PHP 5.4.36 Released

ssh2://

ssh2://Secure Shell 2

说明

ssh2.shell:// ssh2.exec:// ssh2.tunnel:// ssh2.sftp:// ssh2.scp:// PHP 4.3.0 and up (PECL)

Note: 该封装器默认没有激活
为了使用 ssh2.*:// 封装协议, 你必须安装来自 » PECL» SSH2 扩展。

除了支持传统的 URI 登录信息,ssh2 封装协议也支持通过 URL 的主机(host)部分来复用打开连接。

用法

  • ssh2.shell://user:pass@example.com:22/xterm
  • ssh2.exec://user:pass@example.com:22/usr/local/bin/somecmd
  • ssh2.tunnel://user:pass@example.com:22/192.168.0.1:14
  • ssh2.sftp://user:pass@example.com:22/path/to/filename

可选项

封装协议概要
属性 ssh2.shell ssh2.exec ssh2.tunnel ssh2.sftp ssh2.scp
allow_url_fopen 影响 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
允许读取 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
允许写入 Yes Yes Yes Yes No
允许追加 No No No Yes(当服务器支持的时候) No
允许同时读和写 Yes Yes Yes Yes No
支持 stat() No No No Yes No
支持 unlink() No No No Yes No
支持 rename() No No No Yes No
支持 mkdir() No No No Yes No
支持 rmdir() No No No Yes No

上下文选项(Context)
名称 用法 默认
session 重复使用预连接的 ssh2 资源  
sftp 重复使用预先分配的 sftp 资源  
methods 密钥交换(key exchange)、主机密钥(hostkey)、cipher、压缩和 MAC 方法  
callbacks    
username 以该用户名连接  
password 使用的密码来进行密码验证  
pubkey_file 用于验证的公钥(public key)文件  
privkey_file 用于验证的私钥(private key)文件  
env 需要设置的环境变量的关联数组  
term 在分配一个 pty 时请求的终端类型  
term_width 在分配一个 pty 时请求的终端宽度  
term_height 在分配一个 pty 时请求的终端宽度高度  
term_units term_width 和 term_height 的单位 SSH2_TERM_UNIT_CHARS

范例

Example #1 从一个活动连接中打开字节流

<?php
$session 
ssh2_connect('example.com'22);
ssh2_auth_pubkey_file($session'username''/home/username/.ssh/id_rsa.pub',
                                            
'/home/username/.ssh/id_rsa''secret');
$stream fopen("ssh2.tunnel://$session/remote.example.com:1234"'r');
?>

Example #2 This $session variable must be kept available!

In order to use the ssh2.*://$session wrappers you must keep the $session resouce variable. The code below will not have the desired effect:

<?php
$session 
ssh2_connect('example.com'22);
ssh2_auth_pubkey_file($session'username''/home/username/.ssh/id_rsa.pub',
                                            
'/home/username/.ssh/id_rsa''secret');
$connection_string "ssh2.sftp://$session/";
unset(
$session);
$stream fopen($connection_string "path/to/file"'r');
?>

unset() closes the session, because $connection_string does not hold a reference to the $session variable, just a string cast derived from it. This also happens when the unset() is implicit because of leaving scope (like in a function).

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User Contributed Notes 2 notes

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2
exptom
1 year ago
The "password" context option can also be used to provide the passphrase for the keyfile supplied by "privkey_file" and "pubkey_file".

Note this bug: https://bugs.php.net/bug.php?id=58573
Encrypted keys may not work unless you build libssh2 against openssl. (It only worked for me on Debian Wheezy once I recompiled the library).
up
1
bluej100 at gmail dot com
1 year ago
Be aware that opendir is currently broken on sftp root directories, but you can work around it by appending a dot. See https://bugs.php.net/bug.php?id=64169 and http://stackoverflow.com/a/16238476/69173.
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