\x00..\x1F");
var_dump($clean);

?>

以上例程会输出:

string(32) "        These are a few words :) ...  "
string(16) "    Example string
"
string(11) "Hello World"

string(30) "These are a few words :) ...  "
string(30) "These are a few words :) ...  "
string(7) "o World"
string(15) "Example string
"

参见

  • trim() - 去除字符串首尾处的空白字符(或者其他字符)
  • rtrim() - 删除字符串末端的空白字符(或者其他字符)

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User Contributed Notes 7 notes

up
4
mroeling at exed dot nl
6 months ago
@scion4581

The problem is that the character mask (_stw in your case) isn't a literal string, but a character collection. So all characters within _stw are stripped. In your case this includes the w of weight also.
up
4
dzek dot remove_this at dzek dot eu
3 years ago
Guys, if += 0 is producing wrong values sometimes, and preg_replace is cpu consuming, then just stick to the main function described on that page, and use:
<?php
$value
= ltrim($value, '0');
?>
should be the fastest and most reliable.
I think all those comments can be misleading for begginers checking this page - it's sort of using magic tricks to reinvent the wheel.
up
1
scion4581 at mail dot ru
7 months ago
What i found and i can't get why:

$word = 'stw_weight';
echo ltrim($word, 'stw_');

output:  eight instead weight

If anybody know plz let me know
up
1
Usamah M dot Ali (usamah1228 at gmail dot com)
6 years ago
For those who use right-to-left languages such as Arabic, Hebrew, etc., it's worth mentioning that ltrim() (which stands for left trim) & rtrim() (which stands for right trim) DO NOT work contextually. The nomenclature is rather semantically incorrect. So in an RTL script, ltrim() will trim text from the right direction (i.e. beginning of RTL strings), and rtrim() will trim text from the left direction (i.e. end of RTL strings).
up
0
juan at ecogomera dot com
10 months ago
+=0 not valid for something like 0000-5. Result is 0
up
-1
John Sherwood
8 years ago
To remove leading/trailing zeroes (example: "0123.4560"), doing a += 0 is easier than trim tricks.
up
-1
Mike
3 years ago
Keep in mind the amount of resources preg_replace() uses. 
I would suggest a simple if statement if you need to parse through large amounts of data. 
<?php
function remove_leading_zeros_from_number($number_string) {
 
$limit = 9000.1
  $temp
= $number
 
(float) $temp;
  if (
$number < $limit) {
   
$number += 0;
  } else {
   
preg_replace('~^[0]*([1-9][0-9]*)$~','$1',$number_string)
  }
}
?>

Code is untested, but probably sound.
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