PHP 7.1.21 Released

max

(PHP 4, PHP 5, PHP 7)

max找出最大值

说明

mixed max ( array $values )
mixed max ( mixed $value1 , mixed $value2 [, mixed $... ] )

如果仅有一个参数且为数组,max() 返回该数组中最大的值。如果第一个参数是整数、字符串或浮点数,则至少需要两个参数而 max() 会返回这些值中最大的一个。可以比较无限多个值。

Note:

PHP 会将非数值的 string 当成 0,但如果这个正是最大的数值则仍然会返回一个字符串。如果多个参数都求值为 0 且是最大值,max() 会返回其中数值的 0,如果参数中没有数值的 0,则返回按字母表顺序最大的字符串。

参数

values

包含了多个值的数组。

value1

Any comparable value.

value2

Any comparable value.

...

Any comparable value.

返回值

max() 返回参数中数值最大的值。 If multiple values can be considered of the same size, the one that is listed first will be returned.

When max() is given multiple arrays, the longest array is returned. If all the arrays have the same length, max() will use lexicographic ordering to find the return value.

When given a string it will be cast as an integer when comparing.

范例

Example #1 使用 max() 的例子

<?php
echo max(13567);  // 7
echo max(array(245)); // 5

// When 'hello' is cast as integer it will be 0. Both the parameters are equally
// long, so the order they are given in determines the result
echo max(0'hello');     // 0
echo max('hello'0);     // hello

echo max('42'3); // '42'

// Here 0 > -1, so 'hello' is the return value.
echo max(-1'hello');    // hello

// With multiple arrays of different lengths, max returns the longest
$val max(array(222), array(1111)); // array(1, 1, 1, 1)

// 对多个数组,max 从左向右比较。
   // 因此在本例中:2 == 2,但 4 < 5
$val max(array(248), array(257)); // array(2, 5, 7)

// 如果同时给出数组和非数组作为参数,则总是将数组视为
   // 最大值返回
$val max('string', array(257), 42);   // array(2, 5, 7)
?>

参见

  • min() - 找出最小值
  • count() - 计算数组中的单元数目,或对象中的属性个数

add a note add a note

User Contributed Notes 14 notes

up
22
keith at bifugi dot com
2 years ago
The simplest way to get around the fact that max() won't give the key is array_search:

<?php
$student_grades
= array ("john" => 100, "sarah" => 90, "anne" => 100);
$top_student = array_search(max($student_grades),$student_grades); // john
?>

This could also be done with array_flip, though overwriting will mean that it gets the last max value rather than the first:

<?php
$grades_index
= array_flip($student_grades);
$top_student = $grades_index[max($student_grades)]; // anne
?>

To get all the max value keys:

<?php
$top_students
= array_keys($student_grades,max($student_grades)); // john, anne
?>
up
13
costinu
6 years ago
max(null, 0) = null
max(0, null) = 0
up
10
Alex Rath
8 years ago
Notice that whenever there is a Number in front of the String, it will be used for Comparison.

<?php

  max
('7iuwmssuxue', 1); //returns 7iuwmssuxu
 
max('-7suidha', -4); //returns -4

?>

But just if it is in front of the String

<?php

  max
('sdihatewin7wduiw', 3); //returns 3

?>
up
5
ries at vantwisk dot nl
9 years ago
I had several occasions that using max is a lot slower then using a if/then/else construct. Be sure to check this in your routines!

Ries
up
6
ReVo_
4 years ago
Sometimes you could need to get the max from an array which looks like this:

<?php
$arrTest
= array(
    array(
"day" => 1, "b" => 10 ),
    array(
"day" => 2, "b" => 43 ),
    array(
"day" => 3, "b" => 2 ),
    array(
"day" => 4, "b" => -3 ),
    array(
"day" => 5, "b" => 4 ),
    array(
"day" => 6, "b" => -5 )
);
?>
all max functions i see around don't provide a way to get the max value of the values in (example) key "b"

<?php
function maxValueInArray($array, $keyToSearch)
{
   
$currentMax = NULL;
    foreach(
$array as $arr)
    {
        foreach(
$arr as $key => $value)
        {
            if (
$key == $keyToSearch && ($value >= $currentMax))
            {
               
$currentMax = $value;
            }
        }
    }

    return
$currentMax;
}

//                                            array       key
$value = maxValueInArray($arrTest, "b");

?>

output: 43
up
6
volch5 at gmail dot com
4 years ago
max() (and min()) on DateTime objects compares them like dates (with timezone info) and returns DateTime object.
<?php
$dt1
= new DateTime('2014-05-07 18:53', new DateTimeZone('Europe/Kiev'));
$dt2 = new DateTime('2014-05-07 16:53', new DateTimeZone('UTC'));
echo
max($dt1,$dt2)->format(DateTime::RFC3339) . PHP_EOL; // 2014-05-07T16:53:00+00:00
echo min($dt1,$dt2)->format(DateTime::RFC3339) . PHP_EOL; // 2014-05-07T18:53:00+03:00
?>

It works at least 5.3.3-7+squeeze17
up
6
michaelangel0 at mail.com
11 years ago
Matlab users and others may feel lonely without the double argument output from min and max functions.

