mcrypt_decrypt

(PHP 4 >= 4.0.2, PHP 5, PHP 7)

mcrypt_decrypt使用给定参数解密密文

Warning

This function has been DEPRECATED as of PHP 7.1.0. Relying on this function is highly discouraged.

说明

string mcrypt_decrypt ( string $cipher , string $key , string $data , string $mode [, string $iv ] )

解密 data 并返回明文。

参数

cipher

MCRYPT_ciphername 常量中的一个,或者是字符串值的算法名称。

key

数据加密密钥。 如果密钥长度不是加解密算法能够支持的有效长度, 那么会产生警告并且返回 FALSE

data

要使用给定的 ciphermode 解密的数据。 如果数据大小不是 n * 分组大小,则在其后追加 '\0' 来补齐。

mode

MCRYPT_MODE_modename 常量中的一个,或以下字符串中的一个:"ecb","cbc","cfb","ofb","nofb" 和 "stream"。

iv

Used for the initialization in CBC, CFB, OFB modes, and in some algorithms in STREAM mode. If the provided IV size is not supported by the chaining mode or no IV was provided, but the chaining mode requires one, the function will emit a warning and return FALSE.

返回值

以字符串格式返回解密后的数据, 或者在失败时返回 FALSE

更新日志

版本 说明
5.6.0 不再接受无效长度的 key and iv 参数。 如果参数长度无效,则 mcrypt_decrypt() 函数会产生警告并且返回 FALSE。 之前版本中,对于长度不足的密钥和初始向量会在其后补齐 '\0' 使其达到有效长度。

参见

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User Contributed Notes 7 notes

up
39
eddiec at stararcher dot com
12 years ago
It appears that mcrypt_decrypt pads the *RETURN STRING* with nulls ('\0') to fill out to n * blocksize.  For old C-programmers, like myself, it is easy to believe the string ends at the first null.  In PHP it does not:

    strlen("abc\0\0") returns 5 and *NOT* 3
    strcmp("abc", "abc\0\0") returns -2 and *NOT* 0

I learned this lesson painfully when I passed a string returned from mycrypt_decrypt into a NuSoap message, which happily passed the nulls along to the receiver, who couldn't figure out what I was talking about.

My solution was:
<?php
    $retval
= mcrypt_decrypt( ...etc ...);
   
$retval = rtrim($retval, "\0");     // trim ONLY the nulls at the END
?>
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4
pnz dot r00t at yandex dot ru
1 year ago
When i using this function i find some problem, with adding additional binary symbols in decode message.
$sDecrypt – «2433091»
$sDecrypt strlen – 16 (before trim)
$sDecrypt – «2433091»
$sDecrypt strlen – 7 (after trim)
At local PC this problem solved by using trim/trim, but if I send my encrypt message to sever, and try encrypt them, I see that my message is not 16 symbols, as it was in my local pc, it is 32 sybmols, after encode. And trim function not working. I look at symbols code and what I see
    50
    52
    51
    51
    48
    57
    49
    0
    0
    0
    0
    0
    0
    0
    0
    0
    10
    158
    112
    183
    154
    27
    95
    85
    42
    35
    95
    54
    227
    41
    179
    77
After “tabulation symbols” I get some junk symbols, and  I solve this problems like this.
After mcrypt_decrypt I use this code
$plaintext_dec = substr($plaintext_dec, 0, strpos($plaintext_dec, "\0"));
I think it is not best resolution for this problem, but I solve my problem :)
up
9
david at sickmiller dot com
9 years ago
If you happen to be decrypting something encrypted in ColdFusion, you'll discover that its encrypt function apparently pads the plaintext with ASCII 4, the "end of transmission" character.

Building on eddiec's code, you can remove both nulls and EOTs with this:

<?php
    $retval
= mcrypt_decrypt( ...etc ...);
   
$retval = rtrim($retval, "\0\4");     // trim ONLY the nulls and EOTs at the END
?>
up
8
beltrachi
6 years ago
Caution, MCRYPT_RIJNDAEL_256 is not equivalent to AES_256.

The way to make RIJNDAEL be decrypted from AES with openssl is to use MCRYPT_RIJNDAEL_128 and padd the string to encrypt before encrypting with the follwing function:

<?php
function pkcs5_pad ($text, $blocksize) {
   
$pad = $blocksize - (strlen($text) % $blocksize);
    return
$text . str_repeat(chr($pad), $pad);
}
?>

On the decryption, the choosing of AES_256 or AES_128, etc. is based on the keysize used in the crypting. In my case it was a 128bit key so I used AES_128.
up
5
evangelion207 at hotmail dot com
6 years ago
Be careful, sometimes mcrypt_decrypt return additional white spaces to the uncrypted string; use trim() for deleting them. I was like 2 hours searching the error and it was that..
up
-1
Anonymous
6 years ago
To remove PKCS7 padding:

<?php
    $decrypted
= mdecrypt_generic($td, base64_decode($enc_auth_token));
   
$dec_s = strlen($decrypted);
   
$padding = ord($decrypted[$dec_s-1]);
   
$decrypted = substr($decrypted, 0, -$padding);
?>
up
-15
artaxerxes2 at iname dot com
4 years ago
To decrypt data coming from MySQL's AES_ENCRYPT function:

<?php

function mysql_aes_key($key)
{
   
$new_key = str_repeat(chr(0), 16);
    for(
$i=0,$len=strlen($key);$i<$len;$i++)
    {
       
$new_key[$i%16] = $new_key[$i%16] ^ $key[$i];
    }
    return
$new_key;
}

function
aes_decrypt($encrypted,$key)
{
   
// if $encrypted is HEXed, then return it to binary
   
$encrypted = pack('H*',$encrypted);

   
$key = mysql_aes_key($key);
    return
rtrim(mcrypt_decrypt(MCRYPT_RIJNDAEL_128,$key,$encrypted,MCRYPT_MODE_ECB,''),"\x00..\x1F");
}

?>

adapted from the article "Replicating MySQL AES Encryption Methods With PHP" (dated 2012-05-20) found somewhere online.
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