PHP 7.1.18 Released

ReflectionClass::newInstanceArgs

(PHP 5 >= 5.1.3, PHP 7)

ReflectionClass::newInstanceArgs从给出的参数创建一个新的类实例。

说明

public object ReflectionClass::newInstanceArgs ([ array $args ] )

创建一个类的新实例,给出的参数将传递到类的构造函数。

参数

args

这个参数以 array 形式传递到类的构造函数。

返回值

返回类的新实例。

范例

Example #1 ReflectionClass::newInstanceArgs() 的基本用法

<?php
$class 
= new ReflectionClass('ReflectionFunction');
$instance $class->newInstanceArgs(array('substr'));
var_dump($instance);
?>

以上例程会输出:

object(ReflectionFunction)#2 (1) {
  ["name"]=>
  string(6) "substr"
}

错误/异常

如果类的构造函数不是 public 的将导致产生一个 ReflectionException

args 指定了一个或多个参数,而类不具有构造函数时,将导致一个 ReflectionException

参见

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User Contributed Notes 11 notes

up
3
richardcook at gmail dot com
9 years ago
the newInstanceArgs function cannot call a class' constructor if it has references in its arguments, so be careful what you pass into it:

<?php
class Foo {
    function
__construct (&$arr) {
       
$this->arr = &$arr;
    }
    function
createInstance () {
       
$reflectionClass = new ReflectionClass("Bar");
       
        return
$reflectionClass->newInstanceArgs(array($this, $this->arr));
    }
    function
mod($key, $val) {
       
$this->arr[$key] = $val;
    }
}

class
Bar {
    function
__construct (&$foo, &$arr) {
       
$this->foo = &$foo;
       
$this->arr = &$arr;
    }
    function
mod($key, $val) {
       
$this->arr[$key] = $val;
    }
}

$arr = array();

$foo = new Foo($arr);

$arr["x"] = 1;

$foo->mod("y", 2);

$bar = $foo->createInstance();

$bar->mod("z", 3);

echo
"<pre>";
print_r($arr);
print_r($foo);
print_r($bar);
echo
"</pre>";

/*
Output:
Warning: Invocation of Bar's constructor failed in [code path] on line 31

Fatal error: Call to a member function mod() on a non-object in [code path] on line 58
*/
?>
up
6
sarfraznawaz2005 at gmail dot com
8 years ago
I use reflection class and also detect whether arguments are passed by reference or passed by value
and then initiate/call the method successfully with those arguments:

<?php
   
if (count($args) > 1)
    {
        if (
method_exists($class_name'__construct') === false)
        {
            exit(
"Constructor for the class <strong>$class_name</strong> does not exist, you should not pass arguments to the constructor of this class!");
        }
   
       
$refMethod = new ReflectionMethod($class_name'__construct');
       
$params = $refMethod->getParameters();
   
       
$re_args = array();
   
        foreach(
$params as $key => $param)
        {
            if (
$param->isPassedByReference())
            {
               
$re_args[$key] = &$args[$key];
            }
            else
            {
               
$re_args[$key] = $args[$key];
            }
        }
   
       
$refClass = new ReflectionClass($class_name);
       
$class_instance = $refClass->newInstanceArgs((array) $re_args);
    }
?>
up
3
foxbunny
7 years ago
It should be noted that the the values in the array are mapped to constructor arguments positionally, rather than by name, so using an associative array will not make any difference.
up
1
kirillsaksin at no-spam dot yandex dot ru
2 years ago
Hack to properly instantiate class with private constructor:

<?php

class TestClass
{
    private
$property;
    private function
__construct($argument)
    {
       
$this->property = $argument;
    }
}

$ref = new ReflectionClass(TestClass::class);
$instance = $ref->newInstanceWithoutConstructor();
var_dump($instance);
echo
PHP_EOL . '------------------------' . PHP_EOL . PHP_EOL;
$constructor = $ref->getConstructor();
$constructor->setAccessible(true);
$constructor->invokeArgs($instance, ['It works!']);
var_dump($instance);

// Output:
// class TestClass#3 (1) {
//   private $property =>
//   NULL
// }
//
// ------------------------
//
// class TestClass#3 (1) {
//   private $property =>
//   string(9) "It works!"
// }

?>
up
1
talk at stephensugden dot com
7 years ago
This is the way I dynamically instantiate objects in my lightweight IoC container

<?php

class SimpleContainer {

 
// ...

  // Creates an instance of an object with the provided array of arguments
 
protected function instantiate($name, $args=array()){
    if(empty(
$args))
      return new
$name();                                                                                                                                                         
    else {
     
$ref = new ReflectionClass($name);
      return
$ref->newInstanceArgs($args);
    }
  }
 
// ...
}
?>

I explicitly do NOT handle the case where a user passes constructor arguments for a constructor-less class, as I this SHOULD fail.
up
0
dev at yopmail dot com
2 years ago
With PHP 5.6, we can use the ... (T_ELLIPSIS) operator

<?php

class Test {
    public function
__construct($a, $b) {
        echo
$a . ' ' . $b;
    }
}

$args = array(12, 34);
new
Test(... $args); // Displays "12 34"

?>
up
0
sausage at tehsausage dot com
7 years ago
Annoyingly, this will throw an exception for classes with no constructor even if you pass an empty array for the arguments. For generic programming you should avoid this function and use call_user_func_array with newInstance.
up
0
kevinpeno at gmail dot com
8 years ago
I misunderstood this function to be a sort of setter of Reflection::newInstance() arguments in an array form rather than a creator of new instances itself.

This function is equivilant to call_user_func_array() while Reflection::newInstance() is equivilant to call_user_func()
up
-1
cimbomzek1905 at hotmail dot com
7 months ago
ayyıldız tim sizin bir öğrenciniz tek hayalim olan heacker olmak istiyorum lütfen başvurumu onaylayın
up
-1
cimbomzek1905 at hotmail dot com
7 months ago
ayyıldız tim sizin bir öğrenciniz tek hayalim olan heacker olmak istiyorum lütfen başvurumu onaylayın
up
-1
gromit at mailinator dot com
9 years ago
Be aware that calling the method newInstanceArgs with an empty array will still call the constructor with no arguments. If the class has no constructor then it will generate an exception.

You need to check if a constructor exists before calling this method or use try and catch to act on the exception.
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