To have the INDEX of the highest value in an array, as well as the value itself, use the following, or a derivative:

<?php
function doublemax($mylist){
 
$maxvalue=max($mylist);
  while(list(
$key,$value)=each($mylist)){
    if(
$value==$maxvalue)$maxindex=$key;
  }
  return array(
"m"=>$maxvalue,"i"=>$maxindex);
}
?>
up
4
johnphayes at gmail dot com
12 years ago
Regarding boolean parameters in min() and max():

(a) If any of your parameters is boolean, max and min will cast the rest of them to boolean to do the comparison.
(b) true > false
(c) However, max and min will return the actual parameter value that wins the comparison (not the cast).

Here's some test cases to illustrate:

1.  max(true,100)=true
2.  max(true,0)=true
3.  max(100,true)=100
4.  max(false,100)=100
5.  max(100,false)=100
6.  min(true,100)=true
7.  min(true,0)=0
8.  min(100,true)=100
9.  min(false,100)=false
10. min(100,false)=false
11. min(true,false)=false
12. max(true,false)=true
up
4
toon dot baeyens at gmail dot com
6 years ago
A little function for multi-dimensional arrays:
<?php
function amax($array){
    if(
is_array($array)){
        foreach(
$array as $key => $value){
           
$array[$key] = amax($value);
        }
        return
max($array);
    }else{
        return
$array;
    }
}
?>
up
4
php at rijkvanwel dot nl
7 years ago
To get the largest key in an array:

<?php
$array
= array( 0 => 'first', 1=> 'second', /* ... */ 99 => 'nth' );
$max_key = max( array_keys( $array ) ); // 99
?>
up
3
marcini
9 years ago
Note that max() can compare dates, so if you write something like this:

<?php
$dates
= array('2009-02-15', '2009-03-15');
echo
max($dates);
?>

you will get: 2009-03-15.
up
1
sun at drupal dot org
7 years ago
Note that max() throws a warning if the array is empty:

<?php
$a
= array();
max($a);
// Warning: max(): Array must contain at least one element
?>

So make sure your data isn't empty.
up
0
levim at php dot net
5 years ago
<?php
/**
* @param array $array
*
* @return int|null Returns the largest value of the array. Returns NULL if no
*     integers are found.
*/
function array_max_recursive(array $array) {
   
$max = NULL;
   
$stack = array($array);

    do {
       
$current = array_pop($stack );
        foreach (
$current as $value) {
            if (
is_array($value)) {
               
$stack[] = $value;
            } elseif (
filter_var($value, FILTER_VALIDATE_INT) !== FALSE) {
               
// max(NULL, 0) returns NULL, so cast it
               
$max = (int) max($max, $value);
            }
        }

    } while (!empty(
$stack));

    return
$max;
}
?>

- This function is not actually recursive, but fulfills the requirement that it works on sub-arrays.  I do this because PHP is not very good at recursion.  I also did it because I enjoy doing things this way. 
- It returns something of type int, never a string representation of an int. The exception is when you provide an array that does not contain any integers.  It will then return NULL.
- It ignores non-array, non-int values.
up
0
harmor
10 years ago
A way to bound a integer between two values is:

<?php
function bound($x, $min, $max)
{
     return
min(max($x, $min), $max);
}
?>

which is the same as:

<?php
$tmp
= $x;
if(
$tmp < $min)
{
   
$tmp = $min;
}
if(
$tmp > $max)
{
    
$tmp = $max;
}
$y = $tmp;
?>

So if you wanted to bound an integer between 1 and 12 for example:

Input:
<?php
$x
= 0;
echo
bound(0, 1, 12).'<br />';
$x = 1;
echo
bound($x, 1, 12).'<br />';
$x = 6;
echo
bound($x, 1, 12).'<br />';
$x = 12;
echo
bound($x, 1, 12).'<br />';
$x = 13;
echo
bound($x, 1, 12).'<br />';
?>

Output:
1
1
6
12
12
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