PHP 7.1.21 Released

SplFileObject::__construct

(PHP 5 >= 5.1.0, PHP 7)

SplFileObject::__constructConstruct a new file object

说明

public SplFileObject::__construct ( string $filename [, string $open_mode = "r" [, bool $use_include_path = FALSE [, resource $context ]]] )

Construct a new file object.

参数

filename

The file to read.

Tip

如已启用fopen 包装器,在此函数中, URL 可作为文件名。关于如何指定文件名详见 fopen()。各种 wapper 的不同功能请参见 支持的协议和封装协议,注意其用法及其可提供的预定义变量。

open_mode

The mode in which to open the file. See fopen() for a list of allowed modes.

use_include_path

Whether to search in the include_path for filename.

context

A valid context resource created with stream_context_create().

返回值

没有返回值。

错误/异常

Throws a RuntimeException if the filename cannot be opened.

范例

Example #1 SplFileObject::__construct() example

This example opens the current file and iterates over its contents line by line.

<?php
$file 
= new SplFileObject(__FILE__);
foreach (
$file as $line_num => $line) {
    echo 
"Line $line_num is $line";
}
?>

以上例程的输出类似于:

Line 0 is <?php
Line 1 is $file = new SplFileObject(__FILE__);
Line 2 is foreach ($file as $line_num => $line) {
Line 3 is     echo "Line $line_num is $line";
Line 4 is }
Line 5 is ?>

参见

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User Contributed Notes 2 notes

up
4
majna
3 years ago
(PHP >= 5.3) If filename is a directory, a LogicException will be thrown: "Cannot use SplFileObject with directories"
up
1
KEINOS at blog.keinos.com
1 year ago
When using URL as a filename, such as "http://..." or "php://stdin", and also have the fopen wappers on, and you get a 'RuntimeException' error, try using "NoRewindIterator" class to a SplFileObject instance.

<?php
$url
= 'http://sample.com/data.csv';
$file = new NoRewindIterator( new SplFileObject( $url ) );
foreach (
$file as $line_num => $line) {
    echo
"Line $line_num is $line";
}
?>

While opening a file, a rewind method will be called, but these URL iterators cannot be rewind, so you'll get a "Fatal error: Uncaught exception 'RuntimeException' with message 'Cannot rewind file ...'" error.
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