ScotlandPHP

Memcached::addServers

(PECL memcached >= 0.1.1)

Memcached::addServers向服务器池中增加多台服务器

说明

public bool Memcached::addServers ( array $servers )

Memcached::addServers()向服务器池中增加servers参数指定的服务器。 servers中的每一条都是一个包含主机名,端口以及可选的权重等服务器参数。此时并不会与这些服务端建立 连接。

同一台服务器可以在服务器池中多次出现,因为这里没有做重复检测。但这是不推荐的做法,对于期望提高某台服务器 权重的需求,请使用weight参数。

参数

array

将要增加到池中的服务器列表数组。

返回值

成功时返回 TRUE, 或者在失败时返回 FALSE

范例

Example #1 Memcached::addServers()示例

<?php
$m 
= new Memcached();

$servers = array(
    array(
'mem1.domain.com'1121133),
    array(
'mem2.domain.com'1121167)
);
$m->addServers($servers);
?>

参见

add a note add a note

User Contributed Notes 2 notes

up
4
Michael Brenden
6 years ago
See the note for __construct()

Important to not call ->addServers() every run -- only call it if no servers exist (check getServerList() ); otherwise, since addServers() does not check for dups, it will let you add the same server again and again and again, resultings in hundreds if not thousands of connections to the MC daemon.
up
1
Aliaser
1 year ago
For a proper FailOver mechanism:

$memcached = new Memcached();
$memcached->setOption(Memcached::OPT_CONNECT_TIMEOUT, 10);
$memcached->setOption(Memcached::OPT_DISTRIBUTION, Memcached::DISTRIBUTION_CONSISTENT);
$memcached->setOption(Memcached::OPT_SERVER_FAILURE_LIMIT, 2);
$memcached->setOption(Memcached::OPT_REMOVE_FAILED_SERVERS, true);
$memcached->setOption(Memcached::OPT_RETRY_TIMEOUT, 1);
$memcached->addServers($servers);

Memcached::OPT_DISTRIBUTION: set it to consistent hashing. If one memcached node is dead, its keys (and only its keys) will be evenly distributed to other nodes. This is where the magic is done. This is really different from removing one server in your ->addServers() call.

Memcached::OPT_SERVER_FAILURE_LIMIT: number of connection issues before a server is marked as DEAD, and removed from the list of servers (default: 5).

Memcached::OPT_REMOVE_FAILED_SERVERS: set it to «true», to enable the removal of dead servers.

Memcached::OPT_RETRY_TIMEOUT: after a node is declared DEAD, libmemcached will try it again after that many seconds. Here I've set it to 1 second, but I'm working on PHP scripts that run for less than 100ms most of the time. That would only be useful for cron/daemonize scripts.

Memcached::OPT_CONNECT_TIMEOUT: the timeout after which a server is considered DEAD. As my servers are on the same LAN, ping is ~0.5ms, so 10ms is large enough to consider the server is DEAD. Note that you have to wait twice that time before a node is marked DEAD, so if it's 1000ms, your script will lock for 2 seconds before ignoring the DEAD server. That may affect your response times a lot, and that's why I've set it very low

Author of this is Yvan from Dugwood
To Top