关键词列表

这些词语在 PHP 中有着特殊的意义。它们中有些像是函数,有些像是常量……但是它们不是的,它们只是语言结构的一部分。不能使用它们的任何一个作为常量、方法名或是类名。但是可以将它们作为变量名使用,不过这样会导致混淆。

从PHP7.0.0开始这些关键字允许被用作类的属性、常量以及类的方法名,或者接口名和traints名,除了class不能被用作常量名。

PHP 关键词
__halt_compiler() abstract and array() as
break callable (as of PHP 5.4) case catch class
clone const continue declare default
die() do echo else elseif
empty() enddeclare endfor endforeach endif
endswitch endwhile eval() exit() extends
final finally (从PHP 5.5开始) for foreach function
global goto (从PHP 5.3开始) if implements include
include_once instanceof insteadof (从PHP 5.4开始) interface isset()
list() namespace (从PHP 5.3开始) new or print
private protected public require require_once
return static switch throw trait (从PHP 5.4开始)
try unset() use var while
xor yield (从PHP 5.5开始)
编译时常量
__CLASS__ __DIR__ (从PHP 5.3开始) __FILE__ __FUNCTION__ __LINE__ __METHOD__
__NAMESPACE__ (从PHP 5.3开始) __TRAIT__ (从PHP 5.4开始)
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User Contributed Notes 4 notes

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47
martindilling at gmail dot com
5 years ago
RegEx to find all the keywords:

\b(
(a(bstract|nd|rray|s))|
(c(a(llable|se|tch)|l(ass|one)|on(st|tinue)))|
(d(e(clare|fault)|ie|o))|
(e(cho|lse(if)?|mpty|nd(declare|for(each)?|if|switch|while)|val|x(it|tends)))|
(f(inal|or(each)?|unction))|
(g(lobal|oto))|
(i(f|mplements|n(clude(_once)?|st(anceof|eadof)|terface)|sset))|
(n(amespace|ew))|
(p(r(i(nt|vate)|otected)|ublic))|
(re(quire(_once)?|turn))|
(s(tatic|witch))|
(t(hrow|r(ait|y)))|
(u(nset|se))|
(__halt_compiler|break|list|(x)?or|var|while)
)\b
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26
Chris
5 years ago
Here they are as arrays:

<?php
$keywords
= array('__halt_compiler', 'abstract', 'and', 'array', 'as', 'break', 'callable', 'case', 'catch', 'class', 'clone', 'const', 'continue', 'declare', 'default', 'die', 'do', 'echo', 'else', 'elseif', 'empty', 'enddeclare', 'endfor', 'endforeach', 'endif', 'endswitch', 'endwhile', 'eval', 'exit', 'extends', 'final', 'for', 'foreach', 'function', 'global', 'goto', 'if', 'implements', 'include', 'include_once', 'instanceof', 'insteadof', 'interface', 'isset', 'list', 'namespace', 'new', 'or', 'print', 'private', 'protected', 'public', 'require', 'require_once', 'return', 'static', 'switch', 'throw', 'trait', 'try', 'unset', 'use', 'var', 'while', 'xor');

$predefined_constants = array('__CLASS__', '__DIR__', '__FILE__', '__FUNCTION__', '__LINE__', '__METHOD__', '__NAMESPACE__', '__TRAIT__');
?>

Along with get_defined_functions() and get_defined_constants(), this can be useful for checking eval() statements.
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11
Thomas Hansen
2 years ago
Please note that reserved words are still not allowed to be used as namespace or as part of it:

<?php
namespace MyNameSpace\List;

class
Test
{
}
?>

This will fail with a Parse error:  syntax error, unexpected 'List' (T_LIST), expecting identifier (T_STRING)
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-1
bla at taxistop dot be
2 months ago
This list doesn't include 'self' and 'parent', which I take are indeed keywords.
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